Rating Group: National Journal

2004 Liberal on Social Policy Score

Issues: Social , Liberal
State Office Name Party Rating
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 69%
AK U.S. Senate-Sr Lisa Murkowski R 37%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 16%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 16%
AR U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Pryor D 56%
AR U.S. Senate-Jr John Boozman R 0%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 44%
AZ U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Flake R 36%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 82%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 82%
CO U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Udall D 73%
DE U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Carper D 70%
FL U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Nelson, Sr. D 82%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 0%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 19%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 81%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 0%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 82%
IL U.S. Senate-Jr Mark Kirk R 58%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 19%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 27%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 19%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 54%
LA U.S. Senate-Jr David Vitter R 0%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 88%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 82%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 73%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 49%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 82%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 82%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 36%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 19%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 9%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 71%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 70%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 58%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 77%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 85%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 39%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 0%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 82%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 82%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 0%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 63%
TN U.S. Senate-Sr Lamar Alexander R 19%
TX U.S. Senate-Sr John Cornyn R 0%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 0%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 70%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 88%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 82%
WA U.S. Senate-Jr Maria Cantwell D 77%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 88%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 61%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 0%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 30%
AL U.S. House-3 Mike Rogers R 25%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 0%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 20%
AZ U.S. House-3 Raúl Grijalva D 88%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 86%
AZ U.S. House-8 Trent Franks R 0%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 86%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 88%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 88%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 88%
CA U.S. House-17 Mike Honda D 88%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 86%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 88%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 88%
CA U.S. House-22 Devin Nunes R 31%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 86%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 28%
CA U.S. House-28 Adam Schiff D 73%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 84%
CA U.S. House-31 Gary Miller R 0%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 84%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 83%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 84%
CA U.S. House-38 Linda Sánchez D 83%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 0%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 88%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 31%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 88%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 78%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 36%
CA U.S. House-49 Darrell Issa R 25%
CA U.S. House-53 Susan Davis D 78%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 88%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 76%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 86%
FL U.S. House-1 Jefferson Miller R 0%
FL U.S. House-4 Ander Crenshaw R 17%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 72%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 25%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 88%
FL U.S. House-25 Mario Diaz-Balart R 47%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 49%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 0%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 61%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 88%
GA U.S. House-11 Phil Gingrey R 9%
GA U.S. House-13 David Scott D 66%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 36%
