Rating Group: National Journal

1999 Liberal on Defense/Foreign Policy Score

Issues:
State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 23%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 40%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 10%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 15%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 15%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 44%
AZ U.S. House-5 Matthew Salmon R 31%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 93%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 87%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 87%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 78%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 78%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 89%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 53%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 78%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 64%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 95%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 77%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 23%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 61%
CA U.S. House-31 Gary Miller R 31%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 93%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 95%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 95%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 10%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 95%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 46%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 95%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 78%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 3%
CO U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Udall D 83%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 74%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 74%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 85%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 74%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 30%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 83%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 23%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 10%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 23%
GA U.S. Senate-Jr Johnny Isakson R 35%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 15%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 68%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 95%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 3%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 55%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 10%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 87%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 20%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 0%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 28%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 71%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 95%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 89%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 93%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 78%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 15%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 54%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 34%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 10%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 23%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 46%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 37%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 15%
KY Commissioner of the Department of Veterans' Affairs Ken Lucas D 55%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 77%
LA U.S. Senate-Jr David Vitter R 20%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 78%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 89%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 78%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 67%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 89%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 87%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 85%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 74%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 95%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 16%
ME Councilor-At-Large John Baldacci D 78%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 87%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 68%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 28%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 23%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 78%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 71%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 83%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 27%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 15%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 37%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 23%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 88%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 87%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel R 55%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 78%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 28%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 0%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 71%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 0%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 54%
NE U.S. House-2 Lee Terry R 31%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 65%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 10%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 40%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 67%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 61%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 50%
