Rating Group: National Journal

1999 Liberal on Defense/Foreign Policy Score

Issues:
State Office Name Party Rating
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 55%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 40%
Gary Ackerman 83%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 15%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 78%
Wayne Allard 10%
Thomas Allen 95%
Rob Andrews 55%
Bill Archer 9%
Richard Armey 35%
John Ashcroft 16%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 15%
Brian Baird 71%
Richard Hugh Baker 10%
ME Councilor-At-Large John Baldacci D 78%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 61%
Cass Ballenger 27%
James Barcia 49%
Bob Barr, Jr. 0%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 77%
Bill Barrett 31%
Roscoe Bartlett 10%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 3%
Charlie Bass 28%
Herbert Bateman 41%
Max Baucus 87%
Evan Bayh 56%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 95%
Bob Bennett 23%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 68%
Douglas Bereuter 40%
Shelley Berkley 71%
Howard Berman 84%
Marion Berry 74%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 87%
Judy Biggert 41%
Brian Bilbray 15%
Michael Bilirakis 3%
Jeff Bingaman 62%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 68%
Rod Blagojevich 61%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 42%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 89%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 15%
Sherwood Boehlert 53%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 42%
Kit Bond 33%
Henry Bonilla 10%
David Edward Bonior 89%
Mary Bono Mack 45%
Robert Borski, Jr. 73%
Leonard Boswell 65%
Rick Boucher 68%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 87%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 68%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 20%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 70%
John Breaux 62%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 74%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 77%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 23%
Richard Bryan 62%
Ed Bryant 3%
Jim Bunning 0%
Conrad Burns 16%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 28%
Dan Burton 9%
Steve Buyer 42%
Robert Byrd 53%
Herbert Callahan 50%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 46%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 28%
Ben Campbell 23%
Thomas Campbell 41%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 10%
Chris Cannon 0%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 77%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 89%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 85%
Julia Carson 89%
Mike Castle 48%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 3%
RI Governor Linc Chafee D 60%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 23%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 15%
William Clay, Sr. 84%
Eva Clayton 92%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 56%
Robert Clement 63%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 95%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 0%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 10%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 37%
Michael Collins 10%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 16%
Larry Combest 10%
Gary Condit 48%
Kent Conrad 62%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 83%
Merrill Cook 20%
John Cooksey 46%
Jerry Costello 57%
Paul Coverdell 16%
Christopher Cox 38%
William Coyne 93%
Larry Craig 0%
Robert Cramer 54%
Philip Crane 3%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 0%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 85%
Barbara Cubin 15%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 95%
Randall Cunningham 15%
Patsy Ann Danner 43%
Thomas Daschle 87%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 93%
James Davis 74%
Thomas Davis III 49%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 3%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 55%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 74%
Bill Delahunt 93%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 85%
Thomas DeLay 15%
James DeMint 0%
Peter Deutsch 63%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 40%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 45%
Jay Dickey 15%
Norm Dicks 70%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 71%
Julian Dixon 89%
Chris Dodd 78%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 71%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 23%
Calvin Dooley 74%
John Doolittle 14%
Byron Dorgan 60%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle, Jr. D 57%
David Dreier 49%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 3%
Jennifer Dunn 43%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 71%
John Edwards 71%
Chet Edwards 68%
Vern Ehlers 46%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 40%
Jo Ann Emerson 37%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 78%
Philip English 41%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 10%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 78%
Bob Etheridge 61%
Lane Evans 89%
Terry Everett 10%
Thomas Ewing 27%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 95%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 93%
Russ Feingold 54%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 87%
Bob Filner 93%
Peter Fitzgerald 10%
Ernest Fletcher 23%
Mark Foley 31%
Michael Patrick Forbes 55%
Harold Ford, Jr. 78%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 31%
Tillie Fowler 31%
Barney Frank 65%
Robert Franks 39%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 50%
William Frist 23%
Jonas Frost III 70%
Elton Gallegly 23%
John Ganske 23%
Sam Gejdenson 93%
George Gekas 37%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 78%
Jim Gibbons 9%
Wayne Gilchrest 43%
