Rating Group: National Journal

2008 Liberal on Social Policy Score

State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. Senate-Sr Lisa Murkowski R 43%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Donald Young R 40%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 30%
AL U.S. House-3 Mike Rogers R 20%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 9%
AR U.S. Senate-Sr John Boozman R 20%
AZ U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Flake R 0%
AZ U.S. House-3 Raul Grijalva D 82%
AZ U.S. House-8 Trent Franks R 0%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 67%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 75%
CA U.S. House-6 Doris Matsui D 82%
CA U.S. House-9 Jerry McNerney D 48%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 67%
CA U.S. House-14 Jackie Speier D 82%
CA U.S. House-16 Jim Costa D 54%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 82%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 82%
CA U.S. House-22 Devin Nunes R 27%
CA U.S. House-23 Kevin McCarthy R 31%
CA U.S. House-28 Adam Schiff D 75%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 59%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 82%
CA U.S. House-38 Linda Sánchez D 82%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 0%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 82%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 20%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 67%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 0%
CA U.S. House-49 Darrell Issa R 16%
CA U.S. House-53 Susan Davis D 82%
CA Attorney General Xavier Becerra D 82%
CA Supervisor-1 Hilda Solis 82%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 82%
CO U.S. House-5 Doug Lamborn R 0%
CO U.S. House-7 Ed Perlmutter D 59%
CT U.S. Senate-Jr Chris Murphy D 67%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 82%
CT U.S. House-2 Joe Courtney D 82%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 82%
DE U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Carper D 55%
FL U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Nelson, Sr. D 62%
FL U.S. House-12 Gus Bilirakis R 31%
FL U.S. House-14 Kathy Castor D 75%
FL U.S. House-16 Vern Buchanan R 41%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 75%
FL U.S. House-23 Debbie Wasserman Schultz D 82%
FL U.S. House-25 Mario Diaz-Balart R 42%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 46%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Johnny Isakson R 21%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 62%
GA U.S. House-4 Hank Johnson, Jr. D 82%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 67%
GA U.S. House-13 David Scott D 75%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 0%
HI U.S. Senate-Jr Mazie Hirono D 82%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 0%
IA U.S. House-2 Dave Loebsack D 82%
IA U.S. House-4 Steve King R 0%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 21%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 31%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 91%
IL U.S. House-3 Daniel Lipinski D 75%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutiérrez D 72%
IL U.S. House-6 Peter Roskam R 31%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 82%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 67%
IL U.S. House-11 Bill Foster D 50%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 30%
IL Mayor-At-Large Rahm Emanuel D 75%
IN U.S. Senate-Sr Joe Donnelly, Sr. D 46%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 82%
IN U.S. House-7 André Carson D 82%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 21%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 31%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 21%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 0%
KY U.S. House-3 John Yarmuth D 75%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 20%
LA U.S. House-1 Steve Scalise R 29%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 82%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 82%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 82%
MA U.S. House-3 Niki Tsongas D 82%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 58%
