Rating Group: FreedomWorks

2012 Positions

State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. Senate-Sr Lisa Murkowski R 38%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Donald Young R 40%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 77%
AL U.S. House-2 Martha Roby R 30%
AL U.S. House-3 Mike Rogers R 30%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 35%
AL U.S. House-5 Mo Brooks R 80%
AL U.S. House-7 Terri Sewell D 5%
AR U.S. Senate-Sr John Boozman R 62%
AR U.S. House-1 Rick Crawford R 30%
AR U.S. House-3 Steve Womack R 25%
AR Lieutenant Governor Tim Griffin R 45%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 77%
AZ U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Flake R 100%
AZ U.S. House-3 Raul Grijalva D 20%
AZ U.S. House-4 Paul Gosar R 90%
AZ U.S. House-6 David Schweikert R 100%
AZ U.S. House-8 Trent Franks R 95%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 0%
CA U.S. House-3 John Garamendi D 16%
CA U.S. House-4 Tom McClintock R 100%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 25%
CA U.S. House-6 Doris Matsui D 15%
CA U.S. House-9 Jerry McNerney D 15%
CA U.S. House-10 Jeff Denham R 26%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 15%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 15%
CA U.S. House-14 Jackie Speier D 21%
CA U.S. House-16 Jim Costa D 16%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 20%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 25%
CA U.S. House-22 Devin Nunes R 53%
CA U.S. House-23 Kevin McCarthy R 37%
CA U.S. House-27 Judy Chu D 16%
CA U.S. House-28 Adam Schiff D 20%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 21%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 16%
CA U.S. House-37 Karen Bass D 16%
CA U.S. House-38 Linda Sánchez D 16%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 80%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 16%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 26%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 21%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 80%
CA U.S. House-49 Darrell Issa R 68%
CA U.S. House-50 Duncan Hunter R 68%
CA U.S. House-53 Susan Davis D 10%
CA Attorney General Xavier Becerra D 21%
CO U.S. Senate-Sr Michael Bennet D 23%
CO U.S. Senate-Jr Cory Gardner R 70%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 15%
CO U.S. House-2 Jared Polis D 21%
CO U.S. House-3 Scott Tipton R 60%
CO U.S. House-5 Doug Lamborn R 94%
CO U.S. House-6 Michael Coffman R 65%
CO U.S. House-7 Ed Perlmutter D 26%
CT U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Blumenthal D 0%
CT U.S. Senate-Jr Chris Murphy D 26%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 16%
CT U.S. House-2 Joe Courtney D 20%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 20%
CT U.S. House-4 Jim Himes D 15%
DE U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Carper D 8%
DE U.S. Senate-Jr Chris Coons D 0%
DE Governor John Carney, Jr. D 20%
FL U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Nelson, Sr. D 15%
FL U.S. Senate-Jr Marco Rubio R 85%
FL U.S. House-8 Bill Posey R 75%
FL U.S. House-11 Daniel Webster R 35%
FL U.S. House-12 Gus Bilirakis R 58%
FL U.S. House-14 Kathy Castor D 10%
FL U.S. House-15 Dennis Ross R 80%
FL U.S. House-16 Vern Buchanan R 50%
FL U.S. House-17 Tom Rooney R 75%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 15%
FL U.S. House-22 Ted Deutch D 11%
FL U.S. House-23 Debbie Wasserman Schultz D 11%
FL U.S. House-24 Frederica Wilson D 15%
FL U.S. House-25 Mario Diaz-Balart R 25%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 25%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Johnny Isakson R 62%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 20%
GA U.S. House-4 Hank Johnson, Jr. D 10%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 16%
GA U.S. House-7 Rob Woodall R 85%
GA U.S. House-8 Austin Scott R 75%
GA U.S. House-13 David Scott D 21%
GA U.S. House-14 Tom Graves, Jr. R 95%
HI U.S. Senate-Jr Mazie Hirono D 5%
HI U.S. House-1 Colleen Hanabusa D 15%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 77%
IA U.S. House-2 Dave Loebsack D 26%
IA U.S. House-4 Steve King R 74%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 92%
ID U.S. Senate-Jr James Risch R 92%
ID U.S. House-1 Raúl Labrador R 95%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 30%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 0%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 21%
IL U.S. House-3 Daniel Lipinski D 15%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutiérrez D 20%
IL U.S. House-5 Mike Quigley D 25%
IL U.S. House-6 Peter Roskam R 40%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 16%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 20%
