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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: National Journal

1999 Conservative on Defense/Foreign Policy Score

State Office District Name Party Rating
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie Democratic 45%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 56%
Gary Ackerman 17%
AL U.S. House 4 Robert Aderholt Republican 85%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 13%
Wayne Allard 84%
Thomas Allen 0%
Rob Andrews 44%
Bill Archer 91%
Richard Armey 64%
John Ashcroft 77%
AL U.S. House 6 Spencer Bachus Republican 81%
Brian Baird 27%
Richard Hugh Baker 86%
ME Councilor At-Large John Baldacci Democratic 17%
WI U.S. Senate Jr Tammy Baldwin Democratic 37%
Cass Ballenger 72%
James Barcia 50%
Bob Barr, Jr. 97%
WI Mayor At-Large Tom Barrett Democratic 22%
Bill Barrett 66%
Roscoe Bartlett 86%
TX U.S. House 6 Joe Barton Republican 92%
Charlie Bass 70%
Herbert Bateman 59%
Max Baucus 0%
Evan Bayh 40%
CA U.S. House 34 Xavier Becerra Democratic 0%
Bob Bennett 67%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 32%
Douglas Bereuter 60%
Shelley Berkley 27%
Howard Berman 15%
Marion Berry 23%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. Democratic 0%
Judy Biggert 58%
Brian Bilbray 85%
Michael Bilirakis 92%
Jeff Bingaman 29%
GA U.S. House 2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. Democratic 30%
Rod Blagojevich 39%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 58%
OR U.S. House 3 Earl Blumenauer Democratic 8%
MO U.S. Senate Jr Roy Blunt Republican 81%
Sherwood Boehlert 47%
OH U.S. House 8 John Boehner Republican 57%
Kit Bond 66%
Henry Bonilla 86%
David Edward Bonior 8%
Mary Bono Mack 55%
Robert Borski, Jr. 26%
Leonard Boswell 34%
Rick Boucher 30%
CA U.S. Senate Jr Barbara Boxer Democratic 0%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 30%
TX U.S. House 8 Kevin Brady Republican 78%
PA U.S. House 1 Bob Brady Democratic 29%
John Breaux 29%
FL U.S. House 5 Corrine Brown Democratic 23%
OH U.S. Senate Sr Sherrod Brown Democratic 22%
KS Governor Sam Brownback Republican 67%
Richard Bryan 29%
Ed Bryant 92%
Jim Bunning 94%
Conrad Burns 77%
NC U.S. Senate Sr Richard Burr Republican 70%
Dan Burton 90%
Steve Buyer 57%
Robert Byrd 46%
Herbert Callahan 50%
CA U.S. House 42 Ken Calvert Republican 53%
MI U.S. House 4 Dave Camp Republican 70%
Ben Campbell 67%
Thomas Campbell 58%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 86%
Chris Cannon 97%
CA U.S. House 24 Lois Capps Democratic 22%
MA U.S. House 7 Mike Capuano Democratic 8%
MD U.S. Senate Jr Ben Cardin Democratic 12%
Julia Carson 11%
Mike Castle 51%
OH U.S. House 1 Steve Chabot Republican 92%
RI Governor Linc Chafee Democratic 38%
GA U.S. Senate Sr Saxby Chambliss Republican 73%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 85%
William Clay, Sr. 16%
Eva Clayton 7%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 40%
Robert Clement 36%
SC U.S. House 6 Jim Clyburn Democratic 0%
NC U.S. House 6 Howard Coble Republican 97%
OK U.S. Senate Jr Thomas Coburn Republican 90%
MS U.S. Senate Sr Thad Cochran Republican 60%
Michael Collins 86%
ME U.S. Senate Sr Susan Collins Republican 77%
Larry Combest 86%
Gary Condit 51%
Kent Conrad 29%
MI U.S. House 13 John Conyers, Jr. Democratic 17%
Merrill Cook 78%
John Cooksey 54%
Jerry Costello 43%
Paul Coverdell 77%
Christopher Cox 62%
William Coyne 5%
Larry Craig 94%
Robert Cramer 45%
Philip Crane 92%
ID U.S. Senate Sr Mike Crapo Republican 94%
NY U.S. House 14 Joe Crowley Democratic 12%
Barbara Cubin 81%
MD U.S. House 7 Elijah Cummings Democratic 0%
Randall Cunningham 81%
Patsy Ann Danner 55%
Thomas Daschle 0%
IL U.S. House 7 Danny Davis Democratic 5%
James Davis 23%
Thomas Davis III 50%
GA Governor Nathan Deal Republican 92%
OR U.S. House 4 Peter DeFazio Democratic 44%
CO U.S. House 1 Diana DeGette Democratic 23%
Bill Delahunt 5%
CT U.S. House 3 Rosa DeLauro Democratic 12%
Thomas DeLay 81%
James DeMint 97%
Peter Deutsch 36%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine Republican 56%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 55%
Jay Dickey 81%
Norm Dicks 30%
MI U.S. House 12 John Dingell Democratic 27%
Julian Dixon 8%
Chris Dodd 13%
TX U.S. House 35 Lloyd Doggett II Democratic 27%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 67%
Calvin Dooley 23%
John Doolittle 85%
Byron Dorgan 38%
PA U.S. House 14 Mike Doyle, Jr. Democratic 43%
David Dreier 50%
TN U.S. House 2 John Duncan, Jr. Republican 92%
Jennifer Dunn 55%
IL U.S. Senate Sr Dick Durbin Democratic 24%
John Edwards 24%
Chet Edwards 30%
Vern Ehlers 53%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 60%
Jo Ann Emerson 62%
NY U.S. House 16 Eliot Engel Democratic 17%
Philip English 58%
WY U.S. Senate Sr Mike Enzi Republican 84%
CA U.S. House 18 Anna Eshoo Democratic 17%
Bob Etheridge 37%
Lane Evans 8%
Terry Everett 86%
Thomas Ewing 72%
CA U.S. House 20 Sam Farr Democratic 0%
PA U.S. House 2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. Democratic 7%
Russ Feingold 45%
CA U.S. Senate Sr Dianne Feinstein Democratic 0%
Bob Filner 5%
Peter Fitzgerald 84%
Ernest Fletcher 73%
Mark Foley 66%
Michael Patrick Forbes 44%
Harold Ford, Jr. 17%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 69%
Tillie Fowler 66%
Barney Frank 34%
Robert Franks 60%
NJ U.S. House 11 Rodney Frelinghuysen Republican 48%
William Frist 67%
Jonas Frost III 30%
Elton Gallegly 73%
John Ganske 73%
Sam Gejdenson 5%
George Gekas 62%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 17%
Jim Gibbons 91%
Wayne Gilchrest 55%
Paul Gillmor 60%
Benjamin Gilman 52%
Charlie Gonzalez 12%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 97%
VA U.S. House 6 Bob Goodlatte Republican 92%
William Goodling 81%
Bart Gordon 44%
Slade Gorton 67%
Porter Goss 55%
Daniel Graham 40%
SC U.S. Senate Sr Lindsey Graham Republican 65%
William Phillip Gramm 90%
Rodney Grams 60%
TX U.S. House 12 Kay Granger Republican 66%
IA U.S. Senate Sr Chuck Grassley Republican 84%
Mark Green 62%
TX U.S. House 29 Gene Green Democratic 35%
James Greenwood 53%
Judd Gregg 90%
IL U.S. House 4 Luis Gutierrez Democratic 8%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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