Rating Group: National Journal

2007 Liberal on Social Policy Score

State Office Name Party Rating
Neil Abercrombie 92%
Gary Ackerman 87%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 70%
Todd Akin 0%
Rodney Alexander 25%
Wayne Allard 14%
Thomas Allen 74%
Jason Altmire 49%
Rob Andrews 75%
Michael Arcuri 63%
Joe Baca, Sr. 73%
Michele Bachmann 9%
Spencer Bachus 16%
Brian Baird 64%
J. Gresham Barrett 0%
John Barrow 45%
Roscoe Bartlett 31%
Max Baucus 55%
Evan Bayh 66%
Melissa Bean 54%
Bob Bennett 33%
Shelley Berkley 72%
Howard Berman 92%
Marion Berry 57%
Judy Biggert 43%
Brian Bilbray 31%
Jeff Bingaman 70%
Tim Bishop 77%
Kit Bond 17%
Jo Bonner, Jr. 17%
Mary Bono Mack 43%
Dan Boren 43%
Leonard Boswell 54%
Rick Boucher 58%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 54%
Nancy Boyda 51%
Bruce Braley 63%
Henry Brown, Jr. 21%
Ginny Brown-Waite 31%
Jim Bunning 21%
Dan Burton 27%
Steve Buyer 19%
Robert Byrd 52%
Dave Camp 9%
John Campbell III 29%
Chris Cannon 37%
Eric Cantor 17%
Dennis Cardoza 66%
Russ Carnahan 62%
Christopher Carney 47%
Mike Castle 46%
Saxby Chambliss 9%
Ben Chandler III 55%
Hillary Clinton 77%
Howard Coble 26%
Thomas Coburn 20%
Norm Coleman 39%
Kent Conrad 55%
Jerry Costello 56%
Larry Craig 36%
Robert Cramer 48%
Artur Davis 56%
David Davis 26%
Geoff Davis 16%
Lincoln Davis 48%
Thomas Davis III 42%
Bill Delahunt 92%
James DeMint 0%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 48%
Norm Dicks 68%
John Dingell 77%
Chris Dodd 94%
Elizabeth Dole 0%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 29%
John Doolittle 0%
Byron Dorgan 51%
Thelma Drake 9%
David Dreier 29%
Chet Edwards 55%
Vern Ehlers 41%
Brad Ellsworth 45%
Jo Ann Emerson 35%
Philip English 41%
John Ensign 9%
Bob Etheridge 57%
Terry Everett 28%
Tom Feeney 9%
Russ Feingold 94%
Michael Ferguson 42%
Bob Filner 92%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 35%
Barney Frank 84%
Elton Gallegly 0%
Jim Gerlach 38%
Gabrielle Giffords 53%
Wayne Gilchrest 47%
Phil Gingrey 0%
Charlie Gonzalez 71%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 0%
Bart Gordon 51%
Judd Gregg 31%
Charles Hagel 45%
John Hall 58%
Ralph Hall 0%
Phil Hare 65%
Tom Harkin 76%
Jane Harman 59%
Doc Hastings 0%
Robert Hayes 17%
Wally Herger, Jr. 27%
Stephanie Herseth Sandlin 52%
Baron Hill 49%
Maurice Hinchey 88%
David Lee Hobson 38%
Paul Hodes 65%
Pete Hoekstra 9%
Thomas Holden 53%
Rush Holt, Jr. 77%
Darlene Hooley 65%
Kenny Hulshof 9%
Duncan Hunter 0%
Kay Hutchison 26%
Bob Inglis, Sr. 34%
Daniel Inouye 73%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 85%
William Jefferson 73%
Tim Johnson 38%
Steve Kagen 57%
Paul Kanjorski 59%
Ric Keller 9%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 64%
Patrick Kennedy 89%
Dale Kildee 61%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 88%
Jack Kingston 28%
Ron Klein 61%
Joseph Knollenberg 36%
Herb Kohl 81%
Dennis Kucinich 92%
John Kuhl, Jr. 35%
Jon Kyl 26%
Ray LaHood 45%
Nicholas Lampson 48%
Mary Landrieu 54%
Tom Latham 9%
Steve LaTourette 41%
Frank Lautenberg 94%
Carl Levin 79%
Jerry Lewis 40%
Ron Lewis 0%
Joe Lieberman 59%
Blanche Lincoln 62%
John Linder 0%
Dick Lugar 46%
Dan Lungren 9%
Connie Mack IV 33%
Tim Mahoney 52%
Don Manzullo 31%
Jim Marshall 44%
Melquiades Martinez 34%
Jim Matheson 51%
Carolyn McCarthy 77%
Thaddeus McCotter 29%
James McCrery III 37%
John McHugh 29%
Mike McIntyre 46%
Buck McKeon 21%
Michael McNulty 67%
Kendrick Meek, Sr. 69%
Charlie Melancon, Sr. 49%
Mike Michaud 67%
Gary Miller 0%
George Miller 73%
Brad Miller 70%
Harry Mitchell 52%
Alan Mollohan 59%
Dennis Moore 60%
Jim Moran, Jr. 77%
Patrick Murphy 52%
Jack Murtha 66%
Marilyn Musgrave 15%
Sue Myrick 15%
Ben Nelson 44%
Jim Oberstar 68%
Dave Obey 62%
John Olver 83%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 64%
Ed Pastor 77%
Ron Paul 47%
Donald Payne 85%
John Peterson 26%
Tom Petri 27%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 34%
Todd Platts 38%
Earl Pomeroy 55%
Jon Porter, Sr. 40%
Deborah Pryce 44%
Mark Pryor 53%
George Radanovich 29%
Nick Rahall II 56%
James Ramstad 38%
Ralph Regula 34%
Denny Rehberg 29%
Richard Renzi 40%
Silvestre Reyes 70%
Thomas Reynolds 36%
Jay Rockefeller IV 66%
Ciro Rodriguez 65%
Mike Rogers 21%
Mike Ross 51%
Steve Rothman 77%
John Salazar 57%
Ken Salazar 65%
William Sali 38%
Jim Saxton 41%
Jean Schmidt 9%
Allyson Schwartz 66%
Joe Sestak, Jr. 62%
John Shadegg 0%
