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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: National Journal

1996 Liberal on Foreign\Defense Policy

State Office District Name Party Rating
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie Democratic 64%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 0%
Gary Ackerman 71%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 64%
Rob Andrews 47%
Bill Archer 0%
Richard Armey 0%
John Ashcroft 0%
AL U.S. House 6 Spencer Bachus Republican 28%
Henry Scott Baesler 55%
Richard Hugh Baker 21%
William Baker 15%
ME Councilor At-Large John Baldacci Democratic 70%
Cass Ballenger 0%
James Barcia 55%
Bob Barr, Jr. 0%
WI Mayor At-Large Tom Barrett Democratic 90%
Bill Barrett 30%
Roscoe Bartlett 30%
TX U.S. House 6 Joe Barton Republican 30%
Charlie Bass 38%
Herbert Bateman 36%
Max Baucus 70%
CA U.S. House 34 Xavier Becerra Democratic 90%
Anthony Beilenson 93%
Bob Bennett 42%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 70%
Douglas Bereuter 45%
Howard Berman 90%
Tom Bevill 52%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. Democratic 89%
Brian Bilbray 41%
Michael Bilirakis 0%
Jeff Bingaman 76%
GA U.S. House 2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. Democratic 47%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 0%
Peter Blute 48%
Sherwood Boehlert 37%
OH U.S. House 8 John Boehner Republican 0%
Kit Bond 35%
Henry Bonilla 0%
David Edward Bonior 79%
Sonny Bono 21%
Robert Borski, Jr. 79%
Rick Boucher 76%
CA U.S. Senate Jr Barbara Boxer Democratic 77%
Bill Bradley 71%
John Breaux 49%
Bill Brewster 55%
Glen Browder 48%
FL U.S. House 5 Corrine Brown Democratic 63%
George Brown, Jr. 90%
Hank Brown 50%
OH U.S. Senate Sr Sherrod Brown Democratic 86%
Richard Bryan 77%
Ed Bryant 0%
John Bryant 64%
Dale Bumpers 93%
Jim Bunn 36%
Jim Bunning 0%
Conrad Burns 0%
NC U.S. Senate Sr Richard Burr Republican 0%
Dan Burton 0%
Steve Buyer 0%
Robert Byrd 66%
Herbert Callahan 28%
CA U.S. House 42 Ken Calvert Republican 0%
MI U.S. House 4 Dave Camp Republican 52%
Ben Campbell 0%
Thomas Campbell 72%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 0%
MD U.S. Senate Jr Ben Cardin Democratic 75%
Mike Castle 53%
OH U.S. House 1 Steve Chabot Republican 53%
John Chafee 43%
GA U.S. Senate Sr Saxby Chambliss Republican 30%
Jim Chapman 52%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 0%
Jon Lynn Christensen 37%
Dick Chrysler 15%
William Clay, Sr. 90%
Eva Clayton 72%
Robert Clement 57%
William Clinger 51%
SC U.S. House 6 Jim Clyburn Democratic 61%
IN U.S. Senate Sr Daniel Coats Republican 0%
NC U.S. House 6 Howard Coble Republican 47%
OK U.S. Senate Jr Thomas Coburn Republican 45%
MS U.S. Senate Sr Thad Cochran Republican 32%
William Cohen 8%
Ronald Coleman 67%
Barbara-Rose Collins 86%
Cardiss Collins 93%
Michael Collins 0%
Larry Combest 0%
Gary Condit 61%
Kent Conrad 70%
MI U.S. House 13 John Conyers, Jr. Democratic 90%
Wes Cooley 42%
Jerry Costello 61%
Paul Coverdell 0%
Christopher Cox 0%
William Coyne 87%
Larry Craig 0%
Robert Cramer 50%
Philip Crane 0%
ID U.S. Senate Sr Mike Crapo Republican 0%
Frank Arnold Cremeans 42%
Barbara Cubin 0%
MD U.S. House 7 Elijah Cummings Democratic 84%
Randall Cunningham 0%
Alfonse D'Amato 35%
Patsy Ann Danner 73%
Thomas Daschle 73%
Thomas Davis III 37%
GA Governor Nathan Deal Republican 30%
OR U.S. House 4 Peter DeFazio Democratic 87%
E. Kika de la Garza 59%
CT U.S. House 3 Rosa DeLauro Democratic 76%
Thomas DeLay 0%
Ronald Dellums 90%
Peter Deutsch 79%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine Republican 26%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 21%
Jay Dickey 0%
Norm Dicks 61%
MI U.S. House 12 John Dingell Democratic 82%
Julian Dixon 75%
Chris Dodd 61%
TX U.S. House 35 Lloyd Doggett II Democratic 87%
Robert Dole 81%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 37%
Calvin Dooley 76%
John Doolittle 0%
Byron Dorgan 84%
Robert Dornan 0%
PA U.S. House 14 Mike Doyle, Jr. Democratic 74%
David Dreier 0%
TN U.S. House 2 John Duncan, Jr. Republican 55%
Jennifer Dunn 0%
Chet Edwards 53%
Vern Ehlers 67%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 0%
Bill Emerson 0%
NY U.S. House 16 Eliot Engel Democratic 86%
Philip English 48%
John Ensign 50%
CA U.S. House 18 Anna Eshoo Democratic 90%
Lane Evans 90%
Terry Everett 21%
Thomas Ewing 30%
Jim Exon 65%
Duncan McLauchlin Faircloth 0%
CA U.S. House 20 Sam Farr Democratic 82%
PA U.S. House 2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. Democratic 90%
Harris Fawell 44%
Victor Fazio 67%
Russ Feingold 89%
CA U.S. Senate Sr Dianne Feinstein Democratic 58%
Cleo Fields 79%
Jack Fields, Jr. 0%
Bob Filner 87%
Floyd Flake 84%
Michael Patrick Flanagan 28%
Thomas Foglietta 90%
Mark Foley 45%
Michael Patrick Forbes 21%
Harold Ford, Sr. 93%
Wendell Ford 51%
Tillie Fowler 0%
Jon David Fox 47%
Barney Frank 90%
Gary Franks 15%
Robert Franks 67%
NJ U.S. House 11 Rodney Frelinghuysen Republican 41%
Dan Frisa 0%
William Frist 0%
Jonas Frost III 55%
David Funderburk 0%
Elizabeth Furse 90%
Elton Gallegly 28%
John Ganske 66%
Sam Gejdenson 76%
George Gekas 0%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 73%
Pete Geren 42%
Sam Gibbons 79%
Wayne Gilchrest 36%
Paul Gillmor 35%
Benjamin Gilman 21%
John Glenn 73%
Henry Gonzalez 52%
VA U.S. House 6 Bob Goodlatte Republican 41%
William Goodling 38%
Bart Gordon 70%
Slade Gorton 38%
Porter Goss 0%
Daniel Graham 62%
SC U.S. Senate Sr Lindsey Graham Republican 0%
William Phillip Gramm 0%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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