Rating Group: The John Birch Society

1998 Positions

State Office Name Party Rating
Edmond Spencer Abraham 45%
Gary Ackerman 11%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 6%
Wayne Allard 60%
Thomas Allen 5%
Rob Andrews 25%
Bill Archer 53%
Richard Armey 60%
John Ashcroft 65%
Richard Hugh Baker 58%
Cass Ballenger 42%
James Barcia 25%
Bob Barr, Jr. 84%
Bill Barrett 40%
Roscoe Bartlett 68%
Charlie Bass 30%
Herbert Bateman 33%
Max Baucus 13%
Bob Bennett 47%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 10%
Douglas Bereuter 20%
Howard Berman 10%
Marion Berry 25%
Brian Bilbray 30%
Michael Bilirakis 58%
Jeff Bingaman 11%
Rod Blagojevich 21%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 50%
Sherwood Boehlert 10%
Kit Bond 45%
Henry Bonilla 55%
David Edward Bonior 25%
Mary Bono Mack 50%
Robert Borski, Jr. 25%
Leonard Boswell 15%
Rick Boucher 11%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 20%
John Breaux 25%
Richard Bryan 15%
Ed Bryant 60%
Jim Bunning 55%
Conrad Burns 53%
Dan Burton 67%
Steve Buyer 47%
Robert Byrd 30%
Herbert Callahan 53%
Ben Campbell 50%
Thomas Campbell 35%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 55%
Chris Cannon 67%
Julia Carson 20%
Mike Castle 21%
John Chafee 10%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 80%
William Clay, Sr. 11%
Eva Clayton 16%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 10%
Robert Clement 15%
Michael Collins 80%
Larry Combest 55%
Gary Condit 35%
Kent Conrad 30%
Merrill Cook 53%
John Cooksey 53%
Jerry Costello 30%
Paul Coverdell 53%
Christopher Cox 70%
William Coyne 25%
Larry Craig 60%
Robert Cramer 32%
Philip Crane 80%
Barbara Cubin 55%
Randall Cunningham 53%
Patsy Ann Danner 42%
Thomas Daschle 10%
James Davis 11%
Thomas Davis III 25%
Bill Delahunt 20%
Thomas DeLay 65%
Peter Deutsch 5%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 47%
Jay Dickey 60%
Norm Dicks 10%
Julian Dixon 6%
Chris Dodd 10%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 42%
Calvin Dooley 10%
John Doolittle 75%
Byron Dorgan 15%
David Dreier 40%
Jennifer Dunn 45%
Chet Edwards 15%
Vern Ehlers 30%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 68%
Jo Ann Emerson 63%
Philip English 35%
Bob Etheridge 20%
Lane Evans 20%
Terry Everett 65%
Thomas Ewing 40%
Russ Feingold 20%
Bob Filner 11%
Mark Foley 26%
Michael Patrick Forbes 30%
Harold Ford, Jr. 7%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 60%
Tillie Fowler 45%
Barney Frank 26%
Robert Franks 35%
William Frist 50%
Jonas Frost III 5%
Elton Gallegly 40%
John Ganske 20%
Sam Gejdenson 21%
George Gekas 50%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 11%
Jim Gibbons 65%
Wayne Gilchrest 15%
Paul Gillmor 40%
Benjamin Gilman 30%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 65%
William Goodling 58%
Bart Gordon 15%
Slade Gorton 45%
Porter Goss 53%
Daniel Graham 5%
William Phillip Gramm 60%
Rodney Grams 60%
James Greenwood 25%
Judd Gregg 50%
Gilbert Gutknecht 55%
Tony Hall 35%
James Hansen 58%
J. Dennis Hastert 65%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 70%
Joel Hefley 89%
Jesse Helms 77%
Wally Herger, Jr. 70%
Rick Hill 39%
Van Hilleary 68%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 21%
Maurice Hinchey 15%
David Lee Hobson 60%
Pete Hoekstra 74%
Thomas Holden 30%
Ernest Hollings 37%
Darlene Hooley 5%
Stephen Horn 32%
John Nathan Hostettler 85%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 5%
Kenny Hulshof 45%
Duncan Hunter 75%
Asa Hutchinson 55%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 56%
Kay Hutchison 58%
Henry Hyde 63%
Daniel Inouye 11%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 63%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 20%
William Jefferson 16%
James Merrill Jeffords 20%
William Lewis Jenkins 60%
Christopher John 29%
Nancy Johnson 5%
Paul Kanjorski 15%
Sue Kelly 30%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 11%
Patrick Kennedy 30%
Bob Kerrey 10%
Dale Kildee 20%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 16%
Gerald Kleczka 25%
Ronald Klink 30%
Joseph Knollenberg 40%
Herb Kohl 10%
James Kolbe 30%
Dennis Kucinich 35%
Jon Kyl 79%
John LaFalce 15%
Ray LaHood 40%
Nicholas Lampson 5%
Tom Lantos 10%
Stephen Largent 70%
Steve LaTourette 21%
Frank Lautenberg 10%
Rick Lazio 20%
James Leach 15%
Jerry Lewis 32%
Ron Lewis 60%
Joe Lieberman 5%
John Linder 56%
William Lipinski 42%
Trent Lott, Sr. 65%
Dick Lugar 35%
William Luther 20%
Connie Mack 45%
James Maloney 26%
Don Manzullo 60%
Matthew Martinez 21%
Frank Mascara 35%
Robert Matsui 10%
Karen McCarthy 10%
Bill McCollum 55%
James McCrery III 42%
John McHugh 25%
Scott McInnis 50%
David McIntosh 53%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 20%
Michael McNulty 40%
Martin Meehan 21%
Carrie Meek 5%
Jack Metcalf 50%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 11%
Dan Miller 55%
David Minge 25%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 25%
John Moakley 18%
Alan Mollohan 38%
Constance Morella 15%
Patrick Moynihan 16%
Frank Murkowski 61%
Jack Murtha 25%
Sue Myrick 78%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 60%
Robert William Ney 60%
Don Nickles 65%
Anne Northup 53%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 67%
James Nussle 40%
Jim Oberstar 20%
Dave Obey 30%
John Olver 20%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 17%
Major Owens 16%
Michael Oxley 40%
Ronald Packard 47%
Ron Paul 90%
Donald Payne 15%
Edward Pease 55%
John Peterson 65%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 58%
Owen Pickett 15%
Richard Pombo 70%
Earl Pomeroy 21%
John Edward Porter 28%
Deborah Pryce 44%
Jack Quinn 37%
George Radanovich 60%
James Ramstad 35%
Ralph Regula 30%
Silvestre Reyes 19%
Bob Riley 65%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 20%
Charles Robb 15%
Ciro Rodriguez 5%
Timothy Roemer 30%
James Rogan 60%
William Roth, Jr. 29%
Steve Rothman 15%
Marge Roukema 25%
Jim Ryun 60%
Martin Olav Sabo 26%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 30%
Rick Santorum 65%
Paul Sarbanes 15%
Jim Saxton 50%
Joe Scarborough 84%
Robert Schaffer 70%
John Shadegg 80%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 25%
Christopher Shays 15%
E.G. Shuster 65%
Norman Sisisky 10%
Joseph Skeen 40%
Ike Skelton 20%
Gordon Smith 45%
Nick Smith 40%
Bob Smith 70%
Olympia Snowe 25%
Vic Snyder 15%
Mark Souder 60%
Arlen Specter 53%
Floyd Spence 70%
John Spratt, Jr. 25%
Pete Stark 37%
Cliff Stearns 75%
Charles Stenholm 32%
Ted Stevens 32%
Ted Strickland 40%
Bob Stump 80%
Bart Stupak 35%
John Sununu 70%
James Talent 58%
John Tanner 32%
Ellen Tauscher 10%
William Tauzin 53%
Charles Taylor 53%
Gene Taylor 75%
Craig Thomas 45%
William Thomas 40%
Fred Thompson 55%
Karen Thurman 10%
Strom Thurmond 40%
Todd Tiahrt 70%
Robert Torricelli 10%
Ed Towns 12%
James Traficant, Jr. 55%
James Turner 40%
Bruce Vento 30%
James Walsh 21%
Zach Wamp 63%
John Warner 45%
Wesley Watkins 55%
Mel Watt 10%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 55%
David Weldon 60%
W. Curtis Weldon 40%
Gerald Weller 45%
Paul Wellstone 20%
Robert Wexler 16%
Bob Weygand 15%
Heather Wilson 46%
Bob Wise, Jr. 15%
Lynn Woolsey 20%
Albert Wynn 15%
Bill Young 53%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 15%