MA U.S. House-8 Stephen Lynch D 67%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Ben Cardin D 91%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Chris Van Hollen, Jr. D 82%
MD U.S. House-2 Dutch Ruppersberger D 72%
MD U.S. House-3 John Sarbanes D 67%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 75%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 66%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 48%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Debbie Stabenow D 74%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 31%
MI U.S. House-7 Tim Walberg R 19%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 82%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 82%
MN U.S. Senate-Sr Amy Klobuchar D 75%
MN U.S. House-1 Tim Walz D 59%
MN U.S. House-4 Betty McCollum D 82%
MN U.S. House-5 Keith Ellison D 82%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson D 54%
MO U.S. Senate-Sr Claire McCaskill D 59%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 15%
MO U.S. House-1 Lacy Clay, Jr. D 82%
MO U.S. House-5 Emanuel Cleaver II D 75%
MO U.S. House-6 Sam Graves R 31%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 36%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 0%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 75%
MT U.S. Senate-Sr Jon Tester D 71%
NA Vice President Mike Pence R 0%
NA U.S. Attorney General Jeff Sessions III R 27%
NA U.S. Secretary of Health and Human Services Tom Price R 0%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 0%
NC U.S. House-1 G.K. Butterfield, Jr. D 75%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 20%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 82%
NC U.S. House-5 Virginia Foxx R 0%
NC U.S. House-10 Patrick McHenry R 0%
NE U.S. House-1 Jeff Fortenberry R 38%
NE U.S. House-3 Adrian Smith R 9%
NH U.S. House-1 Carol Shea-Porter D 52%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 75%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 42%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 45%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 66%
NJ U.S. House-8 Albio Sires D 72%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 66%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 38%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 59%
NM U.S. House-2 Steve Pearce R 20%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Dean Heller R 42%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 91%
NY U.S. Senate-Jr Kirsten Gillibrand D 46%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 43%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 75%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 82%
NY U.S. House-9 Yvette Clarke D 82%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 82%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 82%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 75%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 67%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 59%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 72%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 82%
NY U.S. House-26 Brian Higgins D 62%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 80%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 31%
OH U.S. House-4 Jim Jordan R 0%
OH U.S. House-5 Bob Latta R 9%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 82%
OH U.S. House-10 Mike Turner R 20%
OH U.S. House-12 Pat Tiberi R 31%
OH U.S. House-13 Tim Ryan D 75%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 0%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 27%
OK U.S. House-4 Tom Cole R 30%
OK Governor Mary Fallin R 31%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 75%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 30%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 82%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 59%
PA U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Casey, Jr. D 62%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 82%
PA U.S. House-9 Bill Shuster R 20%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle D 82%
PA U.S. House-15 Charlie Dent R 41%
PA U.S. House-18 Tim Murphy R 41%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 91%
RI U.S. Senate-Jr Sheldon Whitehouse D 79%
