Rating Group: National Journal

2001 Liberal on Social Policy Score

State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 20%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 0%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 22%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 0%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 33%
AZ U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Flake R 34%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 70%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 93%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 68%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 83%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 90%
CA U.S. House-17 Mike Honda D 90%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 72%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 83%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 90%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 74%
CA U.S. House-28 Adam Schiff D 72%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 74%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 82%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 90%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 0%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 90%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 20%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 79%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 74%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 42%
CA U.S. House-49 Darrell Issa R 38%
CA U.S. House-53 Susan Davis D 83%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 90%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 74%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 83%
DE U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Carper D 81%
FL U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Nelson, Sr. D 70%
FL U.S. House-4 Ander Crenshaw R 0%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 74%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 0%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 90%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 48%
FL Commissioner of Agriculture Adam Putnam R 20%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 60%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 90%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 20%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 0%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 31%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 20%
ID Governor Butch Otter R 35%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 60%
IL U.S. Senate-Jr Mark Kirk R 58%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 80%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutiérrez D 74%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 90%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 90%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 0%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 70%
IN Governor Mike Pence R 0%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 29%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 0%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 33%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 22%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 0%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 20%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 79%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 65%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 83%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 79%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 81%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 83%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 81%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 83%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 53%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Debbie Stabenow D 94%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 43%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 83%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 90%
MN U.S. House-4 Betty McCollum DFL 83%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 54%
MN Governor Mark Dayton DFL 95%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 0%
MO U.S. House-1 Lacy Clay, Jr. D 83%
MO U.S. House-6 Sam Graves R 20%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 22%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 0%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 72%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 81%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 81%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 0%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 83%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 65%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 38%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 35%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 74%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 64%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 54%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 79%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 70%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 70%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 43%
