Rating Group: American Immigration Lawyers Association

2006 Positions

Issues: Legal , Immigration
State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. Senate-Sr Lisa Murkowski R 66%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 50%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 25%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 0%
AL U.S. House-3 Mike Rogers R 0%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 0%
AR U.S. Senate-Sr John Boozman R 0%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 75%
AZ U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Flake R 0%
AZ U.S. House-3 Raúl Grijalva D 100%
AZ U.S. House-8 Trent Franks R 0%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 88%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 87%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 50%
CA U.S. House-6 Doris Matsui D 100%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 50%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 100%
CA U.S. House-16 Jim Costa D 0%
CA U.S. House-17 Mike Honda D 100%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 100%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 100%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 100%
CA U.S. House-22 Devin Nunes R 0%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 100%
CA U.S. House-28 Adam Schiff D 50%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 100%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 100%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 100%
CA U.S. House-38 Linda Sánchez D 100%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 0%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 100%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 0%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 100%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 50%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 0%
CA U.S. House-49 Darrell Issa R 0%
CA U.S. House-53 Susan Davis D 50%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 100%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 50%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 50%
DE U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Carper D 77%
FL U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Nelson, Sr. D 66%
FL U.S. House-1 Jeff Miller R 0%
FL U.S. House-4 Ander Crenshaw R 0%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 0%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 0%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 100%
FL U.S. House-23 Debbie Wasserman Schultz D 100%
FL U.S. House-25 Mario Diaz-Balart R 100%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 100%
FL Commissioner of Agriculture Adam Putnam R 0%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Johnny Isakson R 11%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 0%
GA U.S. House-3 Lynn Westmoreland R 0%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 100%
GA U.S. House-6 Tom Price R 0%
GA U.S. House-13 David Scott D 100%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 0%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 11%
IA U.S. House-4 Steve King R 0%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 11%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 0%
ID Governor Butch Otter R 0%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 88%
IL U.S. Senate-Jr Mark Kirk R 0%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 100%
IL U.S. House-3 Daniel Lipinski D 0%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutiérrez D 100%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 100%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 100%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 0%
IL Mayor-At-Large Rahm Emanuel D 100%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 50%
IN Governor Mike Pence R 0%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 0%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 0%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 77%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 22%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 0%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 0%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr David Vitter R 0%
LA U.S. House-3 Charles Boustany, Jr. R 0%
LA Governor Bobby Jindal R 0%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 100%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 100%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 100%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 50%
MA U.S. House-8 Stephen Lynch D 50%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 100%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 50%
MD U.S. House-2 Dutch Ruppersberger D 0%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 100%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 100%
MD U.S. House-8 Chris Van Hollen, Jr. D 100%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 55%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Debbie Stabenow D 66%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 0%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 50%
MI U.S. House-10 Candice Miller R 0%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 100%
MN U.S. House-2 John Kline R 0%
MN U.S. House-4 Betty McCollum DFL 100%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 0%
MN Governor Mark Dayton DFL 77%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 0%
MO U.S. House-1 Lacy Clay, Jr. D 50%
MO U.S. House-5 Emanuel Cleaver II D 100%
MO U.S. House-6 Sam Graves R 0%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 28%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 0%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 50%
