Rating Group: National Journal

2006 Liberal on Social Policy Score

State Office Name Party Rating
Gary Ackerman 96%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 79%
Todd Akin 6%
Rodney Alexander 17%
Wayne Allard 18%
Thomas Allen 74%
Rob Andrews 76%
Joe Baca, Sr. 68%
Brian Baird 70%
Richard Hugh Baker 17%
J. Gresham Barrett 0%
Roscoe Bartlett 44%
Max Baucus 66%
Evan Bayh 71%
Melissa Bean 61%
Bob Bennett 33%
Shelley Berkley 74%
Howard Berman 91%
Marion Berry 54%
Judy Biggert 52%
Brian Bilbray 27%
Jeff Bingaman 76%
Kit Bond 18%
Jo Bonner, Jr. 17%
Mary Bono Mack 51%
Dan Boren 49%
Leonard Boswell 58%
Rick Boucher 62%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 58%
Henry Brown, Jr. 17%
Ginny Brown-Waite 15%
Jim Bunning 0%
Dan Burton 15%
Steve Buyer 11%
Robert Byrd 51%
Chris Cannon 42%
Eric Cantor 11%
Dennis Cardoza 63%
Russ Carnahan 73%
Julia Carson 92%
Mike Castle 54%
Ben Chandler III 58%
Hillary Clinton 80%
Norm Coleman 40%
Kent Conrad 58%
Jerry Costello 60%
Larry Craig 37%
Robert Cramer 51%
Barbara Cubin 10%
Artur Davis 62%
Geoff Davis 28%
Jo Ann Davis 17%
Lincoln Davis 46%
Thomas Davis III 47%
Bill Delahunt 86%
James DeMint 0%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 53%
Norm Dicks 77%
Chris Dodd 93%
Elizabeth Dole 0%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 37%
John Doolittle 0%
Byron Dorgan 57%
Thelma Drake 23%
David Dreier 41%
Chet Edwards 56%
Vern Ehlers 48%
Jo Ann Emerson 34%
Philip English 44%
John Ensign 0%
Bob Etheridge 61%
Terry Everett 21%
Tom Feeney 23%
Russ Feingold 86%
Michael Ferguson 46%
Bob Filner 97%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 45%
Barney Frank 82%
Elton Gallegly 15%
Wayne Gilchrest 55%
Paul Gillmor 28%
Charlie Gonzalez 72%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 0%
Bart Gordon 53%
Judd Gregg 36%
Jane Harman 73%
Robert Hayes 11%
Wally Herger, Jr. 8%
Stephanie Herseth Sandlin 59%
Maurice Hinchey 85%
David Lee Hobson 32%
Pete Hoekstra 6%
Thomas Holden 57%
Darlene Hooley 64%
Kenny Hulshof 32%
Duncan Hunter 10%
Kay Hutchison 28%
Bob Inglis, Sr. 45%
Daniel Inouye 75%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 93%
William Jefferson 74%
Tim Johnson 48%
Paul Kanjorski 61%
Ric Keller 0%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 88%
Patrick Kennedy 82%
Dale Kildee 67%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 91%
Joseph Knollenberg 43%
Herb Kohl 67%
Dennis Kucinich 96%
John Kuhl, Jr. 32%
Jon Kyl 18%
Ray LaHood 35%
Tom Lantos 83%
Steve LaTourette 43%
Frank Lautenberg 89%
Jerry Lewis 47%
Ron Lewis 11%
Joe Lieberman 74%
Blanche Lincoln 64%
John Linder 23%
Trent Lott, Sr. 27%
Dick Lugar 48%
Dan Lungren 35%
Connie Mack IV 43%
Don Manzullo 32%
Jim Marshall 51%
Melquiades Martinez 42%
Thaddeus McCotter 23%
James McCrery III 31%
John McHugh 34%
Michael McNulty 67%
Martin Meehan 87%
Kendrick Meek, Sr. 71%
Charlie Melancon, Sr. 51%
Brad Miller 66%
Alan Mollohan 59%
Dennis Moore 69%
Jack Murtha 62%
Marilyn Musgrave 6%
Sue Myrick 0%
Ben Nelson 29%
Jim Oberstar 65%
Dave Obey 66%
John Olver 97%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 61%
Ron Paul 56%
Donald Payne 94%
John Peterson 26%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 28%
Todd Platts 34%
Earl Pomeroy 60%
Jon Porter, Sr. 46%
Deborah Pryce 43%
George Radanovich 0%
James Ramstad 49%
Ralph Regula 35%
Denny Rehberg 26%
Richard Renzi 35%
Silvestre Reyes 65%
Thomas Reynolds 34%
Mike Ross 54%
Steve Rothman 80%
Ken Salazar 69%
Jim Saxton 40%
Jean Schmidt 17%
John Shadegg 31%
Christopher Shays 60%
Ike Skelton 54%
Gordon Smith 39%
Olympia Snowe 55%
Vic Snyder 64%
Hilda Solis 93%
Mark Souder 17%
Arlen Specter 56%
John Spratt, Jr. 56%
Pete Stark 97%
Cliff Stearns 0%
Ted Stevens 41%
Bart Stupak 63%
John Sullivan 0%
John Sununu 33%
Tom Tancredo 11%
John Tanner 59%
Ellen Tauscher 76%
Gene Taylor 41%
Todd Tiahrt 16%
Ed Towns 82%
Stephanie Tubbs Jones 80%
George Voinovich 45%
James Walsh 50%
Zach Wamp 23%
John Warner 43%
Diane Watson 97%
Mel Watt 90%
Anthony Weiner 78%
David Weldon 11%
Gerald Weller 26%
Robert Wexler 83%
Heather Wilson 50%
Lynn Woolsey 97%
David Wu 74%
Albert Wynn 73%
Bill Young 31%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 97%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 91%
GA U.S. House-12 John Barrow D 49%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 90%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 73%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 58%
NY U.S. House-1 Tim Bishop D 71%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 90%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 92%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 82%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 75%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 68%
NC U.S. House-1 G.K. Butterfield, Jr. D 68%
WA U.S. Senate-Jr Maria Cantwell D 80%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 91%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 88%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 75%
DE U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Carper D 63%
MO U.S. House-1 Lacy Clay, Jr. D 75%
MO U.S. House-5 Emanuel Cleaver II D 74%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 72%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 97%
TN U.S. House-5 Jim Cooper D 60%
CA U.S. House-16 Jim Costa D 62%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 86%
TX U.S. House-28 Henry Cuellar D 57%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 79%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 92%
