Rating Group: National Journal

1996 Conservative on Social Policy Score

Issues: Conservative , Social
State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 86%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 72%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 77%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 72%
AZ U.S. House-5 Matt Salmon R 72%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 12%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 26%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 20%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 0%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 0%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 0%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 12%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 0%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 77%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 0%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 0%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 90%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 0%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 67%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 17%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 90%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 12%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 18%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 72%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 17%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 47%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 61%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 90%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 90%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 31%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 00%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 90%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 12%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 72%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 8%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 77%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 65%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 17%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 0%
IN U.S. Senate-Sr Daniel Coats R 72%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 37%
IN Council Member-At-Large John Myers R 70%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 72%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 77%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 77%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 0%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 30%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 8%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 27%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 23%
ME Councilor-At-Large John Baldacci D 24%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 28%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 77%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 58%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 18%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 33%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 00%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 55%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 72%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 90%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 0%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 38%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 0%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 86%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 86%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 90%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 16%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 56%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 62%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 21%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 35%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 47%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 23%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 55%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 0%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 0%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 0%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 0%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 0%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 0%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 12%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 16%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 12%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 68%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 77%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 90%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 35%
OH Governor John Kasich R 77%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 18%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 59%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 72%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 77%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 77%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 26%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 23%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 0%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle, Jr. D 52%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 86%
SC U.S. House-1 Mark Sanford, Jr. R 58%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 18%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 90%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 77%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 77%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 65%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 90%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 0%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 90%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 29%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 12%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 18%
TX U.S. House-36 Steve Stockman R 72%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 68%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 0%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 90%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 30%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 67%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 30%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 12%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 8%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 86%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 0%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 90%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 77%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 21%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 24%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 45%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 68%
Gary Ackerman 0%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 0%
Rob Andrews 27%
Bill Archer 90%
Richard Armey 68%
John Ashcroft 72%
Henry Scott Baesler 34%
Richard Hugh Baker 77%
William Baker 72%
Cass Ballenger 77%
James Barcia 48%
Bob Barr, Jr. 90%
Bill Barrett 77%
Roscoe Bartlett 72%
Charlie Bass 52%
Herbert Bateman 68%
Max Baucus 34%
Anthony Beilenson 0%
Bob Bennett 67%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 28%
Douglas Bereuter 59%
Howard Berman 0%
Tom Bevill 46%
Brian Bilbray 47%
Michael Bilirakis 77%
Jeff Bingaman 8%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 90%
Peter Blute 50%
Sherwood Boehlert 31%
Kit Bond 72%
Henry Bonilla 52%
David Edward Bonior 30%
Sonny Bono 58%
Robert Borski, Jr. 35%
Rick Boucher 29%
Bill Bradley 15%
John Breaux 49%
Bill Brewster 68%
Glen Browder 50%
George Brown, Jr. 12%
Hank Brown 69%
Richard Bryan 38%
Ed Bryant 90%
John Bryant 21%
Dale Bumpers 25%
Jim Bunn 63%
Jim Bunning 90%
Conrad Burns 72%
Dan Burton 90%
Steve Buyer 77%
Robert Byrd 30%
Herbert Callahan 90%
Ben Campbell 48%
Thomas Campbell 28%
Mike Castle 43%
John Chafee 34%
Jim Chapman 37%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 65%
Jon Lynn Christensen 77%
Dick Chrysler 79%
William Clay, Sr. 00%
Eva Clayton 16%
Robert Clement 43%
William Clinger 56%
William Cohen 37%
Ronald Coleman 13%
Barbara-Rose Collins 00%
Cardiss Collins 00%
Michael Collins 90%
Larry Combest 90%
Gary Condit 45%
Kent Conrad 42%
Wes Cooley 79%
Jerry Costello 52%
Paul Coverdell 72%
Christopher Cox 90%
William Coyne 12%
Larry Craig 72%
Robert Cramer 39%
Philip Crane 72%
Frank Arnold Cremeans 79%
Barbara Cubin 68%
Randall Cunningham 90%
Alfonse D'Amato 60%
Patsy Ann Danner 56%
Thomas Daschle 8%
Thomas Davis III 45%
E. Kika de la Garza 49%
Thomas DeLay 90%
Ronald Dellums 00%
Peter Deutsch 29%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 50%
Jay Dickey 72%
Norm Dicks 28%
Julian Dixon 0%
Chris Dodd 8%
Robert Dole 76%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 62%
Calvin Dooley 24%
John Doolittle 72%
Byron Dorgan 42%
Robert Dornan 79%
David Dreier 90%
Jennifer Dunn 50%
Chet Edwards 33%
Vern Ehlers 48%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 55%
Bill Emerson 79%
Philip English 68%
John Ensign 62%
Lane Evans 24%
Terry Everett 90%
Thomas Ewing 90%
Jim Exon 49%
Duncan McLauchlin Faircloth 72%
Harris Fawell 48%
Victor Fazio 21%
Russ Feingold 0%
Cleo Fields 22%
Jack Fields, Jr. 79%
Bob Filner 12%
Floyd Flake 26%
Michael Patrick Flanagan 56%
Thomas Foglietta 17%
Mark Foley 50%
Michael Patrick Forbes 59%
Harold Ford, Sr. 27%
Wendell Ford 51%
Tillie Fowler 58%
Jon David Fox 45%
Barney Frank 0%
Gary Franks 42%
Robert Franks 39%
Dan Frisa 79%
William Frist 68%
Jonas Frost III 27%
David Funderburk 72%
Elizabeth Furse 18%
Elton Gallegly 77%
John Ganske 56%
Sam Gejdenson 0%
George Gekas 65%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 22%
Pete Geren 60%
Sam Gibbons 00%
Wayne Gilchrest 38%