Christopher Shays 49%
Carol Shea-Porter 73%
Heath Shuler 44%
Ike Skelton 50%
Gordon Smith 43%
Olympia Snowe 49%
Vic Snyder 62%
Hilda Solis 85%
Mark Souder 17%
Zack Space 50%
Arlen Specter 48%
John Spratt, Jr. 57%
Pete Stark 92%
Cliff Stearns 27%
Ted Stevens 37%
Bart Stupak 55%
John Sullivan 20%
John Sununu 25%
Betty Sutton 89%
Tom Tancredo 31%
John Tanner 52%
Ellen Tauscher 77%
Gene Taylor 45%
Lee Terry 15%
Todd Tiahrt 20%
John Tierney 75%
Ed Towns 75%
Stephanie Tubbs Jones 83%
Mark Udall 60%
George Voinovich 42%
James Walsh 34%
Zach Wamp 21%
John Warner 38%
Diane Watson 92%
Mel Watt 92%
Henry Waxman 84%
Jim Webb, Jr. 66%
Anthony Weiner 69%
David Weldon 9%
Gerald Weller 33%
Robert Wexler 92%
Charlie Wilson, Jr. 53%
Heather Wilson 44%
Frank Wolf 36%
Lynn Woolsey 92%
David Wu 67%
Albert Wynn 92%
Bill Young 21%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 92%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 87%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 86%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 64%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 85%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 87%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 83%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 72%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 79%
NC U.S. House-1 G.K. Butterfield, Jr. D 74%
WA U.S. Senate-Jr Maria Cantwell D 92%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 92%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 72%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 81%
DE U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Carper D 60%
PA U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Casey, Jr. D 63%
FL U.S. House-14 Kathy Castor D 75%
NY U.S. House-9 Yvette Clarke D 83%
MO U.S. House-1 Lacy Clay, Jr. D 92%
MO U.S. House-5 Emanuel Cleaver II D 75%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 85%
TN U.S. House-9 Steve Cohen D 71%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 92%
TN U.S. House-5 Jim Cooper D 62%
CA U.S. House-16 Jim Costa D 60%
CT U.S. House-2 Joe Courtney D 66%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 89%
TX U.S. House-28 Henry Cuellar D 56%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 77%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 92%
CA U.S. House-53 Susan Davis D 74%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 58%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 92%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 77%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 71%
IN U.S. Senate-Jr Joe Donnelly, Sr. D 46%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle D 68%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 88%
IL Mayor-At-Large Rahm Emanuel D 72%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 87%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 77%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 92%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 75%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 61%
NY U.S. Senate-Jr Kirsten Gillibrand D 54%
TX U.S. House-9 Al Green D 92%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 61%
AZ U.S. House-3 Raúl Grijalva D 89%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutiérrez D 92%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 92%
NY U.S. House-26 Brian Higgins D 61%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 71%
HI U.S. Senate-Jr Mazie Hirono D 77%
CA U.S. House-17 Mike Honda D 92%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 85%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 83%
NY U.S. House-3 Steve Israel D 74%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 77%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 92%
GA U.S. House-4 Hank Johnson, Jr. D 88%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 70%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 75%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 66%
RI U.S. House-2 Jim Langevin D 77%
WA U.S. House-2 Rick Larsen D 77%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 77%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 88%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 92%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 66%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 92%
IL U.S. House-3 Daniel Lipinski D 52%