NJ U.S. House-12 Rush Holt, Jr. D 78%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 78%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 62%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 87%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 52%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 71%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 95%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 89%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 93%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 78%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 89%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 85%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 57%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 78%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 78%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 67%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 77%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 39%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 3%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 42%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 68%
OH Governor John Kasich R 28%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 93%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 40%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 0%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 10%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 0%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 87%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 23%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 89%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 55%
PA U.S. Senate-Jr Pat Toomey R 28%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 70%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 93%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle, Jr. D 57%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 3%
PA Commissioner-At-Large Joseph Hoeffel 74%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 78%
RI Governor Linc Chafee D 60%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 34%
SC U.S. House-1 Mark Sanford, Jr. R 15%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 95%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 71%
SD U.S. Senate-Jr John Thune R 3%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 3%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 3%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 15%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 3%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 20%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 31%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 39%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 89%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 71%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 15%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 65%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 95%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 3%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 71%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 40%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 78%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 3%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 61%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 50%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 78%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 61%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 78%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 31%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 73%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 58%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 58%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 61%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 23%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 67%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 10%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 23%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 77%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 87%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 85%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 10%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 40%
Gary Ackerman 83%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 78%
Wayne Allard 10%
Thomas Allen 95%
Rob Andrews 55%
Bill Archer 9%
Richard Armey 35%
John Ashcroft 16%
Brian Baird 71%
Richard Hugh Baker 10%
Cass Ballenger 27%
James Barcia 49%
Robert Barr, Jr. 0%
Bill Barrett 31%
Roscoe Bartlett 10%
Charlie Bass 28%
Herbert Bateman 41%
Max Baucus 87%
Evan Bayh 56%
Bob Bennett 23%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 68%
Douglas Bereuter 40%
Shelley Berkley 71%
Howard Berman 84%
Marion Berry 74%
Judy Biggert 41%
Brian Bilbray 15%
Michael Bilirakis 3%
Jeff Bingaman 62%
Rod Blagojevich 61%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 42%
Sherwood Boehlert 53%
Kit Bond 33%
Henry Bonilla 10%
David Edward Bonior 89%
Mary Bono Mack 45%
Robert Borski, Jr. 73%
Leonard Boswell 65%
Rick Boucher 68%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 68%
John Breaux 62%
Richard Bryan 62%
Ed Bryant 3%
Jim Bunning 0%
Conrad Burns 16%
Dan Burton 9%
Steve Buyer 42%
Robert Byrd 53%
Herbert Callahan 50%
Ben Campbell 23%
Thomas Campbell 41%
Chris Cannon 0%
Julia Carson 89%
Mike Castle 48%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 15%
William Clay, Sr. 84%
Eva Clayton 92%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 56%
Robert Clement 63%
Michael Collins 10%
Larry Combest 10%
Gary Condit 48%
Kent Conrad 62%
Merrill Cook 20%
John Cooksey 46%
Jerry Costello 57%
Paul Coverdell 16%
Christopher Cox 38%
William Coyne 93%
Larry Craig 0%
Robert Cramer 54%
Philip Crane 3%