NA President Barack Obama II D 88%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 100%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 100%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 11%
NC U.S. House-1 G.K. Butterfield, Jr. D 50%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 0%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 100%
NC U.S. House-5 Virginia Foxx R 0%
NC U.S. House-10 Patrick McHenry R 0%
NE U.S. House-1 Jeff Fortenberry R 0%
NH State Senate-3 Jeb Bradley R 0%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 100%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 0%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 0%
NJ U.S. House-5 Scott Garrett R 0%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 100%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 0%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 0%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 100%
NM U.S. House-2 Steve Pearce R 0%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 100%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 88%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 0%
NY U.S. House-3 Steve Israel D 50%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 100%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 100%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 100%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 50%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 100%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 100%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano Other 100%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 100%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 100%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 50%
NY U.S. House-26 Brian Higgins D 50%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 0%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 0%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 0%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 0%
OH U.S. House-10 Mike Turner R 0%
OH U.S. House-12 Pat Tiberi R 0%
OH U.S. House-13 Tim Ryan D 0%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 77%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 0%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 0%
OK U.S. House-4 Tom Cole R 0%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 77%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 0%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 100%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 0%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 100%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 100%
PA U.S. House-8 Mike Fitzpatrick R 0%
PA U.S. House-9 Bill Shuster R 0%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle D 100%
PA U.S. House-15 Charlie Dent R 0%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 0%
PA U.S. House-18 Tim Murphy R 0%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 88%
RI U.S. House-2 Jim Langevin D 50%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 75%
SC U.S. House-2 Joe Wilson, Sr. R 0%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 50%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr John Thune R 11%
TN U.S. Senate-Sr Lamar Alexander R 33%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 0%
TN U.S. House-5 Jim Cooper D 0%
TN U.S. House-7 Marsha Blackburn R 0%
TX U.S. Senate-Sr John Cornyn R 11%
TX U.S. House-1 Louie Gohmert R 0%
TX U.S. House-2 Ted Poe R 0%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 0%
TX U.S. House-5 Jeb Hensarling R 0%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 0%
TX U.S. House-7 John Culberson R 0%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 0%
TX U.S. House-9 Al Green D 50%
TX U.S. House-10 Michael McCaul R 0%
TX U.S. House-11 Mike Conaway R 50%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 0%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 0%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 50%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 100%
TX U.S. House-19 Randy Neugebauer R 0%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 0%
TX U.S. House-24 Kenny Marchant R 0%
TX U.S. House-26 Michael Burgess R 0%
TX U.S. House-28 Henry Cuellar D 50%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 50%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 50%
TX U.S. House-31 John Carter R 0%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 0%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 50%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 11%
UT U.S. House-1 Rob Bishop R 0%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 100%
VA U.S. House-4 Randy Forbes R 0%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 0%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 100%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 50%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 100%
WA U.S. Senate-Jr Maria Cantwell D 100%
WA U.S. House-2 Rick Larsen D 50%
WA U.S. House-5 Cathy McMorris Rodgers R 0%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 100%
WA U.S. House-8 Dave Reichert R 0%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 0%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 50%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 100%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 0%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 0%
WI U.S. House-4 Gwen Moore D 100%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 0%
WV U.S. Senate-Jr Shelley Capito R 0%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 11%
Neil Abercrombie 100%
Gary Ackerman 100%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 100%
Todd Akin 0%
Rodney Alexander 0%
Wayne Allard 11%
