Rating Group: American Conservative Union

2011 Lifetime Score

Issues: Conservative
State Office Name Party Rating
Gary Ackerman 4%
Sandy Adams 88%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 6%
Todd Akin 97%
Rodney Alexander 78%
Jason Altmire 23%
Rob Andrews 14%
Steve Austria 89%
Kelly Ayotte 95%
Joe Baca, Sr. 13%
Michele Bachmann 99%
Spencer Bachus 92%
Kay Bailey Hutchison 90%
John Barrow 31%
Roscoe Bartlett 93%
Charlie Bass 69%
Max Baucus 14%
Mark Begich 5%
Dan Benishek 88%
Rick Berg 84%
Shelley Berkley 10%
Howard Berman 5%
Judy Biggert 68%
Brian Bilbray 78%
Jeff Bingaman 11%
Tim Bishop 2%
John Boehner 90%
Jo Bonner, Jr. 89%
Mary Bono Mack 73%
Dan Boren 50%
Leonard Boswell 23%
Charles Boustany, Jr. 91%
Barbara Boxer 3%
Bruce Braley 2%
Paul Broun 99%
Corrine Brown 7%
Scott Brown 62%
Ann Marie Buerkle 100%
Dan Burton 97%
Dave Camp 88%
John Campbell III 92%
Francisco Canseco 80%
Eric Cantor 96%
Lois Capps 6%
Dennis Cardoza 22%
Russ Carnahan 2%
Saxby Chambliss 93%
Ben Chandler III 22%
Hansen Clarke 8%
Dan Coats 90%
Howard Coble 90%
Thomas Coburn 98%
Kent Conrad 18%
Jerry Costello 31%
Chip Cravaack 88%
Ander Crenshaw 88%
Mark Critz 26%
Geoff Davis 90%
James DeMint 99%
Norm Dicks 9%
John Dingell 11%
Bob Dold 44%
David Dreier 91%
Donna Edwards 4%
Renee Ellmers 84%
Jo Ann Emerson 80%
Sam Farr 3%
Chaka Fattah, Sr. 2%
Bob Filner 5%
Stephen Fincher 88%
Mike Fitzpatrick 57%
John Fleming, Jr. 99%
Randy Forbes 94%
Barney Frank 4%
Elton Gallegly 89%
Scott Garrett 100%
Jim Gerlach 62%
Chris Gibson 52%
Gabrielle Giffords 14%
Phil Gingrey 96%
Charlie Gonzalez 8%
Michael Grimm 52%
Frank Guinta 84%
Kay Hagan 8%
Ralph Hall 85%
Richard Hanna 40%
Tom Harkin 8%
Doc Hastings 94%
Nan Hayworth 72%
Joe Heck, Jr. 60%
Wally Herger, Jr. 96%
Maurice Hinchey 4%
Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. 16%
Thomas Holden 37%
Rush Holt, Jr. 4%
Mike Honda 3%
Tim Huelskamp 92%
Robert Hurt 92%
Daniel Inouye 6%
Steve Israel 10%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 3%
Mike Johanns 82%
Timothy Johnson 17%
Tim Johnson 68%
John Kerry 5%
Dale Kildee 11%
Jack Kingston 96%
Mark Kirk 58%
Larry Kissell 15%
John Kline 94%
Herb Kohl 13%
Dennis Kucinich 9%
Jon Kyl 96%
Mary Landrieu 21%
Tom Latham 85%
Steve LaTourette 68%
Frank Lautenberg 5%
Carl Levin 6%
Jerry Lewis 83%
Joe Lieberman 16%
Dick Lugar 77%
Cynthia Lummis 97%
Dan Lungren 92%
Connie Mack IV 93%
Don Manzullo 96%
Jim Matheson 39%
Carolyn McCarthy 14%
Thaddeus McCotter 83%
Jim McDermott 3%
Mike McIntyre 49%
Buck McKeon 90%
John Mica 94%
Mike Michaud 12%
Barbara Mikulski 5%
Candice Miller 79%
Gary Miller 94%
George Miller 4%
Jeff Miller 96%
Brad Miller 4%
Jim Moran, Jr. 12%
Frank Murkowski 68%
Sue Myrick 94%
Ben Nelson 45%
Randy Neugebauer 97%
Rich Nugent 84%
Alan Nunnelee 83%
John Olver 2%
Bill Owens 14%
Ed Pastor 3%
Ron Paul 83%
Donald Payne 3%
Tom Petri 77%
Joe Pitts 96%
Todd Platts 72%
Mike Pompeo 88%
David Pryor 19%
Ben Quayle 100%
Nick Rahall II 21%
Charlie Rangel 4%
Denny Rehberg 90%
Harry Reid 17%
Silvestre Reyes 21%
Reid Ribble 92%
Laura Richardson 2%
Scott Rigell 80%
David Rivera 72%
Jay Rockefeller IV 8%
Mike Rogers 90%
Mike Ross 34%
Steve Rothman 7%
Jon Runyan 64%
Loretta Sanchez 9%
Bobby Schilling 76%
Jean Schmidt 91%
Aaron Schock 83%
Allyson Schwartz 3%
Heath Shuler 28%
Olympia Snowe 49%
Steve Southerland 96%
Pete Stark 4%
Cliff Stearns 95%
Marlin Stutzman 100%
John Sullivan 95%
Betty Sutton 2%
Lee Terry 90%
John Tierney 3%
Ed Towns 4%
Mark Udall 9%
David Vitter 94%
Joe Walsh 92%
Mel Watt 3%
Henry Waxman 5%
Jim Webb, Jr. 14%
Allen West 88%
Lynn Westmoreland 98%
Ed Whitfield 87%
Frank Wolf 80%
Lynn Woolsey 4%
David Wu 9%
Bill Young 88%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 2%
CA U.S. House-37 Karen Bass D 0%
CA Attorney General Xavier Becerra D 3%
CO U.S. Senate-Sr Michael Bennet D 7%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 29%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 5%
CT U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Blumenthal D 5%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 6%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 7%
NC U.S. House-1 G.K. Butterfield, Jr. D 7%
WA U.S. Senate-Jr Maria Cantwell D 10%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 4%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Ben Cardin D 5%
DE Governor John Carney, Jr. D 0%
DE U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Carper D 11%
IN U.S. House-7 André Carson D 2%
PA U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Casey, Jr. D 6%
FL U.S. House-14 Kathy Castor D 2%
CA U.S. House-27 Judy Chu D 1%
RI U.S. House-1 David Cicilline D 0%
NY U.S. House-9 Yvette Clarke D 2%
