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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: United States English

2007-2008 Positions on English as the Official Language

Issues: Immigration
State Office District Name Party Rating
NA President Barack Obama II Democratic F
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. Democratic F
AK U.S. Senate Sr Lisa Murkowski Republican A
AL U.S. Senate Sr Richard Shelby Republican A
AL U.S. Senate Jr Jeff Sessions III Republican A
AR U.S. Senate Sr John Boozman Republican A
AZ U.S. Senate Sr John McCain III Republican A
AZ U.S. Senate Jr Jeff Flake Republican C
CA U.S. Senate Sr Dianne Feinstein Democratic F
CA U.S. Senate Jr Barbara Boxer Democratic F
CT U.S. Senate Jr Chris Murphy Democratic F
DE U.S. Senate Sr Tom Carper Democratic A
FL U.S. Senate Sr Bill Nelson, Sr. Democratic A
GA U.S. Senate Sr Johnny Isakson Republican A
HI U.S. Senate Jr Mazie Hirono Democratic F
IA U.S. Senate Sr Chuck Grassley Republican A
ID U.S. Senate Sr Mike Crapo Republican A
IL U.S. Senate Sr Dick Durbin Democratic F
IL U.S. Senate Jr Mark Kirk Republican C
IN U.S. Senate Jr Joe Donnelly, Sr. Democratic B
KS U.S. Senate Sr Pat Roberts Republican A
KS U.S. Senate Jr Jerry Moran Republican A
KY U.S. Senate Sr Mitch McConnell Republican A
LA U.S. Senate Sr David Vitter Republican A
MA U.S. Senate Jr Ed Markey Democratic F
MD U.S. Senate Sr Barbara Mikulski Democratic B-
MD U.S. Senate Jr Ben Cardin Democratic A
ME U.S. Senate Sr Susan Collins Republican A
MI U.S. Senate Sr Debbie Stabenow Democratic F
MN U.S. Senate Sr Amy Klobuchar Democratic/Farmer/Labor A
MO U.S. Senate Sr Claire McCaskill Democratic A
MO U.S. Senate Jr Roy Blunt Republican B+
MS U.S. Senate Sr Thad Cochran Republican A
MS U.S. Senate Jr Roger Wicker Republican A
MT U.S. Senate Sr Jon Tester Democratic A
NC U.S. Senate Sr Richard Burr Republican A
NJ U.S. Senate Sr Bob Menendez Democratic F
NM U.S. Senate Sr Tom Udall Democratic F
NV U.S. Senate Sr Harry Reid Democratic F
NV U.S. Senate Jr Dean Heller Republican A
NY U.S. Senate Sr Chuck Schumer Democratic F
NY U.S. Senate Jr Kirsten Gillibrand Democratic C+
OH U.S. Senate Sr Sherrod Brown Democratic F
OK U.S. Senate Sr Jim Inhofe Republican A
OR U.S. Senate Sr Ron Wyden Democratic B-
PA U.S. Senate Sr Bob Casey, Jr. Democratic F
RI U.S. Senate Sr Jack Reed Democratic F
RI U.S. Senate Jr Sheldon Whitehouse Democratic F
SC U.S. Senate Sr Lindsey Graham Republican A
SD U.S. Senate Sr John Thune Republican A
TN U.S. Senate Sr Lamar Alexander Republican A
TN U.S. Senate Jr Robert Corker Republican A
TX U.S. Senate Sr John Cornyn Republican A
UT U.S. Senate Sr Orrin Hatch Republican A
VT U.S. Senate Sr Patrick Leahy Democratic F
VT U.S. Senate Jr Bernie Sanders Independent F
WA U.S. Senate Sr Patty Murray Democratic F
WA U.S. Senate Jr Maria Cantwell Democratic F
WI U.S. Senate Jr Tammy Baldwin Democratic F
WV U.S. Senate Jr Shelley Capito Republican A
WY U.S. Senate Sr Mike Enzi Republican A
AK U.S. House At-Large Don Young Republican B-
AL U.S. House 3 Mike Rogers Republican A
AL U.S. House 4 Robert Aderholt Republican A
