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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: National Journal

1996 Liberal on Foreign\Defense Policy

State Office District Name Party Rating
Wes Cooley 42%
Jerry Costello 61%
Paul Coverdell 0%
Christopher Cox 0%
William Coyne 87%
Larry Craig 0%
Robert Cramer 50%
Philip Crane 0%
Frank Arnold Cremeans 42%
Barbara Cubin 0%
Randall Cunningham 0%
Alfonse D'Amato 35%
Patsy Ann Danner 73%
Thomas Daschle 73%
Thomas Davis III 37%
E. Kika de la Garza 59%
Thomas DeLay 0%
Ronald Dellums 90%
Peter Deutsch 79%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 21%
Jay Dickey 0%
Norm Dicks 61%
Julian Dixon 75%
Chris Dodd 61%
Robert Dole 81%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 37%
Calvin Dooley 76%
John Doolittle 0%
Byron Dorgan 84%
Robert Dornan 0%
David Dreier 0%
Jennifer Dunn 0%
Chet Edwards 53%
Vern Ehlers 67%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 0%
Bill Emerson 0%
Philip English 48%
John Ensign 50%
Lane Evans 90%
Terry Everett 21%
Thomas Ewing 30%
Jim Exon 65%
Duncan McLauchlin Faircloth 0%
Harris Fawell 44%
Victor Fazio 67%
Russ Feingold 89%
Cleo Fields 79%
Jack Fields, Jr. 0%
Bob Filner 87%
Floyd Flake 84%
Michael Patrick Flanagan 28%
Thomas Foglietta 90%
Mark Foley 45%
Michael Patrick Forbes 21%
Harold Ford, Sr. 93%
Wendell Ford 51%
Tillie Fowler 0%
Jon David Fox 47%
Barney Frank 90%
Gary Franks 15%
Robert Franks 67%
Dan Frisa 0%
William Frist 0%
Jonas Frost III 55%
David Funderburk 0%
Elizabeth Furse 90%
Elton Gallegly 28%
John Ganske 66%
Sam Gejdenson 76%
George Gekas 0%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 73%
Pete Geren 42%
Sam Gibbons 79%
Wayne Gilchrest 36%
Paul Gillmor 35%
Benjamin Gilman 21%
John Glenn 73%
Henry Gonzalez 52%
William Goodling 38%
Bart Gordon 70%
Slade Gorton 38%
Porter Goss 0%
Daniel Graham 62%
William Phillip Gramm 0%
Rodney Grams 26%
Enid Greene 27%
James Greenwood 41%
Judd Gregg 38%
Steven Gunderson 48%
Gilbert Gutknecht 50%
Tony Hall 64%
Lee Hamilton 59%
Melton Hancock 0%
James Hansen 21%
Jane Harman 57%
J. Dennis Hastert 21%
Mark Hatfield 93%
James Hayes 48%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 0%
Joel Hefley 0%
W.G. Hefner 61%
Fredrick Kenneth Fred' Heineman 28%
Jesse Helms 0%
Wally Herger, Jr. 0%
Van Hilleary 0%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 72%
Maurice Hinchey 87%
David Lee Hobson 21%
Pete Hoekstra 58%
Martin Hoke 42%
Thomas Holden 54%
Ernest Hollings 60%
Stephen Horn 38%
John Nathan Hostettler 30%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 45%
Duncan Hunter 0%
Kay Hutchison 0%
Henry Hyde 21%
Bob Inglis, Sr. 30%
Daniel Inouye 57%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 0%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 90%
Andrew Jacobs, Jr. 55%
William Jefferson 60%
James Merrill Jeffords 64%
Nancy Johnson 44%
Harry Johnston 88%
J. Bennett Johnston 60%
Paul Kanjorski 76%
Nancy Landon Kassebaum 53%
Sue Kelly 30%
Dirk Kempthorne 0%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 77%
Joseph Kennedy II 90%
Patrick Kennedy 58%
Barbara Bailey Kennelly 66%
Bob Kerrey 69%
Dale Kildee 61%
Jay Kim 0%
Gerald Kleczka 87%
Ronald Klink 67%
Scott Klug 67%
Joseph Knollenberg 21%
Herb Kohl 84%
James Kolbe 44%
Jon Kyl 0%
John LaFalce 82%
Ray LaHood 41%
Tom Lantos 82%
Stephen Largent 0%
Steve LaTourette 46%
Greg Laughlin 36%
Frank Lautenberg 88%
Rick Lazio 38%
James Leach 52%
Jerry Lewis 21%
Ron Lewis 0%
Joe Lieberman 51%
Jim Lightfoot 28%
Blanche Lincoln 64%
John Linder 36%
William Lipinski 59%
Robert Livingston 21%
James Longley, Jr. 15%
Trent Lott, Sr. 0%
Dick Lugar 30%
William Luther 84%
Connie Mack 32%
Thomas Manton 64%
Don Manzullo 30%
Matthew Martinez 52%
Bill Martini 50%
Frank Mascara 70%
Robert Matsui 73%
Karen McCarthy 85%
Bill McCollum 0%
James McCrery III 21%
Joseph McDade 30%
Paul McHale 67%
John McHugh 29%
Scott McInnis 48%
David McIntosh 0%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 90%
Michael McNulty 59%
Martin Meehan 87%
Carrie Meek 60%
Jack Metcalf 41%
Jan Meyers 51%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 78%
Dan Miller 30%
David Minge 90%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 79%
John Moakley 90%
Susan Molinari 30%
Alan Mollohan 52%
G.V. Montgomery 56%
Carlos Moorhead 0%
Constance Morella 81%
Carol Moseley Braun 89%
Patrick Moynihan 77%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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