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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: National Journal

1996 Liberal on Foreign\Defense Policy

State Office District Name Party Rating
David Pryor 97%
Anthony Beilenson 93%
Dale Bumpers 93%
Cardiss Collins 93%
Harold Ford, Sr. 93%
IA U.S. Senate Jr Tom Harkin Democratic 93%
Mark Hatfield 93%
VT U.S. Senate Sr Patrick Leahy Democratic 93%
MI U.S. Senate Sr Carl Levin Democratic 93%
WA U.S. Senate Sr Patty Murray Democratic 93%
Gerry Studds 93%
WI Mayor At-Large Tom Barrett Democratic 90%
CA U.S. House 34 Xavier Becerra Democratic 90%
Howard Berman 90%
George Brown, Jr. 90%
William Clay, Sr. 90%
MI U.S. House 13 John Conyers, Jr. Democratic 90%
Ronald Dellums 90%
CA U.S. House 18 Anna Eshoo Democratic 90%
Lane Evans 90%
PA U.S. House 2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. Democratic 90%
Thomas Foglietta 90%
Barney Frank 90%
Elizabeth Furse 90%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 90%
Joseph Kennedy II 90%
CA U.S. House 19 Zoe Lofgren Democratic 90%
NY U.S. House 17 Nita Lowey Democratic 90%
MA U.S. Senate Jr Ed Markey Democratic 90%
WA U.S. House 7 Jim McDermott Democratic 90%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 90%
CA U.S. House 11 George Miller Democratic 90%
David Minge 90%
John Moakley 90%
NY U.S. House 10 Jerry Nadler Democratic 90%
John Olver 90%
Major Owens 90%
Donald Payne 90%
CA U.S. House 12 Nancy Pelosi Democratic 90%
NY U.S. House 13 Charlie Rangel Democratic 90%
IL U.S. House 1 Bobby Rush Democratic 90%
VT U.S. Senate Jr Bernie Sanders Independent 90%
Pete Stark 90%
Ed Towns 90%
NY U.S. House 7 Nydia Velázquez Democratic 90%
Bruce Vento 90%
Mel Watt 90%
Lynn Woolsey 90%
Sidney Yates 90%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. Democratic 89%
Russ Feingold 89%
Carol Moseley Braun 89%
Paul Wellstone 89%
Harry Johnston 88%
Frank Lautenberg 88%
William Coyne 87%
OR U.S. House 4 Peter DeFazio Democratic 87%
TX U.S. House 35 Lloyd Doggett II Democratic 87%
Bob Filner 87%
IL U.S. House 4 Luis Gutierrez Democratic 87%
Maurice Hinchey 87%
Gerald Kleczka 87%
GA U.S. House 5 John Lewis Democratic 87%
Martin Meehan 87%
CA U.S. House 40 Lucille Roybal-Allard Democratic 87%
NY U.S. House 15 José Serrano Democratic 87%
OH U.S. Senate Sr Sherrod Brown Democratic 86%
Barbara-Rose Collins 86%
NY U.S. House 16 Eliot Engel Democratic 86%
Clay Pell 86%
Paul Simon 86%
NY U.S. House 25 Louise Slaughter Democratic 86%
Louis Stokes 86%
CA U.S. House 43 Maxine Waters Democratic 86%
NY U.S. House 12 Carolyn Maloney Democratic 85%
Karen McCarthy 85%
NY U.S. Senate Sr Chuck Schumer Democratic 85%
CA U.S. House 33 Henry Waxman Democratic 85%
MD U.S. House 7 Elijah Cummings Democratic 84%
Byron Dorgan 84%
Floyd Flake 84%
Herb Kohl 84%
William Luther 84%
OR U.S. Senate Sr Ron Wyden Democratic 83%
MI U.S. House 12 John Dingell Democratic 82%
CA U.S. House 20 Sam Farr Democratic 82%
John LaFalce 82%
Tom Lantos 82%
MI U.S. House 9 Sandy Levin Democratic 82%
Dave Obey 82%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 82%
David Skaggs 82%
Bart Stupak 82%
Albert Wynn 82%
Robert Dole 81%
