Rating Group: National Journal

2009 Conservative on Social Policy Score

State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. Senate-Sr Lisa Murkowski R 62%
AK U.S. Senate-Jr Mark Begich D 41%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 92%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 79%
AR U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Pryor D 44%
AR U.S. Senate-Jr John Boozman R 78%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 71%
AZ U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Flake R 84%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 19%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 21%
CO U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Udall D 41%
CO U.S. Senate-Jr Michael Bennet D 38%
CT U.S. Senate-Jr Chris Murphy D 20%
DE U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Carper D 0%
FL U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Nelson, Sr. D 28%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 84%
GA U.S. Senate-Jr Johnny Isakson R 83%
HI U.S. Senate-Jr Mazie Hirono D 29%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 73%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 0%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 87%
ID U.S. Senate-Jr James Risch R 94%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 15%
IL U.S. Senate-Jr Mark Kirk R 58%
IN U.S. Senate-Jr Joe Donnelly, Sr. D 57%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 81%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 90%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 92%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 45%
LA U.S. Senate-Jr David Vitter R 94%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 0%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 0%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 0%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 56%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 0%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 15%
MN U.S. Senate-Sr Amy Klobuchar DFL 45%
MO U.S. Senate-Sr Claire McCaskill D 43%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 87%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 80%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 86%
MT U.S. Senate-Sr Jon Tester D 48%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 91%
NC U.S. Senate-Jr Kay Hagan D 54%
NE U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Johanns R 77%
NH U.S. Senate-Sr Jeanne Shaheen D 28%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 0%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 35%
NM U.S. Senate-Jr Martin Heinrich D 37%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 37%
NV U.S. Senate-Jr Dean Heller R 73%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 19%
NY U.S. Senate-Jr Kirsten Gillibrand D 18%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 0%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 94%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 87%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 23%
OR U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Merkley D 28%
PA U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Casey, Jr. D 57%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 0%
RI U.S. Senate-Jr Sheldon Whitehouse D 0%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 69%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 34%
SD U.S. Senate-Jr John Thune R 81%
TN U.S. Senate-Sr Lamar Alexander R 65%
TN U.S. Senate-Jr Robert Corker R 70%
TX U.S. Senate-Sr John Cornyn R 78%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 67%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 33%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 31%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 0%
WA U.S. Senate-Jr Maria Cantwell D 22%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 0%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 26%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 90%
WY U.S. Senate-Jr John Barrasso R 94%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 65%
AL U.S. House-3 Mike Rogers R 73%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 78%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 73%
AZ U.S. House-1 Ann Kirkpatrick D 47%
AZ U.S. House-3 Raúl Grijalva D 0%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 20%
AZ U.S. House-8 Trent Franks R 93%
CA U.S. House-4 Tom McClintock R 93%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 20%
CA U.S. House-6 Doris Matsui D 11%
CA U.S. House-9 Jerry McNerney D 43%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 28%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 0%
CA U.S. House-14 Jackie Speier D 28%
CA U.S. House-16 Jim Costa D 48%
CA U.S. House-17 Mike Honda D 0%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 20%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 11%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 11%
