Rating Group: The John Birch Society

2011 Positions (Spring-Summer)

State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. Senate-Sr Lisa Murkowski R 70%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Donald Young R 100%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 80%
AL U.S. House-2 Martha Roby R 70%
AL U.S. House-3 Mike Rogers R 80%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 80%
AL U.S. House-5 Mo Brooks R 90%
AL U.S. House-7 Terri Sewell D 30%
AR U.S. Senate-Sr John Boozman R 60%
AR U.S. House-1 Rick Crawford R 80%
AR U.S. House-3 Steve Womack R 70%
AR Lieutenant Governor Tim Griffin R 80%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 30%
AZ U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Flake R 89%
AZ U.S. House-3 Raul Grijalva D 20%
AZ U.S. House-4 Paul Gosar R 80%
AZ U.S. House-6 David Schweikert R 90%
AZ U.S. House-8 Trent Franks R 78%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 20%
CA U.S. House-3 John Garamendi D 11%
CA U.S. House-4 Tom McClintock R 100%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 10%
CA U.S. House-6 Doris Matsui D 10%
CA U.S. House-9 Jerry McNerney D 20%
CA U.S. House-10 Jeff Denham R 80%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 10%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 20%
CA U.S. House-14 Jackie Speier D 22%
CA U.S. House-16 Jim Costa D 30%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 10%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 11%
CA U.S. House-22 Devin Nunes R 80%
CA U.S. House-23 Kevin McCarthy R 80%
CA U.S. House-27 Judy Chu D 10%
CA U.S. House-28 Adam Schiff D 10%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 20%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 20%
CA U.S. House-37 Karen Bass D 10%
CA U.S. House-38 Linda Sánchez D 11%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 90%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 20%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 80%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 20%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 90%
CA U.S. House-49 Darrell Issa R 70%
CA U.S. House-50 Duncan Hunter R 80%
CA U.S. House-53 Susan Davis D 10%
CA Attorney General Xavier Becerra D 11%
CO U.S. Senate-Sr Michael Bennet D 20%
CO U.S. Senate-Jr Cory Gardner R 80%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 10%
CO U.S. House-2 Jared Polis D 10%
CO U.S. House-3 Scott Tipton R 80%
CO U.S. House-5 Doug Lamborn R 80%
CO U.S. House-6 Michael Coffman R 70%
CO U.S. House-7 Ed Perlmutter D 40%
CT U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Blumenthal D 25%
CT U.S. Senate-Jr Chris Murphy D 10%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 20%
CT U.S. House-2 Joe Courtney D 20%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 10%
CT U.S. House-4 Jim Himes D 20%
DE U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Carper D 20%
DE U.S. Senate-Jr Chris Coons D 30%
DE Governor John Carney, Jr. D 10%
FL U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Nelson, Sr. D 30%
FL U.S. Senate-Jr Marco Rubio R 88%
FL U.S. House-8 Bill Posey R 100%
FL U.S. House-11 Daniel Webster R 90%
FL U.S. House-12 Gus Bilirakis R 75%
FL U.S. House-14 Kathy Castor D 22%
FL U.S. House-15 Dennis Ross R 90%
FL U.S. House-16 Vern Buchanan R 100%
FL U.S. House-17 Tom Rooney R 90%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 20%
FL U.S. House-22 Ted Deutch D 0%
FL U.S. House-23 Debbie Wasserman Schultz D 0%
FL U.S. House-24 Frederica Wilson D 10%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 70%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Johnny Isakson R 70%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 30%
GA U.S. House-4 Hank Johnson, Jr. D 10%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 20%
GA U.S. House-7 Rob Woodall R 90%
GA U.S. House-8 Austin Scott R 90%
GA U.S. House-13 David Scott D 10%
GA U.S. House-14 Tom Graves, Jr. R 100%
HI U.S. Senate-Jr Mazie Hirono D 11%
HI U.S. House-1 Colleen Hanabusa D 20%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 60%
IA U.S. House-2 Dave Loebsack D 20%
IA U.S. House-4 Steve King R 80%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 70%
ID U.S. Senate-Jr James Risch R 67%
ID U.S. House-1 Raúl Labrador R 100%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 80%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 10%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 11%
IL U.S. House-3 Daniel Lipinski D 20%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutiérrez D 20%
IL U.S. House-5 Mike Quigley D 20%
IL U.S. House-6 Peter Roskam R 80%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 20%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 10%
