Rating Group: National Journal

2009 Composite Liberal Score

Issues: Liberal
State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. Senate-Sr Lisa Murkowski R 35%
AK U.S. Senate-Jr Mark Begich D 66%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 26%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 12%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 11%
AL U.S. House-3 Mike Rogers R 32%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 20%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 25%
AR U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Pryor D 52%
AR U.S. Senate-Jr John Boozman R 16%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 16%
AZ U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Flake R 19%
AZ U.S. House-1 Ann Kirkpatrick D 45%
AZ U.S. House-3 Raúl Grijalva D 83%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 79%
AZ U.S. House-8 Trent Franks R 6%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 76%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 78%
CA U.S. House-4 Tom McClintock R 7%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 83%
CA U.S. House-6 Doris Matsui D 91%
CA U.S. House-9 Jerry McNerney D 53%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 85%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 78%
CA U.S. House-14 Jackie Speier D 75%
CA U.S. House-16 Jim Costa D 54%
CA U.S. House-17 Mike Honda D 88%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 83%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 81%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 85%
CA U.S. House-22 Devin Nunes R 12%
CA U.S. House-23 Kevin McCarthy R 11%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 93%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 20%
CA U.S. House-28 Adam Schiff D 77%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 74%
CA U.S. House-31 Gary Miller R 17%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 88%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 95%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 91%
CA U.S. House-38 Linda Sánchez D 95%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 15%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 90%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 21%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 70%
CA U.S. House-45 John Campbell III R 22%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 72%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 23%
CA U.S. House-49 Darrell Issa R 15%
CA U.S. House-53 Susan Davis D 81%
CO U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Udall D 66%
CO U.S. Senate-Jr Michael Bennet D 68%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 84%
CO U.S. House-2 Jared Polis D 76%
CO U.S. House-5 Doug Lamborn R 6%
CO U.S. House-6 Michael Coffman R 17%
CO U.S. House-7 Ed Perlmutter D 67%
CO Commissioner of Agriculture John Salazar N/A 59%
CT U.S. Senate-Jr Chris Murphy D 69%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 82%
CT U.S. House-2 Joe Courtney D 71%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 84%
CT U.S. House-4 Jim Himes D 67%
DE U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Carper D 74%
FL U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Nelson, Sr. D 62%
FL U.S. House-1 Jefferson Miller R 8%
FL U.S. House-4 Ander Crenshaw R 30%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 79%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 15%
FL U.S. House-8 Bill Posey R 16%
FL U.S. House-9 Alan Grayson D 63%
FL U.S. House-12 Gus Bilirakis R 23%
FL U.S. House-14 Kathy Castor D 93%
FL U.S. House-16 Vern Buchanan R 27%
FL U.S. House-17 Tom Rooney R 23%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 91%
FL U.S. House-23 Debbie Wasserman Schultz D 87%
FL U.S. House-25 Mario Diaz-Balart R 30%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 32%
FL Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Services Adam Putnam R 25%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 16%
GA U.S. Senate-Jr Johnny Isakson R 14%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 16%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 61%
GA U.S. House-3 Lynn Westmoreland R 9%
GA U.S. House-4 Hank Johnson, Jr. D 78%
GA U.S. House-6 Tom Price R 13%
GA U.S. House-10 Paul Broun R 14%
GA U.S. House-11 Phil Gingrey R 14%
GA U.S. House-12 John Barrow D 47%
GA U.S. House-13 David Scott D 66%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 14%
HI U.S. Senate-Jr Mazie Hirono D 85%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 74%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 26%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 84%
IA U.S. House-1 Bruce Braley D 82%
IA U.S. House-2 Dave Loebsack D 78%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 25%
IA U.S. House-4 Steve King R 7%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 14%