CA U.S. House-22 Devin Nunes R 83%
CA U.S. House-23 Kevin McCarthy R 84%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 11%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 73%
CA U.S. House-28 Adam Schiff D 20%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 18%
CA U.S. House-31 Gary Miller R 82%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 17%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 0%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 0%
CA U.S. House-38 Linda Sánchez D 0%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 93%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 0%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 78%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 11%
CA U.S. House-45 John Campbell III R 93%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 26%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 93%
CA U.S. House-49 Darrell Issa R 84%
CA U.S. House-53 Susan Davis D 20%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 20%
CO U.S. House-2 Jared Polis D 0%
CO U.S. House-5 Doug Lamborn R 93%
CO U.S. House-6 Michael Coffman R 73%
CO U.S. House-7 Ed Perlmutter D 31%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 26%
CT U.S. House-2 Joe Courtney D 33%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 20%
CT U.S. House-4 Jim Himes D 34%
FL U.S. House-1 Jeff Miller R 90%
FL U.S. House-4 Ander Crenshaw R 64%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 18%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 84%
FL U.S. House-8 Bill Posey R 84%
FL U.S. House-9 Alan Grayson D 37%
FL U.S. House-12 Gus Bilirakis R 68%
FL U.S. House-14 Kathy Castor D 0%
FL U.S. House-16 Vern Buchanan R 65%
FL U.S. House-17 Tom Rooney R 68%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 0%
FL U.S. House-23 Debbie Wasserman Schultz D 11%
FL U.S. House-25 Mario Diaz-Balart R 61%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 56%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 81%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 41%
GA U.S. House-3 Lynn Westmoreland R 93%
GA U.S. House-4 Hank Johnson, Jr. D 30%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 0%
GA U.S. House-6 Tom Price R 82%
GA U.S. House-10 Paul Broun R 93%
GA U.S. House-11 Phil Gingrey R 87%
GA U.S. House-12 John Barrow D 52%
GA U.S. House-13 David Scott D 31%
IA U.S. House-1 Bruce Braley D 17%
IA U.S. House-2 Dave Loebsack D 42%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 68%
IA U.S. House-4 Steve King R 93%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 65%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 0%
IL U.S. House-3 Daniel Lipinski D 55%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 20%
IL U.S. House-5 Mike Quigley D 36%
IL U.S. House-6 Peter Roskam R 73%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 0%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 0%
IL U.S. House-11 Bill Foster D 48%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 67%
IL U.S. House-18 Aaron Schock R 68%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 28%
IN U.S. House-7 André Carson D 11%
KS U.S. House-2 Lynn Jenkins R 73%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 71%
KY U.S. House-2 Brett Guthrie R 68%
KY U.S. House-3 John Yarmuth D 26%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 68%
LA U.S. House-1 Steve Scalise R 81%
LA U.S. House-3 Charles Boustany, Jr. R 77%
LA U.S. House-4 John Fleming, Jr. R 78%
LA U.S. House-6 Bill Cassidy R 62%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 33%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 18%
MA U.S. House-3 Niki Tsongas D 0%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 26%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 0%
MA U.S. House-8 Stephen Lynch D 31%
MD U.S. House-2 Dutch Ruppersberger D 36%
MD U.S. House-3 John Sarbanes D 11%
MD U.S. House-4 Donna Edwards D 0%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 16%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 0%
MD U.S. House-8 Chris Van Hollen, Jr. D 20%
ME U.S. House-1 Chellie Pingree D 20%
ME U.S. House-2 Mike Michaud D 43%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 73%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 60%
MI U.S. House-8 Mike Rogers R 73%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 26%
MI U.S. House-10 Candice Miller R 65%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 31%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 17%
MI U.S. House-14 Gary Peters D 34%
MN U.S. House-1 Tim Walz DFL 43%
MN U.S. House-2 John Kline R 90%
MN U.S. House-3 Erik Paulsen R 65%
MN U.S. House-4 Betty McCollum DFL 0%
MN U.S. House-5 Keith Ellison DFL 0%
MN U.S. House-6 Michele Bachmann R 89%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 57%
MO U.S. House-1 Lacy Clay, Jr. D 11%
MO U.S. House-3 Blaine Luetkemeyer R 73%
