Rating Group: National Journal

2001 Conservative on Foreign Policy Score

State Office Name Party Rating
Gary Ackerman 28%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 14%
Todd Akin 97%
Wayne Allard 72%
George Allen 72%
Thomas Allen 15%
Rob Andrews 41%
Richard Armey 82%
Joe Baca, Sr. 41%
Brian Baird 0%
Richard Hugh Baker 87%
Cass Ballenger 87%
James Barcia 34%
Bob Barr, Jr. 82%
Roscoe Bartlett 69%
Charlie Bass 74%
Max Baucus 14%
Evan Bayh 43%
Bob Bennett 72%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 47%
Douglas Bereuter 53%
Shelley Berkley 34%
Howard Berman 25%
Marion Berry 41%
Judy Biggert 53%
Michael Bilirakis 82%
Jeff Bingaman 14%
Sherwood Boehlert 53%
Kit Bond 72%
Henry Bonilla 97%
David Edward Bonior 8%
Mary Bono Mack 47%
Robert Borski, Jr. 28%
Leonard Boswell 36%
Rick Boucher 32%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 46%
John Breaux 43%
Henry Brown, Jr. 60%
Ed Bryant 81%
Jim Bunning 94%
Conrad Burns 72%
Dan Burton 81%
Steve Buyer 60%
Robert Byrd 27%
Herbert Callahan 97%
Ben Campbell 65%
Chris Cannon 82%
Jean Carnahan 27%
Brad Carson 47%
Julia Carson 18%
Mike Castle 53%
Eva Clayton 15%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 43%
Robert Clement 28%
Hillary Clinton 27%
Michael Collins 60%
Larry Combest 53%
Gary Condit 36%
Kent Conrad 27%
John Cooksey 85%
Jon Corzine 3%
Jerry Costello 41%
Christopher Cox 74%
William Coyne 15%
Larry Craig 72%
Robert Cramer 41%
Philip Crane 97%
Barbara Cubin 97%
Randall Cunningham 72%
Thomas Daschle 14%
James Davis 46%
Jo Ann Davis 69%
Thomas Davis III 74%
Bill Delahunt 16%
Thomas DeLay 97%
Peter Deutsch 28%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 85%
Norm Dicks 36%
Chris Dodd 14%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 72%
Calvin Dooley 36%
John Doolittle 69%
Byron Dorgan 27%
David Dreier 87%
Jennifer Dunn 87%
John Edwards 27%
Chet Edwards 36%
Vern Ehlers 47%
Jo Ann Emerson 58%
Philip English 47%
John Ensign 72%
Bob Etheridge 47%
Lane Evans 18%
Terry Everett 97%
Russ Feingold 40%
Michael Ferguson 60%
Bob Filner 0%
Peter Fitzgerald 72%
Mark Foley 53%
Harold Ford, Jr. 28%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 60%
Barney Frank 8%
William Frist 72%
Jonas Frost III 53%
Elton Gallegly 53%
John Ganske 41%
George Gekas 87%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 36%
Jim Gibbons 87%
Wayne Gilchrest 53%
Paul Gillmor 74%
Benjamin Gilman 60%
Charlie Gonzalez 28%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 69%
Bart Gordon 41%
Porter Goss 74%
Daniel Graham 27%
William Phillip Gramm 65%
Mark Green 60%
James Greenwood 60%
Judd Gregg 65%
Felix Grucci, Jr. 74%
Gilbert Gutknecht 82%
Tony Hall 28%
James Hansen 74%
Jane Harman 28%
Melissa Hart 74%
Robert Hayes 87%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 97%
Joel Hefley 60%
Jesse Helms 94%
Wally Herger, Jr. 60%
Baron Hill 41%
Van Hilleary 58%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 5%
Maurice Hinchey 0%
David Lee Hobson 87%
PA Commissioner-At-Large Joseph Hoeffel 22%
Pete Hoekstra 41%
Thomas Holden 47%
Ernest Hollings 43%
Darlene Hooley 21%
Stephen Horn 47%
John Nathan Hostettler 68%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 45%
Kenny Hulshof 69%
Duncan Hunter 60%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 54%
Kay Hutchison 94%
Henry Hyde 74%
Daniel Inouye 14%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 85%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 0%
William Jefferson 18%
James Merrill Jeffords 43%
William Lewis Jenkins 82%
Christopher John 47%
Nancy Johnson 46%
Tim Johnson 53%
Paul Kanjorski 36%
Ric Keller 97%
Sue Kelly 53%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 3%
Mark Kennedy 87%
Patrick Kennedy 28%
Brian Kerns 82%
Dale Kildee 32%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 15%
Gerald Kleczka 7%
Joseph Knollenberg 87%
Herb Kohl 14%
James Kolbe 60%
Dennis Kucinich 0%
Jon Kyl 72%
John LaFalce 18%
Ray LaHood 53%
Nicholas Lampson 28%
Tom Lantos 22%
Steve LaTourette 81%
James Leach 25%
Jerry Lewis 87%
Ron Lewis 87%
Joe Lieberman 43%
Blanche Lincoln 41%
John Linder 87%
William Lipinski 52%
Trent Lott, Sr. 94%
Dick Lugar 72%
William Luther 8%
James Maloney 47%
Don Manzullo 58%
Frank Mascara 47%
Robert Matsui 22%
Karen McCarthy 12%
James McCrery III 87%
John McHugh 53%
Scott McInnis 72%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 0%
Michael McNulty 26%
Martin Meehan 12%
Carrie Meek 31%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 24%
Dan Miller 87%
Zell Bryan Miller 54%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 18%
Alan Mollohan 40%
Dennis Moore 36%
Constance Morella 28%
Jack Murtha 36%
Sue Myrick 97%
Ben Nelson 54%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 69%
Robert William Ney 58%
Don Nickles 72%
Anne Northup 87%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 58%
James Nussle 47%
Jim Oberstar 0%
Dave Obey 7%
John Olver 5%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 74%
Thomas William Osborne 53%
Doug Ose 87%
Major Owens 7%
Michael Oxley 87%
Ron Paul 26%
Donald Payne 0%
John Peterson 60%
David Phelps 41%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 60%
Todd Platts 60%
Richard Pombo 82%
Earl Pomeroy 34%
Deborah Pryce 87%
Jack Quinn 72%
George Radanovich 81%
James Ramstad 53%
Ralph Regula 74%
Denny Rehberg 60%
Silvestre Reyes 72%
Thomas Reynolds 87%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 11%
Ciro Rodriguez 25%
Timothy Roemer 36%
Mike Ross 41%
Steve Rothman 36%
Marge Roukema 72%
Jim Ryun 97%
Martin Olav Sabo 5%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 32%
Rick Santorum 54%
Paul Sarbanes 14%
Jim Saxton 60%
Robert Schaffer 69%
Edward Schrock 87%
John Shadegg 87%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 87%
Christopher Shays 40%
Donald Sherwood 60%
Ronnie Shows 47%
Robert Ruhl Simmons 60%
Joseph Skeen 87%
Ike Skelton 53%
Gordon Smith 53%
Nick Smith 69%