AZ U.S. House 3 Raúl Grijalva Democratic F
AZ U.S. House 8 Trent Franks Republican A
CA U.S. House 5 Mike Thompson Democratic F
CA U.S. House 6 Doris Matsui Democratic F
CA U.S. House 9 Jerry McNerney Democratic D
CA U.S. House 12 Nancy Pelosi Democratic F
CA U.S. House 13 Barbara Lee Democratic F
CA U.S. House 16 Jim Costa Democratic F
CA U.S. House 17 Mike Honda Democratic F
CA U.S. House 18 Anna Eshoo Democratic F
CA U.S. House 19 Zoe Lofgren Democratic F
CA U.S. House 20 Sam Farr Democratic F
CA U.S. House 22 Devin Nunes Republican B
CA U.S. House 23 Kevin McCarthy Republican B
CA U.S. House 24 Lois Capps Democratic F
CA U.S. House 28 Adam Schiff Democratic F
CA U.S. House 30 Brad Sherman Democratic F
CA U.S. House 32 Grace Napolitano Democratic F
CA U.S. House 34 Xavier Becerra Democratic F
CA U.S. House 38 Linda Sánchez Democratic F
CA U.S. House 39 Ed Royce Republican A
CA U.S. House 40 Lucille Roybal-Allard Democratic F
CA U.S. House 42 Ken Calvert Republican A
CA U.S. House 43 Maxine Waters Democratic F
CA U.S. House 46 Loretta Sanchez Democratic F
CA U.S. House 48 Dana Rohrabacher Republican A
CA U.S. House 49 Darrell Issa Republican A
CA U.S. House 53 Susan Davis Democratic F
CO U.S. House 1 Diana DeGette Democratic F
CO U.S. House 5 Doug Lamborn Republican B+
CO U.S. House 7 Ed Perlmutter Democratic F
CT U.S. House 1 John Larson Democratic F
CT U.S. House 2 Joe Courtney Democratic F
CT U.S. House 3 Rosa DeLauro Democratic F
FL U.S. House 1 Jeff Miller Republican A
FL U.S. House 4 Ander Crenshaw Republican B
FL U.S. House 5 Corrine Brown Democratic F
FL U.S. House 7 John Mica Republican A
FL U.S. House 12 Gus Bilirakis Republican A
FL U.S. House 14 Kathy Castor Democratic F
FL U.S. House 16 Vern Buchanan Republican A
FL U.S. House 20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. Democratic F
FL U.S. House 23 Debbie Wasserman Schultz Democratic F
FL U.S. House 25 Mario Diaz-Balart Republican F
FL U.S. House 27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen Republican F
GA U.S. House 2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. Democratic D
GA U.S. House 3 Lynn Westmoreland Republican A
GA U.S. House 4 Hank Johnson, Jr. Democratic F
GA U.S. House 5 John Lewis Democratic F
GA U.S. House 6 Tom Price Republican A
GA U.S. House 13 David Scott Democratic F
IA U.S. House 2 Dave Loebsack Democratic F
IA U.S. House 4 Steve King Republican A
ID U.S. House 2 Mike Simpson Republican A
IL U.S. House 1 Bobby Rush Democratic F
IL U.S. House 3 Daniel Lipinski Democratic D
IL U.S. House 4 Luis Gutiérrez Democratic F
IL U.S. House 6 Peter Roskam Republican B
IL U.S. House 7 Danny Davis Democratic F
IL U.S. House 9 Jan Schakowsky Democratic F
IL U.S. House 15 John Shimkus Republican B
IN U.S. House 1 Pete Visclosky Democratic F
KY U.S. House 1 Ed Whitfield Republican A
KY U.S. House 3 John Yarmuth Democratic F
KY U.S. House 5 Hal Rogers Republican A
LA U.S. House 3 Charles Boustany, Jr. Republican A
MA U.S. House 1 Richard Neal Democratic F
MA U.S. House 2 Jim McGovern Democratic F
MA U.S. House 7 Mike Capuano Democratic F
MA U.S. House 8 Stephen Lynch Democratic F