George Allen 11%
Thomas Allen 50%
Rob Andrews 50%
Joe Baca, Sr. 50%
Spencer Bachus 0%
Brian Baird 0%
Richard Hugh Baker 0%
J. Gresham Barrett 0%
John Barrow 0%
Roscoe Bartlett 0%
Charlie Bass 0%
Max Baucus 66%
Evan Bayh 88%
Melissa Bean 0%
Bob Beauprez 0%
Bob Bennett 33%
Shelley Berkley 0%
Howard Berman 100%
Marion Berry 0%
Judy Biggert 0%
Michael Bilirakis 0%
Jeff Bingaman 100%
Tim Bishop 0%
Sherwood Boehlert 0%
Kit Bond 11%
Henry Bonilla 0%
Jo Bonner, Jr. 0%
Mary Bono Mack 0%
Dan Boren 0%
Leonard Boswell 0%
Rick Boucher 0%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 0%
Henry Brown, Jr. 0%
Ginny Brown-Waite 0%
Jim Bunning 16%
Conrad Burns 11%
Dan Burton 0%
Steve Buyer 0%
Robert Byrd 0%
Dave Camp 0%
John Campbell III 0%
Chris Cannon 0%
Eric Cantor 0%
Dennis Cardoza 0%
Russ Carnahan 50%
Julia Carson 100%
Mike Castle 0%
Linc Chafee 77%
Saxby Chambliss 11%
Ben Chandler III 0%
Chris Chocola 0%
Hillary Clinton 88%
Howard Coble 0%
Thomas Coburn 0%
Norm Coleman 55%
Kent Conrad 44%
Jerry Costello 0%
Larry Craig 66%
Robert Cramer 0%
Barbara Cubin 0%
Artur Davis 0%
Geoff Davis 0%
James Davis 0%
Jo Ann Davis 0%
Lincoln Davis 0%
Thomas Davis III 0%
Bill Delahunt 50%
James DeMint 11%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 100%
Norm Dicks 50%
John Dingell 100%
Chris Dodd 88%
Elizabeth Dole 0%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 55%
John Doolittle 0%
Byron Dorgan 33%
Thelma Drake 0%
David Dreier 0%
Chet Edwards 0%
Vern Ehlers 0%
Jo Ann Emerson 0%
Philip English 0%
John Ensign 11%
Bob Etheridge 0%
Lane Evans 100%
Terry Everett 0%
Tom Feeney 0%
Russ Feingold 100%
Michael Ferguson 0%
Bob Filner 100%
Mark Foley 0%
Harold Ford, Jr. 0%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 0%
Barney Frank 50%
William Frist 33%
Elton Gallegly 0%
Jim Gerlach 0%
Jim Gibbons 0%
Wayne Gilchrest 0%
Paul Gillmor 0%
Phil Gingrey 0%
Charlie Gonzalez 50%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 0%
Bart Gordon 0%
Mark Green 0%
Judd Gregg 37%
Gilbert Gutknecht 0%
Charles Hagel 77%
Ralph Hall 0%
Tom Harkin 88%
Jane Harman 50%
Katherine Harris 0%
Melissa Hart 0%
J. Dennis Hastert 0%
Doc Hastings 0%
Robert Hayes 0%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 0%
Joel Hefley 0%
Wally Herger, Jr. 0%
Stephanie Herseth Sandlin 0%
Maurice Hinchey 100%
David Lee Hobson 0%
Pete Hoekstra 0%
Thomas Holden 0%
Rush Holt, Jr. 100%
Darlene Hooley 0%
John Nathan Hostettler 0%
Kenny Hulshof 0%
Duncan Hunter 0%
Kay Hutchison 11%
Henry Hyde 0%
Bob Inglis, Sr. 0%
Daniel Inouye 88%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 0%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 100%
William Jefferson 50%
James Merrill Jeffords 100%
William Lewis Jenkins 0%
Nancy Johnson 0%
Tim Johnson 0%
Timothy Johnson 77%
Paul Kanjorski 0%
Ric Keller 0%
Sue Kelly 0%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 100%
Mark Kennedy 0%
Patrick Kennedy 50%
Dale Kildee 0%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 100%
Jack Kingston 0%
Joseph Knollenberg 0%
Herb Kohl 100%
James Kolbe 100%
Dennis Kucinich 100%
John Kuhl, Jr. 0%
Jon Kyl 11%
Ray LaHood 0%
Mary Landrieu 66%
Tom Lantos 50%
Tom Latham 0%
Steve LaTourette 0%
Frank Lautenberg 100%
James Leach 0%
Carl Levin 88%
Jerry Lewis 0%
Ron Lewis 0%
Joe Lieberman 100%
Blanche Lincoln 77%
John Linder 0%
Trent Lott, Sr. 0%
Dick Lugar 77%
Dan Lungren 0%
Connie Mack IV 0%
Don Manzullo 0%
Jim Marshall 0%
Melquiades Martinez 100%
Jim Matheson 0%
Carolyn McCarthy 0%
Thaddeus McCotter 0%
James McCrery III 0%
John McHugh 0%
Mike McIntyre 0%
Buck McKeon 0%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 100%
Michael McNulty 50%
Martin Meehan 100%
Kendrick Meek, Sr. 100%
Charlie Melancon, Sr. 0%
Mike Michaud 50%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 100%
Gary Miller 0%
George Miller 100%
Brad Miller 0%
Alan Mollohan 0%
Dennis Moore 0%
Jim Moran, Jr. 0%
Jack Murtha 50%
Marilyn Musgrave 0%
Sue Myrick 0%
Ben Nelson 0%
Anne Northup 0%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 0%
James Nussle 0%
Jim Oberstar 50%
Dave Obey 50%
John Olver 100%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 50%
Thomas William Osborne 0%
Major Owens 100%
Michael Oxley 0%
Ed Pastor 100%
Ron Paul 0%
Donald Payne 100%
John Peterson 0%
Tom Petri 0%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 0%
Todd Platts 0%
Richard Pombo 0%
Earl Pomeroy 0%
Jon Porter, Sr. 0%
Deborah Pryce 0%
Mark Pryor 77%
George Radanovich 0%
Nick Rahall II 0%
James Ramstad 0%
Ralph Regula 0%
Denny Rehberg 0%
Richard Renzi 0%
Silvestre Reyes 50%
Thomas Reynolds 0%
Mike Rogers 0%
Mike Ross 0%
Steve Rothman 50%
Jim Ryun 0%
Martin Olav Sabo 100%
John Salazar 50%
Ken Salazar 100%
Rick Santorum 11%
Paul Sarbanes 88%
Jim Saxton 0%
Jean Schmidt 0%
Allyson Schwartz 50%
John Schwarz 0%
John Shadegg 0%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 0%
Christopher Shays 0%
Donald Sherwood 0%
Robert Ruhl Simmons 0%
Ike Skelton 0%
Gordon Smith 44%
Olympia Snowe 55%
Vic Snyder 50%
Mike Sodrel 0%
Hilda Solis 100%
Mark Souder 0%
Arlen Specter 77%
John Spratt, Jr. 0%
Pete Stark 100%
Cliff Stearns 0%
Ted Stevens 77%
Bart Stupak 0%
John Sullivan 0%
John Sununu 22%
John Sweeney 0%
James Talent 0%
Tom Tancredo 0%
John Tanner 0%
Ellen Tauscher 50%
Charles Taylor 0%
Gene Taylor 0%
Lee Terry 0%
Craig Thomas 11%
William Thomas 0%
Todd Tiahrt 0%
John Tierney 50%
Ed Towns 100%
Stephanie Tubbs Jones 100%
Mark Udall 50%
George Voinovich 77%
James Walsh 0%
Zach Wamp 0%
John Warner 66%
Diane Watson 100%
Mel Watt 100%
Henry Waxman 100%
Anthony Weiner 50%
David Weldon 0%
W. Curtis Weldon 0%
Gerald Weller 0%
Robert Wexler 50%
Heather Wilson 0%
Frank Wolf 0%
Lynn Woolsey 100%
David Wu 50%
Albert Wynn 100%
Bill Young 0%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.