NY U.S. House-3 Steve Israel D 72%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 90%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 90%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 90%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 83%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 79%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 65%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 81%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 83%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 83%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 83%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 20%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 0%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 20%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 68%
OH U.S. House-12 Pat Tiberi R 0%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 83%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 43%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 0%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 20%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 70%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 43%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 90%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 78%
PA U.S. Senate-Jr Pat Toomey R 20%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 83%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 81%
PA U.S. House-9 Bill Shuster R 34%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle D 54%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 0%
PA Commissioner-At-Large Joseph Hoeffel 83%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 81%
RI U.S. House-2 Jim Langevin D 58%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 0%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 68%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 0%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 0%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 0%
TX U.S. House-7 John Culberson R 0%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 0%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 43%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 20%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 69%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 90%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 0%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 62%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 90%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 35%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 90%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 0%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 90%
VA U.S. House-4 Randy Forbes R 0%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 0%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 70%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 71%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 81%
WA U.S. Senate-Jr Maria Cantwell D 95%
WA U.S. House-2 Rick Larsen D 68%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 90%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 64%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 83%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 90%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 0%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 65%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 0%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 90%
WV U.S. Senate-Jr Shelley Capito R 43%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 0%
Neil Abercrombie 78%
Gary Ackerman 90%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 81%
Todd Akin 0%
Wayne Allard 0%
George Allen 29%
Thomas Allen 83%
Rob Andrews 74%
Richard Armey 0%
Joe Baca, Sr. 69%
Spencer Bachus 32%
Brian Baird 62%
Richard Hugh Baker 20%
Cass Ballenger 41%
James Barcia 52%
Bob Barr, Jr. 0%
Roscoe Bartlett 0%
Charlie Bass 58%
Max Baucus 60%
Evan Bayh 60%
Bob Bennett 0%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 70%
Douglas Bereuter 35%
Shelley Berkley 74%
Howard Berman 83%
Marion Berry 47%
Judy Biggert 58%
Michael Bilirakis 20%
Jeff Bingaman 65%
Sherwood Boehlert 60%
Kit Bond 0%
Henry Bonilla 20%
David Edward Bonior 65%
Mary Bono Mack 49%
Robert Borski, Jr. 57%
Leonard Boswell 65%
Rick Boucher 71%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 56%
John Breaux 46%
Henry Brown, Jr. 0%
Ed Bryant 0%
Jim Bunning 0%
Conrad Burns 0%
Dan Burton 0%
Steve Buyer 20%
Robert Byrd 47%
Herbert Callahan 32%
Dave Camp 20%
Ben Campbell 33%
Chris Cannon 0%
Eric Cantor 0%
Jean Carnahan 55%
Brad Carson 58%
Julia Carson 83%
Mike Castle 54%
Linc Chafee 55%
Eva Clayton 90%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 70%
Robert Clement 50%
Hillary Clinton 70%
Howard Coble 20%
Michael Collins 20%
Larry Combest 0%
Gary Condit 62%
Kent Conrad 48%
John Cooksey 32%
Jon Corzine 95%
Jerry Costello 49%
Christopher Cox 32%
William Coyne 90%
Larry Craig 0%
Robert Cramer 46%
Philip Crane 20%
Barbara Cubin 0%
Randall Cunningham 20%
Thomas Daschle 81%
James Davis 65%
Jo Ann Davis 0%
Thomas Davis III 49%
Bill Delahunt 90%
Thomas DeLay 0%
Peter Deutsch 74%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 43%
Norm Dicks 68%
John Dingell 68%
Chris Dodd 70%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 42%
Calvin Dooley 69%
John Doolittle 0%
Byron Dorgan 48%
David Dreier 46%
Jennifer Dunn 47%
John Edwards 60%
