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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: National Journal

1999 Liberal on Social Policy Score

Issues: Social , Liberal
State Office District Name Party Rating
CA U.S. Senate Jr Barbara Boxer Democratic 88%
IL U.S. Senate Sr Dick Durbin Democratic 88%
CA U.S. Senate Sr Dianne Feinstein Democratic 88%
Daniel Inouye 88%
Frank Lautenberg 88%
MI U.S. Senate Sr Carl Levin Democratic 88%
MD U.S. Senate Sr Barbara Mikulski Democratic 88%
WA U.S. Senate Sr Patty Murray Democratic 88%
RI U.S. Senate Sr Jack Reed Democratic 88%
WV U.S. Senate Sr Jay Rockefeller IV Democratic 88%
Paul Sarbanes 88%
NY U.S. Senate Sr Chuck Schumer Democratic 88%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie Democratic 87%
Gary Ackerman 87%
Thomas Allen 87%
WI U.S. Senate Jr Tammy Baldwin Democratic 87%
WI Mayor At-Large Tom Barrett Democratic 87%
CA U.S. House 34 Xavier Becerra Democratic 87%
Howard Berman 87%
MA U.S. House 7 Mike Capuano Democratic 87%
Julia Carson 87%
William Clay, Sr. 87%
Eva Clayton 87%
MI U.S. House 13 John Conyers, Jr. Democratic 87%
William Coyne 87%
MD U.S. House 7 Elijah Cummings Democratic 87%
IL U.S. House 7 Danny Davis Democratic 87%
CT U.S. House 3 Rosa DeLauro Democratic 87%
Julian Dixon 87%
TX U.S. House 35 Lloyd Doggett II Democratic 87%
CA U.S. House 20 Sam Farr Democratic 87%
PA U.S. House 2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. Democratic 87%
Barney Frank 87%
Sam Gejdenson 87%
FL U.S. House 20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. Democratic 87%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 87%
TX U.S. House 18 Sheila Jackson Lee Democratic 87%
Patrick Kennedy 87%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 87%
CA U.S. House 13 Barbara Lee Democratic 87%
GA U.S. House 5 John Lewis Democratic 87%
MA U.S. Senate Jr Ed Markey Democratic 87%
WA U.S. House 7 Jim McDermott Democratic 87%
Martin Meehan 87%
Carrie Meek 87%
NY U.S. House 5 Gregory Meeks Democratic 87%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 87%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 87%
NY U.S. House 10 Jerry Nadler Democratic 87%
John Olver 87%
Major Owens 87%
AZ U.S. House 7 Ed Pastor Democratic 87%
Donald Payne 87%
CA U.S. House 12 Nancy Pelosi Democratic 87%
NY U.S. House 13 Charlie Rangel Democratic 87%
CA U.S. House 40 Lucille Roybal-Allard Democratic 87%
IL U.S. House 1 Bobby Rush Democratic 87%
VT U.S. Senate Jr Bernie Sanders Independent 87%
VA U.S. House 3 Bobby Scott Democratic 87%
NY U.S. House 15 José Serrano Democratic 87%
NY U.S. House 25 Louise Slaughter Democratic 87%
Pete Stark 87%
MA U.S. House 6 John Tierney Democratic 87%
Stephanie Tubbs Jones 87%
NY U.S. House 7 Nydia Velázquez Democratic 87%
CA U.S. House 43 Maxine Waters Democratic 87%
Mel Watt 87%
CA U.S. House 33 Henry Waxman Democratic 87%
Lynn Woolsey 87%
PA U.S. House 1 Bob Brady Democratic 83%
FL U.S. House 5 Corrine Brown Democratic 83%
OH U.S. Senate Sr Sherrod Brown Democratic 83%
CO U.S. House 1 Diana DeGette Democratic 83%
Bob Filner 83%
IL U.S. House 4 Luis Gutierrez Democratic 83%
PA Commissioner At-Large Joseph Hoeffel 83%
MI U.S. House 9 Sandy Levin Democratic 83%
Robert Matsui 83%
Karen McCarthy 83%
MA U.S. House 2 Jim McGovern Democratic 83%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 83%
CA U.S. House 32 Grace Napolitano Democratic 83%
Martin Olav Sabo 83%
OH State Senate 28 Thomas Sawyer Democratic 83%
IL U.S. House 9 Jan Schakowsky Democratic 83%
OR U.S. House 3 Earl Blumenauer Democratic 82%
OR U.S. House 4 Peter DeFazio Democratic 82%
