Rating Group: National Journal

1999 Conservative on Defense/Foreign Policy Score

State Office Name Party Rating
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 0%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 56%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 84%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 54%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 0%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 0%
CO U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Udall D 16%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 73%
GA U.S. Senate-Jr Johnny Isakson R 64%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 84%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 0%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 94%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 24%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 65%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 86%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 52%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 22%
LA U.S. Senate-Jr David Vitter R 80%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 17%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 0%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 12%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 77%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 0%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 30%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 81%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 60%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 73%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 70%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 34%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 17%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 29%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 0%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 22%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 60%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 94%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 90%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 0%
PA U.S. Senate-Jr Pat Toomey R 70%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 13%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 65%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 24%
SD U.S. Senate-Jr John Thune R 92%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 56%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 13%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 37%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 13%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 37%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 0%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 84%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 73%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 85%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 81%
AZ U.S. House-5 Matt Salmon R 66%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 5%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 17%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 17%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 8%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 47%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 17%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 35%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 0%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 22%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 77%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 37%
CA U.S. House-31 Gary Miller R 66%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 7%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 0%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 0%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 86%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 0%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 53%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 0%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 17%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 92%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 23%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 23%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 12%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 23%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 70%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 16%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 73%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 81%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 30%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 0%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 78%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 70%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 0%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 8%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 5%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 17%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 81%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 46%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 62%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 81%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 8%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 17%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 33%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 8%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 23%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 0%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 70%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 73%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 17%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 27%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 17%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 72%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 11%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 97%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 27%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 97%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 45%
