Rating Group: National Journal

1996 Conservative on Economic Policy Score

State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 64%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 78%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 68%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 84%
AZ U.S. House-5 Matt Salmon R 82%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 33%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 31%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 19%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 16%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 0%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 30%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 33%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 18%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 82%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 0%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 0%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 64%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 0%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 82%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 0%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 76%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 18%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 18%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 82%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 0%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 45%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 56%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 82%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 82%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 36%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 0%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 76%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 11%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 69%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 31%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 71%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 82%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 0%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 0%
IN U.S. Senate-Sr Daniel Coats R 74%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 35%
IN Council Member-At-Large John Myers R 60%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 69%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 76%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 64%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 0%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 16%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 0%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 32%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 22%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 18%
ME Councilor-At-Large John Baldacci D 18%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 4%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 71%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 64%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 11%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 28%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 0%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 40%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 75%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 82%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 21%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 39%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 19%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 82%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 82%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 71%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 25%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 49%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 53%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 28%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 56%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 30%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 28%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 55%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 0%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 0%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 15%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 0%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 11%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 16%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 25%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 25%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 11%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 76%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 73%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 82%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 31%
OH Governor John Kasich R 76%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 25%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 58%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 94%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 61%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 82%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 26%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 18%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 0%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle D 38%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 82%
SC U.S. House-1 Mark Sanford, Jr. R 68%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 22%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 67%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 76%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 56%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 73%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 82%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 18%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 73%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 28%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 11%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 25%
TX U.S. House-36 Steve Stockman R 60%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 69%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 22%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 64%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 42%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 58%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 14%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 11%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 0%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 82%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 0%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 58%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 58%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 11%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 19%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 22%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 63%
Gary Ackerman 28%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 5%
Rob Andrews 33%
Bill Archer 76%
Richard Armey 82%
John Ashcroft 86%
Henry Scott Baesler 39%
Richard Hugh Baker 70%
William Baker 74%
Cass Ballenger 82%
James Barcia 41%
Bob Barr, Jr. 71%
Bill Barrett 82%
Roscoe Bartlett 82%
Charlie Bass 82%
Herbert Bateman 61%
Max Baucus 46%
Anthony Beilenson 21%
Bob Bennett 82%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 33%
Douglas Bereuter 55%
Howard Berman 0%
Tom Bevill 40%
Brian Bilbray 53%
Michael Bilirakis 76%
Jeff Bingaman 5%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 82%
Peter Blute 49%
Sherwood Boehlert 43%
Kit Bond 56%
Henry Bonilla 68%
David Edward Bonior 11%
Sonny Bono 76%
Robert Borski, Jr. 0%
Rick Boucher 35%
Bill Bradley 6%
John Breaux 45%
Bill Brewster 46%
Glen Browder 40%
George Brown, Jr. 0%
Hank Brown 88%
Richard Bryan 34%
Ed Bryant 82%
John Bryant 26%
Dale Bumpers 11%
Jim Bunn 51%
Jim Bunning 82%
Conrad Burns 76%
Dan Burton 76%
Steve Buyer 68%
Robert Byrd 19%
Herbert Callahan 80%
Ben Campbell 53%
Thomas Campbell 58%
Mike Castle 49%
John Chafee 47%
Jim Chapman 39%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 82%
Jon Lynn Christensen 82%
Dick Chrysler 74%
William Clay, Sr. 0%
Eva Clayton 0%
Robert Clement 41%
William Clinger 64%
William Cohen 46%
Ronald Coleman 12%
Barbara-Rose Collins 00%
Cardiss Collins 0%
Michael Collins 82%
Larry Combest 82%
Gary Condit 47%
Kent Conrad 19%
Wes Cooley 74%
Jerry Costello 31%
Paul Coverdell 94%
Christopher Cox 82%
William Coyne 0%
Larry Craig 91%
Robert Cramer 47%
Philip Crane 82%
Frank Arnold Cremeans 64%
Barbara Cubin 82%
Randall Cunningham 82%
Alfonse D'Amato 54%
Patsy Ann Danner 39%
Thomas Daschle 27%
Thomas Davis III 52%
E. Kika de la Garza 38%
Thomas DeLay 82%
Ronald Dellums 0%
Peter Deutsch 36%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 45%
Jay Dickey 82%
Norm Dicks 24%
Julian Dixon 0%
Chris Dodd 5%
Robert Dole 87%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 61%
Calvin Dooley 40%
John Doolittle 82%
Byron Dorgan 34%
Robert Dornan 74%
David Dreier 82%
Jennifer Dunn 82%
Chet Edwards 36%
Vern Ehlers 54%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 76%
Bill Emerson 74%
Philip English 52%
John Ensign 64%
Lane Evans 11%
Terry Everett 82%
Thomas Ewing 82%
Jim Exon 44%
Duncan McLauchlin Faircloth 89%
Harris Fawell 71%
Victor Fazio 33%
Russ Feingold 19%
Cleo Fields 23%
Jack Fields, Jr. 74%
Bob Filner 21%
Floyd Flake 18%
Michael Patrick Flanagan 53%
Thomas Foglietta 0%
Mark Foley 58%
Michael Patrick Forbes 55%
Harold Ford, Sr. 23%
Wendell Ford 39%
Tillie Fowler 63%
Jon David Fox 48%
Barney Frank 0%
Gary Franks 74%
Robert Franks 50%
Dan Frisa 53%
William Frist 68%
Jonas Frost III 27%
David Funderburk 67%
Elizabeth Furse 36%
Elton Gallegly 82%
John Ganske 68%
Sam Gejdenson 18%
George Gekas 82%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 22%
Pete Geren 51%
Sam Gibbons 28%
Wayne Gilchrest 56%
Paul Gillmor 61%
