Rating Group: American Conservative Union

1999 Positions

Issues: Conservative
State Office Name Party Rating
Edmond Spencer Abraham 88%
Gary Ackerman 0%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 4%
Wayne Allard 95%
Thomas Allen 0%
Rob Andrews 20%
Bill Archer 87%
Richard Armey 96%
John Ashcroft 100%
Brian Baird 4%
Richard Hugh Baker 80%
Cass Ballenger 80%
James Barcia 52%
Bob Barr, Jr. 100%
Bill Barrett 84%
Roscoe Bartlett 96%
Charlie Bass 68%
Herbert Bateman 76%
Max Baucus 4%
Evan Bayh 12%
Bob Bennett 84%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 8%
Douglas Bereuter 62%
Shelley Berkley 4%
Howard Berman 0%
Marion Berry 29%
Judy Biggert 60%
Brian Bilbray 68%
Michael Bilirakis 84%
Jeff Bingaman 4%
Rod Blagojevich 8%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 83%
Sherwood Boehlert 40%
Kit Bond 84%
Henry Bonilla 91%
David Edward Bonior 4%
Mary Bono Mack 76%
Robert Borski, Jr. 12%
Leonard Boswell 32%
Rick Boucher 21%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 20%
John Breaux 17%
Richard Bryan 0%
Ed Bryant 88%
Jim Bunning 100%
Conrad Burns 96%
Dan Burton 95%
Steve Buyer 91%
Robert Byrd 20%
Herbert Callahan 91%
Ben Campbell 88%
Thomas Campbell 64%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 80%
Chris Cannon 92%
Julia Carson 0%
Mike Castle 44%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 100%
William Clay, Sr. 0%
Eva Clayton 0%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 0%
Robert Clement 32%
Michael Collins 92%
Larry Combest 96%
Gary Condit 44%
Kent Conrad 16%
Merrill Cook 84%
John Cooksey 62%
Jerry Costello 24%
Paul Coverdell 96%
Christopher Cox 95%
William Coyne 0%
Larry Craig 96%
Robert Cramer 41%
Philip Crane 100%
Barbara Cubin 88%
Randall Cunningham 88%
Patsy Ann Danner 52%
Thomas Daschle 8%
James Davis 12%
Thomas Davis III 56%
Bill Delahunt 0%
Thomas DeLay 92%
James DeMint 91%
Peter Deutsch 8%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 64%
Jay Dickey 87%
Norm Dicks 0%
Julian Dixon 0%
Chris Dodd 0%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 88%
Calvin Dooley 8%
John Doolittle 91%
Byron Dorgan 12%
David Dreier 80%
Jennifer Dunn 80%
John Edwards 8%
Chet Edwards 8%
Vern Ehlers 60%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 83%
Jo Ann Emerson 80%
Philip English 72%
Bob Etheridge 24%
Lane Evans 0%
Terry Everett 91%
Thomas Ewing 68%
Russ Feingold 8%
Bob Filner 0%
Peter Fitzgerald 92%
Ernest Fletcher 84%
Mark Foley 64%
Michael Patrick Forbes 44%
Harold Ford, Jr. 4%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 83%
Tillie Fowler 72%
Barney Frank 0%
Robert Franks 64%
William Frist 92%
Jonas Frost III 4%
Elton Gallegly 79%
John Ganske 44%
Sam Gejdenson 0%
George Gekas 84%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 0%
Jim Gibbons 84%
Wayne Gilchrest 52%
Paul Gillmor 80%
Benjamin Gilman 52%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 92%
William Goodling 84%
Bart Gordon 36%
Slade Gorton 84%
Porter Goss 80%
Daniel Graham 4%
William Phillip Gramm 96%
Rodney Grams 92%
Mark Green 87%
James Greenwood 41%
Judd Gregg 91%
Gilbert Gutknecht 92%
Tony Hall 12%
James Hansen 84%
J. Dennis Hastert 90%
Robert Hayes 96%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 100%
Joel Hefley 100%
Jesse Helms 100%
Wally Herger, Jr. 92%
Baron Hill 16%
Rick Hill 88%
Van Hilleary 96%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 4%
Maurice Hinchey 4%
David Lee Hobson 80%
PA Commissioner-At-Large Joseph Hoeffel 4%
Pete Hoekstra 88%
Thomas Holden 28%
Ernest Hollings 12%
Darlene Hooley 4%
Stephen Horn 44%
John Nathan Hostettler 96%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 40%
Kenny Hulshof 84%
Duncan Hunter 84%
Asa Hutchinson 72%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 100%
Kay Hutchison 88%
Henry Hyde 72%
Daniel Inouye 0%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 92%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 8%
William Jefferson 4%
James Merrill Jeffords 40%
William Lewis Jenkins 87%
Christopher John 50%
Nancy Johnson 36%
Paul Kanjorski 16%
Sue Kelly 56%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 4%
Patrick Kennedy 4%
Bob Kerrey 8%
Dale Kildee 12%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 0%
Gerald Kleczka 16%
Ronald Klink 8%
Joseph Knollenberg 80%
Herb Kohl 4%
James Kolbe 70%
Dennis Kucinich 20%
Steven Kuykendall 62%
Jon Kyl 100%
John LaFalce 12%
Ray LaHood 66%
Nicholas Lampson 16%
Tom Lantos 0%
Stephen Largent 91%
Steve LaTourette 64%
Frank Lautenberg 0%
Rick Lazio 64%
James Leach 48%
Jerry Lewis 73%
Ron Lewis 92%
Joe Lieberman 0%
Blanche Lincoln 12%
John Linder 87%
William Lipinski 45%
Trent Lott, Sr. 96%
Ken Lucas 64%
Dick Lugar 88%
William Luther 8%
Connie Mack 91%
James Maloney 28%
Don Manzullo 92%
Matthew Martinez 12%
Frank Mascara 21%
Robert Matsui 0%
Karen McCarthy 0%
Bill McCollum 69%
James McCrery III 80%
John McHugh 72%
Scott McInnis 92%
David McIntosh 95%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 8%
Michael McNulty 8%
Martin Meehan 0%
Carrie Meek 0%
Jack Metcalf 88%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 0%
Dan Miller 68%
David Minge 0%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 8%
John Moakley 4%
Alan Mollohan 31%
Dennis Moore 12%
Constance Morella 12%
Patrick Moynihan 9%
Frank Murkowski 92%
Jack Murtha 24%
Sue Myrick 91%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 84%
Robert William Ney 84%
Don Nickles 96%
Anne Northup 68%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 88%
James Nussle 80%
Jim Oberstar 12%
Dave Obey 4%
John Olver 0%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 32%
Doug Ose 68%
Major Owens 0%
Michael Oxley 76%
Ronald Packard 91%
Ron Paul 92%
Donald Payne 0%
Edward Pease 88%
John Peterson 80%
David Phelps 32%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 92%
Owen Pickett 28%
Richard Pombo 100%
Earl Pomeroy 12%
