Rating Group: American Medical Association

1999 Positions

State Office Name Party Rating
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 66%
Gary Ackerman 33%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 66%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 100%
Wayne Allard 0%
Thomas Allen 66%
Rob Andrews 100%
Richard Armey 66%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 100%
Brian Baird 66%
Richard Hugh Baker 66%
ME Councilor-At-Large John Baldacci D 100%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 66%
Cass Ballenger 66%
James Barcia 100%
Bob Barr, Jr. 100%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 66%
Roscoe Bartlett 66%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 66%
Charlie Bass 33%
Max Baucus 100%
Evan Bayh 100%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 66%
Bob Bennett 0%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 66%
Douglas Bereuter 33%
Shelley Berkley 66%
Howard Berman 66%
Marion Berry 100%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 100%
Judy Biggert 33%
Michael Bilirakis 100%
Jeff Bingaman 100%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 100%
Rod Blagojevich 66%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 66%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 66%
Sherwood Boehlert 100%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 66%
Kit Bond 0%
Henry Bonilla 66%
David Edward Bonior 66%
Mary Bono Mack 100%
Robert Borski, Jr. 100%
Leonard Boswell 100%
Rick Boucher 66%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 100%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 66%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 100%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 100%
John Breaux 100%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 66%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 66%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 0%
Ed Bryant 66%
Jim Bunning 0%
Conrad Burns 0%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 66%
Dan Burton 66%
Steve Buyer 66%
Robert Byrd 100%
Herbert Callahan 100%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 33%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 66%
Ben Campbell 0%
Chris Cannon 100%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 66%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 66%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 66%
Julia Carson 66%
Mike Castle 66%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 66%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 100%
MO U.S. House-1 Lacy Clay, Jr. D 33%
Eva Clayton 66%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 100%
Robert Clement 100%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 33%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 100%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 0%
Michael Collins 66%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 0%
Larry Combest 66%
Gary Condit 66%
Kent Conrad 100%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 66%
John Cooksey 66%
Jerry Costello 100%
Christopher Cox 66%
William Coyne 33%
Larry Craig 0%
Robert Cramer 66%
Philip Crane 66%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 0%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 66%
Barbara Cubin 66%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 66%
Randall Cunningham 66%
Thomas Daschle 100%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 66%
James Davis 100%
Thomas Davis III 100%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 66%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 66%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 66%
Bill Delahunt 66%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 66%
Thomas DeLay 66%
James DeMint 66%
Peter Deutsch 66%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 0%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 100%
Norm Dicks 66%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 66%
Chris Dodd 100%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 33%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 0%
Calvin Dooley 66%
John Doolittle 66%
Byron Dorgan 100%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle, Jr. D 100%
David Dreier 66%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 100%
Jennifer Dunn 66%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 100%
John Edwards 100%
Chet Edwards 66%
Vern Ehlers 66%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 33%
Jo Ann Emerson 66%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 33%
Philip English 66%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 0%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 66%
Bob Etheridge 100%
Lane Evans 66%
Terry Everett 66%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 66%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 66%
Russ Feingold 100%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 100%
Bob Filner 66%
Peter Fitzgerald 100%
Ernest Fletcher 66%
Mark Foley 100%
Harold Ford, Jr. 66%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 66%
Barney Frank 66%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 100%
William Frist 0%
Jonas Frost III 66%
Elton Gallegly 100%
John Ganske 100%
George Gekas 66%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 66%
Jim Gibbons 100%
Wayne Gilchrest 66%
Paul Gillmor 66%
Benjamin Gilman 100%
Charlie Gonzalez 66%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 66%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 66%
Bart Gordon 100%
Porter Goss 66%
Daniel Graham 100%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 100%
William Phillip Gramm 0%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 66%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 0%
Mark Green 66%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 100%
James Greenwood 100%
Judd Gregg 0%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 66%
Gilbert Gutknecht 66%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel R 0%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 100%
Tony Hall 100%
James Hansen 66%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 100%
J. Dennis Hastert 0%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 66%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 33%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 0%
Robert Hayes 66%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 66%
Joel Hefley 100%
Jesse Helms 0%
Wally Herger, Jr. 66%
Baron Hill 100%
Van Hilleary 66%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 66%
Maurice Hinchey 33%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 66%
David Lee Hobson 66%
PA Commissioner-At-Large Joseph Hoeffel 100%
Pete Hoekstra 66%
Thomas Holden 100%
Ernest Hollings 100%
NJ U.S. House-12 Rush Holt, Jr. D 66%
Darlene Hooley 66%
Stephen Horn 66%
John Nathan Hostettler 66%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 66%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 100%
Kenny Hulshof 66%
Duncan Hunter 100%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 0%
Kay Hutchison 0%
Henry Hyde 100%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 0%
Daniel Inouye 100%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 66%
GA U.S. Senate-Jr Johnny Isakson R 66%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 66%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 66%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 66%
William Jefferson 100%
James Merrill Jeffords 0%
William Lewis Jenkins 100%
Christopher John 100%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 66%
Nancy Johnson 33%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 33%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 100%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 100%
Paul Kanjorski 66%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 33%
Sue Kelly 100%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 100%
Patrick Kennedy 33%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 100%
Dale Kildee 100%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 66%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 66%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 100%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 66%
Gerald Kleczka 100%
Joseph Knollenberg 66%
