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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: The Mackinac - Sierra Club Michigan Chapter

1997-1998 Positions

Issues: Environment
State Office District Name Party Rating
Laura Baird 100%
Jim Berryman 100%
Rose Bogardus 100%
Elizabeth Brater 100%
Lingg Brewer 100%
Bob Brown 100%
Dianne Byrum 100%
John Cherry, Jr. 100%
Nick Ciaramitaro 100%
Kenneth DeBeaussaert 100%
Christopher Dingell 100%
Robert Emerson 100%
John Freeman 100%
Sharon Gire 100%
David Gubow 100%
George Zaven Hart 100%
Philip Edward Hoffman 100%
David Jaye 100%
Thomas Kelly 100%
Don Koivisto 100%
Lynne Martinez 100%
Arthur Miller, Jr. 100%
Mary Lou Parks 100%
Kirk Profit 100%
MI Commissioner 17 Nancy Quarles Democratic 100%
Vera Rison 100%
Mary Schroer 100%
MI Commissioner 3 Martha Scott Democratic 100%
Alma Smith 100%
Keith Stallworth 100%
Edward Vaughn 100%
Ted Wallace 100%
Karen Willard 100%
Eileen DeHart 86%
Agnes Marie Dobronski 86%
A. T. Frank 86%
Clark Harder 86%
Mark Schauer 86%
Paul Timothy Baade 83%
William Callahan 80%
Curtis Hertel 80%
George Mans 80%
Dennis Olshove 80%
MI Commissioner 4 Ilona Varga 80%
Howard Wetters 80%
Michael Griffin 75%
Deborah Cherry 71%
Candace Curtis 71%
Patrick Gagliardi 71%
Derrick Hale 71%
MI Commissioner 11 Michael Hanley 71%
Morris Hood, Jr. 71%
Edward LaForge 71%
MI Commissioner 15 Joseph Palamara 71%
Hubert Price, Jr. 71%
Paul Wojno 71%
MI Commissioner 14 Raymond Basham Democratic 67%
Joel Gougeon 67%
Gregory John Kaza 67%
Raymond Murphy 67%
Lynn Owen 67%
Samuel Thomas III 67%
James Agee 57%
David Anthony 57%
Michael Goschka 57%
Michael Prusi 57%
MI Commissioner 3 Paul Tesanovich Democratic 57%
Penny Crissman 50%
Kwame Kilpatrick 50%
Terry London 50%
Gloria Schermesser 50%
Lyn Bankes 43%
Jon Jellema 43%
Alvin Kukuk 43%
Michael Nye 43%
Sue Rocca 43%
Thomas Mathieu 40%
Alan Sanborn 40%
Barbara Dobb 33%
R. Shirley Johnson 33%
Shirley Johnson 33%
Deborah Whyman 33%
Joseph Young, Jr. 33%
William Bobier 29%
Jessie Dalman 29%
Beverly Hammerstrom 29%
Gerald Law 29%
John Llewellyn 29%
Allen Lowe 29%
Jim McBryde 29%
Harold Voorhees 29%
Robert Lincoln Brackenridge 25%
Glenn Oxender 20%
Kim Alan Rhead 20%
Tom Alley 17%
Frank Fitzgerald 17%
Donald Gilmer 17%
Thomas Middleton 17%
Beverly Bodem 14%
William Byl 14%
Nancy Cassis 14%
Alan Cropsey 14%
Patricia A. K. Godchaux 14%
MI State Senate 28 Mark Jansen Republican 14%
MI Commissioner 6 Burton Leland 14%
Clyde LeTarte 14%
Michelle McManus 14%
Andrew Richner 14%
Judith Scranton 14%
MI U.S. House 7 Tim Walberg Republican 14%
Loren Bennett 0%
Patricia Birkholz 0%
Mike Bouchard 0%
Willis Bullard, Jr. 0%
Dan DeGrow 0%
Larry DeVuyst 0%
Mat Dunaskiss 0%
Joanne Gregory Emmons 0%
David Galloway 0%
Harry Gast 0%
R. Robert Geake 0%
Terry Geiger 0%
John Gernaat 0%
MI State Senate 31 Mike Green Republican 0%
Dan Gustafson 0%
Jack Horton 0%
Ron Jelinek 0%
George McManus, Jr. 0%
James Roger McNutt 0%
James Mick Middaugh 0%
Walter North 0%
Michael O'Brien 0%
Charles Perricone 0%
Dick Posthumus 0%
Ray Raczkowski 0%
MI U.S. House 8 Mike Rogers Republican 0%
MI Attorney General Bill Schuette Republican 0%
John Schwarz 0%
Dale Shugars 0%
Kenneth Sikkema 0%
Virgil Clark Smith, Jr. 0%
Glenn Steil, Jr. 0%
Leon Stille 0%
William VanRegenmorter 0%
Jackie Vaughn III 0%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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