Rating Group: National Journal

1999 Liberal on Social Policy Score

State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 24%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 7%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 13%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 0%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 16%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 33%
AZ U.S. House-5 Matt Salmon R 25%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 87%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 88%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 88%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 76%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 80%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 87%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 87%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 82%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 78%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 87%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 73%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 34%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 73%
CA U.S. House-31 Gary Miller R 10%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 83%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 87%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 87%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 28%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 87%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 10%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 87%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 73%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 32%
CO U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Udall D 80%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 83%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 76%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 87%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 83%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 19%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 87%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 44%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 19%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 16%
GA U.S. Senate-Jr Johnny Isakson R 47%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 10%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 58%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 87%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 19%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 87%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 41%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 81%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 29%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 16%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 29%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 88%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 87%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 83%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 87%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 83%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 10%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 70%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 21%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 37%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 12%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 23%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 10%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 4%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 73%
LA U.S. Senate-Jr David Vitter R 15%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 87%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 68%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 83%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 87%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 87%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 88%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 79%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 79%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 87%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 51%
ME Councilor-At-Large John Baldacci D 79%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 88%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 66%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 29%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 42%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 83%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 63%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 87%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 35%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 9%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 23%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 4%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 78%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 60%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel R 18%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 81%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 10%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 0%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 75%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 22%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 32%
NE U.S. House-2 Lee Terry R 19%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 76%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 29%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 39%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 74%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 61%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 58%
