Rating Group: National Journal

1999 Conservative on Social Policy Score

State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 75%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 92%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 84%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 96%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 82%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 66%
AZ U.S. House-5 Matt Salmon R 75%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 0%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 0%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 0%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 23%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 19%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 0%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 0%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 17%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 22%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 0%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 26%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 65%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 26%
CA U.S. House-31 Gary Miller R 85%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 13%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 0%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 0%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 71%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 0%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 85%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 0%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 26%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 66%
CO U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Udall D 19%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 13%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 24%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 0%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 13%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 79%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 0%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 55%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 79%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 82%
GA U.S. Senate-Jr Johnny Isakson R 53%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 85%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 40%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 0%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 79%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 0%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 58%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 12%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 71%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 83%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 69%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 0%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 0%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 13%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 0%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 13%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 85%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 29%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 77%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 61%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 87%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 72%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 85%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 91%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 26%
LA U.S. Senate-Jr David Vitter R 85%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 0%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 32%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 13%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 0%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 0%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 0%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 20%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 20%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 0%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 48%
ME Councilor-At-Large John Baldacci D 20%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 0%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 33%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 69%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 56%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 13%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 37%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 0%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 64%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 91%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 72%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 91%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 22%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 38%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel R 79%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 12%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 85%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 96%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 24%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 77%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 66%
NE U.S. House-2 Lee Terry R 79%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 23%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 69%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 61%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 25%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 38%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 40%
