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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: National Journal

1999 Liberal on Defense/Foreign Policy Score

State Office District Name Party Rating
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie Democratic 55%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 40%
Gary Ackerman 83%
AL U.S. House 4 Robert Aderholt Republican 15%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 78%
Wayne Allard 10%
Thomas Allen 95%
Rob Andrews 55%
Bill Archer 9%
Richard Armey 35%
John Ashcroft 16%
AL U.S. House 6 Spencer Bachus Republican 15%
Brian Baird 71%
Richard Hugh Baker 10%
ME Councilor At-Large John Baldacci Democratic 78%
WI U.S. Senate Jr Tammy Baldwin Democratic 61%
Cass Ballenger 27%
James Barcia 49%
Bob Barr, Jr. 0%
WI Mayor At-Large Tom Barrett Democratic 77%
Bill Barrett 31%
Roscoe Bartlett 10%
TX U.S. House 6 Joe Barton Republican 3%
Charlie Bass 28%
Herbert Bateman 41%
Max Baucus 87%
Evan Bayh 56%
CA U.S. House 34 Xavier Becerra Democratic 95%
Bob Bennett 23%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 68%
Douglas Bereuter 40%
Shelley Berkley 71%
Howard Berman 84%
Marion Berry 74%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. Democratic 87%
Judy Biggert 41%
Brian Bilbray 15%
Michael Bilirakis 3%
Jeff Bingaman 62%
GA U.S. House 2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. Democratic 68%
Rod Blagojevich 61%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 42%
OR U.S. House 3 Earl Blumenauer Democratic 89%
MO U.S. Senate Jr Roy Blunt Republican 15%
Sherwood Boehlert 53%
OH U.S. House 8 John Boehner Republican 42%
Kit Bond 33%
Henry Bonilla 10%
David Edward Bonior 89%
Mary Bono Mack 45%
Robert Borski, Jr. 73%
Leonard Boswell 65%
Rick Boucher 68%
CA U.S. Senate Jr Barbara Boxer Democratic 87%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 68%
TX U.S. House 8 Kevin Brady Republican 20%
PA U.S. House 1 Bob Brady Democratic 70%
John Breaux 62%
FL U.S. House 5 Corrine Brown Democratic 74%
OH U.S. Senate Sr Sherrod Brown Democratic 77%
KS Governor Sam Brownback Republican 23%
Richard Bryan 62%
Ed Bryant 3%
Jim Bunning 0%
Conrad Burns 16%
NC U.S. Senate Sr Richard Burr Republican 28%
Dan Burton 9%
Steve Buyer 42%
Robert Byrd 53%
Herbert Callahan 50%
CA U.S. House 42 Ken Calvert Republican 46%
MI U.S. House 4 Dave Camp Republican 28%
Ben Campbell 23%
Thomas Campbell 41%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 10%
Chris Cannon 0%
CA U.S. House 24 Lois Capps Democratic 77%
MA U.S. House 7 Mike Capuano Democratic 89%
MD U.S. Senate Jr Ben Cardin Democratic 85%
Julia Carson 89%
Mike Castle 48%
OH U.S. House 1 Steve Chabot Republican 3%
RI Governor Linc Chafee Democratic 60%
GA U.S. Senate Sr Saxby Chambliss Republican 23%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 15%
William Clay, Sr. 84%
Eva Clayton 92%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 56%
Robert Clement 63%
SC U.S. House 6 Jim Clyburn Democratic 95%
NC U.S. House 6 Howard Coble Republican 0%
OK U.S. Senate Jr Thomas Coburn Republican 10%
MS U.S. Senate Sr Thad Cochran Republican 37%
Michael Collins 10%
ME U.S. Senate Sr Susan Collins Republican 16%
Larry Combest 10%
Gary Condit 48%
Kent Conrad 62%
MI U.S. House 13 John Conyers, Jr. Democratic 83%
Merrill Cook 20%
John Cooksey 46%
Jerry Costello 57%
Paul Coverdell 16%
Christopher Cox 38%
William Coyne 93%
Larry Craig 0%
Robert Cramer 54%
Philip Crane 3%
ID U.S. Senate Sr Mike Crapo Republican 0%
NY U.S. House 14 Joe Crowley Democratic 85%
Barbara Cubin 15%
MD U.S. House 7 Elijah Cummings Democratic 95%
Randall Cunningham 15%
Patsy Ann Danner 43%
Thomas Daschle 87%
IL U.S. House 7 Danny Davis Democratic 93%
James Davis 74%
Thomas Davis III 49%
GA Governor Nathan Deal Republican 3%
OR U.S. House 4 Peter DeFazio Democratic 55%
CO U.S. House 1 Diana DeGette Democratic 74%
Bill Delahunt 93%
CT U.S. House 3 Rosa DeLauro Democratic 85%
Thomas DeLay 15%
James DeMint 0%
Peter Deutsch 63%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine Republican 40%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 45%
Jay Dickey 15%
Norm Dicks 70%
MI U.S. House 12 John Dingell Democratic 71%
Julian Dixon 89%
Chris Dodd 78%
TX U.S. House 35 Lloyd Doggett II Democratic 71%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 23%
Calvin Dooley 74%
John Doolittle 14%
Byron Dorgan 60%
PA U.S. House 14 Mike Doyle, Jr. Democratic 57%
David Dreier 49%
TN U.S. House 2 John Duncan, Jr. Republican 3%
Jennifer Dunn 43%
IL U.S. Senate Sr Dick Durbin Democratic 71%
John Edwards 71%
Chet Edwards 68%
Vern Ehlers 46%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 40%
Jo Ann Emerson 37%
NY U.S. House 16 Eliot Engel Democratic 78%
Philip English 41%
WY U.S. Senate Sr Mike Enzi Republican 10%
CA U.S. House 18 Anna Eshoo Democratic 78%
Bob Etheridge 61%
Lane Evans 89%
Terry Everett 10%
Thomas Ewing 27%
CA U.S. House 20 Sam Farr Democratic 95%
PA U.S. House 2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. Democratic 93%
Russ Feingold 54%
CA U.S. Senate Sr Dianne Feinstein Democratic 87%
Bob Filner 93%
Peter Fitzgerald 10%
Ernest Fletcher 23%
Mark Foley 31%
Michael Patrick Forbes 55%
Harold Ford, Jr. 78%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 31%
Tillie Fowler 31%
Barney Frank 65%
Robert Franks 39%
NJ U.S. House 11 Rodney Frelinghuysen Republican 50%
William Frist 23%
Jonas Frost III 70%
Elton Gallegly 23%
John Ganske 23%
Sam Gejdenson 93%
George Gekas 37%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 78%
Jim Gibbons 9%
Wayne Gilchrest 43%
Paul Gillmor 39%
Benjamin Gilman 48%
Charlie Gonzalez 85%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 0%
VA U.S. House 6 Bob Goodlatte Republican 3%
William Goodling 15%
Bart Gordon 55%
Slade Gorton 23%
Porter Goss 43%
Daniel Graham 56%
SC U.S. Senate Sr Lindsey Graham Republican 34%
William Phillip Gramm 6%
Rodney Grams 37%
TX U.S. House 12 Kay Granger Republican 31%
IA U.S. Senate Sr Chuck Grassley Republican 10%
Mark Green 37%
TX U.S. House 29 Gene Green Democratic 65%
James Greenwood 47%
Judd Gregg 6%
IL U.S. House 4 Luis Gutierrez Democratic 89%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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