IL U.S. House-14 Randy Hultgren R 60%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 37%
IL U.S. House-16 Adam Kinzinger R 30%
IN U.S. Senate-Sr Joe Donnelly, Sr. D 16%
IN U.S. Senate-Jr Todd Young R 60%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 21%
IN U.S. House-4 Todd Rokita R 80%
IN U.S. House-7 André Carson D 16%
IN U.S. House-8 Larry Bucshon R 40%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 54%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 77%
KS U.S. House-2 Lynn Jenkins R 74%
KS U.S. House-3 Kevin Yoder R 80%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 77%
KY U.S. Senate-Jr Rand Paul R 100%
KY U.S. House-2 Brett Guthrie R 50%
KY U.S. House-3 John Yarmuth D 20%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 25%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Cassidy R 53%
LA U.S. House-1 Steve Scalise R 85%
LA U.S. House-2 Cedric Richmond D 16%
LA Attorney General Jeff Landry R 74%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 20%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 16%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 25%
MA U.S. House-3 Niki Tsongas D 26%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 15%
MA U.S. House-8 Stephen Lynch D 20%
MA U.S. House-9 Bill Keating D 15%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Ben Cardin D 0%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Chris Van Hollen, Jr. D 15%
MD U.S. House-1 Andy Harris R 75%
MD U.S. House-2 Dutch Ruppersberger D 11%
MD U.S. House-3 John Sarbanes D 15%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 10%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 15%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 8%
ME U.S. House-1 Chellie Pingree D 25%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Debbie Stabenow D 15%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Gary Peters D 15%
MI U.S. House-2 Bill Huizenga R 89%
MI U.S. House-3 Justin Amash R 100%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 50%
MI U.S. House-7 Tim Walberg R 80%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 10%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 15%
MN U.S. Senate-Sr Amy Klobuchar D 8%
MN U.S. Senate-Jr Al Franken D 0%
MN U.S. House-1 Tim Walz D 5%
MN U.S. House-3 Erik Paulsen R 45%
MN U.S. House-4 Betty McCollum D 16%
MN U.S. House-5 Keith Ellison D 16%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson D 25%
MO U.S. Senate-Sr Claire McCaskill D 15%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 46%
MO U.S. House-1 Lacy Clay, Jr. D 21%
MO U.S. House-3 Blaine Luetkemeyer R 35%
MO U.S. House-4 Vicky Hartzler R 55%
MO U.S. House-5 Emanuel Cleaver II D 11%
MO U.S. House-6 Sam Graves R 53%
MO U.S. House-7 Billy Long R 65%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 46%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 69%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 16%
MS U.S. House-3 Gregg Harper R 45%
MS U.S. House-4 Steven Palazzo R 50%
MT U.S. Senate-Sr Jon Tester D 8%
NA Vice President Mike Pence R 63%
NA U.S. Attorney General Jeff Sessions III R 85%
NA U.S. Secretary of Health and Human Services Tom Price R 90%
NA Director of the Office of Management & Budget Mick Mulvaney R 100%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 69%
NC U.S. House-1 G.K. Butterfield, Jr. D 16%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 63%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 10%
NC U.S. House-5 Virginia Foxx R 85%
NC U.S. House-10 Patrick McHenry R 74%
ND U.S. Senate-Sr John Hoeven R 31%
NE U.S. House-1 Jeff Fortenberry R 32%
NE U.S. House-3 Adrian Smith R 45%
NH U.S. Senate-Sr Jeanne Shaheen D 0%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 0%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 20%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 16%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 15%
NJ U.S. House-7 Leonard Lance R 70%
NJ U.S. House-8 Albio Sires D 11%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 21%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 25%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 0%
NM U.S. Senate-Jr Martin Heinrich D 21%
NM U.S. House-2 Steve Pearce R 53%
NM U.S. House-3 Ben Lujan, Jr. D 15%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Dean Heller R 46%
NV U.S. House-2 Mark Amodei R 65%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 0%
NY U.S. Senate-Jr Kirsten Gillibrand D 0%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 25%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 16%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 21%
