Rating Group: National Journal

1996 Liberal on Social Policy Score

Issues: Social , Liberal
State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 10%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 0%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 14%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 0%
AZ U.S. House-5 Matt Salmon R 24%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 84%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 72%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 78%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 88%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 88%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 88%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 84%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 88%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 23%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 88%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 88%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 0%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 88%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 32%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 83%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 0%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 84%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 79%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 24%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 82%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 52%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 38%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 0%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 0%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 68%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 88%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 0%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 84%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 0%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 14%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 33%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 83%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 88%
IN U.S. Senate-Sr Daniel Coats R 0%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 63%
IN Council Member-At-Large John Myers R 28%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 0%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 14%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 14%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 88%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 70%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 80%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 72%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 77%
ME Councilor-At-Large John Baldacci D 75%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 70%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 14%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 42%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 79%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 66%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 88%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 44%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 0%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 0%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 88%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 92%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 10%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 10%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 0%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 84%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 42%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 35%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 78%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 65%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 52%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 76%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 44%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 88%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 88%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 88%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 88%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 88%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 88%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 84%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 84%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 84%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 29%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 14%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 0%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 63%
OH Governor John Kasich R 14%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 79%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 40%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 0%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 23%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 14%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 72%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 77%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 88%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle, Jr. D 48%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 10%
SC U.S. House-1 Mark Sanford, Jr. R 41%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 79%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 0%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 14%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 14%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 33%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 0%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 88%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 0%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 71%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 84%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 79%
TX U.S. House-36 Steve Stockman R 21%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 28%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 88%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 0%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 69%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 33%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 67%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 84%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 80%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 10%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 88%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 0%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 23%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 78%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 75%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 55%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 28%
Gary Ackerman 88%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 92%
Rob Andrews 72%
Bill Archer 0%
Richard Armey 29%
John Ashcroft 0%
Henry Scott Baesler 65%
Richard Hugh Baker 14%
William Baker 21%
Cass Ballenger 14%
James Barcia 50%
Bob Barr, Jr. 0%
Bill Barrett 14%
Roscoe Bartlett 24%
Charlie Bass 46%
Herbert Bateman 29%
Max Baucus 63%
Anthony Beilenson 88%
Bob Bennett 32%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 71%
Douglas Bereuter 40%
Howard Berman 88%
Tom Bevill 53%
Brian Bilbray 52%
Michael Bilirakis 14%
Jeff Bingaman 80%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 0%
Peter Blute 49%
Sherwood Boehlert 68%
Kit Bond 0%
Henry Bonilla 46%
David Edward Bonior 69%
Sonny Bono 42%
Robert Borski, Jr. 63%
Rick Boucher 71%
Bill Bradley 82%
John Breaux 49%
Bill Brewster 30%
Glen Browder 49%
George Brown, Jr. 84%
Hank Brown 30%
Richard Bryan 60%
Ed Bryant 0%
John Bryant 78%
Dale Bumpers 74%
Jim Bunn 36%
Jim Bunning 0%
Conrad Burns 0%
Dan Burton 0%
Steve Buyer 14%
Robert Byrd 67%
Herbert Callahan 0%
Ben Campbell 51%
Thomas Campbell 71%
Mike Castle 55%
John Chafee 63%
Jim Chapman 63%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 35%
Jon Lynn Christensen 14%
Dick Chrysler 0%
William Clay, Sr. 88%
Eva Clayton 84%
Robert Clement 55%
William Clinger 44%
William Cohen 59%
Ronald Coleman 80%
Barbara-Rose Collins 88%
Cardiss Collins 88%
Michael Collins 0%
Larry Combest 0%
Gary Condit 53%
Kent Conrad 56%
Wes Cooley 0%
Jerry Costello 46%
Paul Coverdell 0%
Christopher Cox 0%
William Coyne 84%
Larry Craig 0%
Robert Cramer 60%
Philip Crane 24%
Frank Arnold Cremeans 0%
Barbara Cubin 29%
Randall Cunningham 0%
Alfonse D'Amato 38%
Patsy Ann Danner 42%
Thomas Daschle 80%
Thomas Davis III 53%
E. Kika de la Garza 50%
Thomas DeLay 0%
Ronald Dellums 88%
Peter Deutsch 70%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 49%
Jay Dickey 28%
Norm Dicks 72%
Julian Dixon 88%
Chris Dodd 80%
Robert Dole 23%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 33%
Calvin Dooley 75%
John Doolittle 24%
Robert Dornan 0%
David Dreier 0%
Jennifer Dunn 50%
Chet Edwards 66%
Vern Ehlers 50%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 45%
Bill Emerson 0%
Philip English 29%
John Ensign 38%
Lane Evans 75%
Terry Everett 0%
Thomas Ewing 0%
Jim Exon 50%
Duncan McLauchlin Faircloth 0%
Harris Fawell 50%
Victor Fazio 79%
Russ Feingold 92%
Cleo Fields 78%
Jack Fields, Jr. 0%
Bob Filner 84%
Floyd Flake 73%
Michael Patrick Flanagan 43%
Thomas Foglietta 82%
Mark Foley 49%
Michael Patrick Forbes 40%
Harold Ford, Sr. 72%
Wendell Ford 48%
Tillie Fowler 42%
Jon David Fox 53%
Barney Frank 88%
Gary Franks 57%
Robert Franks 61%
Dan Frisa 0%
William Frist 28%
Jonas Frost III 72%
David Funderburk 21%
Elizabeth Furse 79%
Elton Gallegly 14%
John Ganske 42%
Sam Gejdenson 88%
George Gekas 33%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 77%
Pete Geren 40%
Sam Gibbons 88%
Wayne Gilchrest 61%
