Rating Group: National Journal

1996 Liberal on Foreign\Defense Policy

State Office Name Party Rating
David Pryor 97%
Anthony Beilenson 93%
Dale Bumpers 93%
Cardiss Collins 93%
Harold Ford, Sr. 93%
Tom Harkin 93%
Mark Hatfield 93%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 93%
Carl Levin 93%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 93%
Gerry Studds 93%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett N/A 90%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 90%
Howard Berman 90%
George Brown, Jr. 90%
William Clay, Sr. 90%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 90%
Ronald Dellums 90%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 90%
Lane Evans 90%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 90%
Thomas Foglietta 90%
Barney Frank 90%
Elizabeth Furse 90%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 90%
Joseph Kennedy II 90%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 90%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 90%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 90%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 90%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 90%
George Miller 90%
David Minge 90%
John Moakley 90%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 90%
John Olver 90%
Major Owens 90%
Donald Payne 90%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 90%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 90%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 90%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 90%
Pete Stark 90%
Ed Towns 90%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 90%
Bruce Vento 90%
Mel Watt 90%
Lynn Woolsey 90%
Sidney Yates 90%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 89%
Russ Feingold 89%
Carol Moseley Braun 89%
Paul Wellstone 89%
Harry Johnston 88%
Frank Lautenberg 88%
William Coyne 87%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 87%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 87%
Bob Filner 87%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutiérrez D 87%
Maurice Hinchey 87%
Gerald Kleczka 87%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 87%
Martin Meehan 87%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 87%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano Other 87%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 86%
Barbara-Rose Collins 86%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 86%
Clay Pell 86%
Paul Simon 86%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 86%
Louis Stokes 86%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 86%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 85%
Karen McCarthy 85%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 85%
Henry Waxman 85%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 84%
Byron Dorgan 84%
Floyd Flake 84%
Herb Kohl 84%
William Luther 84%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 83%
John Dingell 82%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 82%
John LaFalce 82%
Tom Lantos 82%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 82%
Dave Obey 82%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 82%
David Skaggs 82%
Bart Stupak 82%
Albert Wynn 82%
Robert Dole 81%
Constance Morella 81%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 81%
David Edward Bonior 79%
Robert Borski, Jr. 79%
Peter Deutsch 79%
Cleo Fields 79%
Sam Gibbons 79%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 79%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 79%
Jim Oberstar 79%
Martin Olav Sabo 79%
Ray Thornton 79%
Esteban Edward Torres 79%
Michael Ward 79%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 78%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 78%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 77%
Richard Bryan 77%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 77%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 77%
Patrick Moynihan 77%
Jeff Bingaman 76%
Rick Boucher 76%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 76%
Calvin Dooley 76%
Sam Gejdenson 76%
Paul Kanjorski 76%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 76%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 76%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 76%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 75%
Julian Dixon 75%
Earl Pomeroy 75%
Timothy Roemer 75%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 75%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle D 74%
Patsy Ann Danner 73%
Thomas Daschle 73%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 73%
John Glenn 73%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 73%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 73%
Robert Matsui 73%
Bill Orton 73%
Paul Sarbanes 73%
Pat Schroeder 73%
