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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: National Journal

1999 Liberal on Defense/Foreign Policy Score

State Office District Name Party Rating
Thomas Allen 95%
CA U.S. House 34 Xavier Becerra Democratic 95%
SC U.S. House 6 Jim Clyburn Democratic 95%
MD U.S. House 7 Elijah Cummings Democratic 95%
CA U.S. House 20 Sam Farr Democratic 95%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 95%
Maurice Hinchey 95%
TX U.S. House 30 Eddie Johnson Democratic 95%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 95%
GA U.S. House 5 John Lewis Democratic 95%
Carrie Meek 95%
NY U.S. House 5 Gregory Meeks Democratic 95%
Jim Oberstar 95%
John Olver 95%
Donald Payne 95%
CA U.S. House 40 Lucille Roybal-Allard Democratic 95%
IL U.S. House 1 Bobby Rush Democratic 95%
Martin Olav Sabo 95%
Stephanie Tubbs Jones 95%
CA U.S. House 43 Maxine Waters Democratic 95%
CA U.S. House 33 Henry Waxman Democratic 95%
Anthony Weiner 95%
William Coyne 93%
IL U.S. House 7 Danny Davis Democratic 93%
Bill Delahunt 93%
PA U.S. House 2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. Democratic 93%
Bob Filner 93%
Sam Gejdenson 93%
NY U.S. House 10 Jerry Nadler Democratic 93%
CA U.S. House 32 Grace Napolitano Democratic 93%
AZ U.S. House 7 Ed Pastor Democratic 93%
OH State Senate 28 Thomas Sawyer Democratic 93%
Eva Clayton 92%
Karen McCarthy 92%
Dave Obey 92%
OR U.S. House 3 Earl Blumenauer Democratic 89%
David Edward Bonior 89%
MA U.S. House 7 Mike Capuano Democratic 89%
Julia Carson 89%
Julian Dixon 89%
Lane Evans 89%
IL U.S. House 4 Luis Gutierrez Democratic 89%
TX U.S. House 15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. Democratic 89%
MA U.S. House 1 Richard Neal Democratic 89%
Major Owens 89%
CA U.S. House 12 Nancy Pelosi Democratic 89%
NY U.S. House 13 Charlie Rangel Democratic 89%
NY U.S. House 7 Nydia Velázquez Democratic 89%
Bruce Vento 89%
Patrick Kennedy 88%
Tom Lantos 88%
William Luther 88%
MS U.S. House 2 Bennie Thompson Democratic 88%
Albert Wynn 88%
Max Baucus 87%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. Democratic 87%
CA U.S. Senate Jr Barbara Boxer Democratic 87%
Thomas Daschle 87%
CA U.S. Senate Sr Dianne Feinstein Democratic 87%
IA U.S. Senate Jr Tom Harkin Democratic 87%
Frank Lautenberg 87%
MI U.S. Senate Sr Carl Levin Democratic 87%
MD U.S. Senate Sr Barbara Mikulski Democratic 87%
WV U.S. Senate Sr Jay Rockefeller IV Democratic 87%
Paul Sarbanes 87%
NY U.S. Senate Sr Chuck Schumer Democratic 87%
OR U.S. Senate Sr Ron Wyden Democratic 87%
MD U.S. Senate Jr Ben Cardin Democratic 85%
NY U.S. House 14 Joe Crowley Democratic 85%
CT U.S. House 3 Rosa DeLauro Democratic 85%
Charlie Gonzalez 85%
William Jefferson 85%
Nicholas Lampson 85%
Matthew Martinez 85%
Robert Matsui 85%
Martin Meehan 85%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 85%
Earl Pomeroy 85%
WV U.S. House 3 Nick Rahall II Democratic 85%
Mel Watt 85%
Howard Berman 84%
William Clay, Sr. 84%
Gary Ackerman 83%
MI U.S. House 13 John Conyers, Jr. Democratic 83%
FL U.S. House 20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. Democratic 83%
CO U.S. Senate Sr Mark Udall Democratic 83%
Lynn Woolsey 83%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 78%
ME Councilor At-Large John Baldacci Democratic 78%
Chris Dodd 78%
NY U.S. House 16 Eliot Engel Democratic 78%
CA U.S. House 18 Anna Eshoo Democratic 78%
Harold Ford, Jr. 78%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 78%
