Rating Group: American Federation of Government Employees

1996 Positions

Issues: Labor Unions
State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 26%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 11%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 5%
AZ U.S. House-5 Matt Salmon R 15%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 90%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 100%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 100%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 100%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 100%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 100%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 100%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 5%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 100%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 5%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 100%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 0%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 100%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 100%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 5%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 100%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 39%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 15%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 95%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 100%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 15%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 10%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 5%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 100%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 100%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutiérrez D 100%
IN U.S. Senate-Sr Daniel Coats R 6%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 100%
IN Council Member-At-Large John Myers R 11%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 15%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 0%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 15%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 10%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 10%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 100%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 100%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 100%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 100%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 100%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 100%
ME Councilor-At-Large John Baldacci D 100%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 5%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 100%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 100%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 90%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 0%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 5%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 100%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 90%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 100%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 5%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 5%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 100%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 35%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 40%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 95%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 16%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 90%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 100%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 40%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 100%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 100%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 100%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 100%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 100%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 100%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 100%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 100%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 0%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 6%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 0%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 95%
OH Governor John Kasich R 0%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 100%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 15%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 5%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 5%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 100%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 89%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 95%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 100%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle D 90%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 100%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 0%
SC U.S. House-1 Mark Sanford, Jr. R 10%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 100%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 16%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 0%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 11%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 5%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 100%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 5%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 94%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 100%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 95%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 5%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 100%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 5%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 100%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 100%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 100%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 100%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 5%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 100%
Neil Abercrombie 100%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 20%
Gary Ackerman 100%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 100%
Wayne Allard 5%
Rob Andrews 95%
Bill Archer 5%
Richard Armey 5%
John Ashcroft 10%
Spencer Bachus 10%
Henry Scott Baesler 95%
Richard Hugh Baker 5%
William Baker 0%
Cass Ballenger 5%
James Barcia 95%
Bob Barr, Jr. 10%
Bill Barrett 5%
Roscoe Bartlett 5%
Charlie Bass 10%
Herbert Bateman 11%
Max Baucus 90%
Anthony Beilenson 95%
Bob Bennett 0%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 100%
Douglas Bereuter 15%
Howard Berman 100%
Tom Bevill 89%
Brian Bilbray 15%
Michael Bilirakis 015%
Jeff Bingaman 100%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 5%
Peter Blute 37%
Sherwood Boehlert 60%
Kit Bond 15%
Henry Bonilla 10%
David Edward Bonior 95%
Sonny Bono 10%
Robert Borski, Jr. 95%
Rick Boucher 100%
Bill Bradley 95%
John Breaux 80%
Bill Brewster 60%
Glen Browder 97%
George Brown, Jr. 100%
Hank Brown 0%
Richard Bryan 85%
Ed Bryant 10%
John Bryant 100%
Dale Bumpers 89%
Jim Bunn 20%
Jim Bunning 0%
Conrad Burns 5%
Dan Burton 5%
Steve Buyer 11%
Robert Byrd 95%
Herbert Callahan 5%
Dave Camp 5%
Ben Campbell 47%
Thomas Campbell 20%
Mike Castle 15%
John Chafee 25%
Saxby Chambliss 5%
Jim Chapman 100%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 15%
Jon Lynn Christensen 5%
Dick Chrysler 5%
William Clay, Sr. 100%
Eva Clayton 100%
Robert Clement 95%
William Clinger 11%
Howard Coble 5%
Thomas Coburn 15%
William Cohen 22%
Ronald Coleman 100%
Barbara-Rose Collins 100%
Cardiss Collins 100%
Michael Collins 5%
Larry Combest 5%
Gary Condit 75%
Kent Conrad 90%
Wes Cooley 015%
Jerry Costello 95%
Paul Coverdell 5%
Christopher Cox 0%
William Coyne 100%
Larry Craig 5%
Robert Cramer 90%
Philip Crane 0%
Frank Arnold Cremeans 10%
Barbara Cubin 5%
Randall Cunningham 5%
Alfonse D'Amato 35%
Patsy Ann Danner 85%
Thomas Daschle 95%
Thomas Davis III 25%
E. Kika de la Garza 94%
Thomas DeLay 5%
Ronald Dellums 100%
Peter Deutsch 100%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 42%
Jay Dickey 5%
Norm Dicks 100%
John Dingell 100%
Julian Dixon 95%
Chris Dodd 100%
Robert Dole 7%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 20%
Calvin Dooley 79%
John Doolittle 5%
Byron Dorgan 90%
Robert Dornan 5%
David Dreier 0%
Jennifer Dunn 6%
Chet Edwards 95%
Vern Ehlers 16%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 10%
Bill Emerson 0%
Philip English 40%
John Ensign 15%
Lane Evans 100%
Terry Everett 5%
Thomas Ewing 5%
Jim Exon 90%
Duncan McLauchlin Faircloth 5%
Harris Fawell 10%
Victor Fazio 100%
Russ Feingold 100%
Cleo Fields 100%
Jack Fields, Jr. 0%
Bob Filner 100%
Floyd Flake 100%
Michael Patrick Flanagan 35%
Thomas Foglietta 100%
Mark Foley 15%
Michael Patrick Forbes 37%
Harold Ford, Sr. 94%
Wendell Ford 85%
Tillie Fowler 6%
Jon David Fox 35%
Sheila Frahm 0%
Barney Frank 100%
Gary Franks 25%
Robert Franks 30%
Dan Frisa 37%
William Frist 5%
Jonas Frost III 100%
David Funderburk 5%
Elizabeth Furse 95%
Elton Gallegly 5%
John Ganske 10%
Sam Gejdenson 100%
George Gekas 5%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 100%
Pete Geren 25%
Sam Gibbons 100%
Wayne Gilchrest 10%
Paul Gillmor 17%
Benjamin Gilman 58%
Newt Gingrich 0%
John Glenn 100%
Henry Gonzalez 100%
William Goodling 5%
Bart Gordon 85%
Slade Gorton 25%
Porter Goss 5%
Daniel Graham 90%
William Phillip Gramm 5%
Rodney Grams 10%
Enid Greene 5%
James Greenwood 21%
Judd Gregg 5%
Steven Gunderson 20%
Gilbert Gutknecht 5%
Ralph Hall 25%
Tony Hall 100%
Lee Hamilton 85%
Melton Hancock 5%
James Hansen 10%
Tom Harkin 90%
Jane Harman 85%
J. Dennis Hastert 5%
Doc Hastings 5%
Mark Hatfield 40%
James Hayes 11%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 5%
Joel Hefley 5%
W.G. Hefner 100%
