Rating Group: National Journal

2008 Liberal on Social Policy Score

State Office Name Party Rating
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 72%
Gary Ackerman 59%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 9%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 80%
Todd Akin 0%
TN U.S. Senate-Sr Lamar Alexander R 0%
Rodney Alexander 31%
Wayne Allard 0%
Thomas Allen 59%
Jason Altmire 48%
Rob Andrews 82%
Michael Arcuri 54%
Joe Baca, Sr. 58%
MN U.S. House-6 Michele Bachmann R 15%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 20%
Brian Baird 62%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 82%
WY U.S. Senate-Jr John Barrasso R 0%
J. Gresham Barrett 0%
GA U.S. House-12 John Barrow D 48%
Roscoe Bartlett 31%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 9%
Max Baucus 67%
Evan Bayh 48%
Melissa Bean 51%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 82%
Bob Bennett 32%
Shelley Berkley 59%
Howard Berman 75%
Marion Berry 62%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 91%
Judy Biggert 31%
Brian Bilbray 16%
FL U.S. House-12 Gus Bilirakis R 31%
Jeff Bingaman 80%
UT U.S. House-1 Rob Bishop R 9%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 62%
NY U.S. House-1 Tim Bishop D 74%
TN U.S. House-7 Marsha Blackburn R 9%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 82%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 15%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 9%
Kit Bond 0%
Jo Bonner, Jr. 16%
Mary Bono Mack 40%
AR U.S. Senate-Jr John Boozman R 20%
Dan Boren 48%
Leonard Boswell 52%
Rick Boucher 53%
LA U.S. House-3 Charles Boustany, Jr. R 27%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 91%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 62%
Nancy Boyda 62%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 29%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 82%
IA U.S. House-1 Bruce Braley D 82%
GA U.S. House-10 Paul Broun R 0%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 75%
Henry Brown, Jr. 31%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 80%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 21%
Ginny Brown-Waite 30%
FL U.S. House-16 Vern Buchanan R 41%
Jim Bunning 0%
TX U.S. House-26 Michael Burgess R 20%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 0%
Dan Burton 16%
NC U.S. House-1 G.K. Butterfield, Jr. D 75%
Steve Buyer 27%
Robert Byrd 69%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 20%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 20%
CA U.S. House-45 John Campbell III R 0%
Chris Cannon 0%
Eric Cantor 26%
WA U.S. Senate-Jr Maria Cantwell D 80%
WV U.S. House-2 Shelley Capito R 31%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 82%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 58%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 91%
Dennis Cardoza 54%
Russ Carnahan 82%
Christopher Carney 46%
DE U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Carper D 55%
IN U.S. House-7 André Carson D 82%
TX U.S. House-31 John Carter R 9%
PA U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Casey, Jr. D 62%
Mike Castle 45%
FL U.S. House-14 Kathy Castor D 75%
Donald Cazayoux, Jr. 45%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 31%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 0%
Ben Chandler III 54%
Travis Childers 46%
NY U.S. House-9 Yvette Clarke D 82%
MO U.S. House-1 Lacy Clay, Jr. D 82%
MO U.S. House-5 Emanuel Cleaver II D 75%
Hillary Clinton 91%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 75%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 0%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 0%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 36%
TN U.S. House-9 Steve Cohen D 82%
OK U.S. House-4 Tom Cole R 30%
Norm Coleman 34%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 48%
TX U.S. House-11 Mike Conaway R 16%
Kent Conrad 65%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 82%
TN U.S. House-5 Jim Cooper D 54%
TN U.S. Senate-Jr Robert Corker R 0%
TX U.S. Senate-Sr John Cornyn R 0%
CA U.S. House-16 Jim Costa D 54%
Jerry Costello 52%
CT U.S. House-2 Joe Courtney D 82%
Larry Craig 29%
Robert Cramer 62%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 21%
FL U.S. House-4 Ander Crenshaw R 20%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 75%
Barbara Cubin 16%
TX U.S. House-28 Henry Cuellar D 54%
TX U.S. House-7 John Culberson R 20%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 66%
Artur Davis 54%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 82%
David Davis 9%
Geoff Davis 9%
Lincoln Davis 50%
CA U.S. House-53 Susan Davis D 82%
Thomas Davis III 43%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 0%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 59%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 82%
