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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: National Journal

1996 Conservative on Defense/Foreign Policy Score

State Office District Name Party Rating
AK U.S. House At-Large Don Young Republican 79%
AL U.S. Senate Sr Richard Shelby Republican 65%
AL U.S. House 6 Spencer Bachus Republican 72%
AZ U.S. Senate Sr John McCain III Republican 54%
AZ U.S. House 5 Matt Salmon Republican 79%
AZ U.S. House 7 Ed Pastor Democratic 29%
CA U.S. Senate Sr Dianne Feinstein Democratic 40%
CA U.S. Senate Jr Barbara Boxer Democratic 17%
CA U.S. House 11 George Miller Democratic 0%
CA U.S. House 12 Nancy Pelosi Democratic 0%
CA U.S. House 18 Anna Eshoo Democratic 0%
CA U.S. House 19 Zoe Lofgren Democratic 0%
CA U.S. House 20 Sam Farr Democratic 16%
CA U.S. House 25 Buck McKeon Republican 79%
CA U.S. House 33 Henry Waxman Democratic 15%
CA U.S. House 34 Xavier Becerra Democratic 0%
CA U.S. House 39 Ed Royce Republican 47%
CA U.S. House 40 Lucille Roybal-Allard Democratic 10%
CA U.S. House 42 Ken Calvert Republican 79%
CA U.S. House 43 Maxine Waters Democratic 13%
CA U.S. House 48 Dana Rohrabacher Republican 50%
CT U.S. House 3 Rosa DeLauro Democratic 22%
FL U.S. House 5 Corrine Brown Democratic 36%
FL U.S. House 7 John Mica Republican 79%
FL U.S. House 20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. Democratic 26%
FL U.S. House 27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen Republican 72%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 79%
GA U.S. Senate Sr Saxby Chambliss Republican 65%
GA U.S. House 1 Jack Kingston Republican 65%
GA U.S. House 2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. Democratic 52%
GA U.S. House 5 John Lewis Democratic 10%
GA Governor Nathan Deal Republican 65%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie Democratic 35%
IA U.S. Senate Sr Chuck Grassley Republican 49%
IA U.S. Senate Jr Tom Harkin Democratic 0%
IA U.S. House 3 Tom Latham Republican 65%
ID U.S. Senate Sr Mike Crapo Republican 79%
IL U.S. House 1 Bobby Rush Democratic 0%
IL U.S. House 4 Luis Gutierrez Democratic 10%
IN U.S. Senate Sr Daniel Coats Republican 74%
IN U.S. House 1 Pete Visclosky Democratic 36%
IN Council Member At-Large John Myers Republican 85%
KY U.S. Senate Sr Mitch McConnell Republican 74%
KY U.S. House 1 Ed Whitfield Republican 55%
KY U.S. House 5 Hal Rogers Republican 72%
MA U.S. Senate Jr Ed Markey Democratic 0%
MA U.S. House 1 Richard Neal Democratic 18%
MD U.S. Senate Sr Barbara Mikulski Democratic 31%
MD U.S. Senate Jr Ben Cardin Democratic 25%
MD U.S. House 5 Steny Hoyer Democratic 37%
MD U.S. House 7 Elijah Cummings Democratic 15%
ME Councilor At-Large John Baldacci Democratic 29%
MI U.S. Senate Sr Carl Levin Democratic 0%
MI U.S. House 4 Dave Camp Republican 48%
MI U.S. House 6 Fred Upton Republican 27%
MI U.S. House 9 Sandy Levin Democratic 16%
MI U.S. House 12 John Dingell Democratic 16%
MI U.S. House 13 John Conyers, Jr. Democratic 0%
MN U.S. House 7 Collin Peterson Democratic/Farmer/Labor 21%
MS U.S. Senate Sr Thad Cochran Republican 65%
MS U.S. Senate Jr Roger Wicker Republican 72%
MS U.S. House 2 Bennie Thompson Democratic 37%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. Democratic 7%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry Democratic 17%
NC U.S. Senate Sr Richard Burr Republican 79%
NC U.S. House 3 Walter Jones, Jr. Republican 79%
NC U.S. House 6 Howard Coble Republican 52%
NJ U.S. Senate Sr Bob Menendez Democratic 22%
NJ U.S. House 2 Frank LoBiondo Republican 35%
NJ U.S. House 4 Chris Smith Republican 71%
NJ U.S. House 6 Frank Pallone, Jr. Democratic 22%
NJ U.S. House 11 Rodney Frelinghuysen Republican 59%
NV U.S. Senate Sr Harry Reid Democratic 36%
NY U.S. Senate Sr Chuck Schumer Democratic 14%
NY U.S. House 2 Pete King Republican 62%
NY U.S. House 7 Nydia Velázquez Democratic 0%
NY U.S. House 10 Jerry Nadler Democratic 0%
NY U.S. House 12 Carolyn Maloney Democratic 15%