IL U.S. House-14 Randy Hultgren R 80%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 70%
IL U.S. House-16 Adam Kinzinger R 70%
IN U.S. Senate-Sr Joe Donnelly, Sr. D 40%
IN U.S. Senate-Jr Todd Young R 70%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 30%
IN U.S. House-4 Todd Rokita R 90%
IN U.S. House-7 André Carson D 10%
IN U.S. House-8 Larry Bucshon R 80%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 63%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 70%
KS U.S. House-2 Lynn Jenkins R 80%
KS U.S. House-3 Kevin Yoder R 80%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 60%
KY U.S. Senate-Jr Rand Paul R 100%
KY U.S. House-2 Brett Guthrie R 89%
KY U.S. House-3 John Yarmuth D 20%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 78%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Cassidy R 80%
LA U.S. House-1 Steve Scalise R 80%
LA U.S. House-2 Cedric Richmond D 10%
LA Attorney General Jeff Landry R 90%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 20%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 11%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 20%
MA U.S. House-3 Niki Tsongas D 0%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 20%
MA U.S. House-8 Stephen Lynch D 20%
MA U.S. House-9 Bill Keating D 20%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Ben Cardin D 20%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Chris Van Hollen, Jr. D 10%
MD U.S. House-1 Andy Harris R 100%
MD U.S. House-2 Dutch Ruppersberger D 10%
MD U.S. House-3 John Sarbanes D 10%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 0%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 10%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 50%
ME U.S. House-1 Chellie Pingree D 30%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Debbie Stabenow D 10%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Gary Peters D 11%
MI U.S. House-2 Bill Huizenga R 90%
MI U.S. House-3 Justin Amash R 100%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 90%
MI U.S. House-7 Tim Walberg R 90%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 0%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 11%
MN U.S. Senate-Sr Amy Klobuchar D 10%
MN U.S. Senate-Jr Al Franken D 20%
MN U.S. House-1 Tim Walz D 30%
MN U.S. House-3 Erik Paulsen R 90%
MN U.S. House-4 Betty McCollum D 11%
MN U.S. House-5 Keith Ellison D 10%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson D 50%
MO U.S. Senate-Sr Claire McCaskill D 10%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 50%
MO U.S. House-1 Lacy Clay, Jr. D 20%
MO U.S. House-3 Blaine Luetkemeyer R 80%
MO U.S. House-4 Vicky Hartzler R 80%
MO U.S. House-5 Emanuel Cleaver II D 20%
MO U.S. House-6 Sam Graves R 80%
MO U.S. House-7 Billy Long R 89%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 50%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 50%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 20%
MS U.S. House-3 Gregg Harper R 80%
MS U.S. House-4 Steven Palazzo R 80%
MT U.S. Senate-Sr Jon Tester D 40%
NA Vice President Mike Pence R 67%
NA U.S. Attorney General Jeff Sessions III R 80%
NA U.S. Secretary of Health and Human Services Tom Price R 90%
NA Director of the Office of Management & Budget Mick Mulvaney R 90%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 70%
NC U.S. House-1 G.K. Butterfield, Jr. D 10%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 100%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 20%
NC U.S. House-5 Virginia Foxx R 80%
NC U.S. House-10 Patrick McHenry R 90%
ND U.S. Senate-Sr John Hoeven R 50%
NE U.S. House-1 Jeff Fortenberry R 67%
NE U.S. House-3 Adrian Smith R 80%
NH U.S. Senate-Sr Jeanne Shaheen D 30%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 38%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 80%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 70%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 10%
NJ U.S. House-7 Leonard Lance R 70%
NJ U.S. House-8 Albio Sires D 11%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 0%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 63%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 30%
NM U.S. Senate-Jr Martin Heinrich D 20%
NM U.S. House-2 Steve Pearce R 90%
NM U.S. House-3 Ben Lujan, Jr. D 20%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 13%
NY U.S. Senate-Jr Kirsten Gillibrand D 20%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 70%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 13%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 30%
