Rating Group: The John Birch Society

1997 Positions

State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 48%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 68%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 78%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 55%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 49%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 55%
AZ U.S. House-5 Matt Salmon R 74%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 15%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 13%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 10%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 28%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 22%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 22%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 23%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 24%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 48%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 13%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 25%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 17%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 85%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 20%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 38%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 23%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 20%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 85%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 21%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 23%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 20%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 50%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 24%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 40%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 45%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 50%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 58%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 18%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 28%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 58%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 18%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 55%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 11%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 40%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 65%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 13%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 27%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 25%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 26%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 38%
IN U.S. Senate-Sr Daniel Coats R 74%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 28%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 50%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 53%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 70%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 55%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 44%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 48%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 10%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 30%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 28%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 23%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 28%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 16%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 25%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 20%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 23%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 33%
ME Councilor-At-Large John Baldacci D 20%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 13%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 18%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 38%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 40%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 18%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 18%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 30%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 38%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 46%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 40%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 40%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 20%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 15%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel R 55%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 13%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 45%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 67%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 15%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 55%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 33%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 25%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 48%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 41%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 28%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 28%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 25%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 25%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 25%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 50%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 26%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 28%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 26%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 21%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 22%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 23%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 24%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 20%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 20%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 28%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 45%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 64%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 46%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 28%