CA U.S. House-53 Susan Davis D 78%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 64%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 84%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 89%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 72%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 78%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle D 71%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 95%
IL Mayor-At-Large Rahm Emanuel D 76%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 89%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 88%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 96%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 81%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 70%
TX U.S. House-9 Al Green D 78%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 65%
AZ U.S. House-3 Raúl Grijalva D 97%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 94%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 96%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 93%
NY U.S. House-26 Brian Higgins D 67%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 64%
NJ U.S. House-12 Rush Holt, Jr. D 90%
CA U.S. House-17 Mike Honda D 93%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 82%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 77%
NY U.S. House-3 Steve Israel D 75%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 85%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 80%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 61%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 66%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 89%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 65%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 60%
RI U.S. House-2 Jim Langevin D 68%
WA U.S. House-2 Rick Larsen D 70%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 83%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 96%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 97%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 96%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 76%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 92%
IL U.S. House-3 Daniel Lipinski D 58%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 89%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 86%
MA U.S. House-8 Stephen Lynch D 68%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 86%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 96%
UT U.S. House-4 Jim Matheson D 50%
CA U.S. House-6 Doris Matsui D 86%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 70%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 96%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 93%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 55%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 83%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 80%
ME U.S. House-2 Mike Michaud D 71%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 80%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 95%
WI U.S. House-4 Gwen Moore D 93%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 75%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 96%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 97%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 83%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 84%
FL U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Nelson, Sr. D 64%
NA President Barack Obama II D 77%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 91%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 75%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 96%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 86%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 79%
AR U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Pryor D 59%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 57%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 96%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 89%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 72%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 89%
MD U.S. House-2 Dutch Ruppersberger D 65%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 81%
OH U.S. House-13 Tim Ryan D 63%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 80%
CA U.S. House-38 Linda Sánchez D 97%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 95%
CA U.S. House-28 Adam Schiff D 76%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 80%
PA U.S. House-13 Allyson Schwartz D 73%
GA U.S. House-13 David Scott D 63%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 88%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 96%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 81%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 88%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 66%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 68%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 68%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 68%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 78%
CO U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Udall D 68%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 84%
MD U.S. House-8 Chris Van Hollen, Jr. D 78%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 93%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 71%
FL U.S. House-23 Debbie Wasserman Schultz D 84%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 95%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 89%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 80%
MN U.S. House-4 Betty McCollum DFL 84%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 44%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 79%
CO Commissioner of Agriculture John Salazar N/A 59%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 11%
TN U.S. Senate-Sr Lamar Alexander R 33%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 6%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 28%