NY U.S. House-9 Yvette Clarke D 20%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 25%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 11%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 15%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 20%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 10%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 15%
NY U.S. House-20 Paul Tonko D 20%
NY U.S. House-23 Tom Reed II R 30%
NY U.S. House-26 Brian Higgins D 15%
NY Lieutenant Governor Kathy Hochul Other 10%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 0%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 62%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 90%
OH U.S. House-4 Jim Jordan R 95%
OH U.S. House-5 Bob Latta R 60%
OH U.S. House-6 Bill Johnson R 30%
OH U.S. House-7 Bob Gibbs R 35%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 11%
OH U.S. House-10 Mike Turner R 26%
OH U.S. House-11 Marcia Fudge D 16%
OH U.S. House-12 Pat Tiberi R 42%
OH U.S. House-13 Tim Ryan D 15%
OH U.S. House-15 Steve Stivers R 21%
OH U.S. House-16 Jim Renacci R 35%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 69%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr James Lankford R 50%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 25%
OK U.S. House-4 Tom Cole R 30%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 0%
OR U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Merkley D 8%
OR U.S. House-1 Suzanne Bonamici D 17%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 40%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 26%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 35%
OR U.S. House-5 Kurt Schrader D 25%
PA U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Casey, Jr. D 8%
PA U.S. Senate-Jr Pat Toomey R 77%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 15%
PA U.S. House-3 Mike Kelly R 30%
PA U.S. House-5 G.T. Thompson, Jr. R 35%
PA U.S. House-7 Pat Meehan R 26%
PA U.S. House-9 Bill Shuster R 45%
PA U.S. House-10 Tom Marino R 26%
PA U.S. House-11 Lou Barletta R 25%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle D 21%
PA U.S. House-15 Charlie Dent R 25%
PA U.S. House-18 Tim Murphy R 40%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 8%
RI U.S. Senate-Jr Sheldon Whitehouse D 8%
RI U.S. House-1 David Cicilline D 21%
RI U.S. House-2 Jim Langevin D 20%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 77%
SC U.S. Senate-Jr Tim Scott R 90%
SC U.S. House-2 Joe Wilson, Sr. R 85%
SC U.S. House-3 Jeff Duncan R 100%
SC U.S. House-4 Trey Gowdy III R 90%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 11%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr John Thune R 69%
SD U.S. House-At-Large Kristi Noem R 30%
TN U.S. Senate-Sr Lamar Alexander R 38%
TN U.S. Senate-Jr Robert Corker R 77%
TN U.S. House-1 Phil Roe R 55%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 65%
TN U.S. House-3 Chuck Fleischmann R 58%
TN U.S. House-4 Scott DesJarlais R 55%
TN U.S. House-5 Jim Cooper D 30%
TN U.S. House-6 Diane Black R 90%
TN U.S. House-7 Marsha Blackburn R 75%
TN U.S. House-9 Steve Cohen D 25%
TX U.S. Senate-Sr John Cornyn R 69%
TX U.S. House-1 Louie Gohmert R 94%
TX U.S. House-2 Ted Poe R 75%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 53%
TX U.S. House-5 Jeb Hensarling R 85%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 45%
TX U.S. House-7 John Culberson R 65%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 65%
TX U.S. House-9 Al Green D 15%
TX U.S. House-10 Michael McCaul R 55%
TX U.S. House-11 Mike Conaway R 80%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 37%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 65%
TX U.S. House-17 Bill Flores R 85%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 5%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 40%
TX U.S. House-22 Pete Olson R 70%
TX U.S. House-24 Kenny Marchant R 80%
TX U.S. House-26 Michael Burgess R 95%
TX U.S. House-27 Blake Farenthold R 65%
TX U.S. House-28 Henry Cuellar D 25%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 21%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 11%
TX U.S. House-31 John Carter R 37%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 58%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 16%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 83%
UT U.S. Senate-Jr Mike Lee R 100%
UT U.S. House-1 Rob Bishop R 68%
UT U.S. House-3 Jason Chaffetz R 90%
VA U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Warner D 23%
VA U.S. House-1 Rob Wittman R 35%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 20%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 75%