ID U.S. Senate-Jr James Risch R 9%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 34%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 85%
IL U.S. Senate-Jr Mark Kirk R 39%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 77%
IL U.S. House-3 Daniel Lipinski D 52%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 90%
IL U.S. House-5 Mike Quigley D 74%
IL U.S. House-6 Peter Roskam R 24%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 90%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 95%
IL U.S. House-11 Bill Foster D 50%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 24%
IL U.S. House-18 Aaron Schock R 25%
IN U.S. Senate-Jr Joe Donnelly, Sr. D 44%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 75%
IN U.S. House-7 André Carson D 90%
IN Governor Mike Pence R 7%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 13%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 16%
KS U.S. House-2 Lynn Jenkins R 25%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 20%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 11%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 32%
KY U.S. House-2 Brett Guthrie R 22%
KY U.S. House-3 John Yarmuth D 74%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 22%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 61%
LA U.S. Senate-Jr David Vitter R 15%
LA U.S. House-1 Steve Scalise R 13%
LA U.S. House-3 Charles Boustany, Jr. R 17%
LA U.S. House-4 John Fleming, Jr. R 15%
LA U.S. House-6 Bill Cassidy R 32%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 88%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 77%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 86%
MA U.S. House-3 Niki Tsongas D 85%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 77%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 89%
MA U.S. House-8 Stephen Lynch D 67%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 85%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 88%
MD U.S. House-2 Dutch Ruppersberger D 67%
MD U.S. House-3 John Sarbanes D 91%
MD U.S. House-4 Donna Edwards D 90%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 83%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 86%
MD U.S. House-8 Chris Van Hollen, Jr. D 81%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 40%
ME U.S. House-1 Chellie Pingree D 81%
ME U.S. House-2 Mike Michaud D 58%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 84%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 78%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 29%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 39%
MI U.S. House-8 Mike Rogers R 23%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 78%
MI U.S. House-10 Candice Miller R 36%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 67%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 75%
MI U.S. House-14 Gary Peters D 57%
MN U.S. Senate-Sr Amy Klobuchar DFL 55%
MN U.S. House-1 Tim Walz DFL 64%
MN U.S. House-2 John Kline R 11%
MN U.S. House-3 Erik Paulsen R 31%
MN U.S. House-4 Betty McCollum DFL 91%
MN U.S. House-5 Keith Ellison DFL 86%
MN U.S. House-6 Michele Bachmann R 10%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 45%
MO U.S. Senate-Sr Claire McCaskill D 60%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 23%
MO U.S. House-1 Lacy Clay, Jr. D 80%
MO U.S. House-3 Blaine Luetkemeyer R 16%
MO U.S. House-5 Emanuel Cleaver II D 88%
MO U.S. House-6 Sam Graves R 18%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 28%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 23%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 78%
MS U.S. House-3 Gregg Harper R 15%
MT U.S. Senate-Sr Jon Tester D 62%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 86%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 11%
NC U.S. Senate-Jr Kay Hagan D 61%
NC U.S. House-1 G.K. Butterfield, Jr. D 79%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 34%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 89%
NC U.S. House-5 Virginia Foxx R 9%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 18%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 43%
NC U.S. House-10 Patrick McHenry R 9%
NE U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Johanns R 21%
NE U.S. House-1 Jeff Fortenberry R 34%
NE U.S. House-2 Lee Terry R 26%
NE U.S. House-3 Adrian Smith R 9%
NH U.S. Senate-Sr Jeanne Shaheen D 77%
NH U.S. House-1 Carol Shea-Porter D 67%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 81%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 35%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 39%
NJ U.S. House-5 Scott Garrett R 15%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 82%
NJ U.S. House-7 Leonard Lance R 38%
NJ U.S. House-8 Albio Sires D 76%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 81%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 28%
NJ U.S. House-12 Rush Holt, Jr. D 95%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 79%