Bill Delahunt 82%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 82%
James DeMint 0%
PA U.S. House-15 Charlie Dent R 41%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 43%
FL U.S. House-25 Mario Diaz-Balart R 42%
Norm Dicks 75%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 75%
Chris Dodd 73%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 67%
Elizabeth Dole 32%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 28%
IN U.S. Senate-Jr Joe Donnelly, Sr. D 46%
John Doolittle 9%
Byron Dorgan 71%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle D 82%
Thelma Drake 20%
David Dreier 39%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 16%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 91%
MD U.S. House-4 Donna Edwards D 82%
Chet Edwards 62%
Vern Ehlers 39%
MN U.S. House-5 Keith Ellison DFL 82%
Brad Ellsworth 46%
IL Mayor-At-Large Rahm Emanuel D 75%
Jo Ann Emerson 38%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 59%
Philip English 31%
John Ensign 0%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 0%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 82%
Bob Etheridge 75%
Terry Everett 19%
OK Governor Mary Fallin R 31%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 82%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 67%
Tom Feeney 0%
Russ Feingold 80%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 67%
Michael Ferguson 41%
Bob Filner 58%
AZ U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Flake R 0%
VA U.S. House-4 Randy Forbes R 0%
NE U.S. House-1 Jeff Fortenberry R 38%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 19%
IL U.S. House-11 Bill Foster D 50%
NC U.S. House-5 Virginia Foxx R 0%
Barney Frank 82%
AZ U.S. House-8 Trent Franks R 0%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 38%
Elton Gallegly 31%
NJ U.S. House-5 Scott Garrett R 0%
PA U.S. House-6 Jim Gerlach R 44%
Gabrielle Giffords 48%
Wayne Gilchrest 46%
NY U.S. Senate-Jr Kirsten Gillibrand D 46%
GA U.S. House-11 Phil Gingrey R 0%
TX U.S. House-1 Louie Gohmert R 16%
Charlie Gonzalez 82%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 9%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 9%
Bart Gordon 53%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 0%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 27%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 0%
MO U.S. House-6 Sam Graves R 31%
TX U.S. House-9 Al Green D 72%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 53%
Judd Gregg 21%
AZ U.S. House-3 Raúl Grijalva D 82%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 72%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel R 43%
John Hall 67%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 16%
Phil Hare 82%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 80%
Jane Harman 75%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 75%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 20%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 30%
Robert Hayes 20%
NV U.S. Senate-Jr Dean Heller R 42%
TX U.S. House-5 Jeb Hensarling R 0%
Wally Herger, Jr. 0%
Stephanie Herseth Sandlin 54%
NY U.S. House-26 Brian Higgins D 62%
Baron Hill 50%
Maurice Hinchey 52%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 72%
HI U.S. Senate-Jr Mazie Hirono D 82%
David Lee Hobson 31%
Paul Hodes 59%
Pete Hoekstra 19%
Thomas Holden 51%
NJ U.S. House-12 Rush Holt, Jr. D 67%
CA U.S. House-17 Mike Honda D 82%
Darlene Hooley 82%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 75%
Kenny Hulshof 29%
Duncan Hunter 0%
Kay Hutchison 21%
Bob Inglis, Sr. 9%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 0%
Daniel Inouye 57%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 82%
GA U.S. Senate-Jr Johnny Isakson R 21%
NY U.S. House-3 Steve Israel D 67%
CA U.S. House-49 Darrell Issa R 16%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 82%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 82%
William Jefferson 82%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 82%
GA U.S. House-4 Hank Johnson, Jr. D 82%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 16%
Tim Johnson 41%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 53%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 20%
OH U.S. House-4 Jim Jordan R 0%
Steve Kagen 52%
Paul Kanjorski 54%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 82%
Ric Keller 20%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 91%
Patrick Kennedy 82%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 80%
Dale Kildee 75%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 82%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 62%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 43%
IA U.S. House-4 Steve King R 0%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 0%
IL U.S. Senate-Jr Mark Kirk R 43%