NY U.S. House-9 Yvette Clarke D 20%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 22%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 20%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 10%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 20%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 20%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 0%
NY U.S. House-20 Paul Tonko D 20%
NY U.S. House-23 Tom Reed II R 80%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 20%
NY U.S. House-26 Brian Higgins D 10%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 20%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 60%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 80%
OH U.S. House-4 Jim Jordan R 75%
OH U.S. House-5 Bob Latta R 80%
OH U.S. House-6 Bill Johnson R 80%
OH U.S. House-7 Bob Gibbs R 80%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 11%
OH U.S. House-10 Mike Turner R 70%
OH U.S. House-11 Marcia Fudge D 11%
OH U.S. House-12 Pat Tiberi R 70%
OH U.S. House-13 Tim Ryan D 10%
OH U.S. House-15 Steve Stivers R 70%
OH U.S. House-16 Jim Renacci R 70%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 70%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr James Lankford R 80%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 80%
OK U.S. House-4 Tom Cole R 80%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 30%
OR U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Merkley D 30%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 70%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 10%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 30%
OR U.S. House-5 Kurt Schrader D 40%
PA U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Casey, Jr. D 10%
PA U.S. Senate-Jr Pat Toomey R 80%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 10%
PA U.S. House-3 Mike Kelly R 80%
PA U.S. House-5 G.T. Thompson, Jr. R 80%
PA U.S. House-7 Pat Meehan R 70%
PA U.S. House-9 Bill Shuster R 80%
PA U.S. House-10 Tom Marino R 80%
PA U.S. House-11 Lou Barletta R 80%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle D 20%
PA U.S. House-15 Charlie Dent R 60%
PA U.S. House-18 Tim Murphy R 80%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 20%
RI U.S. Senate-Jr Sheldon Whitehouse D 20%
RI U.S. House-1 David Cicilline D 30%
RI U.S. House-2 Jim Langevin D 10%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 70%
SC U.S. Senate-Jr Tim Scott R 90%
SC U.S. House-2 Joe Wilson, Sr. R 80%
SC U.S. House-3 Jeff Duncan R 100%
SC U.S. House-4 Trey Gowdy III R 90%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 10%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr John Thune R 60%
SD U.S. House-At-Large Kristi Noem R 80%
TN U.S. Senate-Sr Lamar Alexander R 60%
TN U.S. Senate-Jr Robert Corker R 70%
TN U.S. House-1 Phil Roe R 100%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 100%
TN U.S. House-3 Chuck Fleischmann R 80%
TN U.S. House-4 Scott DesJarlais R 80%
TN U.S. House-5 Jim Cooper D 10%
TN U.S. House-6 Diane Black R 80%
TN U.S. House-7 Marsha Blackburn R 80%
TN U.S. House-9 Steve Cohen D 22%
TX U.S. Senate-Sr John Cornyn R 70%
TX U.S. House-1 Louie Gohmert R 90%
TX U.S. House-2 Ted Poe R 90%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 89%
TX U.S. House-5 Jeb Hensarling R 70%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 80%
TX U.S. House-7 John Culberson R 80%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 70%
TX U.S. House-9 Al Green D 30%
TX U.S. House-10 Michael McCaul R 70%
TX U.S. House-11 Mike Conaway R 80%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 78%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 80%
TX U.S. House-17 Bill Flores R 80%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 30%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 80%
TX U.S. House-22 Pete Olson R 80%
TX U.S. House-24 Kenny Marchant R 80%
TX U.S. House-26 Michael Burgess R 89%
TX U.S. House-27 Blake Farenthold R 80%
TX U.S. House-28 Henry Cuellar D 30%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 22%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 10%
TX U.S. House-31 John Carter R 80%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 80%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 10%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 70%
UT U.S. Senate-Jr Mike Lee R 100%
UT U.S. House-1 Rob Bishop R 90%
UT U.S. House-3 Jason Chaffetz R 100%
VA U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Warner D 22%
VA U.S. House-1 Rob Wittman R 80%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 20%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 78%
VA U.S. House-9 Morgan Griffith R 90%
VA U.S. House-11 Gerry Connolly D 20%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 20%