Paul Gillmor 39%
Benjamin Gilman 48%
Charlie Gonzalez 85%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 0%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 3%
William Goodling 15%
Bart Gordon 55%
Slade Gorton 23%
Porter Goss 43%
Daniel Graham 56%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 34%
William Phillip Gramm 6%
Rodney Grams 37%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 31%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 10%
Mark Green 37%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 65%
James Greenwood 47%
Judd Gregg 6%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 89%
Gilbert Gutknecht 0%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel R 55%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 15%
Tony Hall 74%
James Hansen 31%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 87%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 83%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 31%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 40%
Robert Hayes 36%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 20%
Joel Hefley 3%
Jesse Helms 0%
Wally Herger, Jr. 0%
Baron Hill 66%
Rick Hill 3%
Van Hilleary 0%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 95%
Maurice Hinchey 95%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 89%
David Lee Hobson 49%
PA Commissioner-At-Large Joseph Hoeffel 74%
Pete Hoekstra 10%
Thomas Holden 59%
Ernest Hollings 51%
NJ U.S. House-12 Rush Holt, Jr. D 78%
Darlene Hooley 78%
Stephen Horn 43%
John Nathan Hostettler 3%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 55%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 74%
Kenny Hulshof 19%
Duncan Hunter 45%
Asa Hutchinson 23%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 0%
Kay Hutchison 16%
Henry Hyde 47%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 0%
Daniel Inouye 78%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 58%
GA U.S. Senate-Jr Johnny Isakson R 35%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 3%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 61%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 71%
William Jefferson 85%
James Merrill Jeffords 51%
William Lewis Jenkins 20%
Christopher John 59%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 95%
Nancy Johnson 50%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 3%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 71%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 0%
Paul Kanjorski 67%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 68%
OH Governor John Kasich R 28%
Sue Kelly 50%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 78%
Patrick Kennedy 88%
Bob Kerrey 78%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 78%
Dale Kildee 63%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 95%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 67%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 52%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 15%
Gerald Kleczka 61%
Ronald Klink 61%
Joseph Knollenberg 49%
Herb Kohl 71%
James Kolbe 50%
Dennis Kucinich 50%
Steven Kuykendall 36%
Jon Kyl 37%
John LaFalce 78%
Ray LaHood 28%
Nicholas Lampson 85%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 77%
Tom Lantos 88%
Stephen Largent 23%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 74%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 20%
Steve LaTourette 46%
Frank Lautenberg 87%
Rick Lazio 40%
James Leach 40%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 78%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 53%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 87%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 78%
Jerry Lewis 52%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 95%
Ron Lewis 20%
Joe Lieberman 62%
Blanche Lincoln 62%
John Linder 15%
William Lipinski 52%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 10%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 64%
Trent Lott, Sr. 23%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 78%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 0%
KY Commissioner of the Department of Veterans' Affairs Ken Lucas D 55%
Dick Lugar 48%
William Luther 88%
Connie Mack 44%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 78%
James Maloney 58%
Don Manzullo 9%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 78%
Matthew Martinez 85%
Frank Mascara 58%
Robert Matsui 85%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 44%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 71%
Karen McCarthy 92%
Bill McCollum 31%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 46%
James McCrery III 23%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 73%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 78%
John McHugh 45%
Scott McInnis 10%
David McIntosh 20%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 54%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 23%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 53%
Michael McNulty 61%
Martin Meehan 85%
Carrie Meek 95%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 95%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 65%
Jack Metcalf 3%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 30%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 87%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 85%
Dan Miller 23%
CA U.S. House-31 Gary Miller R 31%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 78%
David Minge 65%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 60%
John Moakley 74%
Alan Mollohan 60%
Dennis Moore 65%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 61%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 10%
Constance Morella 63%
Patrick Moynihan 76%
Frank Murkowski 23%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 78%
Jack Murtha 59%