Barbara Cubin 15%
Randall Cunningham 15%
Patsy Ann Danner 43%
Thomas Daschle 87%
James Davis 74%
Thomas Davis III 49%
Bill Delahunt 93%
Thomas DeLay 15%
James DeMint 0%
Peter Deutsch 63%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 45%
Jay Dickey 15%
Norm Dicks 70%
Julian Dixon 89%
Chris Dodd 78%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 23%
Calvin Dooley 74%
John Doolittle 14%
Byron Dorgan 60%
David Dreier 49%
Jennifer Dunn 43%
John Edwards 71%
Chet Edwards 68%
Vern Ehlers 46%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 40%
Jo Ann Emerson 37%
Philip English 41%
Bob Etheridge 61%
Lane Evans 89%
Terry Everett 10%
Thomas Ewing 27%
Russ Feingold 54%
Bob Filner 93%
Peter Fitzgerald 10%
Ernest Fletcher 23%
Mark Foley 31%
Michael Patrick Forbes 55%
Harold Ford, Jr. 78%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 31%
Tillie Fowler 31%
Barney Frank 65%
Robert Franks 39%
William Frist 23%
Jonas Frost III 70%
Elton Gallegly 23%
John Ganske 23%
Sam Gejdenson 93%
George Gekas 37%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 78%
Jim Gibbons 9%
Wayne Gilchrest 43%
Paul Gillmor 39%
Benjamin Gilman 48%
Charlie Gonzalez 85%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 0%
William Goodling 15%
Bart Gordon 55%
Slade Gorton 23%
Porter Goss 43%
Daniel Graham 56%
William Phillip Gramm 6%
Rodney Grams 37%
Mark Green 37%
James Greenwood 47%
Judd Gregg 6%
Gilbert Gutknecht 0%
Tony Hall 74%
James Hansen 31%
Robert Hayes 36%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 20%
Joel Hefley 3%
Jesse Helms 0%
Wally Herger, Jr. 0%
Baron Hill 66%
Rick Hill 3%
Van Hilleary 0%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 95%
Maurice Hinchey 95%
David Lee Hobson 49%
Pete Hoekstra 10%
Thomas Holden 59%
Ernest Hollings 51%
Darlene Hooley 78%
Stephen Horn 43%
John Nathan Hostettler 3%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 55%
Kenny Hulshof 19%
Duncan Hunter 45%
Asa Hutchinson 23%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 0%
Kay Hutchison 16%
Henry Hyde 47%
Daniel Inouye 78%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 3%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 61%
William Jefferson 85%
James Merrill Jeffords 51%
William Lewis Jenkins 20%
Christopher John 59%
Nancy Johnson 50%
Paul Kanjorski 67%
Sue Kelly 50%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 78%
Patrick Kennedy 88%
Bob Kerrey 78%
Dale Kildee 63%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 95%
Gerald Kleczka 61%
Ronald Klink 61%
Joseph Knollenberg 49%
Herb Kohl 71%
James Kolbe 50%
Dennis Kucinich 50%
Steven Kuykendall 36%
Jon Kyl 37%
John LaFalce 78%
Ray LaHood 28%
Nicholas Lampson 85%
Tom Lantos 88%
Stephen Largent 23%
Steve LaTourette 46%
Frank Lautenberg 87%
Rick Lazio 40%
James Leach 40%
Jerry Lewis 52%
Ron Lewis 20%
Joe Lieberman 62%
Blanche Lincoln 62%
John Linder 15%
William Lipinski 52%
Trent Lott, Sr. 23%
Dick Lugar 48%
William Luther 88%
Connie Mack 44%
James Maloney 58%
Don Manzullo 9%
Matthew Martinez 85%
Frank Mascara 58%
Robert Matsui 85%
Karen McCarthy 92%
Bill McCollum 31%
James McCrery III 23%
John McHugh 45%
Scott McInnis 10%
David McIntosh 20%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 53%
Michael McNulty 61%
Martin Meehan 85%
Carrie Meek 95%
Jack Metcalf 3%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 85%
Dan Miller 23%
David Minge 65%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 60%
John Moakley 74%
Alan Mollohan 60%
Dennis Moore 65%
Constance Morella 63%
Patrick Moynihan 76%
Frank Murkowski 23%
Jack Murtha 59%
Sue Myrick 0%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 23%
Robert William Ney 20%
Don Nickles 6%
Anne Northup 36%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 3%
James Nussle 23%
Jim Oberstar 95%
Dave Obey 92%
John Olver 95%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 66%
Doug Ose 52%
Major Owens 89%
Michael Oxley 45%
Ronald Packard 22%
Ron Paul 28%
Donald Payne 95%
Edward Pease 3%
John Peterson 30%
David Phelps 57%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 10%
Owen Pickett 63%
Richard Pombo 10%
Earl Pomeroy 85%
John Edward Porter 55%
Deborah Pryce 48%
Jack Quinn 42%
George Radanovich 28%
James Ramstad 10%
Ralph Regula 43%
Silvestre Reyes 70%
Thomas Reynolds 22%
Bob Riley 31%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 53%
Charles Robb 71%
Ciro Rodriguez 74%
Timothy Roemer 52%
James Rogan 9%
William Roth, Jr. 46%
Steve Rothman 78%
Marge Roukema 34%
Jim Ryun 15%
Martin Olav Sabo 95%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 78%
Rick Santorum 10%
Paul Sarbanes 87%
Jim Saxton 35%
Joe Scarborough 27%
Robert Schaffer 10%
John Shadegg 0%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 43%
Christopher Shays 40%
Donald Sherwood 47%
Ronnie Shows 56%
E.G. Shuster 0%
Norman Sisisky 59%
Joseph Skeen 37%
Ike Skelton 74%
Gordon Smith 62%
Nick Smith 31%
Bob Smith 16%
Olympia Snowe 36%
Vic Snyder 77%
Mark Souder 15%
Arlen Specter 48%
Floyd Spence 31%
John Spratt, Jr. 70%
Pete Stark 54%
Cliff Stearns 3%
Charles Stenholm 58%
Ted Stevens 23%
Ted Strickland 77%
Bob Stump 20%
Bart Stupak 73%
John Sununu 0%
John Sweeney 8%
James Talent 31%
Tom Tancredo 10%
John Tanner 58%
Ellen Tauscher 68%
William Tauzin 15%
Charles Taylor 15%
Gene Taylor 41%
Craig Thomas 23%
William Thomas 28%
Fred Thompson 16%
Karen Thurman 71%
Strom Thurmond 6%
Todd Tiahrt 20%
Robert Torricelli 56%
Ed Towns 73%
James Traficant, Jr. 39%
Stephanie Tubbs Jones 95%
James Turner 61%
Bruce Vento 89%
George Voinovich 35%
James Walsh 48%
Zach Wamp 3%
John Warner 48%
Wesley Watkins 10%
Mel Watt 85%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 23%
Anthony Weiner 95%
David Weldon 31%
W. Curtis Weldon 37%
Gerald Weller 36%
Paul Wellstone 62%
Robert Wexler 78%
Bob Weygand 74%
Heather Wilson 38%
Bob Wise, Jr. 58%
Lynn Woolsey 83%
David Wu 73%
Albert Wynn 88%
Bill Young 36%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.