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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: The Mackinac - Sierra Club Michigan Chapter

1997-1998 Positions

Issues: Environment
State Office District Name Party Rating
MI U.S. House 7 Tim Walberg Republican 14%
MI U.S. House 8 Mike Rogers Republican 0%
MI State Senate 28 Mark Jansen Republican 14%
MI State Senate 31 Mike Green Republican 0%
MI Attorney General Bill Schuette Republican 0%
MI Commissioner 3 Martha Scott Democratic 100%
MI Commissioner 3 Paul Tesanovich Democratic 57%
MI Commissioner 4 Ilona Varga 80%
MI Commissioner 6 Burton Leland 14%
MI Commissioner 11 Michael Hanley 71%
MI Commissioner 14 Raymond Basham Democratic 67%
MI Commissioner 15 Joseph Palamara 71%
MI Commissioner 17 Nancy Quarles Democratic 100%
James Agee 57%
Tom Alley 17%
David Anthony 57%
Paul Timothy Baade 83%
Laura Baird 100%
Lyn Bankes 43%
Loren Bennett 0%
Jim Berryman 100%
Patricia Birkholz 0%
William Bobier 29%
Beverly Bodem 14%
Rose Bogardus 100%
Mike Bouchard 0%
Robert Lincoln Brackenridge 25%
Elizabeth Brater 100%
Lingg Brewer 100%
Bob Brown 100%
Willis Bullard, Jr. 0%
William Byl 14%
Dianne Byrum 100%
William Callahan 80%
Nancy Cassis 14%
Deborah Cherry 71%
John Cherry, Jr. 100%
Nick Ciaramitaro 100%
Penny Crissman 50%
Alan Cropsey 14%
Candace Curtis 71%
Jessie Dalman 29%
Kenneth DeBeaussaert 100%
Dan DeGrow 0%
Eileen DeHart 86%
Larry DeVuyst 0%
Christopher Dingell 100%
Barbara Dobb 33%
Agnes Marie Dobronski 86%
Mat Dunaskiss 0%
Robert Emerson 100%
Joanne Gregory Emmons 0%
Frank Fitzgerald 17%
A. T. Frank 86%
John Freeman 100%
Patrick Gagliardi 71%
David Galloway 0%
Harry Gast 0%
R. Robert Geake 0%
Terry Geiger 0%
John Gernaat 0%
Donald Gilmer 17%
Sharon Gire 100%
Patricia A. K. Godchaux 14%
Michael Goschka 57%
Joel Gougeon 67%
Michael Griffin 75%
David Gubow 100%
Dan Gustafson 0%
Derrick Hale 71%
Beverly Hammerstrom 29%
Clark Harder 86%
George Zaven Hart 100%
Curtis Hertel 80%
Philip Edward Hoffman 100%
Morris Hood, Jr. 71%
Jack Horton 0%
David Jaye 100%
Ron Jelinek 0%
Jon Jellema 43%
R. Shirley Johnson 33%
Shirley Johnson 33%
Gregory John Kaza 67%
Thomas Kelly 100%
Kwame Kilpatrick 50%
Don Koivisto 100%
Alvin Kukuk 43%
Edward LaForge 71%
Gerald Law 29%
Clyde LeTarte 14%
John Llewellyn 29%
Terry London 50%
Allen Lowe 29%
George Mans 80%
Lynne Martinez 100%
Thomas Mathieu 40%
Jim McBryde 29%
George McManus, Jr. 0%
Michelle McManus 14%
James Roger McNutt 0%
James Mick Middaugh 0%
Thomas Middleton 17%
Arthur Miller, Jr. 100%
Raymond Murphy 67%
Walter North 0%
Michael Nye 43%
Michael O'Brien 0%
Dennis Olshove 80%
Lynn Owen 67%
Glenn Oxender 20%
Mary Lou Parks 100%
Charles Perricone 0%
Dick Posthumus 0%
Hubert Price, Jr. 71%
Kirk Profit 100%
Michael Prusi 57%
Ray Raczkowski 0%
Kim Alan Rhead 20%
Andrew Richner 14%
Vera Rison 100%
Sue Rocca 43%
Alan Sanborn 40%
Mark Schauer 86%
Gloria Schermesser 50%
Mary Schroer 100%
John Schwarz 0%
Judith Scranton 14%
Dale Shugars 0%
Kenneth Sikkema 0%
Alma Smith 100%
Virgil Clark Smith, Jr. 0%
Keith Stallworth 100%
Glenn Steil, Jr. 0%
Leon Stille 0%
Samuel Thomas III 67%
William VanRegenmorter 0%
Edward Vaughn 100%
Jackie Vaughn III 0%
Harold Voorhees 29%
Ted Wallace 100%
Howard Wetters 80%
Deborah Whyman 33%
Karen Willard 100%
Paul Wojno 71%
Joseph Young, Jr. 33%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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