Paul Gillmor 86%
Benjamin Gilman 29%
John Glenn 8%
Henry Gonzalez 24%
William Goodling 61%
Bart Gordon 43%
Slade Gorton 62%
Porter Goss 61%
Daniel Graham 28%
William Phillip Gramm 72%
Rodney Grams 72%
Enid Greene 72%
James Greenwood 32%
Judd Gregg 62%
Steven Gunderson 43%
Gilbert Gutknecht 90%
Tony Hall 38%
Lee Hamilton 58%
Melton Hancock 79%
James Hansen 77%
Jane Harman 29%
J. Dennis Hastert 90%
Mark Hatfield 53%
James Hayes 58%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 62%
Joel Hefley 77%
W.G. Hefner 32%
Fredrick Kenneth Fred' Heineman 79%
Jesse Helms 72%
Wally Herger, Jr. 72%
Van Hilleary 86%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 18%
Maurice Hinchey 26%
David Lee Hobson 61%
Pete Hoekstra 72%
Martin Hoke 62%
Thomas Holden 52%
Stephen Horn 35%
John Nathan Hostettler 67%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 38%
Duncan Hunter 77%
Kay Hutchison 72%
Henry Hyde 62%
Bob Inglis, Sr. 77%
Daniel Inouye 0%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 90%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 0%
Andrew Jacobs, Jr. 35%
William Jefferson 24%
James Merrill Jeffords 37%
Nancy Johnson 32%
Harry Johnston 13%
J. Bennett Johnston 51%
Paul Kanjorski 43%
Nancy Landon Kassebaum 43%
Sue Kelly 42%
Dirk Kempthorne 72%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 0%
Joseph Kennedy II 0%
Patrick Kennedy 17%
Barbara Bailey Kennelly 12%
Bob Kerrey 22%
Dale Kildee 37%
Jay Kim 68%
Gerald Kleczka 30%
Ronald Klink 48%
Scott Klug 40%
Joseph Knollenberg 68%
Herb Kohl 8%
James Kolbe 41%
Jon Kyl 72%
John LaFalce 35%
Ray LaHood 62%
Tom Lantos 12%
Stephen Largent 90%
Steve LaTourette 65%
Greg Laughlin 68%
Frank Lautenberg 8%
Rick Lazio 40%
James Leach 35%
Jerry Lewis 56%
Ron Lewis 72%
Joe Lieberman 34%
Jim Lightfoot 79%
Blanche Lincoln 36%
John Linder 77%
William Lipinski 55%
Robert Livingston 68%
James Longley, Jr. 47%
Trent Lott, Sr. 62%
Dick Lugar 68%
William Luther 27%
Connie Mack 58%
Thomas Manton 40%
Don Manzullo 72%
Matthew Martinez 23%
Bill Martini 41%
Frank Mascara 50%
Robert Matsui 0%
Karen McCarthy 18%
Bill McCollum 68%
James McCrery III 77%
Joseph McDade 60%
Paul McHale 37%
John McHugh 62%
Scott McInnis 55%
David McIntosh 72%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 0%
Michael McNulty 35%
Martin Meehan 0%
Carrie Meek 0%
Jack Metcalf 72%
Jan Meyers 36%
Dan Miller 48%
David Minge 39%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 00%
John Moakley 33%
Susan Molinari 42%
Alan Mollohan 38%
G.V. Montgomery 72%
Carlos Moorhead 79%
Constance Morella 12%
Carol Moseley Braun 0%
Patrick Moynihan 33%
Frank Murkowski 72%
Jack Murtha 45%
Sue Myrick 77%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 62%
Mark Neumann 86%
Robert William Ney 68%
Don Nickles 72%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 90%
Sam Nunn 36%
James Nussle 68%
Jim Oberstar 35%
Dave Obey 32%
John Olver 00%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 45%
Bill Orton 47%
Major Owens 0%
Michael Oxley 68%
Ronald Packard 77%
Mike Parker 90%
William Paxon 77%
Donald Payne 00%
Lewis Payne, Jr. 38%
Clay Pell 7%
Pete Peterson 23%
Owen Pickett 38%
Richard Pombo 72%
Earl Pomeroy 34%
John Edward Porter 42%
Glenn Poshard 52%
Larry Pressler 81%
Deborah Pryce 43%
David Pryor 33%
James Quillen 79%
Jack Quinn 48%
George Radanovich 90%
James Ramstad 51%
Ralph Regula 59%
Bill Richardson 31%
Frank Riggs 62%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 12%
Charles Robb 20%
Timothy Roemer 56%
Charles Rose III 33%
Toby Roth 72%
William Roth, Jr. 55%
Marge Roukema 42%
Martin Olav Sabo 00%
Rick Santorum 72%
Paul Sarbanes 8%
Jim Saxton 58%
Joe Scarborough 65%
Daniel Schaefer 90%
Steven Schiff 40%
Pat Schroeder 00%
Andrea Seastrand 79%
John Shadegg 86%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 54%
Christopher Shays 41%
E.G. Shuster 90%
Paul Simon 18%
Alan Simpson 41%
Norman Sisisky 45%
David Skaggs 18%
Joseph Skeen 65%
Ike Skelton 52%
Linda Smith 65%
Nick Smith 62%
Bob Smith 72%
Olympia Snowe 41%
Gerald B.H. Solomon 90%
Mark Souder 65%
Arlen Specter 40%
Floyd Spence 77%
John Spratt, Jr. 35%
Pete Stark 0%
Cliff Stearns 72%
Charles Stenholm 77%
Ted Stevens 57%
Louis Stokes 0%
Gerry Studds 00%
Bob Stump 86%
Bart Stupak 43%
James Talent 77%
John Tanner 47%
Randy Tate 79%
William Tauzin 90%
Charles Taylor 90%
Gene Taylor 72%
Frank Tejeda 59%
Craig Thomas 72%
William Thomas 45%
Fred Thompson 60%
Ray Thornton 30%
Karen Thurman 26%
Strom Thurmond 72%
Todd Tiahrt 77%
Peter Torkildsen 30%
Esteban Edward Torres 00%
Ed Towns 0%
James Traficant, Jr. 47%
Bruce Vento 18%
Harold Volkmer 55%
Barbara Vucanovich 72%
Robert Walker 79%
James Walsh 56%
Zach Wamp 86%
Michael Ward 13%
John Warner 72%
Mel Watt 16%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 77%
David Weldon 68%
W. Curtis Weldon 68%
Gerald Weller 72%
Paul Wellstone 8%
Rick White 47%
Pat Williams 00%
Charles Wilson 29%
Bob Wise, Jr. 28%
Lynn Woolsey 0%
Albert Wynn 21%
Sidney Yates 16%
Bill Young 60%
Bill Zeliff 53%
Richard Zimmer 45%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.