John Edward Porter 44%
Deborah Pryce 56%
Jack Quinn 60%
George Radanovich 88%
James Ramstad 72%
Ralph Regula 64%
Silvestre Reyes 26%
Thomas Reynolds 79%
Bob Riley 91%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 12%
Charles Robb 8%
Ciro Rodriguez 8%
Timothy Roemer 36%
James Rogan 87%
William Roth, Jr. 84%
Steve Rothman 4%
Marge Roukema 60%
Jim Ryun 96%
Martin Olav Sabo 0%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 24%
Rick Santorum 88%
Paul Sarbanes 4%
Jim Saxton 68%
Joe Scarborough 85%
Robert Schaffer 100%
John Shadegg 96%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 60%
Christopher Shays 44%
Donald Sherwood 80%
Ronnie Shows 52%
E.G. Shuster 82%
Norman Sisisky 24%
Joseph Skeen 83%
Ike Skelton 41%
Gordon Smith 76%
Nick Smith 84%
Bob Smith 96%
Olympia Snowe 60%
Vic Snyder 4%
Mark Souder 80%
Arlen Specter 48%
Floyd Spence 88%
John Spratt, Jr. 12%
Pete Stark 8%
Cliff Stearns 92%
Charles Stenholm 54%
Ted Stevens 84%
Ted Strickland 12%
Bob Stump 92%
Bart Stupak 16%
John Sununu 100%
John Sweeney 72%
James Talent 84%
Tom Tancredo 100%
John Tanner 29%
Ellen Tauscher 8%
William Tauzin 84%
Charles Taylor 100%
Gene Taylor 72%
Craig Thomas 87%
William Thomas 66%
Fred Thompson 84%
Karen Thurman 4%
Strom Thurmond 100%
Todd Tiahrt 95%
Robert Torricelli 8%
Ed Towns 4%
James Traficant, Jr. 52%
Stephanie Tubbs Jones 0%
James Turner 28%
Bruce Vento 0%
George Voinovich 88%
James Walsh 64%
Zach Wamp 96%
John Warner 84%
Wesley Watkins 96%
Mel Watt 0%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 92%
Anthony Weiner 0%
David Weldon 92%
W. Curtis Weldon 73%
Gerald Weller 80%
Paul Wellstone 8%
Robert Wexler 8%
Bob Weygand 12%
Heather Wilson 68%
Bob Wise, Jr. 24%
Lynn Woolsey 4%
David Wu 4%
Albert Wynn 4%
Bill Young 73%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 4%
ME Councilor-At-Large John Baldacci D 4%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 4%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 4%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 0%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 4%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 28%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 4%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 4%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 8%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 0%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 0%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 8%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 0%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 0%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 0%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 8%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 8%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 0%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 0%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 8%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 0%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 0%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 12%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 4%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle D 16%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 4%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 0%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 4%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 0%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 0%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 4%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 26%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 0%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 4%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 0%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 4%
NJ U.S. House-12 Rush Holt, Jr. D 4%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 8%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 8%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 0%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 0%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 8%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 4%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 0%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 4%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 4%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 4%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 4%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 8%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 4%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 4%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 0%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 4%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 4%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 4%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 0%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 8%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 5%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 0%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 52%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 0%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 4%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 4%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 8%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 12%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 4%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 0%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 0%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 4%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 8%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 18%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 0%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 