VA U.S. House-9 Morgan Griffith R 55%
VA U.S. House-11 Gerry Connolly D 15%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 0%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 8%
VT U.S. House-At-Large Peter Welch D 20%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 0%
WA U.S. Senate-Jr Maria Cantwell D 0%
WA U.S. House-2 Rick Larsen D 15%
WA U.S. House-3 Jaime Herrera Beutler R 35%
WA U.S. House-5 Cathy McMorris Rodgers R 55%
WA U.S. House-8 Dave Reichert R 24%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 20%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 27%
WI U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Johnson R 92%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 26%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 63%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 21%
WI U.S. House-4 Gwen Moore D 16%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 90%
WI U.S. House-7 Sean Duffy R 58%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Joe Manchin III D 15%
WV U.S. Senate-Jr Shelley Capito R 30%
WV U.S. House-1 David McKinley R 30%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 69%
WY U.S. Senate-Jr John Barrasso R 69%
Gary Ackerman 5%
Sandy Adams 85%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 0%
Todd Akin 68%
Rodney Alexander 26%
Jason Altmire 15%
Rob Andrews 15%
Steve Austria 40%
Kelly Ayotte 69%
Joe Baca, Sr. 16%
Michele Bachmann 88%
Spencer Bachus 45%
Kay Bailey Hutchison 46%
John Barrow 25%
Roscoe Bartlett 40%
Charlie Bass 32%
Max Baucus 0%
Mark Begich 8%
Dan Benishek 55%
Rick Berg 30%
Shelley Berkley 30%
Howard Berman 21%
Judy Biggert 30%
Brian Bilbray 20%
Jeff Bingaman 0%
Tim Bishop 16%
Jo Bonner, Jr. 28%
Mary Bono Mack 32%
Dan Boren 21%
Leonard Boswell 25%
Charles Boustany, Jr. 60%
Barbara Boxer 0%
Bruce Braley 15%
Paul Broun 100%
Corrine Brown 11%
Scott Brown 15%
Ann Marie Buerkle 63%
Dan Burton 63%
Dave Camp 37%
John Campbell III 89%
Francisco Canseco 68%
Eric Cantor 37%
Lois Capps 20%
Russ Carnahan 20%
Saxby Chambliss 77%
Ben Chandler III 20%
Hansen Clarke 15%
Dan Coats 69%
Howard Coble 71%
Thomas Coburn 85%
Kent Conrad 0%
Jerry Costello 25%
Chip Cravaack 30%
Ander Crenshaw 25%
Mark Critz 20%
Geoff Davis 29%
James DeMint 100%
Norm Dicks 10%
John Dingell 10%
Bob Dold 20%
David Dreier 40%
Donna Edwards 15%
Renee Ellmers 42%
Jo Ann Emerson 30%
Sam Farr 16%
Chaka Fattah, Sr. 16%
Stephen Fincher 90%
Mike Fitzpatrick 37%
John Fleming, Jr. 85%
Randy Forbes 45%
Barney Frank 15%
Elton Gallegly 21%
Scott Garrett 95%
Jim Gerlach 25%
Chris Gibson 25%
Phil Gingrey 80%
Charlie Gonzalez 10%
Michael Grimm 25%
Frank Guinta 47%
Kay Hagan 8%
Janice Hahn 21%
Ralph Hall 47%
Richard Hanna 32%
Tom Harkin 8%
Doc Hastings 30%
Nan Hayworth 20%
Joe Heck, Jr. 40%
Wally Herger, Jr. 58%
Maurice Hinchey 16%
Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. 11%
Thomas Holden 16%
Rush Holt, Jr. 15%
Mike Honda 21%
Tim Huelskamp 100%
Robert Hurt 70%
Daniel Inouye 0%
Steve Israel 5%
Mike Johanns 62%
Tim Johnson 65%
Timothy Johnson 0%
John Kerry 0%
Dale Kildee 15%
Jack Kingston 63%
Larry Kissell 15%
John Kline 50%
Herb Kohl 0%
Dennis Kucinich 26%
Jon Kyl 77%
Mary Landrieu 15%
Tom Latham 35%
Steve LaTourette 32%
Frank Lautenberg 8%
Carl Levin 0%
Jerry Lewis 26%
Joe Lieberman 0%
Dick Lugar 46%
Cynthia Lummis 80%
Dan Lungren 25%
Connie Mack IV 58%
Don Manzullo 60%
Jim Matheson 45%
Carolyn McCarthy 15%
Jim McDermott 20%
Mike McIntyre 32%
Buck McKeon 26%
John Mica 60%
Mike Michaud 15%
Barbara Mikulski 0%
Candice Miller 55%
Gary Miller 37%
George Miller 15%
Jeff Miller 84%
Brad Miller 20%
Jim Moran, Jr. 20%
Sue Myrick 68%
Ben Nelson 15%
Randy Neugebauer 95%
Rich Nugent 50%
Alan Nunnelee 60%
John Olver 11%
Bill Owens 10%
Ed Pastor 15%
Tom Petri 70%
Joe Pitts 45%
Todd Platts 25%
Mike Pompeo 95%
Mark Pryor 15%
Ben Quayle 95%
Nick Rahall II 20%
Charlie Rangel 6%
Denny Rehberg 30%
Harry Reid 0%
Silvestre Reyes 11%
Reid Ribble 65%
Laura Richardson 16%
Scott Rigell 50%
David Rivera 35%
Jay Rockefeller IV 0%
Mike Rogers 35%
Mike Ross 21%
Steve Rothman 11%
Jon Runyan 25%
Loretta Sanchez 15%
Bobby Schilling 42%
Jean Schmidt 75%
Aaron Schock 25%
Allyson Schwartz 16%
Heath Shuler 16%
Olympia Snowe 23%
Steve Southerland 75%
Pete Stark 16%
Cliff Stearns 85%
Marlin Stutzman 85%
John Sullivan 65%
Betty Sutton 21%
Lee Terry 45%
John Tierney 20%
Ed Towns 0%
Bob Turner 25%
Mark Udall 15%
David Vitter 92%
Joe Walsh 95%
Mel Watt 16%
Henry Waxman 15%
Jim Webb, Jr. 8%
Allen West 60%
Lynn Westmoreland 95%
Ed Whitfield 42%
Frank Wolf 25%
Lynn Woolsey 21%
Bill Young 42%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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