Herb Kohl 100%
James Kolbe 33%
Dennis Kucinich 66%
Jon Kyl 0%
John LaFalce 100%
Ray LaHood 66%
Nicholas Lampson 100%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 100%
Tom Lantos 66%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 66%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 66%
Steve LaTourette 100%
James Leach 100%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 100%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 66%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 100%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 66%
Jerry Lewis 66%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 66%
Ron Lewis 66%
Joe Lieberman 100%
Blanche Lincoln 100%
John Linder 33%
William Lipinski 100%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 100%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 66%
Trent Lott, Sr. 0%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 33%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 66%
KY Commissioner of the Department of Veterans' Affairs Ken Lucas D 100%
Dick Lugar 0%
William Luther 66%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 33%
James Maloney 100%
Don Manzullo 66%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 33%
Frank Mascara 66%
Robert Matsui 66%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 0%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 100%
Karen McCarthy 33%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 0%
James McCrery III 66%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 33%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 66%
John McHugh 100%
Scott McInnis 33%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 100%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 66%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 66%
Michael McNulty 100%
Martin Meehan 33%
Carrie Meek 66%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 66%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 66%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 33%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 100%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 66%
Dan Miller 66%
CA U.S. House-31 Gary Miller R 66%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 33%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 66%
Alan Mollohan 66%
Dennis Moore 100%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 66%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 100%
Constance Morella 66%
Frank Murkowski 0%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 100%
Jack Murtha 100%
Sue Myrick 66%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 33%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 66%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 100%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 66%
Robert William Ney 66%
Don Nickles 0%
Anne Northup 66%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 66%
James Nussle 66%
Jim Oberstar 100%
Dave Obey 66%
John Olver 66%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 100%
Doug Ose 66%
Major Owens 33%
Michael Oxley 66%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 66%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 100%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 66%
Ron Paul 0%
Donald Payne 33%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 66%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 66%
John Peterson 66%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 66%
David Phelps 100%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 66%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 66%
Richard Pombo 66%
Earl Pomeroy 100%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 66%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 66%
Deborah Pryce 66%
Jack Quinn 100%
George Radanovich 66%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 100%
James Ramstad 66%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 66%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 100%
Ralph Regula 66%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 100%
Silvestre Reyes 66%
Thomas Reynolds 100%
Bob Riley 66%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 66%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 0%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 100%
Ciro Rodriguez 33%
Timothy Roemer 100%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 66%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 33%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 100%
Steve Rothman 66%
Marge Roukema 100%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 66%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 66%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 66%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 66%
Jim Ryun 66%
Martin Olav Sabo 33%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 66%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 66%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 66%
Rick Santorum 0%
Paul Sarbanes 100%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 66%
Jim Saxton 100%
Robert Schaffer 66%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 100%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 100%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 66%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 66%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 33%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 0%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 100%
John Shadegg 66%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 100%
Christopher Shays 66%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 0%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 66%
Donald Sherwood 100%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 66%
Ronnie Shows 100%
PA U.S. House-9 Bill Shuster R 33%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 66%
Joseph Skeen 66%
Ike Skelton 100%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 33%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 66%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 100%
Gordon Smith 0%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 66%
Nick Smith 66%
Bob Smith 0%
Olympia Snowe 0%
Vic Snyder 66%
Mark Souder 66%
Arlen Specter 0%
John Spratt, Jr. 100%
Pete Stark 33%
Cliff Stearns 66%
Charles Stenholm 100%
Ted Stevens 0%
Ted Strickland 100%
Bob Stump 33%
Bart Stupak 100%
John Sununu 66%
John Sweeney 100%
Tom Tancredo 66%
John Tanner 66%
Ellen Tauscher 66%
William Tauzin 66%
Charles Taylor 33%
Gene Taylor 100%
NE U.S. House-2 Lee Terry R 66%
Craig Thomas 0%
William Thomas 66%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 66%
Fred Thompson 0%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 66%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 100%
SD U.S. Senate-Jr John Thune R 66%
Karen Thurman 66%
Strom Thurmond 0%
Todd Tiahrt 66%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 66%
PA U.S. Senate-Jr Pat Toomey R 66%
Robert Torricelli 100%
Ed Towns 33%
James Traficant, Jr. 100%
Stephanie Tubbs Jones 66%
James Turner 100%
CO U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Udall D 66%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 66%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 66%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 66%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 100%
LA U.S. Senate-Jr David Vitter R 100%
George Voinovich 0%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 33%
James Walsh 100%
Zach Wamp 100%
John Warner 0%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 66%
Wesley Watkins 66%
Mel Watt 66%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 66%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 66%
Anthony Weiner 33%
David Weldon 100%
W. Curtis Weldon 100%
Gerald Weller 66%
Paul Wellstone 100%
Robert Wexler 66%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 66%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 66%
Heather Wilson 100%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 100%
Lynn Woolsey 66%
David Wu 66%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 100%
Albert Wynn 100%
Bill Young 100%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 66%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.