UT U.S. House-1 Rob Bishop R 21%
TN U.S. House-7 Marsha Blackburn R 6%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 28%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 35%
AR U.S. Senate-Jr John Boozman R 23%
LA U.S. House-3 Charles Boustany, Jr. R 23%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 11%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 46%
TX U.S. House-26 Michael Burgess R 11%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 18%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 35%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 17%
CA U.S. House-45 John Campbell III R 16%
WV U.S. House-2 Shelley Capito R 41%
TX U.S. House-31 John Carter R 21%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 34%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 0%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 11%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 0%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 32%
OK U.S. House-4 Tom Cole R 28%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 54%
TX U.S. House-11 Mike Conaway R 17%
TX U.S. Senate-Sr John Cornyn R 18%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 18%
FL U.S. House-4 Ander Crenshaw R 11%
TX U.S. House-7 John Culberson R 0%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 8%
PA U.S. House-15 Charlie Dent R 46%
FL U.S. House-25 Mario Diaz-Balart R 53%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 41%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 0%
AZ U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Flake R 52%
VA U.S. House-4 Randy Forbes R 27%
NE U.S. House-1 Jeff Fortenberry R 6%
NC U.S. House-5 Virginia Foxx R 0%
AZ U.S. House-8 Trent Franks R 0%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 47%
NJ U.S. House-5 Scott Garrett R 41%
PA U.S. House-6 Jim Gerlach R 44%
GA U.S. House-11 Phil Gingrey R 17%
TX U.S. House-1 Louie Gohmert R 0%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 6%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 49%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 32%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 0%
MO U.S. House-6 Sam Graves R 16%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel R 47%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 0%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 35%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 18%
TX U.S. House-5 Jeb Hensarling R 0%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 0%
GA U.S. Senate-Jr Johnny Isakson R 0%
CA U.S. House-49 Darrell Issa R 21%
LA Governor Bobby Jindal R 6%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 0%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 45%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 39%
IA U.S. House-4 Steve King R 0%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 9%
IL U.S. Senate-Jr Mark Kirk R 55%
MN U.S. House-2 John Kline R 28%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 23%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 40%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 28%
TX U.S. House-24 Kenny Marchant R 10%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 53%
TX U.S. House-10 Michael McCaul R 17%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 29%
NC U.S. House-10 Patrick McHenry R 0%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 17%
WA U.S. House-5 Cathy McMorris Rodgers R 0%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 11%
MI U.S. House-10 Candice Miller R 37%
CA U.S. House-31 Gary Miller R 0%
FL U.S. House-1 Jeff Miller R 8%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 41%
AK U.S. Senate-Sr Lisa Murkowski R 43%
PA U.S. House-18 Tim Murphy R 32%
TX U.S. House-19 Randy Neugebauer R 0%
CA U.S. House-22 Devin Nunes R 30%
NM U.S. House-2 Steve Pearce R 37%
IN Governor Mike Pence R 30%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 38%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 15%
TX U.S. House-2 Ted Poe R 26%
GA U.S. House-6 Tom Price R 23%
FL Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Services Adam Putnam R 28%
WA U.S. House-8 Dave Reichert R 50%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 0%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 23%
AL U.S. House-3 Mike Rogers R 15%
MI U.S. House-8 Mike Rogers R 11%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 39%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 53%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 11%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 34%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 38%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 0%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 17%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 26%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 11%
PA U.S. House-9 Bill Shuster R 0%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 23%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 47%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 9%
NE U.S. House-2 Lee Terry R 23%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 31%
SD U.S. Senate-Jr John Thune R 0%
OH U.S. House-12 Pat Tiberi R 17%
OH U.S. House-10 Mike Turner R 32%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 41%
LA U.S. Senate-Jr David Vitter R 0%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 39%
GA U.S. House-3 Lynn Westmoreland R 6%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 6%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 11%
SC U.S. House-2 Joe Wilson, Sr. R 8%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 38%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 51%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.