Rating Group: National Journal

1996 Liberal on Foreign\Defense Policy

State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 0%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 28%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 32%
AZ U.S. House-5 Matt Salmon R 0%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 70%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 43%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 90%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 90%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 90%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 90%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 82%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 0%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 85%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 90%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 52%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 87%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 0%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 86%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 49%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 58%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 77%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 76%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 63%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 0%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 73%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 21%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 0%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 35%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 47%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 87%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 30%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 30%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 64%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 30%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 50%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 93%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 0%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 90%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 87%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 63%
IN U.S. Senate-Sr Daniel Coats R 0%
IN Council Member-At-Large John Myers R 0%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 44%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 21%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 0%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 81%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 90%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 61%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 84%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 68%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 75%
ME Councilor-At-Large John Baldacci D 70%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 52%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 72%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 82%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 82%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 90%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 93%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 78%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 61%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 32%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 21%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 89%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 77%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 0%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 47%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 0%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 64%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 28%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 76%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 41%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 76%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 62%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 37%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 90%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 90%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 85%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 90%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 87%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 86%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 90%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 86%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 85%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 53%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 0%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 76%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 75%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 86%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 30%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 26%
OH Governor John Kasich R 0%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 0%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 0%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 45%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 87%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 83%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 90%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle D 74%
SC U.S. House-1 Mark Sanford, Jr. R 45%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 61%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 0%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 55%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 0%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 41%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 30%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 30%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 79%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 0%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 73%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 65%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 87%
TX U.S. House-36 Steve Stockman R 28%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 0%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 59%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 41%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 70%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 21%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 93%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 90%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 30%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 90%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 93%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 55%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 55%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 90%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 66%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 72%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 0%
Gary Ackerman 71%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 64%
Rob Andrews 47%
Bill Archer 0%
Richard Armey 0%
John Ashcroft 0%
Henry Scott Baesler 55%
Richard Hugh Baker 21%
William Baker 15%
Cass Ballenger 0%
James Barcia 55%
Bob Barr, Jr. 0%
Bill Barrett 30%
Roscoe Bartlett 30%
Charlie Bass 38%
Herbert Bateman 36%
Max Baucus 70%
Anthony Beilenson 93%
Bob Bennett 42%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 70%
Douglas Bereuter 45%
Howard Berman 90%
Tom Bevill 52%
Brian Bilbray 41%
Michael Bilirakis 0%
Jeff Bingaman 76%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 0%
Peter Blute 48%
Sherwood Boehlert 37%
Kit Bond 35%
Henry Bonilla 0%
David Edward Bonior 79%
Sonny Bono 21%
Robert Borski, Jr. 79%
Rick Boucher 76%
Bill Bradley 71%
John Breaux 49%
Bill Brewster 55%
Glen Browder 48%
George Brown, Jr. 90%
Hank Brown 50%
Richard Bryan 77%
Ed Bryant 0%
John Bryant 64%
Dale Bumpers 93%
Jim Bunn 36%
Jim Bunning 0%
Conrad Burns 0%
Dan Burton 0%
Steve Buyer 0%
Robert Byrd 66%
Herbert Callahan 28%
Ben Campbell 0%
Thomas Campbell 72%
Mike Castle 53%
John Chafee 43%
Jim Chapman 52%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 0%
Jon Lynn Christensen 37%
Dick Chrysler 15%
William Clay, Sr. 90%
Eva Clayton 72%
Robert Clement 57%
William Clinger 51%
William Cohen 8%
Ronald Coleman 67%
Barbara-Rose Collins 86%
Cardiss Collins 93%
Michael Collins 0%
Larry Combest 0%
Gary Condit 61%
Kent Conrad 70%
Wes Cooley 42%
Jerry Costello 61%
Paul Coverdell 0%
Christopher Cox 0%
William Coyne 87%
Larry Craig 0%
Robert Cramer 50%
Philip Crane 0%
Frank Arnold Cremeans 42%
Barbara Cubin 0%
Randall Cunningham 0%
Alfonse D'Amato 35%
Patsy Ann Danner 73%
Thomas Daschle 73%
Thomas Davis III 37%
E. Kika de la Garza 59%
Thomas DeLay 0%
Ronald Dellums 90%
Peter Deutsch 79%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 21%
Jay Dickey 0%
Norm Dicks 61%
Julian Dixon 75%
Chris Dodd 61%
Robert Dole 81%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 37%
Calvin Dooley 76%
John Doolittle 0%
Byron Dorgan 84%
Robert Dornan 0%
David Dreier 0%
Jennifer Dunn 0%
Chet Edwards 53%
Vern Ehlers 67%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 0%
Bill Emerson 0%
Philip English 48%
John Ensign 50%
Lane Evans 90%
Terry Everett 21%
Thomas Ewing 30%
Jim Exon 65%
Duncan McLauchlin Faircloth 0%
Harris Fawell 44%
Victor Fazio 67%
Russ Feingold 89%
Cleo Fields 79%
Jack Fields, Jr. 0%
Bob Filner 87%
Floyd Flake 84%
Michael Patrick Flanagan 28%
Thomas Foglietta 90%
Mark Foley 45%
Michael Patrick Forbes 21%
Harold Ford, Sr. 93%
Wendell Ford 51%
Tillie Fowler 0%
Jon David Fox 47%
Barney Frank 90%
Gary Franks 15%
Robert Franks 67%
Dan Frisa 0%
William Frist 0%
Jonas Frost III 55%
David Funderburk 0%
Elizabeth Furse 90%
Elton Gallegly 28%
John Ganske 66%
Sam Gejdenson 76%
George Gekas 0%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 73%
Pete Geren 42%
Sam Gibbons 79%
Wayne Gilchrest 36%
Paul Gillmor 35%