IA U.S. House-2 Dave Loebsack D 89%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 88%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 89%
MA U.S. House-8 Stephen Lynch D 57%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 75%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 85%
CA U.S. House-6 Doris Matsui D 89%
MO U.S. Senate-Sr Claire McCaskill D 58%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 92%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 92%
CA U.S. House-9 Jerry McNerney D 55%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 77%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 92%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 72%
WI U.S. House-4 Gwen Moore D 92%
CT U.S. Senate-Jr Chris Murphy D 69%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 94%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 77%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 89%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 77%
FL U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Nelson, Sr. D 73%
NA President Barack Obama II D 94%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 92%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 85%
CO U.S. House-7 Ed Perlmutter D 62%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 85%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 77%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 84%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 94%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 89%
MD U.S. House-2 Dutch Ruppersberger D 69%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 92%
OH U.S. House-13 Tim Ryan D 60%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 84%
CA U.S. House-38 Linda Sánchez D 92%
MD U.S. House-3 John Sarbanes D 89%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 92%
CA U.S. House-28 Adam Schiff D 70%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 78%
GA U.S. House-13 David Scott D 68%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 92%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 77%
NJ U.S. House-8 Albio Sires D 77%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 92%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 63%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Debbie Stabenow D 85%
MT U.S. Senate-Sr Jon Tester D 57%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 71%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 77%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 77%
MD U.S. House-8 Chris Van Hollen, Jr. D 89%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 77%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 69%
FL U.S. House-23 Debbie Wasserman Schultz D 85%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 92%
VT U.S. House-At-Large Peter Welch D 89%
RI U.S. Senate-Jr Sheldon Whitehouse D 88%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 81%
KY U.S. House-3 John Yarmuth D 63%
MN U.S. House-5 Keith Ellison DFL 89%
MN U.S. Senate-Sr Amy Klobuchar DFL 66%
MN U.S. House-4 Betty McCollum DFL 77%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 50%
MN U.S. House-1 Tim Walz DFL 58%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano Other 74%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 88%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 21%
TN U.S. Senate-Sr Lamar Alexander R 16%
WY U.S. Senate-Jr John Barrasso R 0%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 21%
FL U.S. House-12 Gus Bilirakis R 9%
UT U.S. House-1 Rob Bishop R 19%
TN U.S. House-7 Marsha Blackburn R 0%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 21%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 0%
AR U.S. Senate-Sr John Boozman R 21%
LA U.S. House-3 Charles Boustany, Jr. R 9%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 29%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 32%
FL U.S. House-16 Vern Buchanan R 21%
TX U.S. House-26 Michael Burgess R 15%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 17%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 25%
WV U.S. Senate-Jr Shelley Capito R 38%
TX U.S. House-31 John Carter R 0%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 9%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 24%
OK U.S. House-4 Tom Cole R 9%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 47%