NJ U.S. House-12 Rush Holt, Jr. D 20%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 23%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 42%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 0%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 61%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 30%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 0%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 0%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 0%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 17%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 0%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 38%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 0%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 17%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 24%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 0%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 13%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 69%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 91%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 76%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 36%
OH Governor John Kasich R 76%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 13%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 52%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 97%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 76%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 90%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 12%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 55%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 17%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 17%
PA U.S. Senate-Jr Pat Toomey R 58%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 13%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 0%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle D 47%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 91%
PA Commissioner-At-Large Joseph Hoeffel 13%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 44%
RI Governor Linc Chafee D 0%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 79%
SC U.S. House-1 Mark Sanford, Jr. R 60%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 20%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 28%
SD U.S. Senate-Jr John Thune R 79%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 91%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 90%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 79%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 96%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 72%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 61%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 69%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 27%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 0%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 72%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 46%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 19%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 96%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 0%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 67%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 0%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 91%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 20%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 72%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 31%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 0%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 0%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 82%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 0%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 33%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 31%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 0%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 69%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 26%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 82%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 59%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 0%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 0%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 48%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 94%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 59%
Gary Ackerman 0%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 20%
Wayne Allard 93%
Thomas Allen 0%
Rob Andrews 28%
Bill Archer 82%
Richard Armey 91%
John Ashcroft 77%
Brian Baird 32%
Richard Hugh Baker 85%
Cass Ballenger 66%
James Barcia 55%
Bob Barr, Jr. 85%
Bill Barrett 72%
Roscoe Bartlett 85%
Charlie Bass 48%
Herbert Bateman 56%
Max Baucus 40%
Evan Bayh 36%
Bob Bennett 59%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 28%
Douglas Bereuter 56%
Shelley Berkley 26%
Howard Berman 0%
Marion Berry 51%
Judy Biggert 42%
Brian Bilbray 49%
Michael Bilirakis 79%
Jeff Bingaman 20%
Rod Blagojevich 25%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 85%
Sherwood Boehlert 36%
Kit Bond 72%
Henry Bonilla 60%
David Edward Bonior 33%
Mary Bono Mack 53%
Robert Borski, Jr. 42%
Leonard Boswell 43%
Rick Boucher 33%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 42%
John Breaux 47%
Richard Bryan 12%
Ed Bryant 91%
Jim Bunning 88%
Conrad Burns 94%
Dan Burton 84%
Steve Buyer 91%
Robert Byrd 38%
Herbert Callahan 85%
Ben Campbell 64%
Thomas Campbell 36%
Chris Cannon 72%
Julia Carson 0%
Mike Castle 35%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 84%
William Clay, Sr. 13%
Eva Clayton 0%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 28%
Robert Clement 47%
Michael Collins 91%
Larry Combest 96%
Gary Condit 39%
Kent Conrad 42%
Merrill Cook 66%
John Cooksey 52%
Jerry Costello 54%
Paul Coverdell 84%
Christopher Cox 71%
William Coyne 0%
Larry Craig 79%
Robert Cramer 52%
Philip Crane 85%
Barbara Cubin 78%
Randall Cunningham 85%