NM U.S. Senate-Jr Martin Heinrich D 65%
NM U.S. House-3 Ben Lujan, Jr. D 81%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 78%
NV U.S. Senate-Jr Dean Heller R 21%
NV U.S. House-1 Dina Titus D 59%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 84%
NY U.S. Senate-Jr Kirsten Gillibrand D 84%
NY U.S. House-1 Tim Bishop D 70%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 35%
NY U.S. House-3 Steve Israel D 80%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 68%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 67%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 86%
NY U.S. House-9 Yvette Clarke D 89%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 83%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 76%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 81%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 89%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 90%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 77%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 71%
NY U.S. House-20 Paul Tonko D 84%
NY U.S. House-24 Dan Maffei Other 61%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 95%
NY U.S. House-26 Brian Higgins D 72%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 88%
OH U.S. House-4 Jim Jordan R 9%
OH U.S. House-5 Bob Latta R 10%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 8%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 62%
OH U.S. House-10 Mike Turner R 34%
OH U.S. House-11 Marcia Fudge D 92%
OH U.S. House-12 Pat Tiberi R 27%
OH U.S. House-13 Tim Ryan D 70%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 4%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 7%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 16%
OK U.S. House-4 Tom Cole R 16%
OK Governor Mary Fallin R 13%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 75%
OR U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Merkley D 81%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 36%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 78%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 62%
OR U.S. House-5 Kurt Schrader D 64%
PA U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Casey, Jr. D 56%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 90%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 90%
PA U.S. House-5 G.T. Thompson, Jr. R 21%
PA U.S. House-6 Jim Gerlach R 35%
PA U.S. House-9 Bill Shuster R 20%
PA U.S. House-13 Allyson Schwartz D 67%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle, Jr. D 83%
PA U.S. House-15 Charlie Dent R 37%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 12%
PA U.S. House-18 Tim Murphy R 34%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 88%
RI U.S. Senate-Jr Sheldon Whitehouse D 88%
RI U.S. House-2 Jim Langevin D 74%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 24%
SC U.S. House-2 Joe Wilson, Sr. R 16%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 91%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 70%
SD U.S. Senate-Jr John Thune R 10%
TN U.S. Senate-Sr Lamar Alexander R 34%
TN U.S. Senate-Jr Robert Corker R 34%
TN U.S. House-1 Phil Roe R 22%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 27%
TN U.S. House-5 Jim Cooper D 58%
TN U.S. House-7 Marsha Blackburn R 7%
TN U.S. House-9 Steve Cohen D 77%
TX U.S. Senate-Sr John Cornyn R 12%
TX U.S. House-1 Louie Gohmert R 9%
TX U.S. House-2 Ted Poe R 16%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 11%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 20%
TX U.S. House-5 Jeb Hensarling R 12%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 18%
TX U.S. House-7 John Culberson R 13%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 14%
TX U.S. House-9 Al Green D 83%
TX U.S. House-10 Michael McCaul R 21%
TX U.S. House-11 Mike Conaway R 9%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 13%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 6%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 76%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 91%
TX U.S. House-19 Randy Neugebauer R 6%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 17%
TX U.S. House-22 Pete Olson R 6%
TX U.S. House-24 Kenny Marchant R 10%
TX U.S. House-26 Michael Burgess R 18%
TX U.S. House-28 Henry Cuellar D 51%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 76%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 84%
TX U.S. House-31 John Carter R 11%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 8%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 64%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 30%
UT U.S. House-1 Rob Bishop R 9%
UT U.S. House-3 Jason Chaffetz R 9%
UT U.S. House-4 Jim Matheson D 49%
VA U.S. House-1 Rob Wittman R 23%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 83%
VA U.S. House-4 Randy Forbes R 16%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 15%