Ron Klein 59%
MN U.S. House-2 John Kline R 9%
MN U.S. Senate-Sr Amy Klobuchar DFL 75%
Joseph Knollenberg 31%
Herb Kohl 65%
Dennis Kucinich 52%
John Kuhl, Jr. 31%
Jon Kyl 0%
Ray LaHood 42%
CO U.S. House-5 Doug Lamborn R 0%
Nicholas Lampson 44%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 45%
RI U.S. House-2 Jim Langevin D 75%
WA U.S. House-2 Rick Larsen D 82%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 82%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 20%
Steve LaTourette 31%
OH U.S. House-5 Bob Latta R 9%
Frank Lautenberg 91%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 80%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 67%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 80%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 82%
Jerry Lewis 20%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 67%
Ron Lewis 9%
Joe Lieberman 54%
Blanche Lincoln 60%
John Linder 16%
IL U.S. House-3 Daniel Lipinski D 75%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 42%
IA U.S. House-2 Dave Loebsack D 82%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 82%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 72%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 27%
Dick Lugar 41%
Dan Lungren 0%
MA U.S. House-8 Stephen Lynch D 67%
Connie Mack IV 0%
Tim Mahoney 50%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 82%
Don Manzullo 20%
TX U.S. House-24 Kenny Marchant R 0%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 82%
Jim Marshall 46%
Melquiades Martinez 36%
UT U.S. House-4 Jim Matheson D 51%
CA U.S. House-6 Doris Matsui D 82%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 75%
CA U.S. House-23 Kevin McCarthy R 31%
MO U.S. Senate-Sr Claire McCaskill D 59%
TX U.S. House-10 Michael McCaul R 20%
MN U.S. House-4 Betty McCollum DFL 82%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 0%
Thaddeus McCotter 15%
James McCrery III 9%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 67%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 82%
NC U.S. House-10 Patrick McHenry R 0%
John McHugh 31%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 46%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 31%
WA U.S. House-5 Cathy McMorris Rodgers R 20%
CA U.S. House-9 Jerry McNerney D 48%
Michael McNulty 67%
Kendrick Meek, Sr. 75%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 75%
Charlie Melancon, Sr. 54%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 75%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 9%
ME U.S. House-2 Mike Michaud D 59%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 64%
MI U.S. House-10 Candice Miller R 31%
CA U.S. House-31 Gary Miller R 18%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 82%
FL U.S. House-1 Jeff Miller R 0%
Brad Miller 82%
Harry Mitchell 48%
Alan Mollohan 75%
Dennis Moore 62%
WI U.S. House-4 Gwen Moore D 82%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 67%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 31%
AK U.S. Senate-Sr Lisa Murkowski R 43%
CT U.S. Senate-Jr Chris Murphy D 67%
Patrick Murphy 48%
PA U.S. House-18 Tim Murphy R 41%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 80%
Jack Murtha 62%
Marilyn Musgrave 27%
Sue Myrick 9%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 82%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 82%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 82%
Ben Nelson 46%
FL U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Nelson, Sr. D 62%
TX U.S. House-19 Randy Neugebauer R 15%
CA U.S. House-22 Devin Nunes R 27%
NA President Barack Obama II D 75%
Jim Oberstar 72%
Dave Obey 82%
John Olver 82%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 62%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 66%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 66%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 82%
Ron Paul 41%
Donald Payne 67%
NM U.S. House-2 Steve Pearce R 20%
IN Governor Mike Pence R 0%
CO U.S. House-7 Ed Perlmutter D 59%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 54%
John Peterson 31%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 20%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 40%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 15%
Todd Platts 31%
TX U.S. House-2 Ted Poe R 0%
Earl Pomeroy 62%
Jon Porter, Sr. 44%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 82%
GA U.S. House-6 Tom Price R 0%
Deborah Pryce 38%
AR U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Pryor D 48%
FL Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Services Adam Putnam R 26%
George Radanovich 0%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 54%
James Ramstad 45%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 82%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 91%
Ralph Regula 38%