NE U.S. House-2 Lee Terry R 66%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 86%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 60%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 33%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 37%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 48%
NJ U.S. House-12 Rush Holt, Jr. D 22%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 47%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 27%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 0%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 8%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 5%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 17%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 8%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 12%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 42%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 17%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 22%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 32%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 92%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 57%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 30%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 97%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 73%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 8%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 44%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 29%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 7%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle D 43%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 92%
SC U.S. House-1 Mark Sanford, Jr. R 81%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 0%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 92%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 92%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 81%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 92%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 78%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 66%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 60%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 8%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 27%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 81%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 35%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 0%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 92%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 27%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 17%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 92%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 37%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 48%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 66%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 27%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 42%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 73%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 33%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 86%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 73%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 12%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 92%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 45%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 67%
OH Governor John Kasich R 72%
RI Governor Linc Chafee D 38%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 41%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 5%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 56%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 86%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel R 44%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 13%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 22%
PA Commissioner-At-Large Joseph Hoeffel 23%
ME Councilor-At-Large John Baldacci D 17%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 56%
Gary Ackerman 17%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 13%
Wayne Allard 84%
Thomas Allen 0%
Rob Andrews 44%
Bill Archer 91%
Richard Armey 64%
John Ashcroft 77%
Brian Baird 27%
Richard Hugh Baker 86%
Cass Ballenger 72%
James Barcia 50%
Bob Barr, Jr. 97%
Bill Barrett 66%
Roscoe Bartlett 86%
Charlie Bass 70%
Herbert Bateman 59%
Max Baucus 0%
Evan Bayh 40%
Bob Bennett 67%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 32%
Douglas Bereuter 60%
Shelley Berkley 27%
Howard Berman 15%
Marion Berry 23%
Judy Biggert 58%
Brian Bilbray 85%
Michael Bilirakis 92%
Jeff Bingaman 29%
Rod Blagojevich 39%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 58%
Sherwood Boehlert 47%
Kit Bond 66%
Henry Bonilla 86%
David Edward Bonior 8%
Mary Bono Mack 55%
Robert Borski, Jr. 26%
Leonard Boswell 34%
Rick Boucher 30%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 30%
John Breaux 29%
Richard Bryan 29%
Ed Bryant 92%
Jim Bunning 94%
Conrad Burns 77%
Dan Burton 90%
Steve Buyer 57%
Robert Byrd 46%
Herbert Callahan 50%
Ben Campbell 67%
Thomas Campbell 58%
Chris Cannon 97%
Julia Carson 11%
Mike Castle 51%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 85%
William Clay, Sr. 16%
Eva Clayton 7%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 40%
Robert Clement 36%
Michael Collins 86%
Larry Combest 86%
Gary Condit 51%
Kent Conrad 29%
Merrill Cook 78%
John Cooksey 54%
Jerry Costello 43%
Paul Coverdell 77%
Christopher Cox 62%
William Coyne 5%
Larry Craig 94%
Robert Cramer 45%
Philip Crane 92%
Barbara Cubin 81%
Randall Cunningham 81%
