Rating Group: National Journal

2009 Liberal on Social Policy Score

State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. Senate-Sr Lisa Murkowski R 37%
AK U.S. Senate-Jr Mark Begich D 57%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 35%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 6%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 20%
AL U.S. House-3 Mike Rogers R 24%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 20%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 27%
AR U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Pryor D 55%
AR U.S. Senate-Jr John Boozman R 20%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 28%
AZ U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Flake R 13%
AZ U.S. House-1 Ann Kirkpatrick D 52%
AZ U.S. House-3 Raúl Grijalva D 89%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 75%
AZ U.S. House-8 Trent Franks R 0%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 79%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 78%
CA U.S. House-4 Tom McClintock R 0%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 75%
CA U.S. House-6 Doris Matsui D 84%
CA U.S. House-9 Jerry McNerney D 54%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 72%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 89%
CA U.S. House-14 Jackie Speier D 71%
CA U.S. House-16 Jim Costa D 52%
CA U.S. House-17 Mike Honda D 89%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 75%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 84%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 84%
CA U.S. House-22 Devin Nunes R 16%
CA U.S. House-23 Kevin McCarthy R 13%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 84%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 24%
CA U.S. House-28 Adam Schiff D 75%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 80%
CA U.S. House-31 Gary Miller R 18%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 82%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 89%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 89%
CA U.S. House-38 Linda Sánchez D 89%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 0%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 89%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 20%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 84%
CA U.S. House-45 John Campbell III R 0%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 72%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 0%
CA U.S. House-49 Darrell Issa R 13%
CA U.S. House-53 Susan Davis D 75%
CO U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Udall D 57%
CO U.S. Senate-Jr Michael Bennet D 61%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 75%
CO U.S. House-2 Jared Polis D 89%
CO U.S. House-5 Doug Lamborn R 0%
CO U.S. House-6 Michael Coffman R 24%
CO U.S. House-7 Ed Perlmutter D 67%
CO Commissioner of Agriculture John Salazar N/A 54%
CT U.S. Senate-Jr Chris Murphy D 75%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 72%
CT U.S. House-2 Joe Courtney D 66%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 75%
CT U.S. House-4 Jim Himes D 64%
DE U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Carper D 85%
FL U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Nelson, Sr. D 69%
FL U.S. House-1 Jefferson Miller R 7%
FL U.S. House-4 Ander Crenshaw R 36%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 80%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 13%
FL U.S. House-8 Bill Posey R 13%
FL U.S. House-9 Alan Grayson D 59%
FL U.S. House-12 Gus Bilirakis R 29%
FL U.S. House-14 Kathy Castor D 89%
FL U.S. House-16 Vern Buchanan R 33%
FL U.S. House-17 Tom Rooney R 29%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 89%
FL U.S. House-23 Debbie Wasserman Schultz D 84%
FL U.S. House-25 Mario Diaz-Balart R 38%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 43%
FL Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Services Adam Putnam R 35%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 14%
GA U.S. Senate-Jr Johnny Isakson R 16%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 18%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 58%
GA U.S. House-3 Lynn Westmoreland R 0%
GA U.S. House-4 Hank Johnson, Jr. D 69%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 89%
GA U.S. House-6 Tom Price R 17%
GA U.S. House-10 Paul Broun R 0%
GA U.S. House-11 Phil Gingrey R 13%
GA U.S. House-12 John Barrow D 47%
GA U.S. House-13 David Scott D 67%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 0%
HI U.S. Senate-Jr Mazie Hirono D 70%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 67%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 24%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 85%
IA U.S. House-1 Bruce Braley D 82%
IA U.S. House-2 Dave Loebsack D 57%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 29%
IA U.S. House-4 Steve King R 0%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 10%