MO U.S. House-5 Emanuel Cleaver II D 0%
MO U.S. House-6 Sam Graves R 72%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 25%
MS U.S. House-3 Gregg Harper R 77%
NC U.S. House-1 G.K. Butterfield, Jr. D 20%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 72%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 11%
NC U.S. House-5 Virginia Foxx R 93%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 90%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 59%
NC U.S. House-10 Patrick McHenry R 90%
NE U.S. House-1 Jeff Fortenberry R 65%
NE U.S. House-2 Lee Terry R 65%
NE U.S. House-3 Adrian Smith R 90%
NH U.S. House-1 Carol Shea-Porter D 36%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 63%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 59%
NJ U.S. House-5 Scott Garrett R 93%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 29%
NJ U.S. House-7 Leonard Lance R 60%
NJ U.S. House-8 Albio Sires D 20%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 20%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 60%
NJ U.S. House-12 Rush Holt, Jr. D 0%
NM U.S. House-3 Ben Lujan, Jr. D 18%
NV U.S. House-1 Dina Titus D 37%
NY U.S. House-1 Tim Bishop D 20%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 65%
NY U.S. House-3 Steve Israel D 17%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 29%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 29%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 0%
NY U.S. House-9 Yvette Clarke D 0%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 0%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 28%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 0%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 0%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 0%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 0%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 20%
NY U.S. House-20 Paul Tonko D 11%
NY U.S. House-24 Dan Maffei Other 41%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 0%
NY U.S. House-26 Brian Higgins D 31%
OH U.S. House-4 Jim Jordan R 93%
OH U.S. House-5 Bob Latta R 87%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 93%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 31%
OH U.S. House-10 Mike Turner R 65%
OH U.S. House-11 Marcia Fudge D 0%
OH U.S. House-12 Pat Tiberi R 68%
OH U.S. House-13 Tim Ryan D 37%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 76%
OK U.S. House-4 Tom Cole R 78%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 59%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 11%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 37%
OR U.S. House-5 Kurt Schrader D 33%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 11%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 11%
PA U.S. House-5 G.T. Thompson, Jr. R 68%
PA U.S. House-6 Jim Gerlach R 60%
PA U.S. House-9 Bill Shuster R 77%
PA U.S. House-13 Allyson Schwartz D 20%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle, Jr. D 37%
PA U.S. House-15 Charlie Dent R 57%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 90%
PA U.S. House-18 Tim Murphy R 65%
RI U.S. House-2 Jim Langevin D 34%
SC U.S. House-2 Joe Wilson, Sr. R 93%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 0%
TN U.S. House-1 Phil Roe R 68%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 87%
TN U.S. House-5 Jim Cooper D 42%
TN U.S. House-7 Marsha Blackburn R 93%
TN U.S. House-9 Steve Cohen D 20%
TX U.S. House-1 Louie Gohmert R 93%
TX U.S. House-2 Ted Poe R 81%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 82%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 78%
TX U.S. House-5 Jeb Hensarling R 93%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 87%
TX U.S. House-7 John Culberson R 84%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 87%
TX U.S. House-9 Al Green D 11%
TX U.S. House-10 Michael McCaul R 68%
TX U.S. House-11 Mike Conaway R 87%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 89%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 93%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 29%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 0%
TX U.S. House-19 Randy Neugebauer R 93%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 83%
TX U.S. House-22 Pete Olson R 93%
TX U.S. House-24 Kenny Marchant R 90%
TX U.S. House-26 Michael Burgess R 80%
TX U.S. House-28 Henry Cuellar D 48%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 37%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 17%
TX U.S. House-31 John Carter R 93%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 90%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 20%
UT U.S. House-1 Rob Bishop R 89%
UT U.S. House-3 Jason Chaffetz R 87%
UT U.S. House-4 Jim Matheson D 50%
VA U.S. House-1 Rob Wittman R 73%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 30%
VA U.S. House-4 Randy Forbes R 84%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 90%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 0%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 68%