IA U.S. House-4 Steve King R 0%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 42%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 88%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 88%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 88%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 88%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 25%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 63%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 17%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 19%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 76%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 88%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 88%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 88%
MA U.S. House-8 Stephen Lynch D 66%
MD U.S. House-2 Dutch Ruppersberger D 66%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 78%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 78%
MD U.S. House-8 Chris Van Hollen, Jr. D 84%
ME U.S. House-2 Mike Michaud D 64%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 9%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 25%
MI U.S. House-8 Mike Rogers R 23%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 76%
MI U.S. House-10 Candice Miller R 9%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 69%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 88%
MN U.S. House-2 John Kline R 9%
MN U.S. House-4 Betty McCollum DFL 76%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 50%
MO U.S. House-1 Lacy Clay, Jr. D 88%
MO U.S. House-6 Sam Graves R 24%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 65%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 0%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 78%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 0%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 44%
NE U.S. House-2 Lee Terry R 42%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 42%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 48%
NJ U.S. House-5 Scott Garrett R 17%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 78%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 75%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 52%
NJ U.S. House-12 Rush Holt, Jr. D 88%
NM U.S. House-2 Steve Pearce R 36%
NY U.S. House-1 Tim Bishop D 70%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 46%
NY U.S. House-3 Steve Israel D 73%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 73%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 81%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 88%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 88%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 86%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 82%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 76%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 88%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 77%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 78%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 75%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 9%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 33%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 65%
OH U.S. House-10 Mike Turner R 34%
OH U.S. House-12 Pat Tiberi R 31%
OH U.S. House-13 Tim Ryan D 58%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 23%
OK U.S. House-4 Tom Cole R 30%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 36%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 88%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 62%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 86%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 88%
PA U.S. House-6 Jim Gerlach R 50%
PA U.S. House-9 Bill Shuster R 0%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle, Jr. D 63%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 0%
PA U.S. House-18 Tim Murphy R 25%
RI U.S. House-2 Jim Langevin D 59%
SC U.S. House-2 Joe Wilson, Sr. R 20%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 66%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 31%
TN U.S. House-5 Jim Cooper D 60%
TN U.S. House-7 Marsha Blackburn R 0%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 15%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 30%
TX U.S. House-5 Jeb Hensarling R 28%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 31%
TX U.S. House-7 John Culberson R 0%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 17%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 34%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 20%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 67%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 82%
TX U.S. House-19 Randy Neugebauer R 9%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 9%
TX U.S. House-26 Michael Burgess R 9%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 65%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 82%
TX U.S. House-31 John Carter R 9%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 9%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 77%
UT U.S. House-1 Rob Bishop R 17%
UT U.S. House-4 Jim Matheson D 53%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 88%
VA U.S. House-4 Randy Forbes R 24%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 0%
VA U.S. House-7 Eric Cantor R 20%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 78%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 42%
WA U.S. House-2 Rick Larsen D 77%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 31%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 88%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 69%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 20%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 66%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 17%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 39%