Chet Edwards 60%
Vern Ehlers 41%
Jo Ann Emerson 20%
Philip English 43%
John Ensign 31%
Bob Etheridge 65%
Lane Evans 83%
Terry Everett 0%
Russ Feingold 65%
Michael Ferguson 46%
Bob Filner 90%
Peter Fitzgerald 33%
Mark Foley 52%
Harold Ford, Jr. 70%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 38%
Barney Frank 90%
William Frist 0%
Jonas Frost III 70%
Elton Gallegly 20%
John Ganske 35%
George Gekas 20%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 81%
Jim Gibbons 20%
Wayne Gilchrest 51%
Paul Gillmor 38%
Benjamin Gilman 64%
Charlie Gonzalez 83%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 0%
Bart Gordon 54%
Porter Goss 20%
Daniel Graham 70%
William Phillip Gramm 0%
Mark Green 0%
James Greenwood 59%
Judd Gregg 0%
Felix Grucci, Jr. 46%
Gilbert Gutknecht 0%
Charles Hagel 33%
Ralph Hall 35%
Tony Hall 46%
James Hansen 0%
Tom Harkin 95%
Jane Harman 72%
Melissa Hart 0%
Doc Hastings 20%
Robert Hayes 0%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 0%
Joel Hefley 0%
Jesse Helms 0%
Wally Herger, Jr. 20%
Baron Hill 59%
Van Hilleary 0%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 72%
Maurice Hinchey 90%
David Lee Hobson 43%
Pete Hoekstra 35%
Thomas Holden 43%
Ernest Hollings 65%
Rush Holt, Jr. 72%
Darlene Hooley 81%
Stephen Horn 62%
John Nathan Hostettler 0%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 61%
Kenny Hulshof 20%
Duncan Hunter 0%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 33%
Kay Hutchison 33%
Henry Hyde 0%
Daniel Inouye 81%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 0%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 90%
William Jefferson 79%
James Merrill Jeffords 58%
William Lewis Jenkins 0%
Christopher John 38%
Nancy Johnson 60%
Tim Johnson 41%
Timothy Johnson 53%
Paul Kanjorski 50%
Ric Keller 0%
Sue Kelly 54%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 81%
Mark Kennedy 20%
Patrick Kennedy 83%
Brian Kerns 0%
Dale Kildee 58%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 90%
Jack Kingston 0%
Gerald Kleczka 79%
Joseph Knollenberg 20%
Herb Kohl 81%
James Kolbe 56%
Dennis Kucinich 59%
Jon Kyl 0%
John LaFalce 54%
Ray LaHood 46%
Nicholas Lampson 62%
Mary Landrieu 59%
Tom Lantos 74%
Tom Latham 20%
Steve LaTourette 38%
James Leach 62%
Carl Levin 95%
Jerry Lewis 40%
Ron Lewis 0%
Joe Lieberman 70%
Blanche Lincoln 60%
John Linder 0%
William Lipinski 51%
Trent Lott, Sr. 28%
Ken Lucas 0%
Dick Lugar 22%
William Luther 74%
James Maloney 65%
Don Manzullo 41%
Frank Mascara 50%
Jim Matheson 57%
Robert Matsui 83%
Carolyn McCarthy 70%
Karen McCarthy 83%
James McCrery III 38%
John McHugh 43%
Scott McInnis 34%
Mike McIntyre 41%
Buck McKeon 35%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 78%
Michael McNulty 58%
Martin Meehan 83%
Carrie Meek 90%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 81%
Dan Miller 49%
Gary Miller 0%
George Miller 90%
Zell Bryan Miller 33%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 79%
Alan Mollohan 48%
Dennis Moore 72%
Jim Moran, Jr. 72%
Constance Morella 74%
Jack Murtha 52%
Sue Myrick 0%
Ben Nelson 51%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 20%
Robert William Ney 20%
Don Nickles 0%
Anne Northup 20%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 20%
James Nussle 20%
Jim Oberstar 57%
Dave Obey 65%
John Olver 90%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 52%
Thomas William Osborne 20%
Doug Ose 52%
Major Owens 90%
Michael Oxley 20%
Ed Pastor 90%
Ron Paul 50%
Donald Payne 90%
John Peterson 0%
Tom Petri 34%
David Phelps 0%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 0%
Todd Platts 20%
Richard Pombo 0%
Earl Pomeroy 60%
Deborah Pryce 54%
Jack Quinn 48%
George Radanovich 0%
Nick Rahall II 51%
James Ramstad 50%
Ralph Regula 38%
Denny Rehberg 32%
Silvestre Reyes 68%
Thomas Reynolds 20%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 90%
Jay Rockefeller IV 69%
Ciro Rodriguez 74%
Timothy Roemer 50%
Mike Rogers 38%
Mike Ross 54%
Steve Rothman 74%
Marge Roukema 56%
Jim Ryun 0%
Martin Olav Sabo 90%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 65%
Rick Santorum 0%
Paul Sarbanes 81%
Jim Saxton 20%
Robert Schaffer 0%
Edward Schrock 0%
José Serrano 90%
John Shadegg 34%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 43%
Christopher Shays 63%
Donald Sherwood 32%
Ronnie Shows 0%
Robert Ruhl Simmons 60%
Joseph Skeen 20%
Ike Skelton 38%
Gordon Smith 43%
Nick Smith 20%
Bob Smith 0%
Olympia Snowe 51%
Vic Snyder 62%
Hilda Solis 90%
Mark Souder 35%
Arlen Specter 57%
John Spratt, Jr. 54%
Pete Stark 90%
Cliff Stearns 0%
Charles Stenholm 43%
Ted Stevens 22%
Ted Strickland 64%
Bob Stump 35%
Bart Stupak 50%
John Sweeney 47%
Tom Tancredo 0%
John Tanner 54%
Ellen Tauscher 83%
William Tauzin 20%
Charles Taylor 0%
Gene Taylor 35%
Lee Terry 35%
Craig Thomas 0%
William Thomas 52%
Fred Thompson 0%
Karen Thurman 60%
Strom Thurmond 0%
Todd Tiahrt 0%
John Tierney 90%
Robert Torricelli 65%
Ed Towns 81%
James Traficant, Jr. 20%
Stephanie Tubbs Jones 78%
James Turner 52%
Mark Udall 90%
George Voinovich 43%
James Walsh 38%
Zach Wamp 0%
John Warner 33%
Wesley Watkins 0%
Diane Watson 90%
Mel Watt 90%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 0%
Henry Waxman 83%
Anthony Weiner 83%
David Weldon 0%
W. Curtis Weldon 41%
Gerald Weller 20%
Paul Wellstone 95%
Robert Wexler 83%
Heather Wilson 20%
Frank Wolf 0%
Lynn Woolsey 90%
David Wu 67%
Albert Wynn 65%
Bill Young 20%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.