Rating Group: National Journal

2005 Liberal on Foreign Policy Score

State Office Name Party Rating
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 96%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 96%
Bob Filner 96%
AZ U.S. House-3 Raúl Grijalva D 96%
Maurice Hinchey 96%
Dennis Kucinich 96%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 96%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 96%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 96%
Jim Oberstar 96%
John Olver 96%
Donald Payne 96%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 96%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 96%
Pete Stark 96%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 96%
Mel Watt 96%
Lynn Woolsey 96%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 95%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 95%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 95%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 95%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 95%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 94%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 94%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 94%
MN U.S. House-4 Betty McCollum DFL 94%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 94%
CA U.S. House-38 Linda Sánchez D 94%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 94%
Hilda Solis 94%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 94%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 93%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 93%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 93%
Major Owens 93%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 91%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 91%
Bill Delahunt 91%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 91%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 91%
CA U.S. House-17 Mike Honda D 91%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 91%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 91%
Martin Olav Sabo 91%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 91%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 90%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 90%
Russ Feingold 90%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 90%
Herb Kohl 90%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 90%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 90%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 90%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 90%
MO U.S. House-1 Lacy Clay, Jr. D 89%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 89%
Lane Evans 88%
TX U.S. House-9 Al Green D 88%
NJ U.S. House-12 Rush Holt, Jr. D 88%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 88%
Martin Meehan 88%
Dave Obey 88%
Diane Watson 88%
Byron Dorgan 87%
ME U.S. House-2 Mike Michaud D 87%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 87%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 87%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 87%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 87%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 87%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 86%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 86%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 85%
James Merrill Jeffords 85%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 85%
Michael McNulty 85%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 85%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 85%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 85%
Stephanie Tubbs Jones 85%
MD U.S. House-8 Chris Van Hollen, Jr. D 85%
CA U.S. House-6 Doris Matsui D 84%
Ted Strickland 84%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 84%
Anthony Weiner 84%
Julia Carson 83%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 83%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 83%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 82%
WI U.S. House-4 Gwen Moore D 82%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 82%
MO U.S. House-5 Emanuel Cleaver II D 81%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 81%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 81%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 81%
Barney Frank 81%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 81%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 81%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 80%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 80%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 79%
Thomas Allen 79%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 79%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 79%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 79%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 79%
Ed Towns 79%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 78%
Robert Wexler 78%
Joe Baca, Sr. 77%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 77%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 77%
Bart Stupak 77%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 76%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 76%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 76%
Robert Byrd 76%
DE U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Carper D 76%
Chris Dodd 76%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 76%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 76%
WA U.S. House-2 Rick Larsen D 76%
Blanche Lincoln 76%
NA President Barack Obama II D 76%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 76%
Paul Sarbanes 76%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 76%
Ellen Tauscher 76%
Brian Baird 75%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 75%
Frank Lautenberg 75%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 75%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 74%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle, Jr. D 74%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 74%
Dale Kildee 74%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 74%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 74%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 73%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 73%