Bob Smith 65%
Olympia Snowe 54%
Vic Snyder 41%
Hilda Solis 16%
Mark Souder 74%
Arlen Specter 41%
John Spratt, Jr. 41%
Pete Stark 0%
Cliff Stearns 69%
Charles Stenholm 60%
Ted Stevens 54%
Ted Strickland 26%
Bob Stump 97%
Bart Stupak 32%
John Sweeney 85%
Tom Tancredo 82%
John Tanner 47%
Ellen Tauscher 36%
William Tauzin 74%
Charles Taylor 82%
Gene Taylor 46%
Craig Thomas 71%
William Thomas 85%
Fred Thompson 72%
Karen Thurman 36%
Strom Thurmond 94%
Todd Tiahrt 69%
Robert Torricelli 3%
Ed Towns 10%
James Traficant, Jr. 69%
Stephanie Tubbs Jones 5%
James Turner 36%
George Voinovich 51%
James Walsh 60%
Zach Wamp 69%
John Warner 54%
Wesley Watkins 72%
Diane Watson 17%
Mel Watt 10%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 87%
Anthony Weiner 12%
David Weldon 60%
W. Curtis Weldon 45%
Gerald Weller 74%
Paul Wellstone 0%
Robert Wexler 34%
Heather Wilson 74%
Lynn Woolsey 0%
David Wu 26%
Albert Wynn 12%
Bill Young 87%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 28%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 0%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 0%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 20%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 3%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 31%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 0%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 0%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 36%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 15%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 8%
WA U.S. Senate-Jr Maria Cantwell D 3%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 22%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 20%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 28%
DE U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Carper D 27%
RI Governor Linc Chafee D 51%
MO U.S. House-1 Lacy Clay, Jr. D 16%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 12%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 0%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 31%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 12%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 0%
CA U.S. House-53 Susan Davis D 41%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 21%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 10%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 22%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 40%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 8%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle, Jr. D 36%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 3%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 34%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 12%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 7%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 12%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 14%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 47%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 21%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 14%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 28%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 35%
NJ U.S. House-12 Rush Holt, Jr. D 16%
CA U.S. House-17 Mike Honda D 8%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 31%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 26%
NY U.S. House-3 Steve Israel D 36%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 31%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 22%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 27%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 24%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 14%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 21%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 43%
RI U.S. House-2 Jim Langevin D 36%
WA U.S. House-2 Rick Larsen D 26%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 20%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 3%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 0%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 14%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 12%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 12%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 22%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 20%
KY Commissioner of the Department of Veterans' Affairs Ken Lucas D 53%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 10%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 16%
UT U.S. House-4 Jim Matheson D 47%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 34%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 0%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 0%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 47%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 15%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 47%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 27%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 0%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 25%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 0%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 0%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 20%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 12%
FL U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Nelson, Sr. D 27%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 36%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 41%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 22%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 7%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 32%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 26%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 5%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 3%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 27%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 27%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 25%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 0%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 32%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 12%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 0%