ME Councilor-At-Large John Baldacci D 10%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 26%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 10%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 15%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 35%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 5%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 16%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 20%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 10%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 35%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 10%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 15%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 15%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 17%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 20%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 15%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 32%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 10%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 15%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 12%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 20%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle, Jr. D 17%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 20%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 11%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 15%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 10%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 16%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 5%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 16%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 16%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 16%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 21%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 10%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 20%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 10%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 11%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 15%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 25%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 10%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 20%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 5%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 15%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 20%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 5%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 5%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 13%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 21%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 15%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 11%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 17%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 25%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 15%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 15%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 45%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 16%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 21%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 11%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 22%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 26%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 0%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 30%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 22%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 10%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 35%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 10%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 20%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 15%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 16%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 21%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 5%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 25%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 13%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 12%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 11%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 16%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 10%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 11%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 15%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 11%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 5%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 6%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 15%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 5%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 11%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 25%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 20%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 25%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 21%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 20%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 11%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 30%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 30%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 65%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 55%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 70%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 74%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 50%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 50%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 60%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 65%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 45%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 50%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 75%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 60%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 63%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 80%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 35%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 30%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 50%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 65%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 35%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 65%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 58%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 20%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 60%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 58%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 30%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 45%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel R 35%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 75%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 60%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 60%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 65%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 68%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 75%
OH Governor John Kasich R 60%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 56%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 74%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 40%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 45%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 60%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 50%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 60%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 50%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 50%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 55%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 58%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 55%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 60%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 50%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 63%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 85%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 63%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 89%
AZ U.S. House-5 Matt Salmon R 75%
SC U.S. House-1 Mark Sanford, Jr. R 68%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 75%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 65%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 65%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 55%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 45%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 50%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 50%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 65%
SD U.S. Senate-Jr John Thune R 45%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 25%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 58%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 47%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 50%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 60%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.