Darlene Hooley 73%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 73%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 73%
MN Governor Mark Dayton DFL 72%
IL Mayor-At-Large Rahm Emanuel D 72%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 72%
James Leach 72%
Ron Paul 72%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 72%
FL U.S. House-23 Debbie Wasserman Schultz D 72%
Gary Ackerman 71%
Daniel Inouye 71%
William Jefferson 71%
MA U.S. House-8 Stephen Lynch D 71%
OH U.S. House-13 Tim Ryan D 71%
Jane Harman 70%
Paul Kanjorski 70%
Steve Rothman 70%
PA U.S. House-13 Allyson Schwartz D 70%
Albert Wynn 70%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 69%
Charlie Gonzalez 69%
Brad Miller 69%
David Wu 69%
Rob Andrews 68%
Leonard Boswell 68%
Tom Lantos 68%
Howard Berman 67%
NY U.S. House-1 Tim Bishop D 67%
Rick Boucher 67%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 67%
Jerry Costello 67%
CO U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Udall D 67%
Jeff Bingaman 66%
WA U.S. Senate-Jr Maria Cantwell D 66%
Russ Carnahan 66%
Hillary Clinton 66%
CA U.S. House-53 Susan Davis D 66%
Kendrick Meek, Sr. 66%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 66%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 66%
Vic Snyder 66%
NY U.S. House-26 Brian Higgins D 65%
Thomas Holden 65%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 65%
IL U.S. House-3 Daniel Lipinski D 65%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 65%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 64%
Alan Mollohan 64%
Jack Murtha 64%
GA U.S. House-13 David Scott D 64%
Max Baucus 63%
Chet Edwards 63%
Bart Gordon 63%
RI U.S. House-2 Jim Langevin D 63%
MD U.S. House-2 Dutch Ruppersberger D 63%
James Davis 62%
NY U.S. House-3 Steve Israel D 62%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 62%
Silvestre Reyes 62%
Ken Salazar 62%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 61%
Stephanie Herseth Sandlin 61%
Patrick Kennedy 61%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 61%
CA U.S. House-28 Adam Schiff D 61%
CA U.S. House-16 Jim Costa D 60%
Norm Dicks 60%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 60%
Earl Pomeroy 60%
AR U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Pryor D 60%
Mike Ross 60%
NC U.S. House-1 G.K. Butterfield, Jr. D 59%
Evan Bayh 58%
Melissa Bean 58%
Shelley Berkley 58%
Marion Berry 58%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 58%
RI Governor Linc Chafee D 58%
TN U.S. House-5 Jim Cooper D 58%
Dennis Moore 58%
John Spratt, Jr. 58%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 57%
Dan Boren 57%
Kent Conrad 57%
Lincoln Davis 57%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 57%
Ben Chandler III 56%
Artur Davis 56%
Bob Etheridge 56%
Harold Ford, Jr. 56%
FL U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Nelson, Sr. D 56%
CO Commissioner of Agriculture John Salazar N/A 56%
Dennis Cardoza 55%
TX U.S. House-28 Henry Cuellar D 55%
Charlie Melancon, Sr. 55%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 55%
Arlen Specter 55%
John Tanner 55%
Edward Case 54%
AZ U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Flake R 54%
James Kolbe 54%
Joe Lieberman 54%
Gene Taylor 54%
GA U.S. House-12 John Barrow D 53%
UT U.S. House-4 Jim Matheson D 53%
Christopher Shays 53%
Ike Skelton 53%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 52%
Vern Ehlers 52%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 52%
Jim Marshall 52%
Judy Biggert 51%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 51%
Robert Cramer 51%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 51%
ID Governor Butch Otter R 51%
James Ramstad 51%
Gordon Smith 51%
John Sununu 51%
Sherwood Boehlert 50%
Jo Ann Emerson 50%
Nancy Johnson 50%
Dick Lugar 50%
Mike Castle 49%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 49%
Tim Johnson 49%
Thomas William Osborne 49%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 49%
John Nathan Hostettler 48%
IL U.S. Senate-Jr Mark Kirk R 48%
Ray LaHood 48%
Olympia Snowe 48%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 48%
AR U.S. Senate-Jr John Boozman R 47%
Wayne Gilchrest 47%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 47%
Robert William Ney 47%
Robert Ruhl Simmons 47%
Heather Wilson 47%
Roscoe Bartlett 46%
Ben Nelson 46%
George Voinovich 46%
Charlie Bass 45%
Mary Bono Mack 45%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 45%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 45%
WA U.S. House-8 Dave Reichert R 45%
John Schwarz 45%
OH U.S. House-12 Pat Tiberi R 45%
W. Curtis Weldon 45%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 43%
Craig Thomas 43%
WV U.S. House-2 Shelley Capito R 42%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 42%
Barbara Cubin 42%
Paul Gillmor 42%
Judd Gregg 42%
Gilbert Gutknecht 42%
Wally Herger, Jr. 42%
Kenny Hulshof 42%
Steve LaTourette 42%
John McHugh 42%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 42%
John Sweeney 42%
Tom Tancredo 42%
Larry Craig 40%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 40%
Bob Inglis, Sr. 40%
MN U.S. House-2 John Kline R 40%
Joseph Knollenberg 40%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 40%
Don Manzullo 40%
Thaddeus McCotter 40%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 40%
Donald Sherwood 40%
SD U.S. Senate-Jr John Thune R 40%
Conrad Burns 39%
Chris Chocola 39%
Thomas Davis III 39%
NJ U.S. House-5 Scott Garrett R 39%
MO U.S. House-6 Sam Graves R 39%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 39%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 36%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 36%
LA U.S. Senate-Jr David Vitter R 36%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel R 35%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 34%
Bob Beauprez 34%
LA U.S. House-3 Charles Boustany, Jr. R 34%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 34%
PA U.S. House-15 Charlie Dent R 34%
David Dreier 34%
Philip English 34%
Michael Ferguson 34%
PA U.S. House-8 Mike Fitzpatrick R 34%
PA U.S. House-6 Jim Gerlach R 34%
Sue Kelly 34%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 34%
MI U.S. House-10 Candice Miller R 34%
Anne Northup 34%