MO U.S. House-1 Lacy Clay, Jr. D 8%
MO U.S. House-5 Emanuel Cleaver II D 4%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 8%
TN U.S. House-9 Steve Cohen D 1%
VA U.S. House-11 Gerry Connolly D 3%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 5%
DE U.S. Senate-Jr Chris Coons D 0%
TN U.S. House-5 Jim Cooper D 24%
CA U.S. House-16 Jim Costa D 20%
CT U.S. House-2 Joe Courtney D 2%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 8%
TX U.S. House-28 Henry Cuellar D 27%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 3%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 3%
CA U.S. House-53 Susan Davis D 4%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 14%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 3%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 4%
FL U.S. House-22 Ted Deutch D 0%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 6%
IN U.S. Senate-Sr Joe Donnelly, Sr. D 30%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle D 17%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 6%
MN U.S. House-5 Keith Ellison D 2%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 6%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 4%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 8%
MN U.S. Senate-Jr Al Franken D 0%
OH U.S. House-11 Marcia Fudge D 3%
CA U.S. House-3 John Garamendi D 0%
NY U.S. Senate-Jr Kirsten Gillibrand D 7%
TX U.S. House-9 Al Green D 7%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 21%
AZ U.S. House-3 Raul Grijalva D 3%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutiérrez D 4%
HI U.S. House-1 Colleen Hanabusa D 0%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 5%
NM U.S. Senate-Jr Martin Heinrich D 3%
CT U.S. House-4 Jim Himes D 6%
HI U.S. Senate-Jr Mazie Hirono D 1%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 7%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 8%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 6%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 6%
GA U.S. House-4 Hank Johnson, Jr. D 2%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 15%
MA U.S. House-9 Bill Keating D 0%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 14%
MN U.S. Senate-Sr Amy Klobuchar D 7%
RI U.S. House-2 Jim Langevin D 9%
WA U.S. House-2 Rick Larsen D 11%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 5%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 6%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 3%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 3%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 2%
IL U.S. House-3 Daniel Lipinski D 16%
IA U.S. House-2 Dave Loebsack D 2%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 4%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 4%
NM U.S. House-3 Ben Lujan, Jr. D 3%
MA U.S. House-8 Stephen Lynch D 11%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 4%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Joe Manchin III D 24%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 3%
CA U.S. House-6 Doris Matsui D 1%
MO U.S. Senate-Sr Claire McCaskill D 15%
MN U.S. House-4 Betty McCollum D 2%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 2%
CA U.S. House-9 Jerry McNerney D 8%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 5%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 8%
OR U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Merkley D 4%
WI U.S. House-4 Gwen Moore D 1%
CT U.S. Senate-Jr Chris Murphy D 2%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 3%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 3%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 3%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 8%
FL U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Nelson, Sr. D 33%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 11%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 11%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 2%
CO U.S. House-7 Ed Perlmutter D 2%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Gary Peters D 7%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson D 43%
ME U.S. House-1 Chellie Pingree D 3%
CO U.S. House-2 Jared Polis D 6%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 8%
IL U.S. House-5 Mike Quigley D 3%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 6%
LA U.S. House-2 Cedric Richmond D 0%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 3%
MD U.S. House-2 Dutch Ruppersberger D 12%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 4%
OH U.S. House-13 Tim Ryan D 13%
CA U.S. House-38 Linda Sánchez D 3%
MD U.S. House-3 John Sarbanes D 1%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 2%