Thomas Campbell 72%
Eva Clayton 72%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 72%
Jay Rockefeller IV 72%
Christopher Shays 72%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 72%
Gary Ackerman 71%
Bill Bradley 71%
ME Councilor-At-Large Joseph Baldacci D 70%
Max Baucus 70%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 70%
Kent Conrad 70%
Bart Gordon 70%
Frank Mascara 70%
Jim Moran, Jr. 70%
Ed Pastor 70%
John Spratt, Jr. 70%
Pat Williams 70%
Bob Kerrey 69%
Bob Wise, Jr. 69%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 68%
Harold Volkmer 68%
Ronald Coleman 67%
Vern Ehlers 67%
Victor Fazio 67%
Robert Franks 67%
Ronald Klink 67%
Scott Klug 67%
Paul McHale 67%
James Ramstad 67%
Marge Roukema 67%
Robert Byrd 66%
John Ganske 66%
Barbara Bailey Kennelly 66%
Nick Rahall II 66%
Charles Rose III 66%
Jim Exon 65%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 65%
Neil Abercrombie 64%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 64%
John Bryant 64%
Tony Hall 64%
James Merrill Jeffords 64%
Blanche Lincoln 64%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 64%
Thomas Manton 64%
Glenn Poshard 64%
Bill Richardson 64%
Karen Thurman 64%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 63%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 63%
Daniel Graham 62%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 62%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 61%
Gary Condit 61%
Jerry Costello 61%
Norm Dicks 61%
Chris Dodd 61%
W.G. Hefner 61%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 61%
Dale Kildee 61%
Pete Peterson 61%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 61%
Ernest Hollings 60%
William Jefferson 60%
J. Bennett Johnston 60%
Carrie Meek 60%
E. Kika de la Garza 59%
Lee Hamilton 59%
William Lipinski 59%
Michael McNulty 59%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 59%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 58%
Pete Hoekstra 58%
Patrick Kennedy 58%
Charles Robb 58%
Charles Stenholm 58%
Frank Tejeda 58%
Robert Clement 57%
Jane Harman 57%
Daniel Inouye 57%
Nick Smith 57%
John Tanner 57%
G.V. Montgomery 56%
Lewis Payne, Jr. 56%
Henry Scott Baesler 55%
James Barcia 55%
Bill Brewster 55%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 55%
Jonas Frost III 55%
Andrew Jacobs, Jr. 55%
Mark Neumann 55%
Tom Petri 55%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 55%
Thomas Holden 54%
Charles Wilson 54%
Mike Castle 53%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 53%
Chet Edwards 53%
Nancy Landon Kassebaum 53%
Tom Bevill 52%
Dave Camp 52%
Jim Chapman 52%
Henry Gonzalez 52%
James Leach 52%
Matthew Martinez 52%
Alan Mollohan 52%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 52%
Ike Skelton 52%
Peter Torkildsen 52%
William Clinger 51%
Wendell Ford 51%
Joe Lieberman 51%
Jan Meyers 51%
Richard Zimmer 51%
Hank Brown 50%
Robert Cramer 50%
John Ensign 50%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 50%
Gilbert Gutknecht 50%
Bill Martini 50%
Jack Murtha 50%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 50%
Owen Pickett 50%
John Edward Porter 50%
John Breaux 49%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 49%
Gene Taylor 49%
Peter Blute 48%
Glen Browder 48%
Philip English 48%
Steven Gunderson 48%
James Hayes 48%
CO Commissioner-2 Scott McInnis 48%
Sam Nunn 48%
Toby Roth 48%
Rob Andrews 47%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 47%
Howard Coble 47%
Jon David Fox 47%
Robert William Ney 47%
Norman Sisisky 47%
Arlen Specter 47%
Steve LaTourette 46%
Douglas Bereuter 45%
Thomas Coburn 45%
Mark Foley 45%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 45%
SC U.S. House-1 Mark Sanford, Jr. R 45%
Alan Simpson 45%
Harris Fawell 44%
Nancy Johnson 44%
James Kolbe 44%
James Nussle 44%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 44%
John Chafee 43%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 43%
Bob Bennett 42%
Wes Cooley 42%
Frank Arnold Cremeans 42%
Pete Geren 42%
Martin Hoke 42%
Brian Bilbray 41%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 41%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 41%
James Greenwood 41%
Ralph Hall 41%
Ray LaHood 41%
Jack Metcalf 41%
Ralph Regula 41%
Frank Riggs 41%
James Traficant, Jr. 41%
Gerald Weller 41%
Charlie Bass 38%
William Goodling 38%
Slade Gorton 38%
Judd Gregg 38%
Stephen Horn 38%
Rick Lazio 38%
Larry Pressler 38%
Olympia Snowe 38%
Ted Stevens 38%
Todd Tiahrt 38%
Sherwood Boehlert 37%
Jon Lynn Christensen 37%
Thomas Davis III 37%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 37%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 37%
Herbert Bateman 36%
Jim Bunn 36%
Wayne Gilchrest 36%
Greg Laughlin 36%
John Linder 36%
Mike Parker 36%
Barbara Vucanovich 36%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 36%