Sue Myrick 0%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 93%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 93%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 89%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 23%
Robert William Ney 20%
Don Nickles 6%
Anne Northup 36%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 3%
James Nussle 23%
Jim Oberstar 95%
Dave Obey 92%
John Olver 95%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 66%
Doug Ose 52%
Major Owens 89%
Michael Oxley 45%
Ronald Packard 22%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 67%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 61%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 93%
Ron Paul 28%
Donald Payne 95%
Edward Pease 3%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 89%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 27%
John Peterson 30%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 23%
David Phelps 57%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 10%
Owen Pickett 63%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 3%
Richard Pombo 10%
Earl Pomeroy 85%
John Edward Porter 55%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 39%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 71%
Deborah Pryce 48%
Jack Quinn 42%
George Radanovich 28%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 85%
James Ramstad 10%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 89%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 78%
Ralph Regula 43%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 62%
Silvestre Reyes 70%
Thomas Reynolds 22%
Bob Riley 31%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 53%
Charles Robb 71%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 34%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 87%
Ciro Rodriguez 74%
Timothy Roemer 52%
James Rogan 9%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 15%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 3%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 23%
William Roth, Jr. 46%
Steve Rothman 78%
Marge Roukema 34%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 95%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 10%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 95%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 23%
Jim Ryun 15%
Martin Olav Sabo 95%
AZ U.S. House-5 Matt Salmon R 31%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 78%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 61%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 78%
SC U.S. House-1 Mark Sanford, Jr. R 15%
Rick Santorum 10%
Paul Sarbanes 87%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 93%
Jim Saxton 35%
Joe Scarborough 27%
Robert Schaffer 10%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 78%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 87%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 78%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 10%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 57%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 10%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 3%
John Shadegg 0%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 43%
Christopher Shays 40%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 40%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 61%
Donald Sherwood 47%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 15%
Ronnie Shows 56%
E.G. Shuster 0%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 28%
Norman Sisisky 59%
Joseph Skeen 37%
Ike Skelton 74%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 67%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 58%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 40%
Gordon Smith 62%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 15%
Nick Smith 31%
Bob Smith 16%
Olympia Snowe 36%
Vic Snyder 77%
Mark Souder 15%
Arlen Specter 48%
Floyd Spence 31%
John Spratt, Jr. 70%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 68%
Pete Stark 54%
Cliff Stearns 3%
Charles Stenholm 58%
Ted Stevens 23%
Ted Strickland 77%
Bob Stump 20%
Bart Stupak 73%
John Sununu 0%
John Sweeney 8%
James Talent 31%
Tom Tancredo 10%
John Tanner 58%
Ellen Tauscher 68%
William Tauzin 15%
Charles Taylor 15%
Gene Taylor 41%
NE U.S. House-2 Lee Terry R 31%
Craig Thomas 23%
William Thomas 28%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 88%
Fred Thompson 16%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 78%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 39%
SD U.S. Senate-Jr John Thune R 3%
Karen Thurman 71%
Strom Thurmond 6%
Todd Tiahrt 20%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 67%
PA U.S. Senate-Jr Pat Toomey R 28%
Robert Torricelli 56%
Ed Towns 73%
James Traficant, Jr. 39%
Stephanie Tubbs Jones 95%
James Turner 61%
CO U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Udall D 83%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 78%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 23%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 89%
Bruce Vento 89%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 54%
LA U.S. Senate-Jr David Vitter R 20%
George Voinovich 35%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 23%
James Walsh 48%
Zach Wamp 3%
John Warner 48%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 95%
Wesley Watkins 10%
Mel Watt 85%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 23%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 95%
Anthony Weiner 95%
David Weldon 31%
W. Curtis Weldon 37%
Gerald Weller 36%
Paul Wellstone 62%
Robert Wexler 78%
Bob Weygand 74%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 37%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 23%
Heather Wilson 38%
Bob Wise, Jr. 58%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 50%
Lynn Woolsey 83%
David Wu 73%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 87%
Albert Wynn 88%
Bill Young 36%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 23%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.