CA U.S. House-28 Adam Schiff D 40%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 14%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 22%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 18%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 34%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 10%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 26%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 3%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 18%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 18%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 0%
CO U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Udall D 10%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 18%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 8%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 41%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 7%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 22%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 3%
MN Governor Mark Dayton DFL 3%
MN U.S. House-4 Betty McCollum DFL 7%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 45%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 10%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 69%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 60%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 97%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 87%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 87%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 60%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 72%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 85%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 60%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 60%
VA U.S. House-7 Eric Cantor R 60%
WV U.S. House-2 Shelley Capito R 60%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 60%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 82%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 94%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 54%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 72%
FL U.S. House-4 Ander Crenshaw R 74%
TX U.S. House-7 John Culberson R 87%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 60%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 65%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 53%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 72%
AZ U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Flake R 47%
VA U.S. House-4 Randy Forbes R 0%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 87%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 87%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 87%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 72%
MO U.S. House-6 Sam Graves R 60%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel R 72%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 60%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 97%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 94%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 54%
CA U.S. House-49 Darrell Issa R 53%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 97%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 58%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 74%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 97%
IL U.S. Senate-Jr Mark Kirk R 60%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 58%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 47%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 82%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 72%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 72%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 87%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 74%
CA U.S. House-31 Gary Miller R 87%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 53%
ID Governor Butch Otter R 69%
IN Governor Mike Pence R 97%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 74%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 74%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 87%
FL Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Services Adam Putnam R 80%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 72%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 74%
MI U.S. House-8 Mike Rogers R 87%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 60%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 69%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 58%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 41%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 60%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 65%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 82%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 54%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 47%
PA U.S. House-9 Bill Shuster R 80%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 60%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 47%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 85%
NE U.S. House-2 Lee Terry R 87%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 87%
OH U.S. House-12 Pat Tiberi R 58%
PA U.S. Senate-Jr Pat Toomey R 47%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 47%
LA U.S. Senate-Jr David Vitter R 85%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 85%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 74%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 87%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 72%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 80%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.