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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: National Journal

1996 Liberal on Foreign\Defense Policy

State Office District Name Party Rating
Frank Murkowski 26%
Jack Murtha 50%
Sue Myrick 30%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 0%
Mark Neumann 55%
Robert William Ney 47%
Don Nickles 0%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 0%
Sam Nunn 48%
James Nussle 44%
Jim Oberstar 79%
Dave Obey 82%
John Olver 90%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 50%
Bill Orton 73%
Major Owens 90%
Michael Oxley 0%
Ronald Packard 21%
Mike Parker 36%
William Paxon 0%
Donald Payne 90%
Lewis Payne, Jr. 56%
Clay Pell 86%
Pete Peterson 61%
Owen Pickett 50%
Richard Pombo 0%
Earl Pomeroy 75%
John Edward Porter 50%
Glenn Poshard 64%
Larry Pressler 38%
Deborah Pryce 0%
David Pryor 97%
James Quillen 0%
Jack Quinn 0%
George Radanovich 0%
James Ramstad 67%
Ralph Regula 41%
Bill Richardson 64%
Frank Riggs 41%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 82%
Charles Robb 58%
Timothy Roemer 75%
Charles Rose III 66%
Toby Roth 48%
William Roth, Jr. 30%
Marge Roukema 67%
Martin Olav Sabo 79%
Rick Santorum 0%
Paul Sarbanes 73%
Jim Saxton 0%
Joe Scarborough 0%
Daniel Schaefer 0%
Steven Schiff 0%
Pat Schroeder 73%
Andrea Seastrand 0%
John Shadegg 0%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 21%
Christopher Shays 72%
E.G. Shuster 0%
Paul Simon 86%
Alan Simpson 45%
Norman Sisisky 47%
David Skaggs 82%
Joseph Skeen 21%
Ike Skelton 52%
Linda Smith 30%
Nick Smith 57%
Bob Smith 0%
Olympia Snowe 38%
Gerald B.H. Solomon 0%
Mark Souder 0%
Arlen Specter 47%
Floyd Spence 21%
John Spratt, Jr. 70%
Pete Stark 90%
Cliff Stearns 0%
Charles Stenholm 58%
Ted Stevens 38%
Louis Stokes 86%
Gerry Studds 93%
Bob Stump 0%
Bart Stupak 82%
James Talent 0%
John Tanner 57%
Randy Tate 15%
William Tauzin 0%
Charles Taylor 21%
Gene Taylor 49%
Frank Tejeda 58%
Craig Thomas 0%
William Thomas 30%
Fred Thompson 0%
Ray Thornton 79%
Karen Thurman 64%
Strom Thurmond 0%
Todd Tiahrt 38%
Peter Torkildsen 52%
Esteban Edward Torres 79%
Ed Towns 90%
James Traficant, Jr. 41%
Bruce Vento 90%
Harold Volkmer 68%
Barbara Vucanovich 36%
Robert Walker 0%
James Walsh 28%
Zach Wamp 30%
Michael Ward 79%
John Warner 0%
Mel Watt 90%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 36%
David Weldon 0%
W. Curtis Weldon 30%
Gerald Weller 41%
Paul Wellstone 89%
Rick White 0%
Pat Williams 70%
Charles Wilson 54%
Bob Wise, Jr. 69%
Lynn Woolsey 90%
Albert Wynn 82%
Sidney Yates 90%
Bill Young 21%
Bill Zeliff 15%
Richard Zimmer 51%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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