NY U.S. House 13 Charlie Rangel Democratic 0%
NY U.S. House 15 José Serrano Democratic 10%
NY U.S. House 16 Eliot Engel Democratic 13%
NY U.S. House 17 Nita Lowey Democratic 0%
NY U.S. House 25 Louise Slaughter Democratic 13%
OH U.S. Senate Sr Sherrod Brown Democratic 14%
OH U.S. Senate Jr Rob Portman Republican 65%
OH U.S. House 1 Steve Chabot Republican 46%
OH U.S. House 8 John Boehner Republican 79%
OH U.S. House 9 Marcy Kaptur Democratic 22%
OH Governor John Kasich Republican 79%
OH State Senate 28 Thomas Sawyer Democratic 24%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine Republican 70%
OK U.S. Senate Sr Jim Inhofe Republican 74%
OK U.S. Senate Jr Thomas Coburn Republican 54%
OK U.S. House 3 Frank Lucas Republican 79%
OR U.S. Senate Sr Ron Wyden Democratic 16%
OR U.S. House 4 Peter DeFazio Democratic 10%
PA U.S. House 2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. Democratic 0%
PA U.S. House 14 Mike Doyle Democratic 25%
SC U.S. Senate Sr Lindsey Graham Republican 79%
SC U.S. House 1 Mark Sanford, Jr. Republican 54%
SC U.S. House 6 Jim Clyburn Democratic 37%
TN U.S. House 2 John Duncan, Jr. Republican 43%
TX U.S. House 3 Sam Johnson Republican 79%
TX U.S. House 4 Ralph Hall Republican 56%
TX U.S. House 6 Joe Barton Republican 65%
TX U.S. House 13 Mac Thornberry Republican 65%
TX U.S. House 18 Sheila Jackson Lee Democratic 21%
TX U.S. House 21 Lamar Smith Republican 79%
TX U.S. House 29 Gene Green Democratic 26%
TX U.S. House 30 Eddie Johnson Democratic 34%
TX U.S. House 35 Lloyd Doggett II Democratic 10%
TX U.S. House 36 Steve Stockman Republican 65%
UT U.S. Senate Sr Orrin Hatch Republican 74%
VA U.S. House 3 Bobby Scott Democratic 40%
VA U.S. House 6 Bob Goodlatte Republican 56%
VA U.S. House 8 Jim Moran, Jr. Democratic 29%
VA U.S. House 10 Frank Wolf Republican 72%
VT U.S. Senate Sr Patrick Leahy Democratic 0%
VT U.S. Senate Jr Bernie Sanders Independent 0%
WA U.S. Senate Sr Patty Murray Democratic 0%
WA U.S. House 4 Doc Hastings Republican 65%
WA U.S. House 7 Jim McDermott Democratic 0%
WI U.S. House 5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. Republican 43%
WI U.S. House 6 Tom Petri Republican 43%
WI Mayor At-Large Tom Barrett Democratic 0%
WV U.S. Senate Sr Jay Rockefeller IV Democratic 27%
WV U.S. House 3 Nick Rahall II Democratic 34%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 74%
Gary Ackerman 29%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 34%
Rob Andrews 52%
Bill Archer 79%
Richard Armey 79%
John Ashcroft 74%
Henry Scott Baesler 43%
Richard Hugh Baker 72%
William Baker 73%
Cass Ballenger 79%
James Barcia 43%
Bob Barr, Jr. 79%
Bill Barrett 65%
Roscoe Bartlett 65%
Charlie Bass 60%
Herbert Bateman 63%
Max Baucus 28%
Anthony Beilenson 0%
Bob Bennett 57%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 29%
Douglas Bereuter 54%
Howard Berman 0%
Tom Bevill 46%
Brian Bilbray 59%
Michael Bilirakis 79%
Jeff Bingaman 23%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 79%
Peter Blute 50%
Sherwood Boehlert 63%
Kit Bond 63%
Henry Bonilla 79%
David Edward Bonior 19%
Sonny Bono 72%
Robert Borski, Jr. 19%
Rick Boucher 22%
Bill Bradley 28%
John Breaux 50%
Bill Brewster 44%
Glen Browder 50%
George Brown, Jr. 0%
Hank Brown 48%
Richard Bryan 17%
Ed Bryant 79%
John Bryant 34%
Dale Bumpers 0%
Jim Bunn 59%
Jim Bunning 79%
Conrad Burns 74%
Dan Burton 79%
Steve Buyer 79%
Robert Byrd 33%
Herbert Callahan 71%
Ben Campbell 74%
Thomas Campbell 27%
Mike Castle 46%
John Chafee 54%
Jim Chapman 46%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 79%
Jon Lynn Christensen 63%
Dick Chrysler 73%
William Clay, Sr. 0%
Eva Clayton 28%
Robert Clement 42%
William Clinger 48%
William Cohen 81%
Ronald Coleman 32%
Barbara-Rose Collins 14%
Cardiss Collins 0%
Michael Collins 79%
Larry Combest 79%
Gary Condit 37%
Kent Conrad 28%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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