CA U.S. House-28 Adam Schiff D 6%
OR U.S. House-5 Kurt Schrader D 11%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 5%
GA U.S. House-13 David Scott D 16%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 6%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 3%
AL U.S. House-7 Terri Sewell D 0%
NH U.S. Senate-Sr Jeanne Shaheen D 6%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 5%
NJ U.S. House-8 Albio Sires D 0%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 5%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 14%
CA U.S. House-14 Jackie Speier D 1%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Debbie Stabenow D 8%
MT U.S. Senate-Sr Jon Tester D 16%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 9%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 9%
NY U.S. House-20 Paul Tonko D 1%
MA U.S. House-3 Niki Tsongas D 0%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 5%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Chris Van Hollen, Jr. D 2%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 3%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 10%
MN U.S. House-1 Tim Walz D 7%
VA U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Warner D 12%
FL U.S. House-23 Debbie Wasserman Schultz D 1%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 3%
VT U.S. House-At-Large Peter Welch D 4%
RI U.S. Senate-Jr Sheldon Whitehouse D 2%
FL U.S. House-24 Frederica Wilson D 0%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 9%
KY U.S. House-3 John Yarmuth D 2%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 7%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 89%
TN U.S. Senate-Sr Lamar Alexander R 79%
MI U.S. House-3 Justin Amash R 92%
PA U.S. House-11 Lou Barletta R 76%
WY U.S. Senate-Jr John Barrasso R 97%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 94%
FL U.S. House-12 Gus Bilirakis R 86%
UT U.S. House-1 Rob Bishop R 97%
TN U.S. House-6 Diane Black R 84%
TN U.S. House-7 Marsha Blackburn R 97%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 92%
AR U.S. Senate-Sr John Boozman R 93%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 95%
AL U.S. House-5 Mo Brooks R 88%
FL U.S. House-16 Vern Buchanan R 77%
IN U.S. House-8 Larry Bucshon R 84%
TX U.S. House-26 Michael Burgess R 94%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 91%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 89%
WV U.S. Senate-Jr Shelley Capito R 70%
TX U.S. House-31 John Carter R 94%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Cassidy R 85%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 98%
UT U.S. House-3 Jason Chaffetz R 100%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 80%
CO U.S. House-6 Michael Coffman R 96%
OK U.S. House-4 Tom Cole R 92%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 51%
TX U.S. House-11 Mike Conaway R 94%
TN U.S. Senate-Jr Robert Corker R 85%
TX U.S. Senate-Sr John Cornyn R 94%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 93%
AR U.S. House-1 Rick Crawford R 76%
TX U.S. House-7 John Culberson R 96%
CA U.S. House-10 Jeff Denham R 84%
PA U.S. House-15 Charlie Dent R 63%
TN U.S. House-4 Scott DesJarlais R 88%
FL U.S. House-25 Mario Diaz-Balart R 71%
WI U.S. House-7 Sean Duffy R 88%
SC U.S. House-3 Jeff Duncan R 96%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 88%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 93%
TX U.S. House-27 Blake Farenthold R 80%
AZ U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Flake R 97%
TN U.S. House-3 Chuck Fleischmann R 88%
TX U.S. House-17 Bill Flores R 92%
NE U.S. House-1 Jeff Fortenberry R 86%
NC U.S. House-5 Virginia Foxx R 98%
AZ U.S. House-8 Trent Franks R 99%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 65%
CO U.S. Senate-Jr Cory Gardner R 84%
OH U.S. House-7 Bob Gibbs R 79%
TX U.S. House-1 Louie Gohmert R 97%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 95%
AZ U.S. House-4 Paul Gosar R 84%
SC U.S. House-4 Trey Gowdy III R 96%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 89%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 87%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 84%
GA U.S. House-14 Tom Graves, Jr. R 100%
MO U.S. House-6 Sam Graves R 90%
AR Lieutenant Governor Tim Griffin R 76%
VA U.S. House-9 Morgan Griffith R 84%
KY U.S. House-2 Brett Guthrie R 86%
MS U.S. House-3 Gregg Harper R 90%
MD U.S. House-1 Andy Harris R 88%
MO U.S. House-4 Vicky Hartzler R 88%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 90%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Dean Heller R 90%
TX U.S. House-5 Jeb Hensarling R 98%
WA U.S. House-3 Jaime Herrera Beutler R 67%
ND U.S. Senate-Sr John Hoeven R 80%
