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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: National Journal

1996 Liberal on Social Policy Score

State Office District Name Party Rating
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 92%
Russ Feingold 92%
Daniel Inouye 92%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 92%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry Democratic 92%
Carol Moseley Braun 92%
Gary Ackerman 88%
CA U.S. House 34 Xavier Becerra Democratic 88%
Anthony Beilenson 88%
Howard Berman 88%
William Clay, Sr. 88%
Barbara-Rose Collins 88%
Cardiss Collins 88%
MI U.S. House 13 John Conyers, Jr. Democratic 88%
Ronald Dellums 88%
Julian Dixon 88%
NY U.S. House 16 Eliot Engel Democratic 88%
CA U.S. House 18 Anna Eshoo Democratic 88%
CA U.S. House 20 Sam Farr Democratic 88%
PA U.S. House 2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. Democratic 88%
Barney Frank 88%
Sam Gejdenson 88%
Sam Gibbons 88%
IL U.S. House 4 Luis Gutierrez Democratic 88%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 88%
TX U.S. House 18 Sheila Jackson Lee Democratic 88%
Joseph Kennedy II 88%
Tom Lantos 88%
GA U.S. House 5 John Lewis Democratic 88%
NY U.S. House 12 Carolyn Maloney Democratic 88%
MA U.S. Senate Jr Ed Markey Democratic 88%
Robert Matsui 88%
WA U.S. House 7 Jim McDermott Democratic 88%
Martin Meehan 88%
Carrie Meek 88%
CA U.S. House 11 George Miller Democratic 88%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 88%
NY U.S. House 10 Jerry Nadler Democratic 88%
John Olver 88%
Major Owens 88%
Donald Payne 88%
CA U.S. House 12 Nancy Pelosi Democratic 88%
NY U.S. House 13 Charlie Rangel Democratic 88%
CA U.S. House 40 Lucille Roybal-Allard Democratic 88%
Martin Olav Sabo 88%
Pat Schroeder 88%
VA U.S. House 3 Bobby Scott Democratic 88%
NY U.S. House 15 José Serrano Democratic 88%
Pete Stark 88%
Louis Stokes 88%
Gerry Studds 88%
MS U.S. House 2 Bennie Thompson Democratic 88%
Esteban Edward Torres 88%
Ed Towns 88%
NY U.S. House 7 Nydia Velázquez Democratic 88%
CA U.S. House 33 Henry Waxman Democratic 88%
Pat Williams 88%
Lynn Woolsey 88%
Clay Pell 85%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie Democratic 84%
George Brown, Jr. 84%
OH U.S. Senate Sr Sherrod Brown Democratic 84%
Eva Clayton 84%
William Coyne 84%
CT U.S. House 3 Rosa DeLauro Democratic 84%
Bob Filner 84%
TX U.S. House 30 Eddie Johnson Democratic 84%
Barbara Bailey Kennelly 84%
CA U.S. House 19 Zoe Lofgren Democratic 84%
NY U.S. House 17 Nita Lowey Democratic 84%
NJ U.S. Senate Sr Bob Menendez Democratic 84%
Constance Morella 84%
AZ U.S. House 7 Ed Pastor Democratic 84%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 84%
VT U.S. Senate Jr Bernie Sanders Independent 84%
NY U.S. House 25 Louise Slaughter Democratic 84%
Mel Watt 84%
IL U.S. House 1 Bobby Rush Democratic 83%
CA U.S. House 43 Maxine Waters Democratic 83%
Sidney Yates 83%
Bill Bradley 82%
Thomas Foglietta 82%
FL U.S. House 20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. Democratic 82%
Patrick Kennedy 82%
Jeff Bingaman 80%
Ronald Coleman 80%
Thomas Daschle 80%