Denny Rehberg 31%
WA U.S. House-8 Dave Reichert R 44%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 70%
Richard Renzi 38%
Silvestre Reyes 62%
Thomas Reynolds 26%
Laura Richardson 72%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 21%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 56%
Ciro Rodriguez 54%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 20%
AL U.S. House-3 Mike Rogers R 20%
MI U.S. House-8 Mike Rogers R 20%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 0%
IL U.S. House-6 Peter Roskam R 31%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 46%
Mike Ross 62%
Steve Rothman 67%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 82%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 0%
MD U.S. House-2 Dutch Ruppersberger D 72%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 9%
OH U.S. House-13 Tim Ryan D 75%
CO Commissioner of Agriculture John Salazar N/A 62%
Ken Salazar 58%
William Sali 0%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 58%
CA U.S. House-38 Linda Sánchez D 82%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 80%
MD U.S. House-3 John Sarbanes D 67%
Jim Saxton 31%
LA U.S. House-1 Steve Scalise R 29%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 67%
CA U.S. House-28 Adam Schiff D 75%
Jean Schmidt 9%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 91%
PA U.S. House-13 Allyson Schwartz D 82%
GA U.S. House-13 David Scott D 75%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 82%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 0%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 67%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 27%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 9%
Joe Sestak, Jr. 75%
John Shadegg 0%
Christopher Shays 48%
NH U.S. House-1 Carol Shea-Porter D 52%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 30%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 59%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 30%
Heath Shuler 48%
PA U.S. House-9 Bill Shuster R 20%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 31%
NJ U.S. House-8 Albio Sires D 72%
Ike Skelton 62%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 82%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 75%
NE U.S. House-3 Adrian Smith R 9%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 45%
Gordon Smith 36%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 20%
Olympia Snowe 47%
Vic Snyder 74%
Hilda Solis 82%
Mark Souder 9%
Zack Space 51%
Arlen Specter 52%
CA U.S. House-14 Jackie Speier D 82%
John Spratt, Jr. 62%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 74%
Pete Stark 67%
Cliff Stearns 0%
Ted Stevens 40%
Bart Stupak 54%
John Sullivan 20%
John Sununu 36%
Betty Sutton 82%
Tom Tancredo 0%
John Tanner 54%
Ellen Tauscher 75%
Gene Taylor 54%
NE U.S. House-2 Lee Terry R 31%
MT U.S. Senate-Sr Jon Tester D 71%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 75%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 75%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 9%
SD U.S. Senate-Jr John Thune R 0%
Todd Tiahrt 38%
OH U.S. House-12 Pat Tiberi R 31%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 82%
Ed Towns 82%
MA U.S. House-3 Niki Tsongas D 82%
Stephanie Tubbs Jones 82%
OH U.S. House-10 Mike Turner R 20%
CO U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Udall D 54%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 59%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 31%
MD U.S. House-8 Chris Van Hollen, Jr. D 82%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 82%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 82%
LA U.S. Senate-Jr David Vitter R 0%
George Voinovich 41%
MI U.S. House-7 Tim Walberg R 19%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 30%
James Walsh 38%
MN U.S. House-1 Tim Walz DFL 59%
Zach Wamp 20%
John Warner 35%
FL U.S. House-23 Debbie Wasserman Schultz D 82%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 67%
Diane Watson 67%
Mel Watt 67%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 82%
Jim Webb, Jr. 60%
Anthony Weiner 67%
VT U.S. House-At-Large Peter Welch D 59%
David Weldon 0%
Gerald Weller 29%
GA U.S. House-3 Lynn Westmoreland R 0%
Robert Wexler 82%
RI U.S. Senate-Jr Sheldon Whitehouse D 79%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 20%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 0%
SC U.S. House-2 Joe Wilson, Sr. R 9%
Charlie Wilson, Jr. 54%
Heather Wilson 29%
VA U.S. House-1 Rob Wittman R 20%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 20%
Lynn Woolsey 66%
David Wu 67%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 75%
Albert Wynn 82%
KY U.S. House-3 John Yarmuth D 75%
Bill Young 31%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 40%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.