OH Governor John Kasich R 56%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 18%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 55%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 83%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 74%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 48%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 15%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 21%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 38%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 16%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle D 38%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 48%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 15%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 58%
SC U.S. House-1 Mark Sanford, Jr. R 73%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 20%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 15%
SD U.S. Senate-Jr John Thune R 50%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 70%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 51%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 53%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 63%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 50%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 40%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 55%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 11%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 20%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 37%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 25%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 15%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 54%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 25%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 48%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 23%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 50%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 23%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 41%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 15%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 33%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 10%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 56%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 26%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 15%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 21%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 79%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 68%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 30%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 26%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 28%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 68%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 60%
Gary Ackerman 18%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 5%
Wayne Allard 75%
Thomas Allen 20%
Rob Andrews 32%
Bill Archer 58%
Richard Armey 55%
John Ashcroft 85%
Henry Scott Baesler 25%
Richard Hugh Baker 41%
Cass Ballenger 39%
James Barcia 40%
Bob Barr, Jr. 75%
Bill Barrett 44%
Roscoe Bartlett 65%
Charlie Bass 44%
Herbert Bateman 38%
Max Baucus 10%
Bob Bennett 58%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 18%
Douglas Bereuter 33%
Howard Berman 23%
Marion Berry 38%
Brian Bilbray 38%
Michael Bilirakis 48%
Jeff Bingaman 23%
Rod Blagojevich 23%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 38%
Sherwood Boehlert 18%
Kit Bond 53%
Henry Bonilla 45%
David Edward Bonior 30%
Sonny Bono 46%
Robert Borski, Jr. 37%
Leonard Boswell 23%
Rick Boucher 19%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 28%
John Breaux 25%
George Brown, Jr. 20%
Richard Bryan 18%
Ed Bryant 47%
Dale Bumpers 15%
Jim Bunning 44%
Conrad Burns 63%
Dan Burton 63%
Steve Buyer 41%
Robert Byrd 28%
Herbert Callahan 44%
Ben Campbell 53%
Thomas Campbell 60%
Chris Cannon 55%
Walter Holden Capps 21%
Julia Carson 23%
Mike Castle 25%
John Chafee 21%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 67%
Jon Lynn Christensen 55%
William Clay, Sr. 17%
Eva Clayton 20%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 15%
Robert Clement 21%
Michael Collins 59%
Larry Combest 58%
Gary Condit 46%
Kent Conrad 23%
Merrill Cook 48%
John Cooksey 47%
Jerry Costello 32%
Paul Coverdell 63%
Christopher Cox 70%
William Coyne 25%
Larry Craig 65%
Robert Cramer 28%
Philip Crane 62%
Barbara Cubin 58%
Randall Cunningham 48%
Alfonse D'Amato 40%
Patsy Ann Danner 44%
Thomas Daschle 10%
James Davis 18%
Thomas Davis III 25%
Bill Delahunt 26%
Thomas DeLay 60%
Ronald Dellums 23%
Peter Deutsch 15%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 34%
Jay Dickey 51%
Norm Dicks 13%
Julian Dixon 23%
Chris Dodd 15%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 43%
Calvin Dooley 18%
John Doolittle 61%
Byron Dorgan 23%
David Dreier 53%
Jennifer Dunn 44%
Chet Edwards 18%
Vern Ehlers 28%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 45%
Jo Ann Emerson 43%
Philip English 34%
John Ensign 65%
Bob Etheridge 16%
Lane Evans 25%
Terry Everett 50%
Thomas Ewing 33%
