Rating Group: Radical Middle

2001-2002 Positions

Issues: Liberal
State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 15%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 10%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 20%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 0%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 25%
AR U.S. Senate-Jr John Boozman R 5%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 30%
AZ U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Flake R 10%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 20%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 40%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 40%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 15%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 55%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 50%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 65%
CA U.S. House-17 Mike Honda D 25%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 55%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 40%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 45%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 20%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 10%
CA U.S. House-28 Adam Schiff D 25%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 20%
CA U.S. House-31 Gary Miller R 10%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 45%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 50%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 15%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 20%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 40%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 30%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 40%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 20%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 15%
CA U.S. House-49 Darrell Issa R 20%
CA U.S. House-53 Susan Davis D 30%
CO U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Udall D 40%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 30%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 15%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 65%
DE U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Carper D 20%
FL U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Nelson, Sr. D 15%
FL U.S. House-1 Jefferson Miller R 5%
FL U.S. House-4 Ander Crenshaw R 5%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 35%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 15%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 35%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 30%
FL Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Services Adam Putnam R 10%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 20%
GA U.S. Senate-Jr Johnny Isakson R 25%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 10%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 40%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 30%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 5%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 40%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 20%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 40%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 10%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 10%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 10%
ID Governor Butch Otter R 10%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 65%
IL U.S. Senate-Jr Mark Kirk R 15%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 30%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 20%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 45%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 60%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 15%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 0%
IN Governor Mike Pence R 15%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 10%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 10%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 20%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 15%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 15%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 10%
KY Commissioner of the Department of Veterans' Affairs Ken Lucas D 15%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 35%
LA U.S. Senate-Jr David Vitter R 10%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 45%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 20%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 65%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 40%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 45%
MA U.S. House-8 Stephen Lynch D 20%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 30%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 35%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 15%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 40%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 45%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 45%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 20%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 35%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 35%
MI U.S. House-8 Mike Rogers R 10%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 35%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 25%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 30%
MN U.S. House-4 Betty McCollum DFL 45%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 20%
MN Governor Mark Dayton DFL 20%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 5%
MO U.S. House-1 Lacy Clay, Jr. D 40%
MO U.S. House-6 Sam Graves R 5%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 30%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 10%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 40%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 30%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel R 15%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 45%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 30%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 5%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 40%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 5%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 15%
NE U.S. House-2 Lee Terry R 15%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 10%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 0%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 50%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 40%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 60%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 5%
NJ U.S. House-12 Rush Holt, Jr. D 35%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 30%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 30%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 25%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 30%
NY U.S. House-3 Steve Israel D 15%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 5%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 40%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 15%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 40%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 35%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 25%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 35%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 35%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 30%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 25%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 55%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 50%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 10%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 10%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 5%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 50%
OH U.S. House-12 Pat Tiberi R 5%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 45%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 15%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 15%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 25%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 5%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 50%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 50%