Chris Dodd 80%
John Glenn 80%
Harry Johnston 80%
Herb Kohl 80%
Frank Lautenberg 80%
MD U.S. Senate Sr Barbara Mikulski Democratic 80%
WA U.S. Senate Sr Patty Murray Democratic 80%
Paul Sarbanes 80%
Michael Ward 80%
Paul Wellstone 80%
FL U.S. House 5 Corrine Brown Democratic 79%
SC U.S. House 6 Jim Clyburn Democratic 79%
TX U.S. House 35 Lloyd Doggett II Democratic 79%
Victor Fazio 79%
Elizabeth Furse 79%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 79%
MI U.S. House 9 Sandy Levin Democratic 79%
Karen McCarthy 79%
OH State Senate 28 Thomas Sawyer Democratic 79%
David Skaggs 79%
Bruce Vento 79%
WI Mayor At-Large Tom Barrett Democratic 78%
CA U.S. Senate Jr Barbara Boxer Democratic 78%
John Bryant 78%
Cleo Fields 78%
NJ U.S. House 6 Frank Pallone, Jr. Democratic 78%
Charles Robb 78%
Albert Wynn 78%
OR U.S. House 4 Peter DeFazio Democratic 77%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 77%
MD U.S. House 5 Steny Hoyer Democratic 77%
Bob Kerrey 77%
Matthew Martinez 76%
NY U.S. Senate Sr Chuck Schumer Democratic 76%
Paul Simon 76%
ME Councilor At-Large John Baldacci Democratic 75%
Calvin Dooley 75%
Lane Evans 75%
Henry Gonzalez 75%
William Jefferson 75%
Pete Peterson 75%
WV U.S. Senate Sr Jay Rockefeller IV Democratic 75%
Dale Bumpers 74%
Floyd Flake 73%
Maurice Hinchey 73%
Karen Thurman 73%
Rob Andrews 72%
MD U.S. Senate Jr Ben Cardin Democratic 72%
Norm Dicks 72%
CA U.S. Senate Sr Dianne Feinstein Democratic 72%
Harold Ford, Sr. 72%
Jonas Frost III 72%
William Luther 72%
Bob Wise, Jr. 72%
OR U.S. Senate Sr Ron Wyden Democratic 72%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 71%
Rick Boucher 71%
Thomas Campbell 71%
TX U.S. House 29 Gene Green Democratic 71%
Jane Harman 71%
Peter Deutsch 70%
Benjamin Gilman 70%
Daniel Graham 70%
Gerald Kleczka 70%
MI U.S. Senate Sr Carl Levin Democratic 70%
MA U.S. House 1 Richard Neal Democratic 70%
Ray Thornton 70%
Peter Torkildsen 70%
Charles Wilson 70%
David Edward Bonior 69%
VA U.S. House 8 Jim Moran, Jr. Democratic 69%
Bill Richardson 69%
GA U.S. House 2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. Democratic 68%
Sherwood Boehlert 68%
James Greenwood 68%
Dave Obey 68%
Robert Byrd 67%
W.G. Hefner 67%
Ernest Hollings 67%
Nancy Johnson 67%
VT U.S. Senate Sr Patrick Leahy Democratic 67%
John Moakley 67%
MI U.S. House 12 John Dingell Democratic 66%
Chet Edwards 66%
Patrick Moynihan 66%
David Pryor 66%
Henry Scott Baesler 65%
NJ U.S. House 11 Rodney Frelinghuysen Republican 65%
Stephen Horn 65%
Andrew Jacobs, Jr. 65%
John LaFalce 65%
Jim Oberstar 65%
Earl Pomeroy 65%
Charles Rose III 65%
Max Baucus 63%
Robert Borski, Jr. 63%
John Chafee 63%
Jim Chapman 63%
OH U.S. House 9 Marcy Kaptur Democratic 63%
James Leach 63%
Joe Lieberman 63%
Blanche Lincoln 63%
Paul McHale 63%
Michael McNulty 63%
Jan Meyers 63%
Sam Nunn 63%
John Spratt, Jr. 63%
IN U.S. House 1 Pete Visclosky Democratic 63%
Tony Hall 62%
James Merrill Jeffords 62%
Dale Kildee 62%
Alan Mollohan 62%
Robert Franks 61%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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