Bill Delahunt 82%
NY U.S. House 16 Eliot Engel Democratic 82%
CA U.S. House 18 Anna Eshoo Democratic 82%
NY U.S. House 12 Carolyn Maloney Democratic 82%
Ed Towns 82%
Richard Bryan 81%
Chris Dodd 81%
John Edwards 81%
IA U.S. Senate Jr Tom Harkin Democratic 81%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry Democratic 81%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 81%
Paul Wellstone 81%
OR U.S. Senate Sr Ron Wyden Democratic 81%
Charlie Gonzalez 80%
TX U.S. House 30 Eddie Johnson Democratic 80%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 80%
CA U.S. House 11 George Miller Democratic 80%
CO U.S. Senate Sr Mark Udall Democratic 80%
Bruce Vento 80%
ME Councilor At-Large John Baldacci Democratic 79%
MD U.S. Senate Jr Ben Cardin Democratic 79%
SC U.S. House 6 Jim Clyburn Democratic 79%
NJ U.S. House 12 Rush Holt, Jr. Democratic 79%
MD U.S. House 5 Steny Hoyer Democratic 79%
VA U.S. House 8 Jim Moran, Jr. Democratic 79%
Robert Wexler 79%
Norm Dicks 78%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 78%
CA U.S. House 19 Zoe Lofgren Democratic 78%
MS U.S. House 2 Bennie Thompson Democratic 78%
Maurice Hinchey 77%
Tom Lantos 77%
Anthony Weiner 77%
Lane Evans 76%
CT U.S. House 1 John Larson Democratic 76%
NJ U.S. Senate Sr Bob Menendez Democratic 76%
Constance Morella 76%
CA U.S. House 5 Mike Thompson Democratic 76%
NM U.S. Senate Sr Tom Udall Democratic 76%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 75%
Jeff Bingaman 75%
Daniel Graham 75%
William Jefferson 75%
Bob Kerrey 75%
Herb Kohl 75%
NY U.S. House 17 Nita Lowey Democratic 75%
NC U.S. House 4 David Price Democratic 75%
Albert Wynn 75%
Rod Blagojevich 74%
Ernest Hollings 74%
NJ U.S. House 6 Frank Pallone, Jr. Democratic 74%
Vic Snyder 74%
Shelley Berkley 73%
CA U.S. House 24 Lois Capps Democratic 73%
WI U.S. House 3 Ron Kind Democratic 73%
LA U.S. Senate Sr Mary Landrieu Democratic 73%
CA U.S. House 46 Loretta Sanchez Democratic 73%
CA U.S. House 30 Brad Sherman Democratic 73%
Ellen Tauscher 73%
Harold Ford, Jr. 72%
TX U.S. House 15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. Democratic 72%
Matthew Martinez 72%
Patrick Moynihan 72%
Rob Andrews 71%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 71%
Peter Deutsch 71%
Ciro Rodriguez 71%
Jonas Frost III 70%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 70%
NY U.S. House 4 Carolyn McCarthy Democratic 70%
David Minge 70%
IN U.S. House 1 Pete Visclosky Democratic 70%
David Wu 70%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 69%
Russ Feingold 69%
Darlene Hooley 69%
WA Governor Jay Inslee Democratic 69%
SD U.S. Senate Sr Timothy Johnson Democratic 69%
Steve Rothman 69%
Karen Thurman 69%
Brian Baird 68%
Calvin Dooley 68%
Gerald Kleczka 68%
MA U.S. House 1 Richard Neal Democratic 68%
Rick Boucher 67%
James Greenwood 67%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 67%
Dennis Moore 67%
WA U.S. House 9 Adam Smith Democratic 67%
David Edward Bonior 66%
Dave Obey 66%
Christopher Shays 66%
MI U.S. Senate Jr Debbie Stabenow Democratic 66%
Mike Castle 65%
James Davis 65%
James Maloney 65%
Norman Sisisky 65%
Thomas Daschle 64%
OH U.S. House 9 Marcy Kaptur Democratic 64%
VT U.S. Senate Sr Patrick Leahy Democratic 64%
Joe Lieberman 64%
William Luther 64%
Charles Robb 64%
Ted Strickland 64%
Robert Torricelli 64%
Sherwood Boehlert 63%
Thomas Campbell 63%
MI U.S. House 12 John Dingell Democratic 63%
John Moakley 63%
Owen Pickett 63%
John Edward Porter 63%
Evan Bayh 62%
Chet Edwards 62%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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