Rating Group: American Foreign Service Association

2001-2002 Positions

State Office Name Party Rating
Gary Ackerman 94%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 74%
Todd Akin 49%
Wayne Allard 93%
George Allen 100%
Thomas Allen 88%
Rob Andrews 84%
Joe Baca, Sr. 71%
Brian Baird 78%
Richard Hugh Baker 88%
Cass Ballenger 65%
Roscoe Bartlett 49%
Charlie Bass 88%
Max Baucus 100%
Evan Bayh 87%
Bob Bennett 100%
Douglas Bereuter 88%
Shelley Berkley 78%
Howard Berman 88%
Marion Berry 61%
Judy Biggert 88%
Michael Bilirakis 61%
Jeff Bingaman 87%
Sherwood Boehlert 88%
Kit Bond 93%
Henry Bonilla 78%
Mary Bono Mack 78%
Leonard Boswell 78%
Rick Boucher 94%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 71%
John Breaux 100%
Henry Brown, Jr. 78%
Jim Bunning 87%
Conrad Burns 100%
Dan Burton 49%
Steve Buyer 81%
Robert Byrd 68%
Ben Campbell 80%
Chris Cannon 51%
Brad Carson 78%
Julia Carson 81%
Mike Castle 88%
Hillary Clinton 81%
Michael Collins 49%
Larry Combest 51%
Kent Conrad 81%
Jon Corzine 81%
Jerry Costello 71%
Christopher Cox 75%
Larry Craig 87%
Robert Cramer 88%
Philip Crane 68%
Barbara Cubin 29%
Randall Cunningham 68%
Thomas Daschle 80%
James Davis 90%
Jo Ann Davis 55%
Thomas Davis III 94%
Bill Delahunt 78%
Thomas DeLay 55%
James DeMint 68%
Peter Deutsch 88%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 88%
Norm Dicks 78%
Chris Dodd 68%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 100%
Calvin Dooley 84%
John Doolittle 58%
Byron Dorgan 81%
David Dreier 88%
Jennifer Dunn 78%
John Edwards 94%
Chet Edwards 78%
Vern Ehlers 100%
Jo Ann Emerson 65%
Philip English 94%
John Ensign 79%
Bob Etheridge 84%
Lane Evans 78%
Terry Everett 33%
Russ Feingold 54%
Michael Ferguson 88%
Bob Filner 78%
Peter Fitzgerald 93%
Ernest Fletcher 88%
Mark Foley 61%
Harold Ford, Jr. 84%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 88%
Barney Frank 75%
William Frist 100%
Jonas Frost III 94%
Elton Gallegly 78%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 78%
Jim Gibbons 78%
Wayne Gilchrest 94%
Paul Gillmor 81%
Charlie Gonzalez 94%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 26%
Bart Gordon 78%
Porter Goss 88%
Daniel Graham 93%
Mark Green 78%
James Greenwood 88%
Judd Gregg 94%
Gilbert Gutknecht 61%
Jane Harman 71%
Melissa Hart 71%
J. Dennis Hastert 35%
Robert Hayes 71%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 61%
Joel Hefley 35%
Wally Herger, Jr. 78%
Baron Hill 84%
Maurice Hinchey 61%
David Lee Hobson 81%
PA Commissioner-At-Large Joseph Hoeffel 88%
Pete Hoekstra 81%
Thomas Holden 71%
Ernest Hollings 81%
Darlene Hooley 84%
John Nathan Hostettler 19%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 100%
Kenny Hulshof 68%
Duncan Hunter 71%
Kay Hutchison 94%
Henry Hyde 81%
Daniel Inouye 88%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 68%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 81%
William Jefferson 90%
James Merrill Jeffords 87%
William Lewis Jenkins 61%
Christopher John 84%
Nancy Johnson 84%
Tim Johnson 78%
Paul Kanjorski 88%
Ric Keller 68%
Sue Kelly 84%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 67%
Mark Kennedy 78%
Patrick Kennedy 88%
Dale Kildee 81%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 75%
Gerald Kleczka 88%
Joseph Knollenberg 81%
Herb Kohl 94%
James Kolbe 94%
Dennis Kucinich 81%
Jon Kyl 86%
Ray LaHood 81%
Nicholas Lampson 78%
Tom Lantos 81%
Steve LaTourette 65%
James Leach 100%
Jerry Lewis 88%
Ron Lewis 68%
Joe Lieberman 94%
Blanche Lincoln 100%
John Linder 88%
William Lipinski 53%
Trent Lott, Sr. 87%
Dick Lugar 94%
Don Manzullo 51%
Robert Matsui 71%
Karen McCarthy 84%
James McCrery III 88%
John McHugh 71%
Scott McInnis 55%
Michael McNulty 84%
Martin Meehan 84%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 75%
Zell Bryan Miller 100%
Alan Mollohan 75%
Dennis Moore 90%
Jack Murtha 81%
Sue Myrick 68%
Ben Nelson 100%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 68%
Robert William Ney 58%
Don Nickles 93%
Anne Northup 88%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 39%
James Nussle 88%
Jim Oberstar 94%
Dave Obey 81%
John Olver 88%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 94%
Thomas William Osborne 78%
Doug Ose 78%
Major Owens 78%
Michael Oxley 88%
Ron Paul 23%
Donald Payne 75%
John Peterson 78%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 71%
Todd Platts 78%
Richard Pombo 29%
Earl Pomeroy 78%
Deborah Pryce 94%
Jack Quinn 71%
George Radanovich 41%
James Ramstad 78%
Ralph Regula 75%
Denny Rehberg 78%
Silvestre Reyes 61%
Thomas Reynolds 78%
Ciro Rodriguez 84%
Mike Ross 65%
Steve Rothman 81%
Jim Ryun 48%
Martin Olav Sabo 71%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 71%
Rick Santorum 93%
Paul Sarbanes 81%
Jim Saxton 65%
Edward Schrock 81%
John Shadegg 78%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 84%
Christopher Shays 94%
Donald Sherwood 78%
Robert Ruhl Simmons 81%
Ike Skelton 88%
Gordon Smith 100%
Nick Smith 78%
Olympia Snowe 100%
Vic Snyder 81%
Hilda Solis 61%
Mark Souder 71%
Arlen Specter 100%
John Spratt, Jr. 81%
Pete Stark 55%
Cliff Stearns 45%
Charles Stenholm 88%
Ted Stevens 100%
Ted Strickland 71%
Bart Stupak 71%
John Sununu 71%
John Sweeney 88%
Tom Tancredo 29%
John Tanner 68%
Ellen Tauscher 78%
William Tauzin 88%
Charles Taylor 45%
Gene Taylor 29%
Craig Thomas 86%
William Thomas 84%
Todd Tiahrt 78%
Ed Towns 88%
Stephanie Tubbs Jones 75%
James Turner 78%
George Voinovich 87%
James Walsh 88%
Zach Wamp 61%
John Warner 88%
Diane Watson 61%
Mel Watt 88%
Anthony Weiner 94%
David Weldon 55%
W. Curtis Weldon 71%
Gerald Weller 78%
Robert Wexler 88%
Heather Wilson 71%
Lynn Woolsey 71%
David Wu 88%
Albert Wynn 88%
Bill Young 88%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 88%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 88%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 78%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 94%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 78%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 71%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 81%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 59%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 88%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 88%
WA U.S. Senate-Jr Maria Cantwell D 94%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 88%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 88%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 88%
DE U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Carper D 94%
RI Governor Linc Chafee D 100%
MO U.S. House-1 Lacy Clay, Jr. D 65%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 94%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 69%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 94%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 65%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 81%
CA U.S. House-53 Susan Davis D 90%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 59%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 78%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 94%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 88%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 78%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle, Jr. D 88%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 81%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 88%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 81%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 81%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 78%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 88%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 81%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 78%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 88%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 78%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 80%
NJ U.S. House-12 Rush Holt, Jr. D 88%
CA U.S. House-17 Mike Honda D 88%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 88%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 71%
NY U.S. House-3 Steve Israel D 84%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 88%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 94%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 81%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 71%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 88%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 84%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 68%