Kit Bond 35%
Alfonse D'Amato 35%
Paul Gillmor 35%
Jack Kingston 35%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 32%
Connie Mack 32%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 32%
Bill Barrett 30%
Roscoe Bartlett 30%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 30%
Saxby Chambliss 30%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 30%
Thomas Ewing 30%
Doc Hastings 30%
John Nathan Hostettler 30%
Bob Inglis, Sr. 30%
Sue Kelly 30%
Tom Latham 30%
Dick Lugar 30%
Don Manzullo 30%
Joseph McDade 30%
Dan Miller 30%
Susan Molinari 30%
Sue Myrick 30%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 30%
William Roth, Jr. 30%
Linda Smith 30%
William Thomas 30%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 30%
Zach Wamp 30%
W. Curtis Weldon 30%
John McHugh 29%
Spencer Bachus 28%
Herbert Callahan 28%
Michael Patrick Flanagan 28%
Elton Gallegly 28%
Fredrick Kenneth Fred' Heineman 28%
Jim Lightfoot 28%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 28%
Steve Stockman 28%
James Walsh 28%
Enid Greene 27%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 26%
Rodney Grams 26%
Frank Murkowski 26%
Richard Hugh Baker 21%
Sonny Bono 21%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 21%
Terry Everett 21%
Michael Patrick Forbes 21%
Benjamin Gilman 21%
James Hansen 21%
J. Dennis Hastert 21%
David Lee Hobson 21%
Henry Hyde 21%
Joseph Knollenberg 21%
Jerry Lewis 21%
Robert Livingston 21%
James McCrery III 21%
Ronald Packard 21%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 21%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 21%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 21%
Joseph Skeen 21%
Floyd Spence 21%
Charles Taylor 21%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 21%
Frank Wolf 21%
Bill Young 21%
William Baker 15%
Dick Chrysler 15%
Gary Franks 15%
James Longley, Jr. 15%
Randy Tate 15%
Bill Zeliff 15%
William Cohen 8%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 0%
Bill Archer 0%
Richard Armey 0%
John Ashcroft 0%
Cass Ballenger 0%
Bob Barr, Jr. 0%
Michael Bilirakis 0%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 0%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 0%
Henry Bonilla 0%
Ed Bryant 0%
Jim Bunning 0%
Conrad Burns 0%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 0%
Dan Burton 0%
Steve Buyer 0%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 0%
Ben Campbell 0%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 0%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 0%
IN U.S. Senate-Sr Daniel Coats R 0%
Michael Collins 0%
Larry Combest 0%
Paul Coverdell 0%
Christopher Cox 0%
Larry Craig 0%
Philip Crane 0%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 0%
Barbara Cubin 0%
Randall Cunningham 0%
Thomas DeLay 0%
Jay Dickey 0%
John Doolittle 0%
Robert Dornan 0%
David Dreier 0%
Jennifer Dunn 0%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 0%
Bill Emerson 0%
Duncan McLauchlin Faircloth 0%
Jack Fields, Jr. 0%
Tillie Fowler 0%
Dan Frisa 0%
William Frist 0%
David Funderburk 0%
George Gekas 0%
Porter Goss 0%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 0%
William Phillip Gramm 0%
Melton Hancock 0%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 0%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 0%
Joel Hefley 0%
Jesse Helms 0%
Wally Herger, Jr. 0%
Van Hilleary 0%
Duncan Hunter 0%
Kay Hutchison 0%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 0%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 0%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 0%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 0%
OH Governor John Kasich R 0%
Dirk Kempthorne 0%
Jay Kim 0%
Jon Kyl 0%
Stephen Largent 0%
Ron Lewis 0%
Trent Lott, Sr. 0%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 0%
Bill McCollum 0%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 0%
David McIntosh 0%
Buck McKeon 0%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 0%
Carlos Moorhead 0%
IN Council Member-At-Large John Myers R 0%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 0%
Don Nickles 0%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 0%
Michael Oxley 0%
William Paxon 0%
Richard Pombo 0%
Deborah Pryce 0%
James Quillen 0%
Jack Quinn 0%
George Radanovich 0%
AZ U.S. House-5 Matt Salmon R 0%
Rick Santorum 0%
Jim Saxton 0%
Joe Scarborough 0%
Daniel Schaefer 0%
Steven Schiff 0%
Andrea Seastrand 0%
John Shadegg 0%
E.G. Shuster 0%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 0%
Bob Smith 0%
Gerald B.H. Solomon 0%
Mark Souder 0%
Cliff Stearns 0%
Bob Stump 0%
James Talent 0%
William Tauzin 0%
Craig Thomas 0%
Fred Thompson 0%
Strom Thurmond 0%
Robert Walker 0%
John Warner 0%
David Weldon 0%
Rick White 0%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 0%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.