TX U.S. House-11 Mike Conaway R 0%
TN U.S. Senate-Jr Robert Corker R 0%
TX U.S. Senate-Sr John Cornyn R 13%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 22%
FL U.S. House-4 Ander Crenshaw R 17%
TX U.S. House-7 John Culberson R 0%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 0%
PA U.S. House-15 Charlie Dent R 43%
FL U.S. House-25 Mario Diaz-Balart R 48%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 31%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 0%
OK Governor Mary Fallin R 9%
AZ U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Flake R 38%
VA U.S. House-4 Randy Forbes R 17%
NE U.S. House-1 Jeff Fortenberry R 21%
NC U.S. House-5 Virginia Foxx R 0%
AZ U.S. House-8 Trent Franks R 0%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 45%
NJ U.S. House-5 Scott Garrett R 20%
TX U.S. House-1 Louie Gohmert R 0%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 0%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 35%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 36%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 17%
MO U.S. House-6 Sam Graves R 17%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 30%
NV U.S. Senate-Jr Dean Heller R 21%
TX U.S. House-5 Jeb Hensarling R 0%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 0%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Johnny Isakson R 9%
CA U.S. House-49 Darrell Issa R 38%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 0%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 37%
OH U.S. House-4 Jim Jordan R 15%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 27%
IA U.S. House-4 Steve King R 0%
IL U.S. Senate-Jr Mark Kirk R 47%
MN U.S. House-2 John Kline R 0%
CO U.S. House-5 Doug Lamborn R 0%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 40%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 21%
TX U.S. House-24 Kenny Marchant R 21%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 40%
CA U.S. House-23 Kevin McCarthy R 9%
TX U.S. House-10 Michael McCaul R 9%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 0%
NC U.S. House-10 Patrick McHenry R 0%
WA U.S. House-5 Cathy McMorris Rodgers R 19%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 0%
MI U.S. House-10 Candice Miller R 29%
FL U.S. House-1 Jeff Miller R 0%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 31%
AK U.S. Senate-Sr Lisa Murkowski R 41%
PA U.S. House-18 Tim Murphy R 31%
TX U.S. House-19 Randy Neugebauer R 0%
CA U.S. House-22 Devin Nunes R 15%
NM U.S. House-2 Steve Pearce R 34%
IN Governor Mike Pence R 28%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 9%
TX U.S. House-2 Ted Poe R 0%
GA U.S. House-6 Tom Price R 0%
FL Commissioner of Agriculture Adam Putnam R 0%
WA U.S. House-8 Dave Reichert R 45%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 14%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 9%
AL U.S. House-3 Mike Rogers R 9%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 35%
IL U.S. House-6 Peter Roskam R 9%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 50%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 21%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 29%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 9%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 0%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 19%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 22%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 25%
PA U.S. House-9 Bill Shuster R 17%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 26%
NE U.S. House-3 Adrian Smith R 9%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 42%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 21%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 0%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr John Thune R 0%
OH U.S. House-12 Pat Tiberi R 29%
OH U.S. House-10 Mike Turner R 21%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 40%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr David Vitter R 9%
MI U.S. House-7 Tim Walberg R 27%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 41%
GA U.S. House-3 Lynn Westmoreland R 0%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 21%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 0%
SC U.S. House-2 Joe Wilson, Sr. R 0%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 33%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.