NJ U.S. House-12 Rush Holt, Jr. D 79%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 76%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 56%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 88%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 37%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 70%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 87%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 87%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 87%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 82%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 87%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 61%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 87%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 82%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 75%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 87%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 83%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 29%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 4%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 23%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 64%
OH Governor John Kasich R 24%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 83%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 46%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 0%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 23%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 9%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 81%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 44%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 82%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 82%
PA U.S. Senate-Jr Pat Toomey R 41%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 83%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 87%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle D 53%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 4%
PA Commissioner-At-Large Joseph Hoeffel 83%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 88%
RI Governor Linc Chafee D 55%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 19%
SC U.S. House-1 Mark Sanford, Jr. R 39%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 79%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 69%
SD U.S. Senate-Jr John Thune R 19%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 4%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 10%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 19%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 0%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 25%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 37%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 29%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 72%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 87%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 25%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 54%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 80%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 0%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 87%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 32%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 87%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 4%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 79%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 28%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 64%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 87%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 88%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 16%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 87%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 67%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 69%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 87%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 29%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 73%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 16%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 40%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 87%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 88%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 51%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 3%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 36%
Gary Ackerman 87%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 75%
Wayne Allard 6%
Thomas Allen 87%
Rob Andrews 71%
Bill Archer 16%
Richard Armey 4%
John Ashcroft 21%
Brian Baird 68%
Richard Hugh Baker 10%
Cass Ballenger 32%
James Barcia 44%
Bob Barr, Jr. 10%
Bill Barrett 25%
Roscoe Bartlett 10%
Charlie Bass 52%
Herbert Bateman 42%
Max Baucus 59%
Evan Bayh 62%
Bob Bennett 36%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 71%
Douglas Bereuter 42%
Shelley Berkley 73%
Howard Berman 87%
Marion Berry 48%
Judy Biggert 58%
Brian Bilbray 50%
Michael Bilirakis 19%
Jeff Bingaman 75%
Rod Blagojevich 74%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 10%
Sherwood Boehlert 63%
Kit Bond 23%
Henry Bonilla 40%
David Edward Bonior 66%
Mary Bono Mack 46%
Robert Borski, Jr. 57%
Leonard Boswell 56%
Rick Boucher 67%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 58%
John Breaux 52%
Richard Bryan 81%
Ed Bryant 4%
Jim Bunning 8%
Conrad Burns 3%
Dan Burton 15%
Steve Buyer 4%
Robert Byrd 60%
Herbert Callahan 10%
Ben Campbell 34%
Thomas Campbell 63%
Chris Cannon 25%
Julia Carson 87%
Mike Castle 65%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 16%
William Clay, Sr. 87%
Eva Clayton 87%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 69%
Robert Clement 53%
Michael Collins 4%
Larry Combest 0%
Gary Condit 60%
Kent Conrad 56%
Merrill Cook 32%
John Cooksey 48%
Jerry Costello 45%
Paul Coverdell 13%
Christopher Cox 29%
William Coyne 87%
Larry Craig 18%
Robert Cramer 48%
Philip Crane 10%
Barbara Cubin 21%
Randall Cunningham 15%