VA U.S. House-11 Gerry Connolly D 16%
VT U.S. House-At-Large Peter Welch D 33%
WA U.S. House-2 Rick Larsen D 11%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 87%
WA U.S. House-5 Cathy McMorris Rodgers R 73%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 0%
WA U.S. House-8 Dave Reichert R 59%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 37%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 90%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 31%
WI U.S. House-4 Gwen Moore D 0%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 90%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 73%
WV U.S. House-2 Shelley Capito R 64%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 47%
WY U.S. House-At-Large Cynthia Lummis R 93%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 93%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 33%
IN Governor Mike Pence R 93%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 87%
OK Governor Mary Fallin R 78%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 36%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 0%
CO Commissioner of Agriculture John Salazar N/A 46%
FL Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Services Adam Putnam R 65%
Gary Ackerman 11%
John Adler 37%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 0%
Todd Akin 93%
Rodney Alexander 78%
Jason Altmire 53%
Rob Andrews 11%
Michael Arcuri 48%
Steve Austria 68%
Joe Baca, Sr. 37%
Brian Baird 29%
J. Gresham Barrett 93%
Roscoe Bartlett 81%
Max Baucus 52%
Evan Bayh 59%
Melissa Bean 41%
Bob Bennett 76%
Shelley Berkley 37%
Howard Berman 11%
Marion Berry 53%
Judy Biggert 57%
Brian Bilbray 73%
Jeff Bingaman 27%
John Boccieri 53%
Kit Bond 67%
Jo Bonner, Jr. 78%
Mary Bono Mack 62%
Dan Boren 60%
Leonard Boswell 42%
Rick Boucher 42%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 48%
Bobby Bright 67%
Henry Brown, Jr. 77%
Ginny Brown-Waite 68%
Jim Bunning 94%
Roland Burris 0%
Dan Burton 90%
Steve Buyer 84%
Robert Byrd 49%
Eric Cantor 84%
Joseph Cao 58%
Dennis Cardoza 46%
Russ Carnahan 20%
Christopher Carney 53%
Mike Castle 56%
Ben Chandler III 48%
Travis Childers 60%
Kent Conrad 51%
Jerry Costello 53%
Kathy Dahlkemper 55%
Artur Davis 56%
Geoff Davis 78%
Lincoln Davis 57%
Bill Delahunt 11%
James DeMint 94%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 61%
Norm Dicks 20%
Chris Dodd 15%
Byron Dorgan 50%
David Dreier 84%
Steve Driehaus 52%
Chet Edwards 43%
Vern Ehlers 62%
Brad Ellsworth 57%
Jo Ann Emerson 63%
John Ensign 84%
Bob Etheridge 43%
Russ Feingold 47%
Bob Filner 11%
Barney Frank 16%
Elton Gallegly 72%
Gabrielle Giffords 43%
Charlie Gonzalez 26%
Bart Gordon 50%
Judd Gregg 64%
Parker Griffith, Jr. 63%
John Hall 42%
Debbie Halvorson 43%
Phil Hare 11%
Jane Harman 26%
Wally Herger, Jr. 90%
Stephanie Herseth Sandlin 50%
Baron Hill 53%
Maurice Hinchey 30%
Paul Hodes 37%
Pete Hoekstra 76%
Thomas Holden 50%
Duncan Hunter 84%
Kay Hutchison 72%
Bob Inglis, Sr. 84%
Daniel Inouye 0%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 0%
Tim Johnson 63%
Steve Kagen 34%
Paul Kanjorski 48%
Ted Kaufman 23%
Patrick Kennedy 31%
Dale Kildee 42%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 0%
Mary Jo Kilroy 20%
Larry Kissell 47%
Ron Klein 42%
Herb Kohl 32%
Suzanne Kosmas 42%
Frank Kratovil, Jr. 50%
Dennis Kucinich 0%
Jon Kyl 73%
Steve LaTourette 63%
Frank Lautenberg 0%
Chris Lee 73%
Jerry Lewis 77%
Joe Lieberman 36%
Blanche Lincoln 40%
John Linder 93%
Dick Lugar 60%
Dan Lungren 90%
Connie Mack IV 81%
Don Manzullo 82%
Betsy Markey 43%
Jim Marshall 57%
Melquiades Martinez 66%
Eric Massa 31%
Thaddeus McCotter 68%
John McHugh 63%
Michael McMahon 37%
Kendrick Meek, Sr. 33%
Charlie Melancon, Sr. 55%
Brad Miller 34%
Walt Minnick 55%
Harry Mitchell 50%
Alan Mollohan 47%
Dennis Moore 20%
Patrick Murphy 37%
Scott Murphy 55%
Jack Murtha 46%
Sue Myrick 93%
Ben Nelson 61%
Glenn Nye III 53%
Jim Oberstar 50%
Dave Obey 37%
John Olver 0%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 37%
Ron Paul 73%
Donald Payne 17%
Tom Perriello 52%
Todd Platts 59%
Earl Pomeroy 43%
George Radanovich 93%
Denny Rehberg 68%
Silvestre Reyes 41%
Laura Richardson 34%
Ciro Rodriguez 43%
Mike Ross 56%
Steve Rothman 20%
Mark Schauer 37%
Jean Schmidt 83%
Joe Sestak, Jr. 20%
John Shadegg 93%
Heath Shuler 60%
Ike Skelton 53%
Olympia Snowe 52%
Vic Snyder 36%
Mark Souder 78%
Zack Space 49%
Arlen Specter 58%
John Spratt, Jr. 43%
Pete Stark 0%
Cliff Stearns 84%
Bart Stupak 48%
John Sullivan 87%
Betty Sutton 18%
John Tanner 52%
Ellen Tauscher 0%
Gene Taylor 62%
Harry Teague 52%
Todd Tiahrt 82%
Ed Towns 0%
George Voinovich 63%
Zach Wamp 71%
John Warner 39%
Diane Watson 0%
Mel Watt 0%
Jim Webb, Jr. 55%
Anthony Weiner 26%
Robert Wexler 0%
Charlie Wilson, Jr. 51%
Lynn Woolsey 0%
David Wu 26%
Bill Young 68%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.