ID U.S. Senate-Jr James Risch R 0%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 35%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 82%
IL U.S. Senate-Jr Mark Kirk R 42%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 89%
IL U.S. House-3 Daniel Lipinski D 45%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 80%
IL U.S. House-5 Mike Quigley D 64%
IL U.S. House-6 Peter Roskam R 24%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 89%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 89%
IL U.S. House-11 Bill Foster D 51%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 32%
IL U.S. House-18 Aaron Schock R 29%
IN U.S. Senate-Jr Joe Donnelly, Sr. D 42%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 72%
IN U.S. House-7 André Carson D 84%
IN Governor Mike Pence R 0%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 17%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 10%
KS U.S. House-2 Lynn Jenkins R 24%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 10%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 6%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 28%
KY U.S. House-2 Brett Guthrie R 29%
KY U.S. House-3 John Yarmuth D 72%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 29%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 53%
LA U.S. Senate-Jr David Vitter R 0%
LA U.S. House-1 Steve Scalise R 18%
LA U.S. House-3 Charles Boustany, Jr. R 22%
LA U.S. House-4 John Fleming, Jr. R 20%
LA U.S. House-6 Bill Cassidy R 38%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 89%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 67%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 80%
MA U.S. House-3 Niki Tsongas D 89%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 72%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 89%
MA U.S. House-8 Stephen Lynch D 67%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 85%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 85%
MD U.S. House-2 Dutch Ruppersberger D 63%
MD U.S. House-3 John Sarbanes D 84%
MD U.S. House-4 Donna Edwards D 89%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 83%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 89%
MD U.S. House-8 Chris Van Hollen, Jr. D 75%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 43%
ME U.S. House-1 Chellie Pingree D 75%
ME U.S. House-2 Mike Michaud D 54%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 85%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 82%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 24%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 39%
MI U.S. House-8 Mike Rogers R 24%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 72%
MI U.S. House-10 Candice Miller R 33%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 67%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 82%
MI U.S. House-14 Gary Peters D 64%
MN U.S. Senate-Sr Amy Klobuchar DFL 53%
MN U.S. House-1 Tim Walz DFL 54%
MN U.S. House-2 John Kline R 7%
MN U.S. House-3 Erik Paulsen R 33%
MN U.S. House-4 Betty McCollum DFL 89%
MN U.S. House-5 Keith Ellison DFL 89%
MN U.S. House-6 Michele Bachmann R 10%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 43%
MO U.S. Senate-Sr Claire McCaskill D 56%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 13%
MO U.S. House-1 Lacy Clay, Jr. D 84%
MO U.S. House-3 Blaine Luetkemeyer R 24%
MO U.S. House-5 Emanuel Cleaver II D 89%
MO U.S. House-6 Sam Graves R 27%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 19%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 13%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 74%
MS U.S. House-3 Gregg Harper R 22%
MT U.S. Senate-Sr Jon Tester D 51%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 85%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 8%
NC U.S. Senate-Jr Kay Hagan D 45%
NC U.S. House-1 G.K. Butterfield, Jr. D 80%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 27%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 84%
NC U.S. House-5 Virginia Foxx R 0%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 7%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 41%
NC U.S. House-10 Patrick McHenry R 7%
NE U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Johanns R 22%
NE U.S. House-1 Jeff Fortenberry R 33%
NE U.S. House-2 Lee Terry R 33%
NE U.S. House-3 Adrian Smith R 7%
NH U.S. Senate-Sr Jeanne Shaheen D 69%
NH U.S. House-1 Carol Shea-Porter D 64%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 85%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 36%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 40%
NJ U.S. House-5 Scott Garrett R 0%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 70%
NJ U.S. House-7 Leonard Lance R 39%
NJ U.S. House-8 Albio Sires D 75%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 80%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 39%
NJ U.S. House-12 Rush Holt, Jr. D 89%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 64%