Patsy Ann Danner 45%
Thomas Daschle 64%
James Davis 65%
Thomas Davis III 51%
Bill Delahunt 82%
Thomas DeLay 4%
James DeMint 4%
Peter Deutsch 71%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 44%
Jay Dickey 23%
Norm Dicks 78%
Julian Dixon 87%
Chris Dodd 81%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 36%
Calvin Dooley 68%
John Doolittle 35%
Byron Dorgan 58%
David Dreier 35%
Jennifer Dunn 42%
John Edwards 81%
Chet Edwards 62%
Vern Ehlers 46%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 52%
Jo Ann Emerson 9%
Philip English 25%
Bob Etheridge 60%
Lane Evans 76%
Terry Everett 0%
Thomas Ewing 39%
Russ Feingold 69%
Bob Filner 83%
Peter Fitzgerald 48%
Ernest Fletcher 22%
Mark Foley 56%
Michael Patrick Forbes 49%
Harold Ford, Jr. 72%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 42%
Tillie Fowler 48%
Barney Frank 87%
Robert Franks 54%
William Frist 36%
Jonas Frost III 70%
Elton Gallegly 35%
John Ganske 51%
Sam Gejdenson 87%
George Gekas 32%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 78%
Jim Gibbons 37%
Wayne Gilchrest 55%
Paul Gillmor 25%
Benjamin Gilman 58%
Charlie Gonzalez 80%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 10%
William Goodling 39%
Bart Gordon 49%
Slade Gorton 42%
Porter Goss 35%
Daniel Graham 75%
William Phillip Gramm 0%
Rodney Grams 8%
Mark Green 29%
James Greenwood 67%
Judd Gregg 31%
Gilbert Gutknecht 4%
Tony Hall 50%
James Hansen 4%
Robert Hayes 4%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 10%
Joel Hefley 16%
Jesse Helms 8%
Wally Herger, Jr. 0%
Baron Hill 55%
Rick Hill 16%
Van Hilleary 4%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 67%
Maurice Hinchey 77%
David Lee Hobson 40%
Pete Hoekstra 39%
Thomas Holden 47%
Ernest Hollings 74%
Darlene Hooley 69%
Stephen Horn 62%
John Nathan Hostettler 23%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 70%
Kenny Hulshof 32%
Duncan Hunter 0%
Asa Hutchinson 35%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 23%
Kay Hutchison 34%
Henry Hyde 32%
Daniel Inouye 88%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 0%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 87%
William Jefferson 75%
James Merrill Jeffords 54%
William Lewis Jenkins 4%
Christopher John 36%
Nancy Johnson 61%
Paul Kanjorski 55%
Sue Kelly 55%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 80%
Patrick Kennedy 87%
Bob Kerrey 75%
Dale Kildee 55%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 87%
Gerald Kleczka 68%
Ronald Klink 58%
Joseph Knollenberg 25%
Herb Kohl 75%
James Kolbe 55%
Dennis Kucinich 58%
Steven Kuykendall 58%
Jon Kyl 29%
John LaFalce 57%
Ray LaHood 40%
Nicholas Lampson 61%
Tom Lantos 77%
Stephen Largent 9%
Steve LaTourette 48%
Frank Lautenberg 88%
Rick Lazio 51%
James Leach 54%
Jerry Lewis 41%
Ron Lewis 0%
Joe Lieberman 64%
Blanche Lincoln 62%
John Linder 25%
William Lipinski 46%
Trent Lott, Sr. 18%
Ken Lucas 10%
Dick Lugar 42%
William Luther 64%
Connie Mack 17%
James Maloney 65%
Don Manzullo 32%
Matthew Martinez 72%
Frank Mascara 49%
Robert Matsui 83%
Karen McCarthy 83%
Bill McCollum 42%
James McCrery III 16%
John McHugh 32%
Scott McInnis 19%
David McIntosh 10%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 83%
Michael McNulty 58%
Martin Meehan 87%
Carrie Meek 87%
Jack Metcalf 25%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 87%
Dan Miller 52%
David Minge 70%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 87%
John Moakley 63%
Alan Mollohan 47%
Dennis Moore 67%
Constance Morella 76%
Patrick Moynihan 72%
Frank Murkowski 28%
Jack Murtha 50%
Sue Myrick 21%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 37%
Robert William Ney 19%
Don Nickles 13%
Anne Northup 42%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 4%
James Nussle 29%
Jim Oberstar 56%
Dave Obey 66%
John Olver 87%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 45%
Doug Ose 54%
Major Owens 87%
Michael Oxley 25%
Ronald Packard 0%
Ron Paul 46%
Donald Payne 87%
Edward Pease 37%
John Peterson 0%
David Phelps 40%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 0%
Owen Pickett 63%
Richard Pombo 25%
Earl Pomeroy 58%
John Edward Porter 63%
Deborah Pryce 53%
Jack Quinn 41%
George Radanovich 0%
James Ramstad 52%
Ralph Regula 41%
Silvestre Reyes 61%
Thomas Reynolds 16%
Bob Riley 0%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 81%
Charles Robb 64%
Ciro Rodriguez 71%
Timothy Roemer 50%
James Rogan 35%
William Roth, Jr. 49%
Steve Rothman 69%
Marge Roukema 52%
Jim Ryun 4%
Martin Olav Sabo 83%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 55%
Rick Santorum 23%
Paul Sarbanes 88%
Jim Saxton 21%
Joe Scarborough 37%
Robert Schaffer 15%
John Shadegg 10%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 49%
Christopher Shays 66%
Donald Sherwood 18%
Ronnie Shows 23%
E.G. Shuster 25%
Norman Sisisky 65%
Joseph Skeen 29%
Ike Skelton 31%
Gordon Smith 36%
Nick Smith 37%
Bob Smith 0%
Olympia Snowe 50%
Vic Snyder 74%
Mark Souder 19%
Arlen Specter 53%
Floyd Spence 4%
John Spratt, Jr. 61%
Pete Stark 87%
Cliff Stearns 10%
Charles Stenholm 24%
Ted Stevens 46%
Ted Strickland 64%
Bob Stump 10%
Bart Stupak 56%
John Sununu 31%
John Sweeney 41%
James Talent 16%
Tom Tancredo 10%
John Tanner 53%
Ellen Tauscher 73%
William Tauzin 25%
Charles Taylor 0%
Gene Taylor 10%
Craig Thomas 3%
William Thomas 42%
Fred Thompson 8%
Karen Thurman 69%
Strom Thurmond 29%
Todd Tiahrt 19%
Robert Torricelli 64%
Ed Towns 82%
James Traficant, Jr. 32%
Stephanie Tubbs Jones 87%
James Turner 42%
Bruce Vento 80%
George Voinovich 42%
James Walsh 35%
Zach Wamp 23%
John Warner 45%
Wesley Watkins 0%
Mel Watt 87%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 0%
Anthony Weiner 77%
David Weldon 10%
W. Curtis Weldon 32%
Gerald Weller 25%
Paul Wellstone 81%
Robert Wexler 79%
Bob Weygand 60%
Heather Wilson 46%
Bob Wise, Jr. 60%
Lynn Woolsey 87%
David Wu 70%
Albert Wynn 75%
Bill Young 32%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.