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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: National Journal

1996 Liberal on Economic Policy Score

Issues: Liberal
State Office District Name Party Rating
Bob Kerrey 96%
MD U.S. Senate Sr Barbara Mikulski Democratic 96%
WA U.S. Senate Sr Patty Murray Democratic 96%
Paul Sarbanes 96%
MI U.S. Senate Sr Carl Levin Democratic 95%
Barbara-Rose Collins 94%
Cardiss Collins 94%
Pat Schroeder 92%
Bill Bradley 90%
Paul Simon 90%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 89%
CA U.S. House 34 Xavier Becerra Democratic 89%
Howard Berman 89%
Jeff Bingaman 89%
Robert Borski, Jr. 89%
George Brown, Jr. 89%
William Clay, Sr. 89%
Eva Clayton 89%
MI U.S. House 13 John Conyers, Jr. Democratic 89%
William Coyne 89%
Ronald Dellums 89%
Julian Dixon 89%
Chris Dodd 89%
PA U.S. House 2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. Democratic 89%
Thomas Foglietta 89%
Barney Frank 89%
John Glenn 89%
IL U.S. House 4 Luis Gutierrez Democratic 89%
FL U.S. House 20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. Democratic 89%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 89%
Ronald Klink 89%
Frank Lautenberg 89%
GA U.S. House 5 John Lewis Democratic 89%
MA U.S. Senate Jr Ed Markey Democratic 89%
WA U.S. House 7 Jim McDermott Democratic 89%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 89%
John Moakley 89%
NY U.S. House 10 Jerry Nadler Democratic 89%
Jim Oberstar 89%
Major Owens 89%
CA U.S. House 12 Nancy Pelosi Democratic 89%
NY U.S. House 13 Charlie Rangel Democratic 89%
CA U.S. House 40 Lucille Roybal-Allard Democratic 89%
IL U.S. House 1 Bobby Rush Democratic 89%
Martin Olav Sabo 89%
David Skaggs 89%
Pete Stark 89%
Louis Stokes 89%
Esteban Edward Torres 89%
Ed Towns 89%
NY U.S. House 7 Nydia Velázquez Democratic 89%
Bruce Vento 89%
CA U.S. House 43 Maxine Waters Democratic 89%
Mel Watt 89%
CA U.S. House 33 Henry Waxman Democratic 89%
Paul Wellstone 89%
Lynn Woolsey 89%
Sidney Yates 89%
Dale Bumpers 88%
Ernest Hollings 87%
Daniel Inouye 86%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie Democratic 85%
WI Mayor At-Large Tom Barrett Democratic 85%
David Edward Bonior 85%
OH U.S. Senate Sr Sherrod Brown Democratic 85%
Ronald Coleman 85%
Lane Evans 85%
Maurice Hinchey 85%
TX U.S. House 30 Eddie Johnson Democratic 85%
Paul Kanjorski 85%
Joseph Kennedy II 85%
Patrick Kennedy 85%
John LaFalce 85%
Tom Lantos 85%
MI U.S. House 9 Sandy Levin Democratic 85%
NY U.S. House 12 Carolyn Maloney Democratic 85%
Karen McCarthy 85%
John Olver 85%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 85%
VT U.S. Senate Jr Bernie Sanders Independent 85%
NY U.S. House 15 José Serrano Democratic 85%
Pat Williams 85%
Gerry Studds 84%
MD U.S. House 7 Elijah Cummings Democratic 82%
NY U.S. House 16 Eliot Engel Democratic 82%
Floyd Flake 82%
Harry Johnston 82%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 82%
VT U.S. Senate Sr Patrick Leahy Democratic 82%
Robert Matsui 82%
Martin Meehan 82%
CA U.S. House 11 George Miller Democratic 82%
Patrick Moynihan 82%
MA U.S. House 1 Richard Neal Democratic 82%
Dave Obey 82%
Donald Payne 82%
Bob Wise, Jr. 82%