MD U.S. House 2 Dutch Ruppersberger Democratic F
MD U.S. House 3 John Sarbanes Democratic F
MD U.S. House 5 Steny Hoyer Democratic F
MD U.S. House 7 Elijah Cummings Democratic D
MD U.S. House 8 Chris Van Hollen, Jr. Democratic F
MI U.S. House 6 Fred Upton Republican A
MI U.S. House 7 Tim Walberg Republican A
MI U.S. House 9 Sandy Levin Democratic F
MI U.S. House 10 Candice Miller Republican A
MI U.S. House 13 John Conyers, Jr. Democratic D
MN U.S. House 1 Tim Walz Democratic/Farmer/Labor F
MN U.S. House 2 John Kline Republican A
MN U.S. House 4 Betty McCollum Democratic/Farmer/Labor F
MN U.S. House 5 Keith Ellison Democratic/Farmer/Labor F
MN U.S. House 7 Collin Peterson Democratic/Farmer/Labor B
MO U.S. House 1 Lacy Clay, Jr. Democratic F
MO U.S. House 5 Emanuel Cleaver II Democratic F
MO U.S. House 6 Sam Graves Republican A
MS U.S. House 2 Bennie Thompson Democratic F
NC U.S. House 1 G.K. Butterfield, Jr. Democratic F
NC U.S. House 3 Walter Jones, Jr. Republican A
NC U.S. House 4 David Price Democratic F
NC U.S. House 5 Virginia Foxx Republican A
NC U.S. House 10 Patrick McHenry Republican A
NE U.S. House 1 Jeff Fortenberry Republican A
NE U.S. House 3 Adrian Smith Republican A
NJ U.S. House 2 Frank LoBiondo Republican B-
NJ U.S. House 4 Chris Smith Republican D
NJ U.S. House 5 Scott Garrett Republican A
NJ U.S. House 6 Frank Pallone, Jr. Democratic F
NJ U.S. House 9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. Democratic F
NJ U.S. House 11 Rodney Frelinghuysen Republican C
NM U.S. House 2 Steve Pearce Republican D
NY U.S. House 2 Pete King Republican A
NY U.S. House 3 Steve Israel Democratic F
NY U.S. House 5 Gregory Meeks Democratic D
NY U.S. House 7 Nydia Velázquez Democratic F
NY U.S. House 9 Yvette Clarke Democratic F
NY U.S. House 10 Jerry Nadler Democratic F
NY U.S. House 12 Carolyn Maloney Democratic F
NY U.S. House 13 Charlie Rangel Democratic F
NY U.S. House 14 Joe Crowley Democratic F
NY U.S. House 15 José Serrano Democratic, Working Families F
NY U.S. House 16 Eliot Engel Democratic F
NY U.S. House 17 Nita Lowey Democratic F
NY U.S. House 25 Louise Slaughter Democratic F
NY U.S. House 26 Brian Higgins Democratic F
OH U.S. House 1 Steve Chabot Republican A-
OH U.S. House 4 Jim Jordan Republican A
OH U.S. House 8 John Boehner Republican B
OH U.S. House 9 Marcy Kaptur Democratic F
OH U.S. House 10 Mike Turner Republican A
OH U.S. House 12 Pat Tiberi Republican A
OH U.S. House 13 Tim Ryan Democratic F
OK U.S. House 3 Frank Lucas Republican A
OK U.S. House 4 Tom Cole Republican B-
OR U.S. House 2 Greg Walden Republican B+
OR U.S. House 3 Earl Blumenauer Democratic F
OR U.S. House 4 Peter DeFazio Democratic F
PA U.S. House 1 Bob Brady Democratic F
PA U.S. House 2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. Democratic F
PA U.S. House 9 Bill Shuster Republican A
PA U.S. House 14 Mike Doyle Democratic F
PA U.S. House 15 Charlie Dent Republican C
PA U.S. House 16 Joe Pitts Republican A
PA U.S. House 18 Tim Murphy Republican B-

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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