Duncan McLauchlin Faircloth 82%
Harris Fawell 25%
Victor Fazio 15%
Russ Feingold 25%
Bob Filner 22%
Thomas Foglietta 22%
Mark Foley 42%
Michael Patrick Forbes 37%
Harold Ford, Jr. 18%
Wendell Ford 30%
Tillie Fowler 43%
Jon David Fox 38%
Barney Frank 26%
Robert Franks 28%
William Frist 45%
Jonas Frost III 13%
Elizabeth Furse 13%
Elton Gallegly 40%
John Ganske 48%
Sam Gejdenson 23%
George Gekas 43%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 29%
Jim Gibbons 54%
Wayne Gilchrest 23%
Paul Gillmor 43%
Benjamin Gilman 21%
John Glenn 13%
Henry Gonzalez 22%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 53%
William Goodling 58%
Bart Gordon 18%
Slade Gorton 53%
Porter Goss 43%
Daniel Graham 13%
William Phillip Gramm 78%
Rodney Grams 70%
James Greenwood 25%
Judd Gregg 63%
Gilbert Gutknecht 45%
Tony Hall 28%
Lee Hamilton 25%
James Hansen 49%
Jane Harman 18%
J. Dennis Hastert 48%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 60%
Joel Hefley 63%
W.G. Hefner 15%
Jesse Helms 83%
Wally Herger, Jr. 49%
Rick Hill 50%
Van Hilleary 70%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 24%
Maurice Hinchey 27%
David Lee Hobson 38%
Pete Hoekstra 63%
Thomas Holden 30%
Ernest Hollings 35%
Darlene Hooley 18%
Stephen Horn 23%
John Nathan Hostettler 78%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 20%
Kenny Hulshof 45%
Duncan Hunter 63%
Asa Hutchinson 53%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 70%
Kay Hutchison 65%
Henry Hyde 48%
Bob Inglis, Sr. 58%
Daniel Inouye 16%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 67%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 28%
William Jefferson 16%
James Merrill Jeffords 10%
William Lewis Jenkins 40%
Christopher John 35%
Jay Johnson 20%
Nancy Johnson 23%
Paul Kanjorski 35%
Sue Kelly 33%
Dirk Kempthorne 65%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 21%
Joseph Kennedy II 25%
Patrick Kennedy 28%
Barbara Bailey Kennelly 20%
Bob Kerrey 13%
Dale Kildee 33%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 18%
Jay Kim 43%
Gerald Kleczka 28%
Ronald Klink 35%
Scott Klug 38%
Joseph Knollenberg 38%
Herb Kohl 20%
James Kolbe 25%
Dennis Kucinich 40%
Jon Kyl 78%
John LaFalce 32%
Ray LaHood 38%
Nicholas Lampson 23%
Tom Lantos 25%
Stephen Largent 67%
Steve LaTourette 33%
Frank Lautenberg 15%
Rick Lazio 28%
James Leach 23%
Jerry Lewis 38%
Ron Lewis 44%
Joe Lieberman 26%
John Linder 50%
William Lipinski 38%
Robert Livingston 43%
Trent Lott, Sr. 63%
Dick Lugar 43%
William Luther 20%
Connie Mack 64%
James Maloney 30%
Thomas Manton 23%
Don Manzullo 64%
Matthew Martinez 22%
Frank Mascara 35%
Robert Matsui 18%
Karen McCarthy 20%
Bill McCollum 38%
James McCrery III 34%
Joseph McDade 38%
Paul McHale 23%
John McHugh 40%
Scott McInnis 50%
David McIntosh 68%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 21%
Michael McNulty 23%
Martin Meehan 18%
Carrie Meek 15%
Jack Metcalf 45%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 18%
Dan Miller 58%
David Minge 25%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 25%
John Moakley 26%
Alan Mollohan 24%
Constance Morella 28%
Carol Moseley Braun 15%
Patrick Moynihan 18%
Frank Murkowski 51%
Jack Murtha 28%
Sue Myrick 60%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 40%
Mark Neumann 62%
Robert William Ney 48%
Don Nickles 73%
Anne Northup 43%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 60%
James Nussle 45%
Jim Oberstar 30%
Dave Obey 31%
John Olver 28%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 28%
Major Owens 26%
Michael Oxley 33%
Ronald Packard 38%
Michael Pappas 50%
Mike Parker 49%
Ron Paul 95%
William Paxon 56%
Donald Payne 31%
Edward Pease 50%
John Peterson 40%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 54%
Owen Pickett 20%
Richard Pombo 71%
Earl Pomeroy 21%
John Edward Porter 21%
Glenn Poshard 28%
Deborah Pryce 41%
Jack Quinn 33%
George Radanovich 51%
James Ramstad 33%
Bill Redmond 30%
Ralph Regula 35%
Silvestre Reyes 23%
Frank Riggs 45%
Bob Riley 60%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 25%
Charles Robb 20%
Ciro Rodriguez 9%
Timothy Roemer 38%
James Rogan 53%
William Roth, Jr. 35%
Steve Rothman 21%
Marge Roukema 33%
Jim Ryun 63%
Martin Olav Sabo 20%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 23%
Rick Santorum 63%
Paul Sarbanes 10%
Jim Saxton 30%
Joe Scarborough 84%
Daniel Schaefer 56%
Robert Schaffer 67%
Steven Schiff 58%
John Shadegg 73%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 43%
Christopher Shays 38%
E.G. Shuster 50%
Norman Sisisky 28%
David Skaggs 15%
Joseph Skeen 35%
Ike Skelton 30%
Gordon Smith 45%
Linda Smith 53%
Nick Smith 50%
Robert Smith 36%
Bob Smith 90%
Vincent Snowbarger 60%
Olympia Snowe 35%
Vic Snyder 20%
Gerald B.H. Solomon 59%
Mark Souder 64%
Arlen Specter 25%
Floyd Spence 43%
John Spratt, Jr. 20%
Pete Stark 17%
Cliff Stearns 73%
Charles Stenholm 49%
Ted Stevens 37%
Louis Stokes 20%
Ted Strickland 23%
Bob Stump 65%
Bart Stupak 30%
John Sununu 45%
James Talent 58%
John Tanner 25%
Ellen Tauscher 18%
William Tauzin 40%
Charles Taylor 47%
Gene Taylor 65%
Craig Thomas 68%
William Thomas 35%
Fred Thompson 70%
Karen Thurman 15%
Strom Thurmond 60%
Todd Tiahrt 63%
Esteban Edward Torres 22%
Robert Torricelli 23%
Ed Towns 19%
James Traficant, Jr. 50%
James Turner 28%
Bruce Vento 20%
James Walsh 33%
Zach Wamp 68%
John Warner 50%
Wesley Watkins 45%
Mel Watt 23%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 45%
David Weldon 59%
W. Curtis Weldon 40%
Gerald Weller 33%
Paul Wellstone 23%
Robert Wexler 15%
Bob Weygand 37%
Rick White 30%
Bob Wise, Jr. 13%
Lynn Woolsey 22%
Albert Wynn 13%
Sidney Yates 20%
Bill Young 49%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.