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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: National Journal

1996 Liberal on Foreign\Defense Policy

State Office District Name Party Rating
Edmond Spencer Abraham 0%
Gary Ackerman 71%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 64%
Rob Andrews 47%
Bill Archer 0%
Richard Armey 0%
John Ashcroft 0%
Henry Scott Baesler 55%
Richard Hugh Baker 21%
William Baker 15%
Cass Ballenger 0%
James Barcia 55%
Bob Barr, Jr. 0%
Bill Barrett 30%
Roscoe Bartlett 30%
Charlie Bass 38%
Herbert Bateman 36%
Max Baucus 70%
Anthony Beilenson 93%
Bob Bennett 42%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 70%
Douglas Bereuter 45%
Howard Berman 90%
Tom Bevill 52%
Brian Bilbray 41%
Michael Bilirakis 0%
Jeff Bingaman 76%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 0%
Peter Blute 48%
Sherwood Boehlert 37%
Kit Bond 35%
Henry Bonilla 0%
David Edward Bonior 79%
Sonny Bono 21%
Robert Borski, Jr. 79%
Rick Boucher 76%
Bill Bradley 71%
John Breaux 49%
Bill Brewster 55%
Glen Browder 48%
George Brown, Jr. 90%
Hank Brown 50%
Richard Bryan 77%
Ed Bryant 0%
John Bryant 64%
Dale Bumpers 93%
Jim Bunn 36%
Jim Bunning 0%
Conrad Burns 0%
Dan Burton 0%
Steve Buyer 0%
Robert Byrd 66%
Herbert Callahan 28%
Ben Campbell 0%
Thomas Campbell 72%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 0%
Mike Castle 53%
John Chafee 43%
Jim Chapman 52%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 0%
Jon Lynn Christensen 37%
Dick Chrysler 15%
William Clay, Sr. 90%
Eva Clayton 72%
Robert Clement 57%
William Clinger 51%
William Cohen 8%
Ronald Coleman 67%
Barbara-Rose Collins 86%
Cardiss Collins 93%
Michael Collins 0%
Larry Combest 0%
Gary Condit 61%
Kent Conrad 70%
Wes Cooley 42%
Jerry Costello 61%
Paul Coverdell 0%
Christopher Cox 0%
William Coyne 87%
Larry Craig 0%
Robert Cramer 50%
Philip Crane 0%
Frank Arnold Cremeans 42%
Barbara Cubin 0%
Randall Cunningham 0%
Alfonse D'Amato 35%
Patsy Ann Danner 73%
Thomas Daschle 73%
Thomas Davis III 37%
E. Kika de la Garza 59%
Thomas DeLay 0%
Ronald Dellums 90%
Peter Deutsch 79%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 21%
Jay Dickey 0%
Norm Dicks 61%
Julian Dixon 75%
Chris Dodd 61%
Robert Dole 81%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 37%
Calvin Dooley 76%
John Doolittle 0%
Byron Dorgan 84%
Robert Dornan 0%
David Dreier 0%
Jennifer Dunn 0%
Chet Edwards 53%
Vern Ehlers 67%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 0%
Bill Emerson 0%
Philip English 48%
John Ensign 50%
Lane Evans 90%
Terry Everett 21%
Thomas Ewing 30%
Jim Exon 65%
Duncan McLauchlin Faircloth 0%
Harris Fawell 44%
Victor Fazio 67%
Russ Feingold 89%
Cleo Fields 79%
Jack Fields, Jr. 0%
Bob Filner 87%
Floyd Flake 84%
Michael Patrick Flanagan 28%
Thomas Foglietta 90%
Mark Foley 45%
Michael Patrick Forbes 21%
Harold Ford, Sr. 93%
Wendell Ford 51%
Tillie Fowler 0%
Jon David Fox 47%
Barney Frank 90%
Gary Franks 15%
Robert Franks 67%
Dan Frisa 0%
William Frist 0%
Jonas Frost III 55%
David Funderburk 0%
Elizabeth Furse 90%
Elton Gallegly 28%
John Ganske 66%
Sam Gejdenson 76%
George Gekas 0%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 73%
Pete Geren 42%
Sam Gibbons 79%
Wayne Gilchrest 36%
Paul Gillmor 35%
Benjamin Gilman 21%
John Glenn 73%
Henry Gonzalez 52%
William Goodling 38%
Bart Gordon 70%
Slade Gorton 38%
Porter Goss 0%
Daniel Graham 62%
William Phillip Gramm 0%
Rodney Grams 26%
Enid Greene 27%
James Greenwood 41%
Judd Gregg 38%
Steven Gunderson 48%
Gilbert Gutknecht 50%
Tony Hall 64%
Lee Hamilton 59%
Melton Hancock 0%
James Hansen 21%
Jane Harman 57%
J. Dennis Hastert 21%
Mark Hatfield 93%
James Hayes 48%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 0%
Joel Hefley 0%
W.G. Hefner 61%
Fredrick Kenneth Fred' Heineman 28%
Jesse Helms 0%
Wally Herger, Jr. 0%
Van Hilleary 0%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 72%
Maurice Hinchey 87%
David Lee Hobson 21%
Pete Hoekstra 58%
Martin Hoke 42%
Thomas Holden 54%
Ernest Hollings 60%
Stephen Horn 38%
John Nathan Hostettler 30%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 45%
Duncan Hunter 0%
Kay Hutchison 0%
Henry Hyde 21%
Bob Inglis, Sr. 30%
Daniel Inouye 57%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 0%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 90%
Andrew Jacobs, Jr. 55%
William Jefferson 60%
James Merrill Jeffords 64%
Nancy Johnson 44%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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