Deborah Pryce 34%
Ralph Regula 34%
Thomas Reynolds 34%
Jim Saxton 34%
Zach Wamp 34%
Gerald Weller 34%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 34%
Connie Mack IV 33%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 33%
David Lee Hobson 31%
John Kuhl, Jr. 31%
Jerry Lewis 31%
James McCrery III 31%
James Nussle 31%
NM U.S. House-2 Steve Pearce R 31%
Todd Platts 31%
Richard Pombo 31%
FL Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Services Adam Putnam R 31%
William Thomas 31%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 31%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 30%
Henry Hyde 30%
James Walsh 30%
Jo Ann Davis 29%
Terry Everett 29%
Katherine Harris 29%
CA U.S. House-49 Darrell Issa R 29%
John Peterson 29%
AL U.S. House-3 Mike Rogers R 29%
TX U.S. House-11 Mike Conaway R 27%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 27%
Jon Porter, Sr. 27%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 27%
Mark Souder 27%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 27%
Bill Young 27%
Kit Bond 26%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 26%
James DeMint 26%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 26%
Kay Hutchison 26%
Jon Kyl 26%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 26%
James Talent 26%
John Warner 26%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 23%
Rodney Alexander 23%
NH State Senate-3 Jeb Bradley R 23%
Henry Brown, Jr. 23%
Steve Buyer 23%
Tom Feeney 23%
NE U.S. House-1 Jeff Fortenberry R 23%
Mark Kennedy 23%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 23%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 23%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 23%
George Radanovich 23%
Denny Rehberg 23%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 23%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 23%
OH U.S. House-10 Mike Turner R 23%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 23%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 23%
PA U.S. House-18 Tim Murphy R 22%
Ginny Brown-Waite 21%
Geoff Davis 21%
Mark Foley 21%
William Lewis Jenkins 21%
LA Governor Bobby Jindal R 21%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 21%
Jo Bonner, Jr. 17%
VA U.S. House-4 Randy Forbes R 17%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 17%
NC U.S. House-5 Virginia Foxx R 17%
Jim Gibbons 17%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 17%
Mark Green 17%
Duncan Hunter 17%
Ric Keller 17%
TX U.S. House-10 Michael McCaul R 17%
NC U.S. House-10 Patrick McHenry R 17%
WA U.S. House-5 Cathy McMorris Rodgers R 17%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 17%
Michael Oxley 17%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 17%
Mike Sodrel 17%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 16%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 16%
John Doolittle 16%
GA U.S. House-11 Phil Gingrey R 16%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 16%
Robert Hayes 16%
IN Governor Mike Pence R 16%
J. Gresham Barrett 15%
FL U.S. House-4 Ander Crenshaw R 15%
John Sullivan 15%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 14%
Elton Gallegly 14%
Charles Taylor 14%
UT U.S. House-1 Rob Bishop R 11%
TN U.S. House-7 Marsha Blackburn R 11%
VA U.S. House-7 Eric Cantor R 11%
OK U.S. House-4 Tom Cole R 11%
TX U.S. House-7 John Culberson R 11%
Thomas DeLay 11%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 11%
Pete Hoekstra 11%
Dan Lungren 11%
Sue Myrick 11%
CA U.S. House-22 Devin Nunes R 11%
MI U.S. House-8 Mike Rogers R 11%
Jim Ryun 11%
Todd Tiahrt 11%
David Weldon 11%
SC U.S. House-2 Joe Wilson, Sr. R 11%
Todd Akin 0%
TN U.S. Senate-Sr Lamar Alexander R 0%
Wayne Allard 0%
George Allen 0%
Richard Hugh Baker 0%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 0%
Bob Bennett 0%
Michael Bilirakis 0%
Henry Bonilla 0%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 0%
Jim Bunning 0%
TX U.S. House-26 Michael Burgess R 0%
Dan Burton 0%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 0%
Chris Cannon 0%
TX U.S. House-31 John Carter R 0%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 0%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 0%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 0%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 0%
Norm Coleman 0%
TX U.S. Senate-Sr John Cornyn R 0%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 0%
FL U.S. House-25 Mario Diaz-Balart R 0%
Elizabeth Dole 0%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 0%
Thelma Drake 0%
John Ensign 0%
AZ U.S. House-8 Trent Franks R 0%
William Frist 0%
TX U.S. House-1 Louie Gohmert R 0%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 0%
Melissa Hart 0%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 0%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 0%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 0%
Joel Hefley 0%
TX U.S. House-5 Jeb Hensarling R 0%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 0%
GA U.S. Senate-Jr Johnny Isakson R 0%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 0%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 0%
IA U.S. House-4 Steve King R 0%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 0%
Ron Lewis 0%
John Linder 0%
Trent Lott, Sr. 0%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 0%
TX U.S. House-24 Kenny Marchant R 0%
Melquiades Martinez 0%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 0%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 0%
CA U.S. House-31 Gary Miller R 0%
FL U.S. House-1 Jefferson Miller R 0%
AK U.S. Senate-Sr Lisa Murkowski R 0%
Marilyn Musgrave 0%
TX U.S. House-19 Randy Neugebauer R 0%
TX U.S. House-2 Ted Poe R 0%
GA U.S. House-6 Tom Price R 0%
Richard Renzi 0%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 0%
Rick Santorum 0%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 0%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 0%
John Shadegg 0%
PA U.S. House-9 Bill Shuster R 0%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 0%
Cliff Stearns 0%
Ted Stevens 0%
NE U.S. House-2 Lee Terry R 0%
GA U.S. House-3 Lynn Westmoreland R 0%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 0%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.