Constance Morella 81%
MA U.S. House 1 Richard Neal Democratic 81%
David Edward Bonior 79%
Robert Borski, Jr. 79%
Peter Deutsch 79%
Cleo Fields 79%
Sam Gibbons 79%
TX U.S. House 18 Sheila Jackson Lee Democratic 79%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 79%
Jim Oberstar 79%
Martin Olav Sabo 79%
Ray Thornton 79%
Esteban Edward Torres 79%
Michael Ward 79%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 78%
MN U.S. House 7 Collin Peterson Democratic/Farmer/Labor 78%
CA U.S. Senate Jr Barbara Boxer Democratic 77%
Richard Bryan 77%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 77%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry Democratic 77%
Patrick Moynihan 77%
Jeff Bingaman 76%
Rick Boucher 76%
CT U.S. House 3 Rosa DeLauro Democratic 76%
Calvin Dooley 76%
Sam Gejdenson 76%
Paul Kanjorski 76%
OH U.S. House 9 Marcy Kaptur Democratic 76%
NJ U.S. Senate Sr Bob Menendez Democratic 76%
NJ U.S. House 6 Frank Pallone, Jr. Democratic 76%
MD U.S. Senate Jr Ben Cardin Democratic 75%
Julian Dixon 75%
Earl Pomeroy 75%
Timothy Roemer 75%
OH State Senate 28 Thomas Sawyer Democratic 75%
PA U.S. House 14 Mike Doyle Democratic 74%
Patsy Ann Danner 73%
Thomas Daschle 73%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 73%
John Glenn 73%
TX U.S. House 29 Gene Green Democratic 73%
FL U.S. House 20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. Democratic 73%
Robert Matsui 73%
Bill Orton 73%
Paul Sarbanes 73%
Pat Schroeder 73%
Thomas Campbell 72%
Eva Clayton 72%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 72%
WV U.S. Senate Sr Jay Rockefeller IV Democratic 72%
Christopher Shays 72%
MI U.S. House 6 Fred Upton Republican 72%
Gary Ackerman 71%
Bill Bradley 71%
ME Councilor At-Large John Baldacci Democratic 70%
Max Baucus 70%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 70%
Kent Conrad 70%
Bart Gordon 70%
Frank Mascara 70%
VA U.S. House 8 Jim Moran, Jr. Democratic 70%
AZ U.S. House 7 Ed Pastor Democratic 70%
John Spratt, Jr. 70%
Pat Williams 70%
Bob Kerrey 69%
Bob Wise, Jr. 69%
MD U.S. Senate Sr Barbara Mikulski Democratic 68%
Harold Volkmer 68%
Ronald Coleman 67%
Vern Ehlers 67%
Victor Fazio 67%
Robert Franks 67%
Ronald Klink 67%
Scott Klug 67%
Paul McHale 67%
James Ramstad 67%
Marge Roukema 67%
Robert Byrd 66%
John Ganske 66%
Barbara Bailey Kennelly 66%
WV U.S. House 3 Nick Rahall II Democratic 66%
Charles Rose III 66%
Jim Exon 65%
TX U.S. House 30 Eddie Johnson Democratic 65%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie Democratic 64%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 64%
John Bryant 64%
Tony Hall 64%
James Merrill Jeffords 64%
Blanche Lincoln 64%
NJ U.S. House 2 Frank LoBiondo Republican 64%
Thomas Manton 64%
Glenn Poshard 64%
Bill Richardson 64%
Karen Thurman 64%
FL U.S. House 5 Corrine Brown Democratic 63%
IN U.S. House 1 Pete Visclosky Democratic 63%
Daniel Graham 62%
NV U.S. Senate Sr Harry Reid Democratic 62%
SC U.S. House 6 Jim Clyburn Democratic 61%
Gary Condit 61%
Jerry Costello 61%
Norm Dicks 61%
Chris Dodd 61%
W.G. Hefner 61%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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