VA U.S. House-7 Eric Cantor R 12%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 86%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 26%
VA U.S. House-11 Gerry Connolly D 72%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 74%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 63%
VT U.S. House-At-Large Peter Welch D 76%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 79%
WA U.S. Senate-Jr Maria Cantwell D 61%
WA U.S. House-2 Rick Larsen D 77%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 16%
WA U.S. House-5 Cathy McMorris Rodgers R 24%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 79%
WA U.S. House-8 Dave Reichert R 41%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 58%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 75%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 90%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 19%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 66%
WI U.S. House-4 Gwen Moore D 95%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 15%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 31%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 77%
WV U.S. House-2 Shelley Capito R 34%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 58%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 15%
WY U.S. Senate-Jr John Barrasso R 13%
WY U.S. House-At-Large Cynthia Lummis R 12%
Gary Ackerman 77%
John Adler 51%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 84%
Todd Akin 8%
Rodney Alexander 18%
Jason Altmire 47%
Rob Andrews 81%
Michael Arcuri 50%
Steve Austria 24%
Joe Baca, Sr. 76%
Brian Baird 61%
J. Gresham Barrett 14%
Roscoe Bartlett 23%
Max Baucus 61%
Evan Bayh 41%
Melissa Bean 53%
Bob Bennett 21%
Shelley Berkley 72%
Howard Berman 91%
Marion Berry 54%
Judy Biggert 38%
Brian Bilbray 22%
Jeff Bingaman 71%
John Boccieri 49%
Kit Bond 32%
Jo Bonner, Jr. 16%
Mary Bono Mack 28%
Dan Boren 42%
Leonard Boswell 72%
Rick Boucher 55%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 52%
Bobby Bright 38%
Henry Brown, Jr. 18%
Ginny Brown-Waite 33%
Jim Bunning 7%
Roland Burris 88%
Dan Burton 14%
Steve Buyer 19%
Robert Byrd 59%
Joseph Cao 40%
Dennis Cardoza 55%
Russ Carnahan 74%
Christopher Carney 48%
Mike Castle 42%
Ben Chandler III 54%
Travis Childers 41%
Kent Conrad 62%
Jerry Costello 52%
Kathy Dahlkemper 49%
Artur Davis 49%
Geoff Davis 24%
Lincoln Davis 45%
Bill Delahunt 90%
James DeMint 5%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 29%
Norm Dicks 76%
Chris Dodd 85%
Byron Dorgan 52%
David Dreier 16%
Steve Driehaus 58%
Chet Edwards 55%
Vern Ehlers 39%
Brad Ellsworth 46%
Jo Ann Emerson 36%
John Ensign 10%
Bob Etheridge 64%
Russ Feingold 48%
Bob Filner 81%
Barney Frank 92%
Elton Gallegly 19%
Gabrielle Giffords 52%
Charlie Gonzalez 78%
Bart Gordon 52%
Judd Gregg 36%
Parker Griffith, Jr. 40%
John Hall 64%
Debbie Halvorson 51%
Phil Hare 86%
Jane Harman 74%
Wally Herger, Jr. 11%
Stephanie Herseth Sandlin 47%
Baron Hill 54%
Maurice Hinchey 75%
Paul Hodes 57%
Pete Hoekstra 26%
Thomas Holden 49%
Duncan Hunter 14%
Kay Hutchison 28%
Bob Inglis, Sr. 24%
Daniel Inouye 84%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 93%
Tim Johnson 37%
Steve Kagen 77%
Paul Kanjorski 56%
Ted Kaufman 78%
Dale Kildee 69%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 78%
Mary Jo Kilroy 83%
Larry Kissell 51%
Ron Klein 58%
Herb Kohl 70%
Suzanne Kosmas 51%
Frank Kratovil, Jr. 46%
Dennis Kucinich 65%
Jon Kyl 15%
Steve LaTourette 38%
Frank Lautenberg 86%
Chris Lee 29%
Jerry Lewis 20%
Joe Lieberman 50%
Blanche Lincoln 50%
John Linder 8%
Dick Lugar 41%
Dan Lungren 21%
Connie Mack IV 15%
Don Manzullo 16%
Betsy Markey 52%
Jim Marshall 42%
Melquiades Martinez 34%
Eric Massa 55%
Thaddeus McCotter 32%
John McHugh 41%
Michael McMahon 50%
Kendrick Meek, Sr. 61%
Charlie Melancon, Sr. 47%
Brad Miller 70%
Walt Minnick 43%
Harry Mitchell 46%
Alan Mollohan 58%
Dennis Moore 71%
Patrick Murphy 59%
Scott Murphy 49%
Jack Murtha 69%
Sue Myrick 12%
Ben Nelson 41%
Glenn Nye III 45%
Jim Oberstar 73%
Dave Obey 82%
John Olver 95%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 61%
Ron Paul 30%
Donald Payne 86%
Tom Perriello 47%
Todd Platts 35%
Earl Pomeroy 60%
George Radanovich 8%
Denny Rehberg 23%
Silvestre Reyes 65%
Laura Richardson 66%
Ciro Rodriguez 62%
Mike Ross 47%
Steve Rothman 84%
Mark Schauer 59%
Jean Schmidt 23%
Joe Sestak, Jr. 77%
John Shadegg 6%
Heath Shuler 46%
Ike Skelton 52%
Olympia Snowe 41%
Vic Snyder 64%
Mark Souder 22%
Zack Space 49%
Arlen Specter 43%
John Spratt, Jr. 64%
Pete Stark 71%
Cliff Stearns 23%
Bart Stupak 58%
Betty Sutton 89%
John Tanner 50%
Ellen Tauscher 78%
Gene Taylor 40%
Harry Teague 45%
Todd Tiahrt 15%
Ed Towns 90%
George Voinovich 38%
Zach Wamp 30%
John Warner 65%
Diane Watson 88%
Mel Watt 95%
Jim Webb, Jr. 48%
Anthony Weiner 78%
Robert Wexler 80%
Charlie Wilson, Jr. 58%
Lynn Woolsey 80%
David Wu 72%
Bill Young 26%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.