RI U.S. House-2 Jim Langevin D 75%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 0%
SC U.S. House-2 Joe Wilson, Sr. R 9%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 75%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr John Thune R 0%
TN U.S. Senate-Sr Lamar Alexander R 0%
TN U.S. Senate-Jr Robert Corker R 0%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 16%
TN U.S. House-5 Jim Cooper D 54%
TN U.S. House-7 Marsha Blackburn R 9%
TN U.S. House-9 Steve Cohen D 82%
TX U.S. Senate-Sr John Cornyn R 0%
TX U.S. House-1 Louie Gohmert R 16%
TX U.S. House-2 Ted Poe R 0%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 16%
TX U.S. House-5 Jeb Hensarling R 0%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 9%
TX U.S. House-7 John Culberson R 20%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 29%
TX U.S. House-9 Al Green D 72%
TX U.S. House-10 Michael McCaul R 20%
TX U.S. House-11 Mike Conaway R 16%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 27%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 9%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 82%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 20%
TX U.S. House-24 Kenny Marchant R 0%
TX U.S. House-26 Michael Burgess R 20%
TX U.S. House-28 Henry Cuellar D 54%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 53%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 82%
TX U.S. House-31 John Carter R 9%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 9%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 67%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 30%
UT U.S. House-1 Rob Bishop R 9%
VA U.S. House-1 Rob Wittman R 20%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 82%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 9%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 80%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 80%
VT U.S. House-At-Large Peter Welch D 59%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 80%
WA U.S. Senate-Jr Maria Cantwell D 80%
WA U.S. House-2 Rick Larsen D 82%
WA U.S. House-5 Cathy McMorris Rodgers R 20%
WA U.S. House-8 Dave Reichert R 44%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 75%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 82%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 82%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 9%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 62%
WI U.S. House-4 Gwen Moore D 82%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 0%
WV U.S. Senate-Jr Shelley Capito R 31%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 0%
WY U.S. Senate-Jr John Barrasso R 0%
Neil Abercrombie 72%
Gary Ackerman 59%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 80%
Todd Akin 0%
Rodney Alexander 31%
Wayne Allard 0%
Thomas Allen 59%
Jason Altmire 48%
Rob Andrews 82%
Michael Arcuri 54%
Joe Baca, Sr. 58%
Michele Bachmann 15%
Spencer Bachus 20%
Kay Bailey Hutchison 21%
Brian Baird 62%
J. Gresham Barrett 0%
John Barrow 48%
Roscoe Bartlett 31%
Max Baucus 67%
Evan Bayh 48%
Melissa Bean 51%
Bob Bennett 32%
Shelley Berkley 59%
Howard Berman 75%
Marion Berry 62%
Joe Biden, Jr. 91%
Judy Biggert 31%
Brian Bilbray 16%
Jeff Bingaman 80%
Tim Bishop 74%
John Boehner 9%
Kit Bond 0%
Jo Bonner, Jr. 16%
Mary Bono Mack 40%
Dan Boren 48%
Leonard Boswell 52%
Rick Boucher 53%
Charles Boustany, Jr. 27%
Barbara Boxer 91%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 62%
Nancy Boyda 62%
Bruce Braley 82%
Paul Broun 0%
Corrine Brown 75%
Henry Brown, Jr. 31%
Ginny Brown-Waite 30%
Jim Bunning 0%
Dan Burton 16%
Steve Buyer 27%
Robert Byrd 69%
Dave Camp 20%
John Campbell III 0%
Chris Cannon 0%
Eric Cantor 26%
Lois Capps 82%
Dennis Cardoza 54%
Russ Carnahan 82%
Christopher Carney 46%
Mike Castle 45%
Donald Cazayoux, Jr. 45%
Saxby Chambliss 0%
Ben Chandler III 54%
Travis Childers 46%
Hillary Clinton 91%
Howard Coble 0%
Thomas Coburn 0%
Norm Coleman 34%
Kent Conrad 65%
Jerry Costello 52%
Larry Craig 29%
Robert Cramer 62%
Ander Crenshaw 20%
Barbara Cubin 16%
Artur Davis 54%
David Davis 9%
Geoff Davis 9%
Lincoln Davis 50%
Thomas Davis III 43%
Bill Delahunt 82%
James DeMint 0%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 43%
Norm Dicks 75%
John Dingell 75%
Chris Dodd 73%