Patsy Ann Danner 55%
Thomas Daschle 31%
James Davis 34%
Thomas Davis III 49%
Bill Delahunt 17%
Thomas DeLay 91%
James DeMint 91%
Peter Deutsch 28%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 55%
Jay Dickey 76%
Norm Dicks 22%
Julian Dixon 0%
Chris Dodd 12%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 59%
Calvin Dooley 31%
John Doolittle 64%
Byron Dorgan 41%
David Dreier 64%
Jennifer Dunn 56%
John Edwards 12%
Chet Edwards 37%
Vern Ehlers 54%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 47%
Jo Ann Emerson 91%
Philip English 72%
Bob Etheridge 40%
Lane Evans 24%
Terry Everett 96%
Thomas Ewing 61%
Russ Feingold 28%
Bob Filner 13%
Peter Fitzgerald 51%
Ernest Fletcher 78%
Mark Foley 43%
Michael Patrick Forbes 51%
Harold Ford, Jr. 28%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 56%
Tillie Fowler 52%
Barney Frank 0%
Robert Franks 46%
William Frist 59%
Jonas Frost III 30%
Elton Gallegly 64%
John Ganske 49%
Sam Gejdenson 0%
George Gekas 66%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 21%
Jim Gibbons 61%
Wayne Gilchrest 45%
Paul Gillmor 72%
Benjamin Gilman 40%
Charlie Gonzalez 19%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 85%
William Goodling 60%
Bart Gordon 51%
Slade Gorton 55%
Porter Goss 64%
Daniel Graham 20%
William Phillip Gramm 97%
Rodney Grams 88%
Mark Green 69%
James Greenwood 33%
Judd Gregg 68%
Gilbert Gutknecht 91%
Tony Hall 50%
James Hansen 91%
Robert Hayes 91%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 85%
Joel Hefley 82%
Jesse Helms 88%
Wally Herger, Jr. 96%
Baron Hill 44%
Rick Hill 82%
Van Hilleary 91%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 32%
Maurice Hinchey 22%
David Lee Hobson 59%
Pete Hoekstra 60%
Thomas Holden 53%
Ernest Hollings 25%
Darlene Hooley 30%
Stephen Horn 37%
John Nathan Hostettler 76%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 30%
Kenny Hulshof 66%
Duncan Hunter 96%
Asa Hutchinson 64%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 72%
Kay Hutchison 64%
Henry Hyde 66%
Daniel Inouye 0%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 96%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 0%
William Jefferson 25%
James Merrill Jeffords 45%
William Lewis Jenkins 91%
Christopher John 63%
Nancy Johnson 38%
Paul Kanjorski 44%
Sue Kelly 44%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 19%
Patrick Kennedy 0%
Bob Kerrey 20%
Dale Kildee 44%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 0%
Gerald Kleczka 32%
Ronald Klink 40%
Joseph Knollenberg 72%
Herb Kohl 20%
James Kolbe 45%
Dennis Kucinich 40%
Steven Kuykendall 40%
Jon Kyl 69%
John LaFalce 42%
Ray LaHood 59%
Nicholas Lampson 39%
Tom Lantos 23%
Stephen Largent 91%
Steve LaTourette 52%
Frank Lautenberg 0%
Rick Lazio 49%
James Leach 45%
Jerry Lewis 59%
Ron Lewis 96%
Joe Lieberman 31%
Blanche Lincoln 36%
John Linder 75%
William Lipinski 53%
Trent Lott, Sr. 79%
Ken Lucas 85%
Dick Lugar 55%
William Luther 36%
Connie Mack 82%
James Maloney 35%
Don Manzullo 66%
Matthew Martinez 28%
Frank Mascara 50%
Robert Matsui 13%
Karen McCarthy 13%
Bill McCollum 58%
James McCrery III 82%
John McHugh 66%
Scott McInnis 79%
David McIntosh 85%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 13%
Michael McNulty 42%
Martin Meehan 0%
Carrie Meek 0%
Jack Metcalf 72%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 0%
Dan Miller 48%
David Minge 30%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 0%
John Moakley 36%
Alan Mollohan 52%
Dennis Moore 33%
Constance Morella 23%
Patrick Moynihan 27%
Frank Murkowski 71%
Jack Murtha 50%
Sue Myrick 78%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 61%
Robert William Ney 79%
Don Nickles 84%
Anne Northup 56%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 91%
James Nussle 69%
Jim Oberstar 43%
Dave Obey 34%
John Olver 0%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 54%
Doug Ose 46%
Major Owens 0%
Michael Oxley 72%
Ronald Packard 96%
Ron Paul 53%
Donald Payne 0%
Edward Pease 61%
John Peterson 96%
David Phelps 59%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 96%
Owen Pickett 36%
Richard Pombo 72%
Earl Pomeroy 42%
John Edward Porter 37%
Deborah Pryce 47%
Jack Quinn 59%
George Radanovich 96%
James Ramstad 48%
Ralph Regula 58%
Silvestre Reyes 39%
Thomas Reynolds 82%
Bob Riley 96%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 18%
Charles Robb 31%
Ciro Rodriguez 28%
Timothy Roemer 50%
James Rogan 64%
William Roth, Jr. 50%
Steve Rothman 31%
Marge Roukema 48%
Jim Ryun 91%
Martin Olav Sabo 13%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 45%
Rick Santorum 72%
Paul Sarbanes 0%
Jim Saxton 78%
Joe Scarborough 63%
Robert Schaffer 84%
John Shadegg 85%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 51%
Christopher Shays 34%
Donald Sherwood 81%
Ronnie Shows 76%
E.G. Shuster 72%
Norman Sisisky 35%
Joseph Skeen 69%
Ike Skelton 68%
Gordon Smith 59%
Nick Smith 61%
Bob Smith 97%
Olympia Snowe 49%
Vic Snyder 25%
Mark Souder 79%
Arlen Specter 46%
Floyd Spence 91%
John Spratt, Jr. 39%
Pete Stark 0%
Cliff Stearns 85%
Charles Stenholm 75%
Ted Stevens 52%
Ted Strickland 35%
Bob Stump 85%
Bart Stupak 44%
John Sununu 69%
John Sweeney 58%
James Talent 82%
Tom Tancredo 85%
John Tanner 46%
Ellen Tauscher 26%
William Tauzin 72%
Charles Taylor 96%
Gene Taylor 85%
Craig Thomas 94%
William Thomas 58%
Fred Thompson 88%
Karen Thurman 31%
Strom Thurmond 69%
Todd Tiahrt 79%
Robert Torricelli 31%
Ed Towns 17%
James Traficant, Jr. 66%
Stephanie Tubbs Jones 0%
James Turner 56%
Bruce Vento 19%
George Voinovich 55%
James Walsh 64%
Zach Wamp 76%
John Warner 54%
Wesley Watkins 96%
Mel Watt 0%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 96%
Anthony Weiner 22%
David Weldon 85%
W. Curtis Weldon 66%
Gerald Weller 72%
Paul Wellstone 12%
Robert Wexler 20%
Bob Weygand 39%
Heather Wilson 54%
Bob Wise, Jr. 40%
Lynn Woolsey 0%
David Wu 29%
Albert Wynn 25%
Bill Young 66%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.