0%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 4%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 20%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 0%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 4%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 12%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 4%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 0%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 0%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 4%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 0%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 4%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 4%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 4%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 4%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 8%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 4%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 20%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 4%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 0%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 4%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 4%
CO U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Udall D 4%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 0%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 4%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 12%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 0%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 0%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 4%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 52%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 12%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 84%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 84%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 91%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 87%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 91%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 88%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 95%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 87%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 80%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 79%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 96%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 80%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 100%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 100%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 84%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 64%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 100%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 80%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 84%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 92%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 92%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 48%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 96%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 88%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 78%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 92%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel R 88%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 84%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 92%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 84%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 100%
GA U.S. Senate-Jr Johnny Isakson R 66%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 96%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 100%
OH Governor John Kasich R 91%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 75%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 95%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 88%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 80%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 96%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 77%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 84%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 79%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 80%
CA U.S. House-31 Gary Miller R 88%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 84%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 80%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 92%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 76%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 88%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 80%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 96%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 73%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 96%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 92%
AZ U.S. House-5 Matt Salmon R 86%
SC U.S. House-1 Mark Sanford, Jr. R 92%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 96%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 100%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 96%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 84%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 80%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 84%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 79%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 84%
NE U.S. House-2 Lee Terry R 83%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 88%
SD U.S. Senate-Jr John Thune R 80%
PA U.S. Senate-Jr Pat Toomey R 92%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 68%
LA U.S. Senate-Jr David Vitter R 83%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 80%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 80%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 92%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 68%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 86%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.