NM U.S. Senate-Jr Martin Heinrich D 59%
NM U.S. House-3 Ben Lujan, Jr. D 80%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 62%
NV U.S. Senate-Jr Dean Heller R 24%
NV U.S. House-1 Dina Titus D 59%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 79%
NY U.S. Senate-Jr Kirsten Gillibrand D 81%
NY U.S. House-1 Tim Bishop D 75%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 33%
NY U.S. House-3 Steve Israel D 82%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 71%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 70%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 89%
NY U.S. House-9 Yvette Clarke D 89%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 89%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 72%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 89%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 89%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 89%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 89%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 75%
NY U.S. House-20 Paul Tonko D 84%
NY U.S. House-24 Dan Maffei Other 58%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 89%
NY U.S. House-26 Brian Higgins D 67%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 85%
OH U.S. House-4 Jim Jordan R 0%
OH U.S. House-5 Bob Latta R 11%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 0%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 67%
OH U.S. House-10 Mike Turner R 33%
OH U.S. House-11 Marcia Fudge D 89%
OH U.S. House-12 Pat Tiberi R 32%
OH U.S. House-13 Tim Ryan D 63%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 0%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 10%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 23%
OK U.S. House-4 Tom Cole R 20%
OK Governor Mary Fallin R 20%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 74%
OR U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Merkley D 69%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 40%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 84%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 59%
OR U.S. House-5 Kurt Schrader D 66%
PA U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Casey, Jr. D 42%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 84%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 84%
PA U.S. House-5 G.T. Thompson, Jr. R 29%
PA U.S. House-6 Jim Gerlach R 40%
PA U.S. House-9 Bill Shuster R 23%
PA U.S. House-13 Allyson Schwartz D 75%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle, Jr. D 63%
PA U.S. House-15 Charlie Dent R 42%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 7%
PA U.S. House-18 Tim Murphy R 33%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 85%
RI U.S. Senate-Jr Sheldon Whitehouse D 85%
RI U.S. House-2 Jim Langevin D 64%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 30%
SC U.S. House-2 Joe Wilson, Sr. R 0%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 89%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 65%
SD U.S. Senate-Jr John Thune R 17%
TN U.S. Senate-Sr Lamar Alexander R 34%
TN U.S. Senate-Jr Robert Corker R 29%
TN U.S. House-1 Phil Roe R 29%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 11%
TN U.S. House-5 Jim Cooper D 57%
TN U.S. House-7 Marsha Blackburn R 0%
TN U.S. House-9 Steve Cohen D 75%
TX U.S. Senate-Sr John Cornyn R 21%
TX U.S. House-1 Louie Gohmert R 0%
TX U.S. House-2 Ted Poe R 18%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 17%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 20%
TX U.S. House-5 Jeb Hensarling R 0%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 11%
TX U.S. House-7 John Culberson R 13%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 11%
TX U.S. House-9 Al Green D 84%
TX U.S. House-10 Michael McCaul R 29%
TX U.S. House-11 Mike Conaway R 11%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 11%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 0%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 71%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 89%
TX U.S. House-19 Randy Neugebauer R 0%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 17%
TX U.S. House-22 Pete Olson R 0%
TX U.S. House-24 Kenny Marchant R 7%
TX U.S. House-26 Michael Burgess R 19%
TX U.S. House-28 Henry Cuellar D 51%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 59%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 82%
TX U.S. House-31 John Carter R 0%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 7%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 75%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 31%
UT U.S. House-1 Rob Bishop R 11%
UT U.S. House-3 Jason Chaffetz R 11%
UT U.S. House-4 Jim Matheson D 49%
VA U.S. House-1 Rob Wittman R 24%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 69%
VA U.S. House-4 Randy Forbes R 13%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 7%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 89%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 29%