VT U.S. House-At-Large Peter Welch D 30%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 20%
WA U.S. Senate-Jr Maria Cantwell D 30%
WA U.S. House-2 Rick Larsen D 20%
WA U.S. House-3 Jaime Herrera Beutler R 80%
WA U.S. House-5 Cathy McMorris Rodgers R 80%
WA U.S. House-8 Dave Reichert R 50%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 10%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 20%
WI U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Johnson R 80%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 20%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 70%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 0%
WI U.S. House-4 Gwen Moore D 11%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 90%
WI U.S. House-7 Sean Duffy R 70%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Joe Manchin III D 30%
WV U.S. Senate-Jr Shelley Capito R 80%
WV U.S. House-1 David McKinley R 90%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 80%
WY U.S. Senate-Jr John Barrasso R 80%
Gary Ackerman 10%
Sandy Adams 90%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 20%
Todd Akin 100%
Rodney Alexander 70%
Jason Altmire 30%
Rob Andrews 13%
Steve Austria 70%
Kelly Ayotte 70%
Joe Baca, Sr. 22%
Michele Bachmann 90%
Spencer Bachus 80%
Kay Bailey Hutchison 60%
John Barrow 30%
Roscoe Bartlett 100%
Charlie Bass 67%
Max Baucus 40%
Mark Begich 70%
Dan Benishek 90%
Rick Berg 80%
Shelley Berkley 20%
Howard Berman 0%
Judy Biggert 60%
Brian Bilbray 70%
Jeff Bingaman 30%
Tim Bishop 20%
Jo Bonner, Jr. 70%
Mary Bono Mack 67%
Dan Boren 70%
Leonard Boswell 30%
Charles Boustany, Jr. 78%
Barbara Boxer 20%
Bruce Braley 30%
Paul Broun 100%
Corrine Brown 0%
Scott Brown 50%
Ann Marie Buerkle 80%
Dan Burton 90%
Dave Camp 90%
John Campbell III 100%
Francisco Canseco 80%
Eric Cantor 70%
Lois Capps 10%
Dennis Cardoza 20%
Russ Carnahan 20%
Saxby Chambliss 60%
Ben Chandler III 30%
Hansen Clarke 20%
Dan Coats 60%
Howard Coble 90%
Thomas Coburn 70%
Kent Conrad 10%
Jerry Costello 50%
Chip Cravaack 80%
Ander Crenshaw 70%
Mark Critz 50%
Geoff Davis 80%
James DeMint 90%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 80%
Norm Dicks 0%
John Dingell 0%
Bob Dold 60%
David Dreier 70%
Donna Edwards 10%
Renee Ellmers 80%
Jo Ann Emerson 80%
Sam Farr 20%
Chaka Fattah, Sr. 10%
Bob Filner 0%
Stephen Fincher 90%
Mike Fitzpatrick 80%
John Fleming, Jr. 90%
Randy Forbes 80%
Barney Frank 20%
Elton Gallegly 80%
Scott Garrett 90%
Jim Gerlach 80%
Chris Gibson 80%
Phil Gingrey 80%
Charlie Gonzalez 30%
Michael Grimm 70%
Frank Guinta 90%
Kay Hagan 30%
Ralph Hall 90%
Richard Hanna 56%
Tom Harkin 10%
Doc Hastings 88%
Nan Hayworth 70%
Joe Heck, Jr. 70%
Wally Herger, Jr. 80%
Maurice Hinchey 20%
Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. 17%
Thomas Holden 30%
Rush Holt, Jr. 20%
Mike Honda 10%
Tim Huelskamp 100%
Robert Hurt 80%
Daniel Inouye 10%
Steve Israel 10%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 11%
Mike Johanns 50%
Timothy Johnson 10%
Tim Johnson 100%
John Kerry 22%
Dale Kildee 10%
Jack Kingston 90%
Mark Kirk 50%
Larry Kissell 10%
John Kline 80%
Herb Kohl 20%
Dennis Kucinich 20%
Jon Kyl 60%
Mary Landrieu 30%
Tom Latham 80%
Steve LaTourette 60%
Frank Lautenberg 30%
Carl Levin 0%
Jerry Lewis 78%
Joe Lieberman 22%
Dick Lugar 60%
Cynthia Lummis 90%
Dan Lungren 70%
Connie Mack IV 100%
Don Manzullo 100%
Jim Matheson 30%
Carolyn McCarthy 11%
Thaddeus McCotter 89%
Jim McDermott 10%
Mike McIntyre 70%
Buck McKeon 78%
John Mica 80%
Mike Michaud 20%
Barbara Mikulski 10%
Candice Miller 90%
Gary Miller 80%
George Miller 0%
Jeff Miller 89%
Brad Miller 0%
Jim Moran, Jr. 10%
Sue Myrick 100%
Ben Nelson 20%
Randy Neugebauer 80%
Rich Nugent 90%
Alan Nunnelee 70%
John Olver 0%
Bill Owens 22%
Ed Pastor 30%
Ron Paul 100%
Donald Payne 20%
Tom Petri 90%
Joe Pitts 90%
Todd Platts 80%
Mike Pompeo 78%
David Pryor 30%
Ben Quayle 78%
Nick Rahall II 30%
Charlie Rangel 20%
Denny Rehberg 90%
Harry Reid 10%
Silvestre Reyes 20%
Reid Ribble 90%
Laura Richardson 30%
Scott Rigell 90%
David Rivera 80%
Jay Rockefeller IV 20%
Mike Rogers 80%
Mike Ross 60%
Steve Rothman 0%
Jon Runyan 80%
Loretta Sanchez 11%
Bobby Schilling 80%
Jean Schmidt 90%
Aaron Schock 78%
Allyson Schwartz 0%
Heath Shuler 22%
Olympia Snowe 60%
Steve Southerland 90%
Pete Stark 20%
Cliff Stearns 90%
Marlin Stutzman 90%
John Sullivan 89%
Betty Sutton 10%
Lee Terry 90%
John Tierney 20%
Ed Towns 20%
Mark Udall 30%
David Vitter 70%
Joe Walsh 90%
Mel Watt 10%
Henry Waxman 10%
Jim Webb, Jr. 20%
Allen West 100%
Lynn Westmoreland 90%
Ed Whitfield 80%
Frank Wolf 80%
Lynn Woolsey 20%
David Wu 20%
Bill Young 89%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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