Paul Gillmor 10%
Benjamin Gilman 70%
John Glenn 80%
Henry Gonzalez 75%
William Goodling 38%
Bart Gordon 55%
Slade Gorton 33%
Porter Goss 38%
Daniel Graham 70%
William Phillip Gramm 0%
Rodney Grams 0%
Enid Greene 28%
James Greenwood 68%
Steven Gunderson 55%
Gilbert Gutknecht 0%
Tony Hall 62%
Lee Hamilton 41%
Melton Hancock 0%
James Hansen 14%
Jane Harman 71%
J. Dennis Hastert 0%
Mark Hatfield 46%
James Hayes 41%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 35%
Joel Hefley 14%
W.G. Hefner 67%
Fredrick Kenneth Fred' Heineman 0%
Jesse Helms 0%
Wally Herger, Jr. 24%
Van Hilleary 10%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 79%
Maurice Hinchey 73%
David Lee Hobson 39%
Pete Hoekstra 24%
Martin Hoke 38%
Thomas Holden 48%
Ernest Hollings 67%
Stephen Horn 65%
John Nathan Hostettler 33%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 61%
Duncan Hunter 14%
Kay Hutchison 0%
Henry Hyde 35%
Bob Inglis, Sr. 14%
Daniel Inouye 92%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 0%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 88%
Andrew Jacobs, Jr. 65%
William Jefferson 75%
James Merrill Jeffords 62%
Nancy Johnson 67%
Harry Johnston 80%
J. Bennett Johnston 47%
Paul Kanjorski 55%
Nancy Landon Kassebaum 53%
Sue Kelly 57%
Dirk Kempthorne 0%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 92%
Joseph Kennedy II 88%
Patrick Kennedy 82%
Barbara Bailey Kennelly 84%
Bob Kerrey 77%
Dale Kildee 62%
Jay Kim 29%
Gerald Kleczka 70%
Ronald Klink 50%
Scott Klug 59%
Joseph Knollenberg 29%
Herb Kohl 80%
James Kolbe 58%
Jon Kyl 0%
John LaFalce 65%
Ray LaHood 35%
Tom Lantos 88%
Stephen Largent 0%
Steve LaTourette 33%
Greg Laughlin 30%
Frank Lautenberg 80%
Rick Lazio 59%
James Leach 63%
Jerry Lewis 44%
Ron Lewis 24%
Joe Lieberman 63%
Jim Lightfoot 0%
Blanche Lincoln 63%
John Linder 14%
William Lipinski 45%
Robert Livingston 29%
James Longley, Jr. 53%
Trent Lott, Sr. 33%
Dick Lugar 28%
William Luther 72%
Connie Mack 41%
Thomas Manton 59%
Don Manzullo 24%
Matthew Martinez 76%
Bill Martini 58%
Frank Mascara 50%
Robert Matsui 88%
Karen McCarthy 79%
Bill McCollum 29%
James McCrery III 14%
Joseph McDade 40%
Paul McHale 63%
John McHugh 35%
Scott McInnis 45%
David McIntosh 24%
Michael McNulty 63%
Martin Meehan 88%
Carrie Meek 88%
Jack Metcalf 24%
Jan Meyers 63%
Dan Miller 50%
David Minge 60%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 88%
John Moakley 67%
Susan Molinari 58%
Alan Mollohan 62%
G.V. Montgomery 21%
Carlos Moorhead 0%
Constance Morella 84%
Carol Moseley Braun 92%
Patrick Moynihan 66%
Frank Murkowski 0%
Jack Murtha 53%
Sue Myrick 014%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 35%
Mark Neumann 10%
Robert William Ney 29%
Don Nickles 0%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 0%
Sam Nunn 63%
James Nussle 29%
Jim Oberstar 65%
Dave Obey 68%
John Olver 88%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 53%
Bill Orton 52%
Major Owens 88%
Michael Oxley 29%
Ronald Packard 14%
Mike Parker 0%
William Paxon 14%
Donald Payne 88%
Lewis Payne, Jr. 61%
Clay Pell 85%
Pete Peterson 75%
Owen Pickett 61%
Richard Pombo 24%
Earl Pomeroy 65%
John Edward Porter 58%
Glenn Poshard 46%
Larry Pressler 12%
Deborah Pryce 55%
David Pryor 66%
James Quillen 0%
Jack Quinn 50%
George Radanovich 0%
James Ramstad 48%
Ralph Regula 40%
Bill Richardson 69%
Frank Riggs 35%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 84%
Charles Robb 78%
Timothy Roemer 42%
Charles Rose III 65%
Toby Roth 21%
William Roth, Jr. 44%
Marge Roukema 57%
Martin Olav Sabo 88%
Rick Santorum 0%
Paul Sarbanes 80%
Jim Saxton 41%
Joe Scarborough 33%
Daniel Schaefer 0%
Steven Schiff 59%
Pat Schroeder 88%
Andrea Seastrand 0%
John Shadegg 10%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 45%
Christopher Shays 58%
E.G. Shuster 0%
Paul Simon 76%
Alan Simpson 58%
Norman Sisisky 55%
David Skaggs 79%
Joseph Skeen 33%
Ike Skelton 46%
Linda Smith 33%
Nick Smith 35%
Bob Smith 0%
Olympia Snowe 58%
Gerald B.H. Solomon 0%
Mark Souder 33%
Arlen Specter 59%
Floyd Spence 14%
John Spratt, Jr. 63%
Pete Stark 88%
Cliff Stearns 24%
Charles Stenholm 14%
Ted Stevens 42%
Louis Stokes 88%
Gerry Studds 88%
Bob Stump 010%
Bart Stupak 55%
James Talent 14%
John Tanner 52%
Randy Tate 0%
William Tauzin 0%
Charles Taylor 0%
Gene Taylor 24%
Frank Tejeda 41%
Craig Thomas 0%
William Thomas 53%
Fred Thompson 38%
Ray Thornton 70%
Karen Thurman 73%
Strom Thurmond 0%
Todd Tiahrt 14%
Peter Torkildsen 70%
Esteban Edward Torres 88%
Ed Towns 88%
James Traficant, Jr. 52%
Bruce Vento 79%
Harold Volkmer 44%
Barbara Vucanovich 21%
Robert Walker 0%
James Walsh 42%
Zach Wamp 10%
Michael Ward 80%
John Warner 0%
Mel Watt 84%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 14%
David Weldon 029%
W. Curtis Weldon 29%
Gerald Weller 24%
Paul Wellstone 80%
Rick White 53%
Pat Williams 88%
Charles Wilson 70%
Bob Wise, Jr. 72%
Lynn Woolsey 88%
Albert Wynn 78%
Sidney Yates 83%
Bill Young 39%
Bill Zeliff 46%
Richard Zimmer 54%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.