NJ U.S. House 12 Rush Holt, Jr. Democratic 78%
Darlene Hooley 78%
Daniel Inouye 78%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 78%
Bob Kerrey 78%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry Democratic 78%
John LaFalce 78%
VT U.S. Senate Sr Patrick Leahy Democratic 78%
MI U.S. House 9 Sandy Levin Democratic 78%
NY U.S. House 17 Nita Lowey Democratic 78%
NY U.S. House 12 Carolyn Maloney Democratic 78%
MA U.S. Senate Jr Ed Markey Democratic 78%
MA U.S. House 2 Jim McGovern Democratic 78%
CA U.S. House 11 George Miller Democratic 78%
WA U.S. Senate Sr Patty Murray Democratic 78%
RI U.S. Senate Sr Jack Reed Democratic 78%
Steve Rothman 78%
CA U.S. House 46 Loretta Sanchez Democratic 78%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 78%
IL U.S. House 9 Jan Schakowsky Democratic 78%
VA U.S. House 3 Bobby Scott Democratic 78%
CA U.S. House 5 Mike Thompson Democratic 78%
NM U.S. Senate Sr Tom Udall Democratic 78%
Robert Wexler 78%
WI Mayor At-Large Tom Barrett Democratic 77%
OH U.S. Senate Sr Sherrod Brown Democratic 77%
CA U.S. House 24 Lois Capps Democratic 77%
LA U.S. Senate Sr Mary Landrieu Democratic 77%
Vic Snyder 77%
Ted Strickland 77%
Patrick Moynihan 76%
Marion Berry 74%
FL U.S. House 5 Corrine Brown Democratic 74%
James Davis 74%
CO U.S. House 1 Diana DeGette Democratic 74%
Calvin Dooley 74%
Tony Hall 74%
PA Commissioner At-Large Joseph Hoeffel 74%
MD U.S. House 5 Steny Hoyer Democratic 74%
CT U.S. House 1 John Larson Democratic 74%
John Moakley 74%
Ciro Rodriguez 74%
Ike Skelton 74%
Bob Weygand 74%
Robert Borski, Jr. 73%
WA U.S. House 7 Jim McDermott Democratic 73%
Bart Stupak 73%
Ed Towns 73%
David Wu 73%
Brian Baird 71%
Shelley Berkley 71%
MI U.S. House 12 John Dingell Democratic 71%
TX U.S. House 35 Lloyd Doggett II Democratic 71%
IL U.S. Senate Sr Dick Durbin Democratic 71%
John Edwards 71%
TX U.S. House 18 Sheila Jackson Lee Democratic 71%
SD U.S. Senate Sr Timothy Johnson Democratic 71%
Herb Kohl 71%
NY U.S. House 4 Carolyn McCarthy Democratic 71%
NC U.S. House 4 David Price Democratic 71%
Charles Robb 71%
Karen Thurman 71%
PA U.S. House 1 Bob Brady Democratic 70%
Norm Dicks 70%
Jonas Frost III 70%
Silvestre Reyes 70%
John Spratt, Jr. 70%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 68%
GA U.S. House 2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. Democratic 68%
Rick Boucher 68%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 68%
Chet Edwards 68%
OH U.S. House 9 Marcy Kaptur Democratic 68%
MI U.S. Senate Jr Debbie Stabenow Democratic 68%
Ellen Tauscher 68%
Paul Kanjorski 67%
WI U.S. House 3 Ron Kind Democratic 67%
NJ U.S. House 6 Frank Pallone, Jr. Democratic 67%
NY U.S. House 25 Louise Slaughter Democratic 67%
MA U.S. House 6 John Tierney Democratic 67%
Baron Hill 66%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 66%
Leonard Boswell 65%
Barney Frank 65%
TX U.S. House 29 Gene Green Democratic 65%
NJ U.S. Senate Sr Bob Menendez Democratic 65%
David Minge 65%
Dennis Moore 65%
CA U.S. House 19 Zoe Lofgren Democratic 64%
Robert Clement 63%
Peter Deutsch 63%
Dale Kildee 63%
Constance Morella 63%
Owen Pickett 63%
Jeff Bingaman 62%
John Breaux 62%
Richard Bryan 62%
Kent Conrad 62%
Joe Lieberman 62%
Blanche Lincoln 62%
NV U.S. Senate Sr Harry Reid Democratic 62%
Gordon Smith 62%
Paul Wellstone 62%
WI U.S. Senate Jr Tammy Baldwin Democratic 61%
Rod Blagojevich 61%
Bob Etheridge 61%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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