MI U.S. House-2 Bill Huizenga R 92%
IL U.S. House-14 Randy Hultgren R 88%
CA U.S. House-50 Duncan Hunter R 97%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 98%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Johnny Isakson R 88%
CA U.S. House-49 Darrell Issa R 91%
KS U.S. House-2 Lynn Jenkins R 92%
OH U.S. House-6 Bill Johnson R 92%
WI U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Johnson R 100%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 98%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 85%
OH U.S. House-4 Jim Jordan R 100%
PA U.S. House-3 Mike Kelly R 80%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 75%
IA U.S. House-4 Steve King R 96%
IL U.S. House-16 Adam Kinzinger R 72%
ID U.S. House-1 Raúl Labrador R 96%
CO U.S. House-5 Doug Lamborn R 100%
NJ U.S. House-7 Leonard Lance R 67%
LA Attorney General Jeff Landry R 96%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr James Lankford R 84%
OH U.S. House-5 Bob Latta R 97%
UT U.S. Senate-Jr Mike Lee R 100%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 65%
MO U.S. House-7 Billy Long R 92%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 94%
MO U.S. House-3 Blaine Luetkemeyer R 91%
TX U.S. House-24 Kenny Marchant R 95%
PA U.S. House-10 Tom Marino R 84%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 83%
CA U.S. House-23 Kevin McCarthy R 95%
TX U.S. House-10 Michael McCaul R 91%
CA U.S. House-4 Tom McClintock R 100%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 90%
NC U.S. House-10 Patrick McHenry R 98%
WV U.S. House-1 David McKinley R 64%
WA U.S. House-5 Cathy McMorris Rodgers R 92%
PA U.S. House-7 Pat Meehan R 52%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 92%
NA Director of the Office of Management & Budget Mick Mulvaney R 100%
PA U.S. House-18 Tim Murphy R 73%
SD U.S. House-At-Large Kristi Noem R 84%
CA U.S. House-22 Devin Nunes R 93%
TX U.S. House-22 Pete Olson R 95%
MS U.S. House-4 Steven Palazzo R 84%
KY U.S. Senate-Jr Rand Paul R 100%
MN U.S. House-3 Erik Paulsen R 88%
NM U.S. House-2 Steve Pearce R 94%
NA Vice President Mike Pence R 99%
TX U.S. House-2 Ted Poe R 94%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 88%
FL U.S. House-8 Bill Posey R 92%
NA U.S. Secretary of Health and Human Services Tom Price R 97%
NY U.S. House-23 Tom Reed II R 88%
WA U.S. House-8 Dave Reichert R 56%
OH U.S. House-16 Jim Renacci R 80%
ID U.S. Senate-Jr James Risch R 97%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 87%
AL U.S. House-2 Martha Roby R 84%
TN U.S. House-1 Phil Roe R 92%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 85%
AL U.S. House-3 Mike Rogers R 81%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 95%
IN U.S. House-4 Todd Rokita R 96%
FL U.S. House-17 Tom Rooney R 95%
IL U.S. House-6 Peter Roskam R 94%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 72%
FL U.S. House-15 Dennis Ross R 100%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 98%
FL U.S. Senate-Jr Marco Rubio R 100%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 92%
LA U.S. House-1 Steve Scalise R 97%
AZ U.S. House-6 David Schweikert R 96%
GA U.S. House-8 Austin Scott R 92%
SC U.S. Senate-Jr Tim Scott R 96%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 89%
NA U.S. Attorney General Jeff Sessions III R 95%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 97%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 76%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 88%
PA U.S. House-9 Bill Shuster R 92%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 85%
NE U.S. House-3 Adrian Smith R 96%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 60%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 92%
OH U.S. House-15 Steve Stivers R 67%
PA U.S. House-5 G.T. Thompson, Jr. R 85%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 95%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr John Thune R 88%
OH U.S. House-12 Pat Tiberi R 87%
CO U.S. House-3 Scott Tipton R 92%
PA U.S. Senate-Jr Pat Toomey R 96%
OH U.S. House-10 Mike Turner R 79%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 73%
MI U.S. House-7 Tim Walberg R 97%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 81%
FL U.S. House-11 Daniel Webster R 83%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 90%
SC U.S. House-2 Joe Wilson, Sr. R 94%
VA U.S. House-1 Rob Wittman R 90%
AR U.S. House-3 Steve Womack R 76%
GA U.S. House-7 Rob Woodall R 92%
KS U.S. House-3 Kevin Yoder R 84%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Donald Young R 76%
IN U.S. Senate-Jr Todd Young R 88%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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