RI U.S. House-2 Jim Langevin D 71%
WA U.S. House-2 Rick Larsen D 78%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 94%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 81%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 59%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 81%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 94%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 65%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 81%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 94%
KY Commissioner of the Department of Veterans' Affairs Ken Lucas D 94%
MA U.S. House-8 Stephen Lynch D 75%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 84%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 88%
UT U.S. House-4 Jim Matheson D 90%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 78%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 78%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 94%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 65%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 61%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 75%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 74%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 65%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 94%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 94%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 71%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 88%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 84%
FL U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Nelson, Sr. D 94%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 88%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 71%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 81%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 81%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 84%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 55%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 94%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 81%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 81%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 81%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 81%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 78%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 71%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 81%
CA U.S. House-28 Adam Schiff D 88%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 81%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 88%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 94%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 75%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 71%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 78%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 81%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 71%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 71%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 81%
CO U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Udall D 81%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 78%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 78%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 81%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 81%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 75%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 94%
MN Governor Mark Dayton DFL 80%
MN U.S. House-4 Betty McCollum DFL 88%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 55%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 65%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 45%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 88%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 58%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 71%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 78%
AR U.S. Senate-Jr John Boozman R 55%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 88%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 87%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 71%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 88%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 78%
VA U.S. House-7 Eric Cantor R 88%
WV U.S. House-2 Shelley Capito R 65%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 78%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 78%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 33%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 94%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 100%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 100%
FL U.S. House-4 Ander Crenshaw R 88%
TX U.S. House-7 John Culberson R 78%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 59%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 100%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 13%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 93%
AZ U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Flake R 55%
VA U.S. House-4 Randy Forbes R 92%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 88%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 68%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 81%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 88%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 93%
MO U.S. House-6 Sam Graves R 78%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel R 87%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 68%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 58%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 87%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 100%
GA U.S. Senate-Jr Johnny Isakson R 88%
CA U.S. House-49 Darrell Issa R 81%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 55%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 16%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 75%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 49%
IL U.S. Senate-Jr Mark Kirk R 94%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 88%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 65%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 41%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 79%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 100%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 88%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 78%
CA U.S. House-31 Gary Miller R 78%
FL U.S. House-1 Jefferson Miller R 35%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 51%
ID Governor Butch Otter R 45%
IN Governor Mike Pence R 55%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 61%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 88%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 88%
FL Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Services Adam Putnam R 55%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 100%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 65%
MI U.S. House-8 Mike Rogers R 78%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 29%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 88%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 35%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 78%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 19%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 80%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 48%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 94%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 88%
PA U.S. House-9 Bill Shuster R 61%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 88%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 75%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 81%
NE U.S. House-2 Lee Terry R 71%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 71%
OH U.S. House-12 Pat Tiberi R 68%
PA U.S. Senate-Jr Pat Toomey R 68%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 71%
LA U.S. Senate-Jr David Vitter R 88%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 78%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 94%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 78%
SC U.S. House-2 Joe Wilson, Sr. R 50%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 81%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 45%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.