PA U.S. Senate-Jr Pat Toomey R 5%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 30%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 40%
PA U.S. House-9 Bill Shuster R 5%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle, Jr. D 25%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 30%
PA Commissioner-At-Large Joseph Hoeffel 55%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 15%
RI U.S. House-2 Jim Langevin D 15%
RI Governor Linc Chafee D 40%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 15%
SC U.S. House-2 Joe Wilson, Sr. R 5%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 25%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 70%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 0%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 10%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 30%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 10%
TX U.S. House-7 John Culberson R 10%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 15%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 5%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 5%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 20%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 50%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 15%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 15%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 30%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 10%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 15%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 25%
UT U.S. House-4 Jim Matheson D 30%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 25%
VA U.S. House-4 Randy Forbes R 15%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 20%
VA U.S. House-7 Eric Cantor R 15%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 60%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 35%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 50%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 65%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 35%
WA U.S. Senate-Jr Maria Cantwell D 30%
WA U.S. House-2 Rick Larsen D 25%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 10%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 40%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 20%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 20%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 50%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 5%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 20%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 15%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 15%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 20%
WV U.S. House-2 Shelley Capito R 0%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 10%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 15%
Gary Ackerman 15%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 25%
Todd Akin 10%
Wayne Allard 10%
George Allen 15%
Thomas Allen 40%
Rob Andrews 35%
Joe Baca, Sr. 50%
Brian Baird 50%
Richard Hugh Baker 15%
Cass Ballenger 10%
Roscoe Bartlett 5%
Charlie Bass 10%
Max Baucus 30%
Evan Bayh 45%
Bob Bennett 5%
Douglas Bereuter 35%
Shelley Berkley 30%
Howard Berman 35%
Marion Berry 5%
Judy Biggert 15%
Michael Bilirakis 5%
Jeff Bingaman 40%
Sherwood Boehlert 25%
Kit Bond 15%
Henry Bonilla 10%
Mary Bono Mack 15%
Leonard Boswell 10%
Rick Boucher 25%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 5%
John Breaux 35%
Henry Brown, Jr. 5%
Jim Bunning 15%
Conrad Burns 10%
Dan Burton 15%
Steve Buyer 5%
Robert Byrd 0%
Ben Campbell 0%
Chris Cannon 15%
Brad Carson 40%
Julia Carson 40%
Mike Castle 15%
Hillary Clinton 50%
Michael Collins 10%
Larry Combest 5%
Kent Conrad 10%
Jon Corzine 55%
Jerry Costello 30%
Christopher Cox 5%
Larry Craig 10%
Robert Cramer 25%
Philip Crane 10%
Barbara Cubin 5%
Randall Cunningham 15%
Thomas Daschle 50%
James Davis 10%
Jo Ann Davis 15%
Thomas Davis III 20%
Bill Delahunt 50%
Thomas DeLay 5%
James DeMint 15%
Peter Deutsch 20%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 20%
Norm Dicks 25%
Chris Dodd 50%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 30%
Calvin Dooley 10%
John Doolittle 10%
Byron Dorgan 20%
David Dreier 10%
Jennifer Dunn 15%
John Edwards 15%
Chet Edwards 15%
Vern Ehlers 30%
Jo Ann Emerson 25%
Philip English 35%
John Ensign 5%
Bob Etheridge 35%
Lane Evans 25%
Terry Everett 5%
Russ Feingold 35%
Michael Ferguson 10%
Bob Filner 75%
Peter Fitzgerald 20%
Ernest Fletcher 15%
Mark Foley 20%
Harold Ford, Jr. 45%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 5%
Barney Frank 75%
William Frist 30%
Jonas Frost III 60%
Elton Gallegly 20%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 15%
Jim Gibbons 5%
Wayne Gilchrest 10%
Paul Gillmor 35%
Charlie Gonzalez 30%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 0%
Bart Gordon 5%
Porter Goss 10%
Daniel Graham 40%
Mark Green 25%
James Greenwood 35%
Judd Gregg 10%
Gilbert Gutknecht 15%
Jane Harman 20%
Melissa Hart 30%
J. Dennis Hastert 5%
Robert Hayes 15%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 5%
Joel Hefley 5%
Wally Herger, Jr. 5%
Baron Hill 5%
Maurice Hinchey 60%
David Lee Hobson 5%
Pete Hoekstra 10%
Thomas Holden 15%
Ernest Hollings 5%
Darlene Hooley 25%
John Nathan Hostettler 5%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 30%
Kenny Hulshof 10%
Duncan Hunter 10%
Kay Hutchison 15%
Henry Hyde 25%
Daniel Inouye 20%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 5%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 45%
William Jefferson 25%
James Merrill Jeffords 50%
William Lewis Jenkins 15%
Christopher John 5%
Nancy Johnson 20%
Tim Johnson 10%
Paul Kanjorski 5%
Ric Keller 10%
Sue Kelly 15%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 45%
Mark Kennedy 15%
Patrick Kennedy 35%
Dale Kildee 55%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 25%
Gerald Kleczka 10%
Joseph Knollenberg 5%
Herb Kohl 20%
James Kolbe 10%
Dennis Kucinich 70%
Jon Kyl 20%
Ray LaHood 20%
Nicholas Lampson 35%
Tom Lantos 45%
Steve LaTourette 25%
James Leach 45%
Jerry Lewis 15%
Ron Lewis 20%
Joe Lieberman 60%
Blanche Lincoln 30%
John Linder 15%
William Lipinski 15%
Trent Lott, Sr. 15%
Dick Lugar 25%
Don Manzullo 10%
Robert Matsui 20%
Karen McCarthy 20%
James McCrery III 10%
John McHugh 30%
Scott McInnis 5%
Michael McNulty 30%
Martin Meehan 30%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 50%
Zell Bryan Miller 20%
Alan Mollohan 10%
Dennis Moore 35%
Jack Murtha 10%
Sue Myrick 10%
Ben Nelson 15%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 20%
Robert William Ney 10%
Don Nickles 10%
Anne Northup 20%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 10%
James Nussle 10%
Jim Oberstar 45%
Dave Obey 10%
John Olver 45%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 20%
Thomas William Osborne 25%
Doug Ose 15%
Major Owens 45%
Michael Oxley 15%
Ron Paul 5%
Donald Payne 55%
John Peterson 20%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 20%
Todd Platts 25%
Richard Pombo 10%
Earl Pomeroy 30%
Deborah Pryce 15%
Jack Quinn 5%
George Radanovich 5%
James Ramstad 20%
Ralph Regula 0%
Denny Rehberg 25%
Silvestre Reyes 20%
Thomas Reynolds 5%
Ciro Rodriguez 30%
Mike Ross 25%
Steve Rothman 40%
Jim Ryun 10%
Martin Olav Sabo 20%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 20%
Rick Santorum 35%
Paul Sarbanes 35%
Jim Saxton 5%
Edward Schrock 10%
John Shadegg 5%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 20%
Christopher Shays 50%
Donald Sherwood 5%
Robert Ruhl Simmons 15%
Ike Skelton 10%
Gordon Smith 20%
Nick Smith 10%
Olympia Snowe 25%
Vic Snyder 35%
Hilda Solis 50%
Mark Souder 35%
Arlen Specter 15%
John Spratt, Jr. 15%
Pete Stark 55%
Cliff Stearns 5%
Charles Stenholm 20%
Ted Stevens 10%
Ted Strickland 15%
Bart Stupak 20%
John Sullivan 10%
John Sununu 10%
John Sweeney 15%
Tom Tancredo 30%
John Tanner 5%
Ellen Tauscher 25%
William Tauzin 15%
Charles Taylor 5%
Gene Taylor 10%
Craig Thomas 20%
William Thomas 10%
Todd Tiahrt 10%
Ed Towns 35%
Stephanie Tubbs Jones 40%
James Turner 15%
George Voinovich 20%
James Walsh 15%
Zach Wamp 25%
John Warner 15%
Diane Watson 25%
Mel Watt 20%
Anthony Weiner 30%
David Weldon 15%
W. Curtis Weldon 10%
Gerald Weller 5%
Robert Wexler 40%
Heather Wilson 10%
Lynn Woolsey 60%
David Wu 35%
Albert Wynn 30%
Bill Young 5%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.