Benjamin Gilman 45%
John Glenn 5%
Henry Gonzalez 22%
William Goodling 82%
Bart Gordon 44%
Slade Gorton 60%
Porter Goss 58%
Daniel Graham 39%
William Phillip Gramm 94%
Rodney Grams 79%
Enid Greene 74%
James Greenwood 56%
Judd Gregg 63%
Steven Gunderson 56%
Gilbert Gutknecht 82%
Tony Hall 35%
Lee Hamilton 43%
Melton Hancock 74%
James Hansen 82%
Jane Harman 42%
J. Dennis Hastert 82%
Mark Hatfield 52%
James Hayes 46%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 82%
Joel Hefley 76%
W.G. Hefner 39%
Fredrick Kenneth Fred' Heineman 67%
Jesse Helms 86%
Wally Herger, Jr. 82%
Van Hilleary 76%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 22%
Maurice Hinchey 11%
David Lee Hobson 64%
Pete Hoekstra 80%
Martin Hoke 60%
Thomas Holden 41%
Stephen Horn 51%
John Nathan Hostettler 64%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 48%
Duncan Hunter 76%
Kay Hutchison 86%
Henry Hyde 64%
Bob Inglis, Sr. 82%
Daniel Inouye 13%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 76%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 0%
Andrew Jacobs, Jr. 36%
William Jefferson 25%
James Merrill Jeffords 48%
Nancy Johnson 52%
Harry Johnston 17%
J. Bennett Johnston 33%
Paul Kanjorski 11%
Nancy Landon Kassebaum 60%
Sue Kelly 56%
Dirk Kempthorne 91%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 14%
Joseph Kennedy II 11%
Patrick Kennedy 11%
Barbara Bailey Kennelly 25%
Bob Kerrey 0%
Dale Kildee 18%
Jay Kim 82%
Gerald Kleczka 28%
Ronald Klink 0%
Scott Klug 48%
Joseph Knollenberg 68%
Herb Kohl 34%
James Kolbe 82%
Jon Kyl 85%
John LaFalce 11%
Ray LaHood 64%
Tom Lantos 11%
Stephen Largent 63%
Steve LaTourette 56%
Greg Laughlin 51%
Frank Lautenberg 5%
Rick Lazio 56%
James Leach 48%
Jerry Lewis 61%
Ron Lewis 82%
Joe Lieberman 44%
Jim Lightfoot 60%
Blanche Lincoln 43%
John Linder 82%
William Lipinski 39%
Robert Livingston 55%
James Longley, Jr. 51%
Trent Lott, Sr. 94%
Dick Lugar 76%
William Luther 25%
Connie Mack 94%
Thomas Manton 21%
Don Manzullo 82%
Matthew Martinez 18%
Bill Martini 45%
Frank Mascara 33%
Robert Matsui 16%
Karen McCarthy 11%
Bill McCollum 71%
James McCrery III 67%
Joseph McDade 52%
Paul McHale 36%
John McHugh 47%
Scott McInnis 82%
David McIntosh 70%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 15%
Michael McNulty 28%
Martin Meehan 16%
Carrie Meek 18%
Jack Metcalf 58%
Jan Meyers 60%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 0%
Dan Miller 73%
David Minge 36%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 22%
John Moakley 0%
Susan Molinari 73%
Alan Mollohan 21%
G.V. Montgomery 56%
Carlos Moorhead 74%
Constance Morella 45%
Carol Moseley Braun 27%
Patrick Moynihan 14%
Frank Murkowski 79%
Jack Murtha 18%
Sue Myrick 82%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 61%
Mark Neumann 56%
Robert William Ney 58%
Don Nickles 94%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 82%
Sam Nunn 45%
James Nussle 82%
Jim Oberstar 0%
Dave Obey 16%
John Olver 11%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 32%
Bill Orton 41%
Major Owens 0%
Michael Oxley 73%
Ronald Packard 67%
Mike Parker 82%
William Paxon 82%
Donald Payne 16%
Lewis Payne, Jr. 45%
Clay Pell 33%
Pete Peterson 38%
Owen Pickett 41%
Richard Pombo 82%
Earl Pomeroy 28%
John Edward Porter 55%
Glenn Poshard 36%
Larry Pressler 63%
Deborah Pryce 61%
David Pryor 21%
James Quillen 60%
Jack Quinn 43%
George Radanovich 70%
James Ramstad 49%
Ralph Regula 49%
Bill Richardson 25%
Frank Riggs 64%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 11%
Charles Robb 34%
Timothy Roemer 42%
Charles Rose III 40%
Toby Roth 74%
William Roth, Jr. 58%
Marge Roukema 46%
Martin Olav Sabo 0%
Rick Santorum 54%
Paul Sarbanes 0%
Jim Saxton 61%
Joe Scarborough 63%
Daniel Schaefer 82%
Steven Schiff 50%
Pat Schroeder 6%
Andrea Seastrand 74%
John Shadegg 82%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 68%
Christopher Shays 48%
E.G. Shuster 82%
Paul Simon 06%
Alan Simpson 57%
Norman Sisisky 44%
David Skaggs 0%
Joseph Skeen 61%
Ike Skelton 40%
Linda Smith 55%
Nick Smith 82%
Bob Smith 79%
Olympia Snowe 52%
Gerald B.H. Solomon 73%
Mark Souder 68%
Arlen Specter 48%
Floyd Spence 82%
John Spratt, Jr. 36%
Pete Stark 0%
Cliff Stearns 82%
Charles Stenholm 43%
Ted Stevens 67%
Louis Stokes 0%
Gerry Studds 15%
Bob Stump 82%
Bart Stupak 28%
James Talent 73%
John Tanner 42%
Randy Tate 64%
William Tauzin 64%
Charles Taylor 82%
Gene Taylor 45%
Frank Tejeda 36%
Craig Thomas 89%
William Thomas 61%
Fred Thompson 69%
Ray Thornton 29%
Karen Thurman 28%
Strom Thurmond 69%
Todd Tiahrt 82%
Peter Torkildsen 47%
Esteban Edward Torres 0%
Ed Towns 0%
James Traficant, Jr. 40%
Bruce Vento 0%
Harold Volkmer 35%
Barbara Vucanovich 74%
Robert Walker 74%
James Walsh 47%
Zach Wamp 58%
Michael Ward 26%
John Warner 56%
Mel Watt 0%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 82%
David Weldon 76%
W. Curtis Weldon 53%
Gerald Weller 64%
Paul Wellstone 5%
Rick White 80%
Pat Williams 15%
Charles Wilson 42%
Bob Wise, Jr. 16%
Lynn Woolsey 0%
Albert Wynn 32%
Sidney Yates 0%
Bill Young 73%
Bill Zeliff 74%
Richard Zimmer 49%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.