Rating Group: National Journal

1996 Liberal on Foreign\Defense Policy

State Office Name Party Rating
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 64%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 0%
Gary Ackerman 71%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 64%
Rob Andrews 47%
Bill Archer 0%
Richard Armey 0%
John Ashcroft 0%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 28%
Henry Scott Baesler 55%
Richard Hugh Baker 21%
William Baker 15%
ME Councilor-At-Large John Baldacci D 70%
Cass Ballenger 0%
James Barcia 55%
Bob Barr, Jr. 0%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 90%
Bill Barrett 30%
Roscoe Bartlett 30%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 30%
Charlie Bass 38%
Herbert Bateman 36%
Max Baucus 70%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 90%
Anthony Beilenson 93%
Bob Bennett 42%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 70%
Douglas Bereuter 45%
Howard Berman 90%
Tom Bevill 52%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 89%
Brian Bilbray 41%
Michael Bilirakis 0%
Jeff Bingaman 76%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 47%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 0%
Peter Blute 48%
Sherwood Boehlert 37%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 0%
Kit Bond 35%
Henry Bonilla 0%
David Edward Bonior 79%
Sonny Bono 21%
Robert Borski, Jr. 79%
Rick Boucher 76%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 77%
Bill Bradley 71%
John Breaux 49%
Bill Brewster 55%
Glen Browder 48%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 63%
George Brown, Jr. 90%
Hank Brown 50%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 86%
Richard Bryan 77%
Ed Bryant 0%
John Bryant 64%
Dale Bumpers 93%
Jim Bunn 36%
Jim Bunning 0%
Conrad Burns 0%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 0%
Dan Burton 0%
Steve Buyer 0%
Robert Byrd 66%
Herbert Callahan 28%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 0%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 52%
Ben Campbell 0%
Thomas Campbell 72%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 0%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 75%
Mike Castle 53%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 53%
John Chafee 43%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 30%
Jim Chapman 52%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 0%
Jon Lynn Christensen 37%
Dick Chrysler 15%
William Clay, Sr. 90%
Eva Clayton 72%
Robert Clement 57%
William Clinger 51%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 61%
IN U.S. Senate-Sr Daniel Coats R 0%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 47%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 45%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 32%
William Cohen 8%
Ronald Coleman 67%
Barbara-Rose Collins 86%
Cardiss Collins 93%
Michael Collins 0%
Larry Combest 0%
Gary Condit 61%
Kent Conrad 70%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 90%
Wes Cooley 42%
Jerry Costello 61%
Paul Coverdell 0%
Christopher Cox 0%
William Coyne 87%
Larry Craig 0%
Robert Cramer 50%
Philip Crane 0%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 0%
Frank Arnold Cremeans 42%
Barbara Cubin 0%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 84%
Randall Cunningham 0%
Alfonse D'Amato 35%
Patsy Ann Danner 73%
Thomas Daschle 73%
Thomas Davis III 37%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 30%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 87%
E. Kika de la Garza 59%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 76%
Thomas DeLay 0%
Ronald Dellums 90%
Peter Deutsch 79%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 26%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 21%
Jay Dickey 0%
Norm Dicks 61%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 82%
Julian Dixon 75%
Chris Dodd 61%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 87%
Robert Dole 81%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 37%
Calvin Dooley 76%
John Doolittle 0%
Byron Dorgan 84%
Robert Dornan 0%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle, Jr. D 74%
David Dreier 0%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 55%
Jennifer Dunn 0%
Chet Edwards 53%
Vern Ehlers 67%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 0%
Bill Emerson 0%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 86%
Philip English 48%
John Ensign 50%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 90%
Lane Evans 90%
Terry Everett 21%
Thomas Ewing 30%
Jim Exon 65%
Duncan McLauchlin Faircloth 0%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 82%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 90%
Harris Fawell 44%
Victor Fazio 67%
Russ Feingold 89%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 58%
Cleo Fields 79%
Jack Fields, Jr. 0%
Bob Filner 87%
Floyd Flake 84%
Michael Patrick Flanagan 28%
Thomas Foglietta 90%
Mark Foley 45%
Michael Patrick Forbes 21%
Harold Ford, Sr. 93%
Wendell Ford 51%
Tillie Fowler 0%
Jon David Fox 47%
Barney Frank 90%
Gary Franks 15%
Robert Franks 67%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 41%