ME Councilor At-Large John Baldacci Democratic 79%
FL U.S. House 5 Corrine Brown Democratic 79%
OR U.S. House 4 Peter DeFazio Democratic 79%
CT U.S. House 3 Rosa DeLauro Democratic 79%
CA U.S. House 20 Sam Farr Democratic 79%
Sam Gejdenson 79%
TX U.S. House 18 Sheila Jackson Lee Democratic 79%
Dale Kildee 79%
Matthew Martinez 79%
Carrie Meek 79%
Jack Murtha 79%
Anthony Beilenson 78%
Bob Filner 78%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 78%
Thomas Manton 78%
Alan Mollohan 78%
MS U.S. House 2 Bennie Thompson Democratic 78%
Cleo Fields 77%
David Pryor 77%
SC U.S. House 6 Jim Clyburn Democratic 76%
Harold Ford, Sr. 76%
Henry Gonzalez 76%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 76%
MD U.S. House 5 Steny Hoyer Democratic 76%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 76%
WV U.S. House 3 Nick Rahall II Democratic 76%
VA U.S. House 3 Bobby Scott Democratic 76%
Norm Dicks 75%
CA U.S. Senate Jr Barbara Boxer Democratic 74%
John Bryant 74%
Robert Byrd 74%
Kent Conrad 74%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry Democratic 74%
Bill Richardson 74%
WV U.S. Senate Sr Jay Rockefeller IV Democratic 74%
Michael Ward 74%
TX U.S. House 35 Lloyd Doggett II Democratic 73%
William Jefferson 73%
Barbara Bailey Kennelly 73%
NY U.S. House 17 Nita Lowey Democratic 73%
William Luther 73%
NJ U.S. Senate Sr Bob Menendez Democratic 73%
OH State Senate 28 Thomas Sawyer Democratic 73%
NY U.S. House 25 Louise Slaughter Democratic 73%
OR U.S. Senate Sr Ron Wyden Democratic 73%
Jonas Frost III 72%
Sam Gibbons 72%
TX U.S. House 29 Gene Green Democratic 72%
Michael McNulty 72%
Ray Thornton 71%
Gary Ackerman 70%
Thomas Daschle 70%
MI U.S. House 12 John Dingell Democratic 70%
Gerald Kleczka 70%
Carol Moseley Braun 70%
NJ U.S. House 6 Frank Pallone, Jr. Democratic 70%
Earl Pomeroy 70%
NY U.S. Senate Sr Chuck Schumer Democratic 70%
Bart Stupak 70%
Karen Thurman 70%
CA U.S. House 18 Anna Eshoo Democratic 69%
NV U.S. Senate Sr Harry Reid Democratic 69%
Jerry Costello 68%
OH U.S. House 9 Marcy Kaptur Democratic 68%
MD U.S. Senate Jr Ben Cardin Democratic 67%
Victor Fazio 67%
CA U.S. Senate Sr Dianne Feinstein Democratic 67%
IA U.S. Senate Jr Tom Harkin Democratic 67%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 67%
Albert Wynn 67%
Rob Andrews 65%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 65%
Rick Boucher 65%
J. Bennett Johnston 65%
CA U.S. House 19 Zoe Lofgren Democratic 65%
Frank Mascara 65%
AZ U.S. House 7 Ed Pastor Democratic 65%
Clay Pell 65%
IN U.S. House 1 Pete Visclosky Democratic 65%
Harold Volkmer 65%
GA U.S. House 2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. Democratic 64%
Peter Deutsch 64%
Tony Hall 64%
Andrew Jacobs, Jr. 64%
John Spratt, Jr. 64%
Frank Tejeda 64%
E. Kika de la Garza 62%
PA U.S. House 14 Mike Doyle, Jr. Democratic 62%
Chet Edwards 62%
Elizabeth Furse 62%
Paul McHale 62%
David Minge 62%
Pete Peterson 62%
Glenn Poshard 62%
Richard Bryan 61%
Jim Chapman 61%
Patsy Ann Danner 61%
Byron Dorgan 61%
W.G. Hefner 61%
Herb Kohl 61%
William Lipinski 61%
Charles Robb 61%
Henry Scott Baesler 60%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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