Patsy Ann Danner 55%
Thomas Daschle 0%
James Davis 23%
Thomas Davis III 50%
Bill Delahunt 5%
Thomas DeLay 81%
James DeMint 97%
Peter Deutsch 36%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 55%
Jay Dickey 81%
Norm Dicks 30%
Julian Dixon 8%
Chris Dodd 13%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 67%
Calvin Dooley 23%
John Doolittle 85%
Byron Dorgan 38%
David Dreier 50%
Jennifer Dunn 55%
John Edwards 24%
Chet Edwards 30%
Vern Ehlers 53%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 60%
Jo Ann Emerson 62%
Philip English 58%
Bob Etheridge 37%
Lane Evans 8%
Terry Everett 86%
Thomas Ewing 72%
Russ Feingold 45%
Bob Filner 5%
Peter Fitzgerald 84%
Ernest Fletcher 73%
Mark Foley 66%
Michael Patrick Forbes 44%
Harold Ford, Jr. 17%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 69%
Tillie Fowler 66%
Barney Frank 34%
Robert Franks 60%
William Frist 67%
Jonas Frost III 30%
Elton Gallegly 73%
John Ganske 73%
Sam Gejdenson 5%
George Gekas 62%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 17%
Jim Gibbons 91%
Wayne Gilchrest 55%
Paul Gillmor 60%
Benjamin Gilman 52%
Charlie Gonzalez 12%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 97%
William Goodling 81%
Bart Gordon 44%
Slade Gorton 67%
Porter Goss 55%
Daniel Graham 40%
William Phillip Gramm 90%
Rodney Grams 60%
Mark Green 62%
James Greenwood 53%
Judd Gregg 90%
Gilbert Gutknecht 97%
Tony Hall 23%
James Hansen 69%
Robert Hayes 63%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 78%
Joel Hefley 92%
Jesse Helms 94%
Wally Herger, Jr. 97%
Baron Hill 34%
Rick Hill 92%
Van Hilleary 97%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 0%
Maurice Hinchey 0%
David Lee Hobson 50%
Pete Hoekstra 86%
Thomas Holden 40%
Ernest Hollings 47%
Darlene Hooley 17%
Stephen Horn 55%
John Nathan Hostettler 92%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 45%
Kenny Hulshof 80%
Duncan Hunter 54%
Asa Hutchinson 73%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 94%
Kay Hutchison 77%
Henry Hyde 52%
Daniel Inouye 13%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 92%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 37%
William Jefferson 12%
James Merrill Jeffords 47%
William Lewis Jenkins 78%
Christopher John 41%
Nancy Johnson 48%
Paul Kanjorski 33%
Sue Kelly 48%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 13%
Patrick Kennedy 12%
Bob Kerrey 13%
Dale Kildee 36%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 0%
Gerald Kleczka 39%
Ronald Klink 37%
Joseph Knollenberg 50%
Herb Kohl 24%
James Kolbe 48%
Dennis Kucinich 48%
Steven Kuykendall 64%
Jon Kyl 60%
John LaFalce 17%
Ray LaHood 70%
Nicholas Lampson 12%
Tom Lantos 11%
Stephen Largent 77%
Steve LaTourette 53%
Frank Lautenberg 0%
Rick Lazio 59%
James Leach 59%
Jerry Lewis 48%
Ron Lewis 78%
Joe Lieberman 29%
Blanche Lincoln 29%
John Linder 81%
William Lipinski 48%
Trent Lott, Sr. 67%
Ken Lucas 45%
Dick Lugar 49%
William Luther 12%
Connie Mack 54%
James Maloney 41%
Don Manzullo 91%
Matthew Martinez 12%
Frank Mascara 42%
Robert Matsui 12%
Karen McCarthy 8%
Bill McCollum 66%
James McCrery III 73%
John McHugh 55%
Scott McInnis 86%
David McIntosh 78%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 47%
Michael McNulty 39%
Martin Meehan 15%
Carrie Meek 0%
Jack Metcalf 92%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 12%
Dan Miller 73%
David Minge 34%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 40%
John Moakley 23%
Alan Mollohan 39%
Dennis Moore 34%
Constance Morella 36%
Patrick Moynihan 23%
Frank Murkowski 67%
Jack Murtha 40%
Sue Myrick 97%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 73%
Robert William Ney 78%
Don Nickles 90%
Anne Northup 63%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 92%
James Nussle 73%
Jim Oberstar 0%
Dave Obey 8%
John Olver 0%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 33%
Doug Ose 48%
Major Owens 8%
Michael Oxley 54%
Ronald Packard 77%
Ron Paul 70%
Donald Payne 0%
Edward Pease 92%
John Peterson 69%
David Phelps 43%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 86%
Owen Pickett 36%
Richard Pombo 86%
Earl Pomeroy 12%
John Edward Porter 45%
Deborah Pryce 52%
Jack Quinn 57%
George Radanovich 70%
James Ramstad 86%
Ralph Regula 55%
Silvestre Reyes 30%
Thomas Reynolds 77%
Bob Riley 66%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 46%
Charles Robb 24%
Ciro Rodriguez 23%
Timothy Roemer 48%
James Rogan 91%
William Roth, Jr. 52%
Steve Rothman 17%
Marge Roukema 65%
Jim Ryun 81%
Martin Olav Sabo 0%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 17%
Rick Santorum 84%
Paul Sarbanes 0%
Jim Saxton 64%
Joe Scarborough 73%
Robert Schaffer 86%
John Shadegg 97%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 55%
Christopher Shays 59%
Donald Sherwood 53%
Ronnie Shows 43%
E.G. Shuster 97%
Norman Sisisky 40%
Joseph Skeen 62%
Ike Skelton 23%
Gordon Smith 29%
Nick Smith 66%
Bob Smith 77%
Olympia Snowe 63%
Vic Snyder 22%
Mark Souder 81%
Arlen Specter 49%
Floyd Spence 66%
John Spratt, Jr. 30%
Pete Stark 46%
Cliff Stearns 92%
Charles Stenholm 42%
Ted Stevens 67%
Ted Strickland 22%
Bob Stump 78%
Bart Stupak 27%
John Sununu 97%
John Sweeney 91%
James Talent 69%
Tom Tancredo 86%
John Tanner 41%
Ellen Tauscher 30%
William Tauzin 85%
Charles Taylor 81%
Gene Taylor 58%
Craig Thomas 67%
William Thomas 70%
Fred Thompson 77%
Karen Thurman 27%
Strom Thurmond 90%
Todd Tiahrt 80%
Robert Torricelli 40%
Ed Towns 27%
James Traficant, Jr. 60%
Stephanie Tubbs Jones 0%
James Turner 39%
Bruce Vento 8%
George Voinovich 64%
James Walsh 51%
Zach Wamp 92%
John Warner 49%
Wesley Watkins 86%
Mel Watt 12%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 73%
Anthony Weiner 0%
David Weldon 66%
W. Curtis Weldon 63%
Gerald Weller 63%
Paul Wellstone 29%
Robert Wexler 17%
Bob Weygand 23%
Heather Wilson 61%
Bob Wise, Jr. 41%
Lynn Woolsey 16%
David Wu 27%
Albert Wynn 12%
Bill Young 64%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.