Rating Group: Smokefree Action

1995-1996 Positions

State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 14%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 66%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 28%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 33%
AZ U.S. House-5 Matt Salmon R 42%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 57%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 100%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 100%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 100%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 100%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 100%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 100%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 100%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 57%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 100%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 100%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 42%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 100%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 0%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 71%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 42%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 100%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 57%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 28%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 57%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 42%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 42%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 0%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 0%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 28%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 100%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 0%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 57%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 33%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 100%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 0%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 28%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 100%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 100%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 100%
IN U.S. Senate-Sr Daniel Coats R 33%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 100%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 14%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 42%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 0%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 0%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 0%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 100%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 100%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 100%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 100%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 71%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 100%
ME Councilor-At-Large John Baldacci D 100%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 100%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 0%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 42%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 85%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 42%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 100%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 0%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 0%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 0%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 42%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 100%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 100%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 0%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 14%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 85%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 42%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 42%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 100%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 33%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 66%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 85%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 57%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 100%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 85%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 85%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 85%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 57%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 85%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 100%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 71%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 100%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 14%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 14%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 0%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 28%
OH Governor John Kasich R 42%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 85%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 33%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 0%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 42%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 0%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 100%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 100%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 100%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 100%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle, Jr. D 42%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 85%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 0%
SC U.S. House-1 Mark Sanford, Jr. R 14%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 42%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 57%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 14%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 14%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 0%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 16%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 14%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 100%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 50%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 57%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 71%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 100%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 33%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 42%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 0%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 71%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 42%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 100%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 100%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 100%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 0%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 100%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 42%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 42%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 100%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 66%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 42%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 33%