Elizabeth Dole 32%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 28%
John Doolittle 9%
Byron Dorgan 71%
Thelma Drake 20%
David Dreier 39%
Donna Edwards 82%
Chet Edwards 62%
Vern Ehlers 39%
Brad Ellsworth 46%
Jo Ann Emerson 38%
Philip English 31%
John Ensign 0%
Bob Etheridge 75%
Terry Everett 19%
Sam Farr 82%
Chaka Fattah, Sr. 67%
Tom Feeney 0%
Russ Feingold 80%
Michael Ferguson 41%
Bob Filner 58%
Randy Forbes 0%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 19%
Barney Frank 82%
Elton Gallegly 31%
Scott Garrett 0%
Jim Gerlach 44%
Gabrielle Giffords 48%
Wayne Gilchrest 46%
Phil Gingrey 0%
Charlie Gonzalez 82%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 9%
Bart Gordon 53%
Judd Gregg 21%
Charles Hagel 43%
John Hall 67%
Ralph Hall 16%
Phil Hare 82%
Tom Harkin 80%
Jane Harman 75%
Doc Hastings 20%
Robert Hayes 20%
Wally Herger, Jr. 0%
Stephanie Herseth Sandlin 54%
Baron Hill 50%
Maurice Hinchey 52%
Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. 72%
David Lee Hobson 31%
Paul Hodes 59%
Pete Hoekstra 19%
Thomas Holden 51%
Rush Holt, Jr. 67%
Mike Honda 82%
Darlene Hooley 82%
Kenny Hulshof 29%
Duncan Hunter 0%
Bob Inglis, Sr. 9%
Daniel Inouye 57%
Steve Israel 67%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 82%
William Jefferson 82%
Tim Johnson 41%
Timothy Johnson 53%
Steve Kagen 52%
Paul Kanjorski 54%
Richard Keller 20%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 91%
Patrick Kennedy 82%
John Kerry 80%
Dale Kildee 75%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 82%
Jack Kingston 0%
Mark Kirk 43%
Ron Klein 59%
John Kline 9%
Joseph Knollenberg 31%
Herb Kohl 65%
Dennis Kucinich 52%
John Kuhl, Jr. 31%
Jon Kyl 0%
Ray LaHood 42%
Nicholas Lampson 44%
Mary Landrieu 45%
Tom Latham 20%
Steve LaTourette 31%
Frank Lautenberg 91%
Carl Levin 80%
Jerry Lewis 20%
Ron Lewis 9%
Joe Lieberman 54%
Blanche Lincoln 60%
John Linder 16%
Dick Lugar 41%
Dan Lungren 0%
Connie Mack IV 0%
Tim Mahoney 50%
Don Manzullo 20%
Jim Marshall 46%
Melquiades Martinez 36%
Jim Matheson 51%
Carolyn McCarthy 75%
Thaddeus McCotter 15%
James McCrery III 9%
Jim McDermott 67%
John McHugh 31%
Mike McIntyre 46%
Buck McKeon 31%
Michael McNulty 67%
Kendrick Meek, Sr. 75%
Charlie Melancon, Sr. 54%
John Mica 9%
Mike Michaud 59%
Barbara Mikulski 64%
Candice Miller 31%
Gary Miller 18%
George Miller 82%
Jeff Miller 0%
Brad Miller 82%
Harry Mitchell 48%
Alan Mollohan 75%
Dennis Moore 62%
Jim Moran, Jr. 67%
Patrick Murphy 48%
Jack Murtha 62%
Marilyn Musgrave 27%
Sue Myrick 9%
Ben Nelson 46%
Randy Neugebauer 15%
Barack Obama II 75%
Jim Oberstar 72%
Dave Obey 82%
John Olver 82%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 62%
Ed Pastor 82%
Ron Paul 41%
Donald Payne 67%
John Peterson 31%
Tom Petri 20%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 40%
Joe Pitts 15%
Todd Platts 31%
Earl Pomeroy 62%
Jon Porter, Sr. 44%
Deborah Pryce 38%
Mark Pryor 48%
Adam Putnam 26%
George Radanovich 0%
Nick Rahall II 54%
James Ramstad 45%
Charlie Rangel 82%
Ralph Regula 38%
Denny Rehberg 31%
Harry Reid 70%
Richard Renzi 38%
Silvestre Reyes 62%
Thomas Reynolds 26%
Laura Richardson 72%
Jay Rockefeller IV 56%
Ciro Rodriguez 54%
Mike Rogers 20%
Mike Ross 62%
Steve Rothman 67%
John Salazar 62%
Ken Salazar 58%
William Sali 0%
Loretta Sanchez 58%
Jim Saxton 31%
Jean Schmidt 9%
Allyson Schwartz 82%
Joe Sestak, Jr. 75%
John Shadegg 0%
Christopher Shays 48%
Heath Shuler 48%
Ike Skelton 62%
Gordon Smith 36%
Olympia Snowe 47%
Vic Snyder 74%
Mark Souder 9%
Zack Space 51%
Arlen Specter 52%
John Spratt, Jr. 62%
Pete Stark 67%
Cliff Stearns 0%
Ted Stevens 40%
Bart Stupak 54%
John Sullivan 20%
John Sununu 36%
Betty Sutton 82%
Tom Tancredo 0%
John Tanner 54%
Ellen Tauscher 75%
Gene Taylor 54%
Lee Terry 31%
Todd Tiahrt 38%
John Tierney 82%
Ed Towns 82%
Stephanie Tubbs Jones 82%
Mark Udall 54%
David Vitter 0%
George Voinovich 41%
James Walsh 38%
Zach Wamp 20%
John Warner 35%
Diane Watson 67%
Mel Watt 67%
Henry Waxman 82%
Jim Webb, Jr. 60%
Anthony Weiner 67%
David Weldon 0%
Gerald Weller 29%
Lynn Westmoreland 0%
Robert Wexler 82%
Ed Whitfield 20%
Charlie Wilson, Jr. 54%
Heather Wilson 29%
Frank Wolf 20%
Lynn Woolsey 66%
David Wu 67%
Albert Wynn 82%
Bill Young 31%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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