Rating Group: American Federation of Government Employees

1998 Positions

Issues: Labor Unions
State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 33%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 10%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 10%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 27%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 13%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 10%
AZ U.S. House-5 Matthew Salmon R 0%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 100%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 90%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 100%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 100%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 100%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 100%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 87%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 87%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 93%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 80%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 7%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 73%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 93%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 100%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 15%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 100%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 7%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 100%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 87%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 13%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 100%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 100%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 93%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 7%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 100%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 46%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 7%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 0%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 7%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 73%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 100%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 7%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 93%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 30%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 89%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 0%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 21%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 100%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 100%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 100%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 100%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 27%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 100%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 10%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 13%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 10%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 10%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 20%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 14%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 100%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 100%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 93%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 100%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 100%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 100%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 92%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 100%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 93%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 60%
ME Councilor-At-Large John Baldacci D 100%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 90%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 87%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 0%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 13%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 93%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 100%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 100%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 73%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 7%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 10%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 7%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 100%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 90%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel R 40%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 90%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 0%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 7%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 80%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 8%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 53%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 93%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 27%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 33%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 87%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 93%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 33%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 90%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 100%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 27%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 73%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 100%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 100%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 100%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 93%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 92%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 100%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 100%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 93%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 93%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 100%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 7%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 0%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 7%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 87%
OH Governor John Kasich R 7%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 93%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 30%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 10%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 21%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 7%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 80%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 100%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 100%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 100%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 100%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle, Jr. D 80%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 7%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 90%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 7%
SC U.S. House-1 Mark Sanford, Jr. R 20%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 100%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 90%