Gary Ackerman 100%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 100%
Wayne Allard 14%
Rob Andrews 100%
Bill Archer 42%
Richard Armey 28%
John Ashcroft 0%
Henry Scott Baesler 14%
Richard Hugh Baker 14%
Cass Ballenger 0%
James Barcia 14%
Bob Barr, Jr. 0%
Bill Barrett 14%
Roscoe Bartlett 42%
Charlie Bass 42%
Herbert Bateman 0%
Max Baucus 100%
Bob Bennett 33%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 57%
Douglas Bereuter 42%
Brian Bilbray 28%
Michael Bilirakis 14%
Jeff Bingaman 100%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 14%
Sherwood Boehlert 57%
Kit Bond 0%
Henry Bonilla 0%
David Edward Bonior 57%
Sonny Bono 14%
Robert Borski, Jr. 100%
Rick Boucher 28%
John Breaux 33%
George Brown, Jr. 71%
Richard Bryan 100%
Ed Bryant 16%
Dale Bumpers 100%
Jim Bunning 0%
Conrad Burns 0%
Dan Burton 28%
Steve Buyer 14%
Robert Byrd 100%
Herbert Callahan 0%
Ben Campbell 33%
Thomas Campbell 66%
Mike Castle 57%
John Chafee 33%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 14%
Jon Lynn Christensen 28%
William Clay, Sr. 57%
Eva Clayton 42%
Robert Clement 0%
Michael Collins 0%
Larry Combest 0%
Gary Condit 0%
Kent Conrad 100%
Jerry Costello 66%
Paul Coverdell 0%
Christopher Cox 28%
William Coyne 100%
Larry Craig 0%
Robert Cramer 14%
Philip Crane 0%
Barbara Cubin 0%
Randall Cunningham 28%
Alfonse D'Amato 33%
Patsy Ann Danner 14%
Thomas Daschle 66%
Thomas Davis III 42%
Thomas DeLay 0%
Ronald Dellums 100%
Peter Deutsch 83%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 28%
Jay Dickey 14%
Norm Dicks 85%
Julian Dixon 57%
Chris Dodd 66%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 33%
Calvin Dooley 0%
John Doolittle 14%
Byron Dorgan 66%
David Dreier 16%
Jennifer Dunn 42%
Chet Edwards 0%
Vern Ehlers 50%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 0%
Philip English 0%
John Ensign 28%
Lane Evans 100%
Terry Everett 0%
Thomas Ewing 14%
Duncan McLauchlin Faircloth 0%
Harris Fawell 57%
Victor Fazio 28%
Russ Feingold 100%
Bob Filner 57%
Floyd Flake 42%
Thomas Foglietta 100%
Mark Foley 0%
Michael Patrick Forbes 14%
Wendell Ford 66%
Tillie Fowler 50%
Jon David Fox 57%
Barney Frank 85%
Robert Franks 42%
William Frist 33%
Jonas Frost III 42%
Elizabeth Furse 100%
Elton Gallegly 33%
John Ganske 42%
Sam Gejdenson 100%
George Gekas 28%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 57%
Wayne Gilchrest 42%
Paul Gillmor 16%
Benjamin Gilman 71%
Newt Gingrich 25%
John Glenn 66%
Henry Gonzalez 60%
William Goodling 50%
Bart Gordon 0%
Slade Gorton 33%
Porter Goss 42%
Daniel Graham 100%
William Phillip Gramm 0%
Rodney Grams 0%
James Greenwood 42%
Judd Gregg 33%
Gilbert Gutknecht 42%
Tony Hall 71%
Lee Hamilton 0%
Jane Harman 71%
J. Dennis Hastert 0%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 28%
Joel Hefley 42%
W.G. Hefner 0%
Jesse Helms 0%
Wally Herger, Jr. 14%
Van Hilleary 0%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 42%
Maurice Hinchey 100%
David Lee Hobson 42%
Pete Hoekstra 42%
Thomas Holden 42%
Ernest Hollings 66%
Stephen Horn 57%
John Nathan Hostettler 0%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 14%
Duncan Hunter 16%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 28%
Kay Hutchison 33%
Henry Hyde 42%
Bob Inglis, Sr. 14%
Daniel Inouye 50%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 14%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 100%
William Jefferson 50%
James Merrill Jeffords 33%
Nancy Johnson 42%
Paul Kanjorski 85%
Sue Kelly 28%
Dirk Kempthorne 33%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 100%
Joseph Kennedy II 100%
Patrick Kennedy 71%
Barbara Bailey Kennelly 42%
Bob Kerrey 100%
Dale Kildee 100%
Jay Kim 28%
Gerald Kleczka 85%
Ronald Klink 42%
Scott Klug 42%
Joseph Knollenberg 14%
Herb Kohl 66%
James Kolbe 42%
Jon Kyl 33%
John LaFalce 100%
Ray LaHood 0%
Tom Lantos 100%
Stephen Largent 57%
Steve LaTourette 0%
Frank Lautenberg 100%
Rick Lazio 42%
James Leach 42%
Jerry Lewis 0%
Ron Lewis 0%
Joe Lieberman 66%
John Linder 0%
William Lipinski 83%
Robert Livingston 14%
Trent Lott, Sr. 0%
Dick Lugar 33%
William Luther 100%
Connie Mack 33%
Thomas Manton 42%
Don Manzullo 42%
Matthew Martinez 33%
Frank Mascara 71%
Robert Matsui 71%
Karen McCarthy 83%
Bill McCollum 28%
James McCrery III 14%
Joseph McDade 16%
Paul McHale 100%
John McHugh 28%
Scott McInnis 42%
David McIntosh 14%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 71%
Michael McNulty 50%
Martin Meehan 100%
Carrie Meek 50%
Jack Metcalf 57%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 50%
Dan Miller 42%
David Minge 42%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 57%
John Moakley 83%
Susan Molinari 42%
Alan Mollohan 42%
Constance Morella 71%
Carol Moseley Braun 66%
Patrick Moynihan 100%
Frank Murkowski 33%
Jack Murtha 42%
Sue Myrick 14%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 14%
Mark Neumann 42%
Robert William Ney 0%
Don Nickles 0%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 0%
James Nussle 14%
Jim Oberstar 100%
Dave Obey 85%
John Olver 100%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 16%
Major Owens 85%
Michael Oxley 0%
Ronald Packard 42%
Mike Parker 0%
William Paxon 0%
Donald Payne 100%
Owen Pickett 28%
Richard Pombo 0%
Earl Pomeroy 28%
John Edward Porter 57%
Glenn Poshard 71%
Deborah Pryce 42%
Jack Quinn 42%
George Radanovich 14%
James Ramstad 57%
Ralph Regula 14%
Frank Riggs 57%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 100%
Charles Robb 100%
Timothy Roemer 42%
William Roth, Jr. 66%
Marge Roukema 57%
Martin Olav Sabo 71%
Rick Santorum 33%
Paul Sarbanes 100%
Jim Saxton 28%
Joe Scarborough 28%
Daniel Schaefer 0%
Steven Schiff 42%
John Shadegg 28%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 42%
Christopher Shays 57%
E.G. Shuster 42%
Norman Sisisky 0%
David Skaggs 71%
Joseph Skeen 14%
Ike Skelton 28%
Linda Smith 57%
Nick Smith 28%
Bob Smith 0%
Olympia Snowe 33%
Gerald B.H. Solomon 14%
Mark Souder 14%
Arlen Specter 66%
Floyd Spence 14%
John Spratt, Jr. 28%
Pete Stark 100%
Cliff Stearns 0%
Charles Stenholm 14%
Ted Stevens 0%
Louis Stokes 100%
Bob Stump 14%
Bart Stupak 42%
James Talent 28%
John Tanner 0%
William Tauzin 0%
Charles Taylor 0%
Gene Taylor 28%
Craig Thomas 33%
William Thomas 14%
Fred Thompson 0%
Karen Thurman 28%
Strom Thurmond 0%
Todd Tiahrt 28%
Esteban Edward Torres 66%
Robert Torricelli 100%
Ed Towns 28%
James Traficant, Jr. 57%
Bruce Vento 100%
James Walsh 28%
Zach Wamp 28%
John Warner 0%
Mel Watt 57%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 14%
David Weldon 42%
W. Curtis Weldon 33%
Gerald Weller 0%
Paul Wellstone 100%
Rick White 42%
Bob Wise, Jr. 57%
Lynn Woolsey 100%
Albert Wynn 71%
Sidney Yates 100%
Bill Young 42%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.