Dan Frisa 0%
William Frist 0%
Jonas Frost III 55%
David Funderburk 0%
Elizabeth Furse 90%
Elton Gallegly 28%
John Ganske 66%
Sam Gejdenson 76%
George Gekas 0%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 73%
Pete Geren 42%
Sam Gibbons 79%
Wayne Gilchrest 36%
Paul Gillmor 35%
Benjamin Gilman 21%
John Glenn 73%
Henry Gonzalez 52%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 41%
William Goodling 38%
Bart Gordon 70%
Slade Gorton 38%
Porter Goss 0%
Daniel Graham 62%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 0%
William Phillip Gramm 0%
Rodney Grams 26%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 50%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 73%
Enid Greene 27%
James Greenwood 41%
Judd Gregg 38%
Steven Gunderson 48%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 87%
Gilbert Gutknecht 50%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 41%
Tony Hall 64%
Lee Hamilton 59%
Melton Hancock 0%
James Hansen 21%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 93%
Jane Harman 57%
J. Dennis Hastert 21%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 73%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 30%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 0%
Mark Hatfield 93%
James Hayes 48%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 0%
Joel Hefley 0%
W.G. Hefner 61%
Fredrick Kenneth Fred' Heineman 28%
Jesse Helms 0%
Wally Herger, Jr. 0%
Van Hilleary 0%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 72%
Maurice Hinchey 87%
David Lee Hobson 21%
Pete Hoekstra 58%
Martin Hoke 42%
Thomas Holden 54%
Ernest Hollings 60%
Stephen Horn 38%
John Nathan Hostettler 30%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 45%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 61%
Duncan Hunter 0%
Kay Hutchison 0%
Henry Hyde 21%
Bob Inglis, Sr. 30%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 0%
Daniel Inouye 57%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 0%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 90%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 79%
Andrew Jacobs, Jr. 55%
William Jefferson 60%
James Merrill Jeffords 64%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 65%
Nancy Johnson 44%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 0%
Harry Johnston 88%
J. Bennett Johnston 60%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 0%
Paul Kanjorski 76%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 76%
OH Governor John Kasich R 0%
Nancy Landon Kassebaum 53%
Sue Kelly 30%
Dirk Kempthorne 0%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 77%
Joseph Kennedy II 90%
Patrick Kennedy 58%
Barbara Bailey Kennelly 66%
Bob Kerrey 69%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 77%
Dale Kildee 61%
Jay Kim 0%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 37%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 35%
Gerald Kleczka 87%
Ronald Klink 67%
Scott Klug 67%
Joseph Knollenberg 21%
Herb Kohl 84%
James Kolbe 44%
Jon Kyl 0%
John LaFalce 82%
Ray LaHood 41%
Tom Lantos 82%
Stephen Largent 0%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 30%
Steve LaTourette 46%
Greg Laughlin 36%
Frank Lautenberg 88%
Rick Lazio 38%
James Leach 52%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 93%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 93%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 82%
Jerry Lewis 21%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 87%
Ron Lewis 0%
Joe Lieberman 51%
Jim Lightfoot 28%
Blanche Lincoln 64%
John Linder 36%
William Lipinski 59%
Robert Livingston 21%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 64%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 90%
James Longley, Jr. 15%
Trent Lott, Sr. 0%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 90%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 0%
Dick Lugar 30%
William Luther 84%
Connie Mack 32%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 85%
Thomas Manton 64%
Don Manzullo 30%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 90%
Matthew Martinez 52%
Bill Martini 50%
Frank Mascara 70%
Robert Matsui 73%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 43%
Karen McCarthy 85%
Bill McCollum 0%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 0%
James McCrery III 21%
Joseph McDade 30%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 90%
Paul McHale 67%
John McHugh 29%
Scott McInnis 48%
David McIntosh 0%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 0%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 90%
Michael McNulty 59%
Martin Meehan 87%
Carrie Meek 60%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 76%
Jack Metcalf 41%
Jan Meyers 51%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 0%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 68%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 78%
Dan Miller 30%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 90%
David Minge 90%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 79%
John Moakley 90%
Susan Molinari 30%
Alan Mollohan 52%