SD U.S. Senate-Jr John Thune R 0%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 7%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 7%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 20%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 0%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 0%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 13%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 7%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 86%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 93%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 0%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 93%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 92%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 0%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 87%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 30%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 100%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 7%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 80%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 13%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 90%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 100%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 100%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 7%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 93%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 100%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 87%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 7%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 20%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 100%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 100%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 80%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 0%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 20%
Gary Ackerman 93%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 100%
Wayne Allard 10%
Thomas Allen 100%
Rob Andrews 80%
Bill Archer 7%
Richard Armey 7%
John Ashcroft 0%
Richard Hugh Baker 7%
Cass Ballenger 0%
James Barcia 67%
Robert Barr, Jr. 14%
Bill Barrett 13%
Roscoe Bartlett 7%
Charlie Bass 33%
Herbert Bateman 8%
Max Baucus 100%
Bob Bennett 20%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 80%
Douglas Bereuter 29%
Howard Berman 100%
Marion Berry 67%
Brian Bilbray 40%
Michael Bilirakis 7%
Jeff Bingaman 90%
Rod Blagojevich 93%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 14%
Sherwood Boehlert 73%
Kit Bond 30%
Henry Bonilla 21%
David Edward Bonior 93%
Mary Bono Mack 31%
Robert Borski, Jr. 87%
Leonard Boswell 57%
Rick Boucher 93%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 79%
John Breaux 90%
George Brown, Jr. 93%
Richard Bryan 90%
Ed Bryant 0%
Jim Bunning 7%
Conrad Burns 20%
Dan Burton 0%
Steve Buyer 7%
Robert Byrd 90%
Herbert Callahan 0%
Ben Campbell 50%
Thomas Campbell 60%
Chris Cannon 0%
Julia Carson 100%
Mike Castle 53%
John Chafee 40%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 20%
William Clay, Sr. 100%
Eva Clayton 92%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 100%
Robert Clement 80%
Michael Collins 7%
Larry Combest 0%
Gary Condit 60%
Kent Conrad 100%
Merrill Cook 13%
John Cooksey 8%
Jerry Costello 87%
Paul Coverdell 10%
Christopher Cox 13%
William Coyne 93%
Larry Craig 20%
Robert Cramer 67%
Philip Crane 7%
Barbara Cubin 7%
Randall Cunningham 0%
Patsy Ann Danner 62%
Thomas Daschle 100%
James Davis 80%
Thomas Davis III 33%
Bill Delahunt 100%
Thomas DeLay 7%
Peter Deutsch 100%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 47%
Jay Dickey 0%
Norm Dicks 92%
Julian Dixon 92%
Chris Dodd 100%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 40%
Calvin Dooley 80%
John Doolittle 13%
Byron Dorgan 100%
David Dreier 13%
Jennifer Dunn 7%
Chet Edwards 80%
Vern Ehlers 20%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 29%
Jo Ann Emerson 7%
Philip English 40%
Bob Etheridge 79%
Lane Evans 100%
Terry Everett 7%
Thomas Ewing 7%
Russ Feingold 90%
Bob Filner 100%
Mark Foley 33%
Michael Patrick Forbes 47%
Harold Ford, Jr. 80%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 0%
Tillie Fowler 15%
Barney Frank 100%
Robert Franks 40%
William Frist 10%
Jonas Frost III 93%
Elton Gallegly 27%
John Ganske 43%
Sam Gejdenson 100%
George Gekas 7%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 93%
Jim Gibbons 13%
Wayne Gilchrest 27%
Paul Gillmor 20%
Benjamin Gilman 50%
Newt Gingrich 0%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 13%
William Goodling 8%
Bart Gordon 73%
Slade Gorton 20%
Porter Goss 8%
Daniel Graham 90%
William Phillip Gramm 0%
Rodney Grams 0%
James Greenwood 43%
Judd Gregg 0%
Gilbert Gutknecht 13%
Tony Hall 73%
James Hansen 0%
J. Dennis Hastert 7%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 0%
Joel Hefley 7%
Jesse Helms 11%
Wally Herger, Jr. 0%
Rick Hill 31%
Van Hilleary 7%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 100%
Maurice Hinchey 100%
David Lee Hobson 27%
Pete Hoekstra 13%
Thomas Holden 73%
Ernest Hollings 78%
Darlene Hooley 80%
Stephen Horn 43%
John Nathan Hostettler 13%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 50%
Kenny Hulshof 7%
Duncan Hunter 14%
Asa Hutchinson 14%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 0%
Kay Hutchison 20%
Henry Hyde 13%
Daniel Inouye 88%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 0%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 100%
William Jefferson 91%
James Merrill Jeffords 70%
William Lewis Jenkins 7%
Christopher John 55%
Nancy Johnson 60%
Paul Kanjorski 87%
Sue Kelly 53%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 90%
Patrick Kennedy 100%
Bob Kerrey 90%
Dale Kildee 80%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 100%
Gerald Kleczka 87%
Ronald Klink 80%
Joseph Knollenberg 13%
Herb Kohl 90%
James Kolbe 27%
Dennis Kucinich 87%
Jon Kyl 0%
John LaFalce 79%
Ray LaHood 27%
Nicholas Lampson 87%
Tom Lantos 93%
Stephen Largent 0%
Steve LaTourette 47%
Frank Lautenberg 100%
Rick Lazio 47%
James Leach 40%
Jerry Lewis 14%
Ron Lewis 7%
Joe Lieberman 90%
John Linder 7%
William Lipinski 64%
Robert Livingston 7%
Trent Lott, Sr. 10%
Dick Lugar 20%
William Luther 87%
Connie Mack 20%
James Maloney 73%
Don Manzullo 7%
Matthew Martinez 100%
Frank Mascara 80%
Robert Matsui 93%
Karen McCarthy 86%
Bill McCollum 7%
James McCrery III 20%
John McHugh 27%
Scott McInnis 0%
David McIntosh 0%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 100%
Michael McNulty 100%
Martin Meehan 93%
Carrie Meek 100%
Jack Metcalf 27%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 92%
Dan Miller 13%
David Minge 80%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 93%
John Moakley 92%
Alan Mollohan 86%
Constance Morella 73%
Patrick Moynihan 90%
Frank Murkowski 0%
Jack Murtha 87%
Sue Myrick 0%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 7%
Robert William Ney 27%
Don Nickles 10%
Anne Northup 13%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 14%
James Nussle 0%
Jim Oberstar 93%
Dave Obey 100%
John Olver 100%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 92%
Major Owens 100%
Michael Oxley 20%
Ronald Packard 0%
Ron Paul 36%
Donald Payne 100%
Edward Pease 13%
John Peterson 0%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 0%
Owen Pickett 80%
Richard Pombo 13%
Earl Pomeroy 93%
John Edward Porter 40%
Deborah Pryce 25%
Jack Quinn 33%
George Radanovich 0%
James Ramstad 27%
Ralph Regula 33%
Silvestre Reyes 100%
Bob Riley 7%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 87%
Charles Robb 80%
Ciro Rodriguez 100%
Timothy Roemer 67%
James Rogan 7%
William Roth, Jr. 0%
Steve Rothman 93%
Marge Roukema 33%
Jim Ryun 0%
Martin Olav Sabo 100%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 73%
Rick Santorum 20%
Paul Sarbanes 100%
Jim Saxton 31%
Joe Scarborough 7%
Robert Schaffer 0%
John Shadegg 0%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 20%
Christopher Shays 40%
E.G. Shuster 14%
Norman Sisisky 87%
Joseph Skeen 7%
Ike Skelton 67%
Gordon Smith 0%
Nick Smith 20%
Bob Smith 10%
Olympia Snowe 60%
Vic Snyder 87%
Mark Souder 7%
Arlen Specter 86%
Floyd Spence 7%
John Spratt, Jr. 87%
Pete Stark 100%
Cliff Stearns 7%
Charles Stenholm 47%
Ted Stevens 40%
Ted Strickland 93%
Bob Stump 0%
Bart Stupak 80%
John Sununu 7%
James Talent 0%
John Tanner 62%
Ellen Tauscher 73%
William Tauzin 0%
Charles Taylor 13%
Gene Taylor 29%
Craig Thomas 10%
William Thomas 27%
Fred Thompson 10%
Karen Thurman 87%
Strom Thurmond 0%
Todd Tiahrt 0%
Robert Torricelli 100%
Ed Towns 100%
James Traficant, Jr. 50%
James Turner 60%
Bruce Vento 100%
James Walsh 27%
Zach Wamp 13%
John Warner 20%
Wesley Watkins 0%
Mel Watt 100%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 7%
David Weldon 0%
W. Curtis Weldon 36%
Gerald Weller 33%
Paul Wellstone 90%
Robert Wexler 100%
Bob Weygand 87%
Heather Wilson 44%
Bob Wise, Jr. 93%
Lynn Woolsey 93%
Albert Wynn 93%
Bill Young 7%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.