WV U.S. House-2 Shelley Capito R 40%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 53%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 0%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 88%
ID Governor Butch Otter R 36%
IN Governor Mike Pence R 0%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 19%
MN Governor Mark Dayton DFL 70%
RI Governor Linc Chafee D 60%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 73%
NH State Senate-3 Jeb Bradley R 40%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 49%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel R 38%
FL Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Services Adam Putnam R 20%
IL Mayor-At-Large Rahm Emanuel D 78%
Gary Ackerman 85%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 82%
Todd Akin 0%
Rodney Alexander 44%
Wayne Allard 0%
George Allen 19%
Thomas Allen 73%
Rob Andrews 78%
Joe Baca, Sr. 68%
Brian Baird 70%
Richard Hugh Baker 20%
J. Gresham Barrett 0%
Roscoe Bartlett 39%
Charlie Bass 53%
Max Baucus 56%
Evan Bayh 70%
Bob Beauprez 31%
Bob Bennett 34%
Shelley Berkley 78%
Howard Berman 83%
Marion Berry 52%
Judy Biggert 57%
Michael Bilirakis 9%
Jeff Bingaman 65%
Sherwood Boehlert 55%
Kit Bond 31%
Henry Bonilla 25%
Jo Bonner, Jr. 24%
Mary Bono Mack 56%
Leonard Boswell 62%
Rick Boucher 57%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 52%
Henry Brown, Jr. 17%
Ginny Brown-Waite 15%
Jim Bunning 0%
Conrad Burns 0%
Dan Burton 0%
Steve Buyer 17%
Robert Byrd 67%
Chris Cannon 34%
Dennis Cardoza 59%
Julia Carson 81%
Edward Case 64%
Mike Castle 57%
Ben Chandler III 51%
Chris Chocola 20%
Hillary Clinton 82%
Norm Coleman 34%
Kent Conrad 64%
Jon Corzine 82%
Jerry Costello 53%
Christopher Cox 31%
Larry Craig 0%
Robert Cramer 48%
Barbara Cubin 15%
Randall Cunningham 9%
Artur Davis 64%
James Davis 73%
Jo Ann Davis 9%
Lincoln Davis 46%
Thomas Davis III 51%
Bill Delahunt 82%
Thomas DeLay 9%
James DeMint 0%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 47%
Norm Dicks 72%
Chris Dodd 77%
Elizabeth Dole 16%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 30%
John Doolittle 0%
Byron Dorgan 59%
David Dreier 42%
Chet Edwards 53%
Vern Ehlers 49%
Jo Ann Emerson 25%
Philip English 47%
John Ensign 19%
Bob Etheridge 62%
Lane Evans 78%
Terry Everett 0%
Tom Feeney 0%
Russ Feingold 67%
Michael Ferguson 44%
Bob Filner 88%
Mark Foley 52%
Harold Ford, Jr. 62%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 43%
Barney Frank 88%
William Frist 31%
Elton Gallegly 9%
Jim Gibbons 27%
Wayne Gilchrest 56%
Paul Gillmor 25%
Charlie Gonzalez 78%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 0%
Bart Gordon 54%
Mark Green 20%
Judd Gregg 41%
Gilbert Gutknecht 0%
Jane Harman 71%
Katherine Harris 28%
Melissa Hart 36%
Robert Hayes 0%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 15%
Joel Hefley 0%
Wally Herger, Jr. 0%
Stephanie Herseth Sandlin 55%
Maurice Hinchey 88%
David Lee Hobson 42%
Pete Hoekstra 9%
Thomas Holden 49%
Darlene Hooley 68%
John Nathan Hostettler 20%
Kenny Hulshof 30%
Duncan Hunter 0%
Kay Hutchison 38%
Henry Hyde 34%
Daniel Inouye 82%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 0%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 88%
William Jefferson 66%
James Merrill Jeffords 66%
William Lewis Jenkins 20%
Nancy Johnson 59%
Tim Johnson 48%
Paul Kanjorski 63%
Ric Keller 9%
Sue Kelly 45%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 82%
Mark Kennedy 28%
Patrick Kennedy 73%
Dale Kildee 63%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 84%
Joseph Knollenberg 39%
Herb Kohl 76%
James Kolbe 58%
Dennis Kucinich 88%
Jon Kyl 0%
Ray LaHood 45%
Tom Lantos 85%
Steve LaTourette 45%
Frank Lautenberg 82%
James Leach 61%
Jerry Lewis 31%
Ron Lewis 17%
Joe Lieberman 82%
Blanche Lincoln 53%
John Linder 16%
Trent Lott, Sr. 0%
Dick Lugar 47%
Don Manzullo 0%
Jim Marshall 47%
Robert Matsui 88%
Thaddeus McCotter 0%
James McCrery III 23%
John McHugh 36%
Michael McNulty 60%
Martin Meehan 86%
Kendrick Meek, Sr. 88%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 88%
Brad Miller 68%
Alan Mollohan 59%
Dennis Moore 65%
Jack Murtha 60%
Marilyn Musgrave 0%
Sue Myrick 0%
Ben Nelson 45%
Robert William Ney 39%
Anne Northup 36%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 0%
James Nussle 36%
Jim Oberstar 64%
Dave Obey 72%
John Olver 88%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 57%
Thomas William Osborne 36%
Major Owens 83%
Michael Oxley 36%
Ron Paul 46%
Donald Payne 88%
John Peterson 28%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 25%
Todd Platts 34%
Richard Pombo 9%
Earl Pomeroy 62%
Jon Porter, Sr. 53%
Deborah Pryce 51%
George Radanovich 20%
James Ramstad 39%
Ralph Regula 31%
Denny Rehberg 9%
Richard Renzi 28%
Silvestre Reyes 67%
Thomas Reynolds 31%
Mike Ross 54%
Steve Rothman 73%
Jim Ryun 9%
Martin Olav Sabo 83%
Rick Santorum 19%
Paul Sarbanes 82%
Jim Saxton 44%
John Shadegg 9%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 40%
Christopher Shays 61%
Donald Sherwood 33%
Robert Ruhl Simmons 56%
Ike Skelton 51%
Gordon Smith 42%
Olympia Snowe 51%
Vic Snyder 68%
Hilda Solis 88%
Mark Souder 25%
Arlen Specter 42%
John Spratt, Jr. 62%
Pete Stark 88%
Cliff Stearns 0%
Ted Stevens 34%
Ted Strickland 70%
Bart Stupak 60%
John Sullivan 19%
John Sununu 31%
John Sweeney 42%
James Talent 0%
Tom Tancredo 17%
John Tanner 54%
Ellen Tauscher 78%
Charles Taylor 9%
Gene Taylor 23%
Craig Thomas 0%
William Thomas 41%
Todd Tiahrt 23%
Ed Towns 81%
Stephanie Tubbs Jones 88%
George Voinovich 46%
James Walsh 49%
Zach Wamp 9%
John Warner 52%
Diane Watson 88%
Mel Watt 88%
Anthony Weiner 85%
David Weldon 17%
W. Curtis Weldon 46%
Gerald Weller 43%
Robert Wexler 86%
Heather Wilson 49%
Lynn Woolsey 88%
David Wu 68%
Albert Wynn 70%
Bill Young 35%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.