G.V. Montgomery 56%
Carlos Moorhead 0%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 70%
Constance Morella 81%
Carol Moseley Braun 89%
Patrick Moynihan 77%
Frank Murkowski 26%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 93%
Jack Murtha 50%
IN Council Member-At-Large John Myers R 0%
Sue Myrick 30%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 90%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 81%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 0%
Mark Neumann 55%
Robert William Ney 47%
Don Nickles 0%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 0%
Sam Nunn 48%
James Nussle 44%
Jim Oberstar 79%
Dave Obey 82%
John Olver 90%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 50%
Bill Orton 73%
Major Owens 90%
Michael Oxley 0%
Ronald Packard 21%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 76%
Mike Parker 36%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 70%
William Paxon 0%
Donald Payne 90%
Lewis Payne, Jr. 56%
Clay Pell 86%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 90%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 78%
Pete Peterson 61%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 55%
Owen Pickett 50%
Richard Pombo 0%
Earl Pomeroy 75%
John Edward Porter 50%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 30%
Glenn Poshard 64%
Larry Pressler 38%
Deborah Pryce 0%
David Pryor 97%
James Quillen 0%
Jack Quinn 0%
George Radanovich 0%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 66%
James Ramstad 67%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 90%
Ralph Regula 41%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 62%
Bill Richardson 64%
Frank Riggs 41%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 82%
Charles Robb 58%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 72%
Timothy Roemer 75%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 21%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 49%
Charles Rose III 66%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 21%
Toby Roth 48%
William Roth, Jr. 30%
Marge Roukema 67%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 87%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 52%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 90%
Martin Olav Sabo 79%
AZ U.S. House-5 Matt Salmon R 0%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 90%
SC U.S. House-1 Mark Sanford, Jr. R 45%
Rick Santorum 0%
Paul Sarbanes 73%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 75%
Jim Saxton 0%
Joe Scarborough 0%
Daniel Schaefer 0%
Steven Schiff 0%
Pat Schroeder 73%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 85%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 59%
Andrea Seastrand 0%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 55%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 87%
John Shadegg 0%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 21%
Christopher Shays 72%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 32%
E.G. Shuster 0%
Paul Simon 86%
Alan Simpson 45%
Norman Sisisky 47%
David Skaggs 82%
Joseph Skeen 21%
Ike Skelton 52%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 86%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 28%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 0%
Linda Smith 30%
Nick Smith 57%
Bob Smith 0%
Olympia Snowe 38%
Gerald B.H. Solomon 0%
Mark Souder 0%
Arlen Specter 47%
Floyd Spence 21%
John Spratt, Jr. 70%
Pete Stark 90%
Cliff Stearns 0%
Charles Stenholm 58%
Ted Stevens 38%
TX U.S. House-36 Steve Stockman R 28%
Louis Stokes 86%
Gerry Studds 93%
Bob Stump 0%
Bart Stupak 82%
James Talent 0%
John Tanner 57%
Randy Tate 15%
William Tauzin 0%
Charles Taylor 21%
Gene Taylor 49%
Frank Tejeda 58%
Craig Thomas 0%
William Thomas 30%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 61%
Fred Thompson 0%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 30%
Ray Thornton 79%
Karen Thurman 64%
Strom Thurmond 0%
Todd Tiahrt 38%
Peter Torkildsen 52%
Esteban Edward Torres 79%
Ed Towns 90%
James Traficant, Jr. 41%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 72%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 90%
Bruce Vento 90%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 63%
Harold Volkmer 68%
Barbara Vucanovich 36%
Robert Walker 0%
James Walsh 28%
Zach Wamp 30%
Michael Ward 79%
John Warner 0%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 86%
Mel Watt 90%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 36%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 85%
David Weldon 0%
W. Curtis Weldon 30%
Gerald Weller 41%
Paul Wellstone 89%
Rick White 0%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 44%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 21%
Pat Williams 70%
Charles Wilson 54%
Bob Wise, Jr. 69%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 21%
Lynn Woolsey 90%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 83%
Albert Wynn 82%
Sidney Yates 90%
Bill Young 21%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 0%
Bill Zeliff 15%
Richard Zimmer 51%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.