Benjamin Gilman 21%
John Glenn 73%
Henry Gonzalez 52%
William Goodling 38%
Bart Gordon 70%
Slade Gorton 38%
Porter Goss 0%
Daniel Graham 62%
William Phillip Gramm 0%
Rodney Grams 26%
Enid Greene 27%
James Greenwood 41%
Judd Gregg 38%
Steven Gunderson 48%
Gilbert Gutknecht 50%
Tony Hall 64%
Lee Hamilton 59%
Melton Hancock 0%
James Hansen 21%
Jane Harman 57%
J. Dennis Hastert 21%
Mark Hatfield 93%
James Hayes 48%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 0%
Joel Hefley 0%
W.G. Hefner 61%
Fredrick Kenneth Fred' Heineman 28%
Jesse Helms 0%
Wally Herger, Jr. 0%
Van Hilleary 0%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 72%
Maurice Hinchey 87%
David Lee Hobson 21%
Pete Hoekstra 58%
Martin Hoke 42%
Thomas Holden 54%
Ernest Hollings 60%
Stephen Horn 38%
John Nathan Hostettler 30%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 45%
Duncan Hunter 0%
Kay Hutchison 0%
Henry Hyde 21%
Bob Inglis, Sr. 30%
Daniel Inouye 57%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 0%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 90%
Andrew Jacobs, Jr. 55%
William Jefferson 60%
James Merrill Jeffords 64%
Nancy Johnson 44%
Harry Johnston 88%
J. Bennett Johnston 60%
Paul Kanjorski 76%
Nancy Landon Kassebaum 53%
Sue Kelly 30%
Dirk Kempthorne 0%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 77%
Joseph Kennedy II 90%
Patrick Kennedy 58%
Barbara Bailey Kennelly 66%
Bob Kerrey 69%
Dale Kildee 61%
Jay Kim 0%
Gerald Kleczka 87%
Ronald Klink 67%
Scott Klug 67%
Joseph Knollenberg 21%
Herb Kohl 84%
James Kolbe 44%
Jon Kyl 0%
John LaFalce 82%
Ray LaHood 41%
Tom Lantos 82%
Stephen Largent 0%
Steve LaTourette 46%
Greg Laughlin 36%
Frank Lautenberg 88%
Rick Lazio 38%
James Leach 52%
Jerry Lewis 21%
Ron Lewis 0%
Joe Lieberman 51%
Jim Lightfoot 28%
Blanche Lincoln 64%
John Linder 36%
William Lipinski 59%
Robert Livingston 21%
James Longley, Jr. 15%
Trent Lott, Sr. 0%
Dick Lugar 30%
William Luther 84%
Connie Mack 32%
Thomas Manton 64%
Don Manzullo 30%
Matthew Martinez 52%
Bill Martini 50%
Frank Mascara 70%
Robert Matsui 73%
Karen McCarthy 85%
Bill McCollum 0%
James McCrery III 21%
Joseph McDade 30%
Paul McHale 67%
John McHugh 29%
Scott McInnis 48%
David McIntosh 0%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 90%
Michael McNulty 59%
Martin Meehan 87%
Carrie Meek 60%
Jack Metcalf 41%
Jan Meyers 51%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 78%
Dan Miller 30%
David Minge 90%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 79%
John Moakley 90%
Susan Molinari 30%
Alan Mollohan 52%
G.V. Montgomery 56%
Carlos Moorhead 0%
Constance Morella 81%
Carol Moseley Braun 89%
Patrick Moynihan 77%
Frank Murkowski 26%
Jack Murtha 50%
Sue Myrick 30%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 0%
Mark Neumann 55%
Robert William Ney 47%
Don Nickles 0%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 0%
Sam Nunn 48%
James Nussle 44%
Jim Oberstar 79%
Dave Obey 82%
John Olver 90%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 50%
Bill Orton 73%
Major Owens 90%
Michael Oxley 0%
Ronald Packard 21%
Mike Parker 36%
William Paxon 0%
Donald Payne 90%
Lewis Payne, Jr. 56%
Clay Pell 86%
Pete Peterson 61%
Owen Pickett 50%
Richard Pombo 0%
Earl Pomeroy 75%
John Edward Porter 50%
Glenn Poshard 64%
Larry Pressler 38%
Deborah Pryce 0%
David Pryor 97%
James Quillen 0%
Jack Quinn 0%
George Radanovich 0%
James Ramstad 67%
Ralph Regula 41%
Bill Richardson 64%
Frank Riggs 41%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 82%
Charles Robb 58%
Timothy Roemer 75%
Charles Rose III 66%
Toby Roth 48%
William Roth, Jr. 30%
Marge Roukema 67%
Martin Olav Sabo 79%
Rick Santorum 0%
Paul Sarbanes 73%
Jim Saxton 0%
Joe Scarborough 0%
Daniel Schaefer 0%
Steven Schiff 0%
Pat Schroeder 73%
Andrea Seastrand 0%
John Shadegg 0%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 21%
Christopher Shays 72%
E.G. Shuster 0%
Paul Simon 86%
Alan Simpson 45%
Norman Sisisky 47%
David Skaggs 82%
Joseph Skeen 21%
Ike Skelton 52%
Linda Smith 30%
Nick Smith 57%
Bob Smith 0%
Olympia Snowe 38%
Gerald B.H. Solomon 0%
Mark Souder 0%
Arlen Specter 47%
Floyd Spence 21%
John Spratt, Jr. 70%
Pete Stark 90%
Cliff Stearns 0%
Charles Stenholm 58%
Ted Stevens 38%
Louis Stokes 86%
Gerry Studds 93%
Bob Stump 0%
Bart Stupak 82%
James Talent 0%
John Tanner 57%
Randy Tate 15%
William Tauzin 0%
Charles Taylor 21%
Gene Taylor 49%
Frank Tejeda 58%
Craig Thomas 0%
William Thomas 30%
Fred Thompson 0%
Ray Thornton 79%
Karen Thurman 64%
Strom Thurmond 0%
Todd Tiahrt 38%
Peter Torkildsen 52%
Esteban Edward Torres 79%
Ed Towns 90%
James Traficant, Jr. 41%
Bruce Vento 90%
Harold Volkmer 68%
Barbara Vucanovich 36%
Robert Walker 0%
James Walsh 28%
Zach Wamp 30%
Michael Ward 79%
John Warner 0%
Mel Watt 90%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 36%
David Weldon 0%
W. Curtis Weldon 30%
Gerald Weller 41%
Paul Wellstone 89%
Rick White 0%
Pat Williams 70%
Charles Wilson 54%
Bob Wise, Jr. 69%
Lynn Woolsey 90%
Albert Wynn 82%
Sidney Yates 90%
Bill Young 21%
Bill Zeliff 15%
Richard Zimmer 51%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.