Fredrick Kenneth Fred' Heineman 17%
Jesse Helms 5%
Wally Herger, Jr. 0%
Van Hilleary 10%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 100%
Maurice Hinchey 100%
David Lee Hobson 10%
Pete Hoekstra 0%
Martin Hoke 21%
Thomas Holden 90%
Ernest Hollings 79%
Stephen Horn 32%
John Nathan Hostettler 10%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 40%
Duncan Hunter 5%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 5%
Kay Hutchison 5%
Henry Hyde 5%
Bob Inglis, Sr. 0%
Daniel Inouye 95%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 5%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 100%
Andrew Jacobs, Jr. 79%
William Jefferson 100%
James Merrill Jeffords 45%
Nancy Johnson 37%
Timothy Johnson 100%
Harry Johnston 100%
J. Bennett Johnston 85%
Paul Kanjorski 95%
Nancy Landon Kassebaum 21%
Sue Kelly 20%
Dirk Kempthorne 5%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 100%
Joseph Kennedy II 100%
Patrick Kennedy 100%
Barbara Bailey Kennelly 100%
Bob Kerrey 75%
Dale Kildee 95%
Jay Kim 5%
Jack Kingston 5%
Gerald Kleczka 95%
Ronald Klink 95%
Scott Klug 20%
Joseph Knollenberg 5%
Herb Kohl 85%
James Kolbe 11%
Jon Kyl 5%
John LaFalce 95%
Ray LaHood 20%
Tom Lantos 100%
Stephen Largent 10%
Tom Latham 5%
Steve LaTourette 16%
Greg Laughlin 5%
Frank Lautenberg 100%
Rick Lazio 32%
James Leach 30%
Carl Levin 100%
Jerry Lewis 11%
Ron Lewis 5%
Joe Lieberman 95%
Jim Lightfoot 11%
Blanche Lincoln 77%
John Linder 5%
William Lipinski 95%
Robert Livingston 10%
James Longley, Jr. 22%
Trent Lott, Sr. 0%
Dick Lugar 0%
William Luther 95%
Connie Mack 5%
Thomas Manton 94%
Don Manzullo 5%
Matthew Martinez 100%
Bill Martini 60%
Frank Mascara 95%
Robert Matsui 100%
Karen McCarthy 95%
Bill McCollum 5%
James McCrery III 5%
Joseph McDade 36%
Paul McHale 95%
John McHugh 50%
Scott McInnis 10%
David McIntosh 5%
Buck McKeon 5%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 100%
Michael McNulty 94%
Martin Meehan 100%
Carrie Meek 100%
Jack Metcalf 25%
Jan Meyers 11%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 100%
Dan Miller 11%
George Miller 100%
David Minge 90%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 100%
John Moakley 94%
Susan Molinari 18%
Alan Mollohan 95%
G.V. Montgomery 30%
Carlos Moorhead 5%
Jim Moran, Jr. 95%
Constance Morella 50%
Carol Moseley Braun 95%
Patrick Moynihan 90%
Frank Murkowski 20%
Jack Murtha 95%
Sue Myrick 5%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 5%
Mark Neumann 20%
Robert William Ney 20%
Don Nickles 0%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 5%
Sam Nunn 45%
James Nussle 5%
Jim Oberstar 95%
Dave Obey 100%
John Olver 100%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 89%
Bill Orton 85%
Major Owens 100%
Michael Oxley 5%
Ronald Packard 6%
Mike Parker 5%
Ed Pastor 100%
William Paxon 5%
Donald Payne 100%
Lewis Payne, Jr. 85%
Clay Pell 95%
Pete Peterson 100%
Tom Petri 15%
Owen Pickett 75%
Richard Pombo 0%
Earl Pomeroy 100%
John Edward Porter 15%
Glenn Poshard 95%
Larry Pressler 10%
Deborah Pryce 11%
David Pryor 88%
James Quillen 6%
Jack Quinn 55%
George Radanovich 0%
Nick Rahall II 90%
James Ramstad 10%
Ralph Regula 20%
Bill Richardson 100%
Frank Riggs 20%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 100%
Charles Robb 85%
Jay Rockefeller IV 100%
Timothy Roemer 80%
Charles Rose III 88%
Toby Roth 0%
William Roth, Jr. 21%
Marge Roukema 37%
Martin Olav Sabo 95%
Rick Santorum 25%
Paul Sarbanes 100%
Jim Saxton 5%
Joe Scarborough 15%
Daniel Schaefer 5%
Steven Schiff 15%
Pat Schroeder 100%
Andrea Seastrand 5%
José Serrano 100%
John Shadegg 5%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 10%
Christopher Shays 25%
E.G. Shuster 5%
Paul Simon 90%
Alan Simpson 15%
Norman Sisisky 84%
David Skaggs 100%
Joseph Skeen 5%
Ike Skelton 85%
Linda Smith 18%
Nick Smith 0%
Bob Smith 5%
Olympia Snowe 40%
Gerald B.H. Solomon 21%
Mark Souder 11%
Arlen Specter 55%
Floyd Spence 5%
John Spratt, Jr. 95%
Pete Stark 100%
Cliff Stearns 5%
Charles Stenholm 55%
Ted Stevens 25%
Steve Stockman 31%
Louis Stokes 100%
Gerry Studds 100%
Bob Stump 5%
Bart Stupak 95%
James Talent 5%
John Tanner 89%
Randy Tate 5%
William Tauzin 10%
Charles Taylor 5%
Gene Taylor 45%
Frank Tejeda 85%
Craig Thomas 0%
William Thomas 10%
Fred Thompson 5%
Ray Thornton 100%
Karen Thurman 100%
Strom Thurmond 10%
Todd Tiahrt 5%
Peter Torkildsen 53%
Esteban Edward Torres 100%
Robert Torricelli 100%
Ed Towns 100%
James Traficant, Jr. 90%
Bruce Vento 100%
Harold Volkmer 95%
Barbara Vucanovich 5%
Robert Walker 5%
James Walsh 25%
Zach Wamp 10%
Michael Ward 94%
John Warner 10%
Mel Watt 100%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 5%
Henry Waxman 100%
David Weldon 5%
W. Curtis Weldon 33%
Gerald Weller 25%
Paul Wellstone 100%
Rick White 10%
Pat Williams 95%
Charles Wilson 100%
Bob Wise, Jr. 100%
Frank Wolf 17%
Lynn Woolsey 100%
Albert Wynn 95%
Sidney Yates 100%
Bill Young 20%
Bill Zeliff 10%
Richard Zimmer 28%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.