VA U.S. House-11 Gerry Connolly D 83%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 66%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 68%
VT U.S. House-At-Large Peter Welch D 66%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 85%
WA U.S. Senate-Jr Maria Cantwell D 77%
WA U.S. House-2 Rick Larsen D 84%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 11%
WA U.S. House-5 Cathy McMorris Rodgers R 24%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 89%
WA U.S. House-8 Dave Reichert R 40%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 59%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 64%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 89%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 7%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 67%
WI U.S. House-4 Gwen Moore D 89%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 7%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 24%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 73%
WV U.S. House-2 Shelley Capito R 35%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 53%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 9%
WY U.S. Senate-Jr John Barrasso R 0%
WY U.S. House-At-Large Cynthia Lummis R 0%
Gary Ackerman 84%
John Adler 59%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 85%
Todd Akin 0%
Rodney Alexander 20%
Jason Altmire 45%
Rob Andrews 84%
Michael Arcuri 51%
Steve Austria 29%
Joe Baca, Sr. 59%
Brian Baird 71%
J. Gresham Barrett 0%
Roscoe Bartlett 18%
Max Baucus 46%
Evan Bayh 40%
Melissa Bean 58%
Bob Bennett 23%
Shelley Berkley 59%
Howard Berman 84%
Marion Berry 47%
Judy Biggert 42%
Brian Bilbray 24%
Jeff Bingaman 72%
John Boccieri 45%
Kit Bond 31%
Jo Bonner, Jr. 20%
Mary Bono Mack 37%
Dan Boren 39%
Leonard Boswell 58%
Rick Boucher 58%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 51%
Bobby Bright 33%
Henry Brown, Jr. 23%
Ginny Brown-Waite 29%
Jim Bunning 0%
Roland Burris 85%
Dan Burton 7%
Steve Buyer 13%
Robert Byrd 50%
Eric Cantor 13%
Joseph Cao 41%
Dennis Cardoza 54%
Russ Carnahan 75%
Christopher Carney 47%
Mike Castle 44%
Ben Chandler III 51%
Travis Childers 39%
Kent Conrad 48%
Jerry Costello 45%
Kathy Dahlkemper 45%
Artur Davis 44%
Geoff Davis 20%
Lincoln Davis 43%
Bill Delahunt 84%
James DeMint 0%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 38%
Norm Dicks 75%
Chris Dodd 82%
Byron Dorgan 49%
David Dreier 13%
Steve Driehaus 47%
Chet Edwards 54%
Vern Ehlers 37%
Brad Ellsworth 42%
Jo Ann Emerson 36%
John Ensign 14%
Bob Etheridge 54%
Russ Feingold 52%
Bob Filner 84%
Barney Frank 83%
Elton Gallegly 27%
Gabrielle Giffords 54%
Charlie Gonzalez 72%
Bart Gordon 49%
Judd Gregg 35%
Parker Griffith, Jr. 36%
John Hall 57%
Debbie Halvorson 54%
Phil Hare 84%
Jane Harman 72%
Wally Herger, Jr. 10%
Stephanie Herseth Sandlin 50%
Baron Hill 45%
Maurice Hinchey 70%
Paul Hodes 59%
Pete Hoekstra 24%
Thomas Holden 49%
Duncan Hunter 13%
Kay Hutchison 27%
Bob Inglis, Sr. 13%
Daniel Inouye 85%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 89%
Tim Johnson 36%
Steve Kagen 66%
Paul Kanjorski 51%
Ted Kaufman 74%
Patrick Kennedy 69%
Dale Kildee 57%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 89%
Mary Jo Kilroy 75%
Larry Kissell 52%
Ron Klein 57%
Herb Kohl 67%
Suzanne Kosmas 57%
Frank Kratovil, Jr. 49%
Dennis Kucinich 89%
Jon Kyl 24%
Steve LaTourette 36%
Frank Lautenberg 85%
Chris Lee 24%
Jerry Lewis 22%
Joe Lieberman 63%
Blanche Lincoln 59%
John Linder 0%
Dick Lugar 39%
Dan Lungren 7%
Connie Mack IV 18%
Don Manzullo 17%
Betsy Markey 54%
Jim Marshall 42%
Melquiades Martinez 33%
Eric Massa 67%
Thaddeus McCotter 29%
John McHugh 37%
Michael McMahon 59%
Kendrick Meek, Sr. 66%
Charlie Melancon, Sr. 44%
Brad Miller 64%
Walt Minnick 45%
Harry Mitchell 49%
Alan Mollohan 53%
Dennis Moore 75%
Patrick Murphy 59%
Scott Murphy 45%
Jack Murtha 53%
Sue Myrick 0%
Ben Nelson 38%
Glenn Nye III 45%
Jim Oberstar 49%
Dave Obey 59%
John Olver 89%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 59%
Ron Paul 27%
Donald Payne 82%
Tom Perriello 48%
Todd Platts 40%
Earl Pomeroy 54%
George Radanovich 0%
Denny Rehberg 29%
Silvestre Reyes 58%
Laura Richardson 64%
Ciro Rodriguez 54%
Mike Ross 44%
Steve Rothman 75%
Mark Schauer 59%
Jean Schmidt 17%
Joe Sestak, Jr. 75%
John Shadegg 0%
Heath Shuler 40%
Ike Skelton 45%
Olympia Snowe 46%
Vic Snyder 63%
Mark Souder 20%
Zack Space 50%
Arlen Specter 41%
John Spratt, Jr. 54%
Pete Stark 89%
Cliff Stearns 13%
Bart Stupak 52%
John Sullivan 13%
Betty Sutton 80%
John Tanner 48%
Ellen Tauscher 89%
Gene Taylor 38%
Harry Teague 48%
Todd Tiahrt 18%
Ed Towns 89%
George Voinovich 36%
Zach Wamp 28%
John Warner 60%
Diane Watson 89%
Mel Watt 89%
Jim Webb, Jr. 44%
Anthony Weiner 72%
Robert Wexler 89%
Charlie Wilson, Jr. 48%
Lynn Woolsey 89%
David Wu 72%
Bill Young 32%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.